IBM Patents

The International Business Machines Corporation provides IT infrastructure and services to enterprise customers.

IBM Patents by Type

  • IBM Patents Granted: IBM patents that have been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  • IBM Patent Applications: IBM patent applications that are pending before the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  • Patent number: 10318430
    Abstract: Embodiments relate to a system operation queue for a transaction. An aspect includes determining whether a system operation is part of an in-progress transaction of a central processing unit (CPU). Another aspect includes based on determining that the system operation is part of the in-progress transaction, storing the system operation in a system operation queue corresponding to the in-progress transaction. Yet another aspect includes, based on the in-progress transaction ending, processing the system operation in the system operation queue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jonathan D. Bradbury, Michael K. Gschwind, Eric M. Schwarz
  • Patent number: 10318512
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to methods and systems for storing and querying data. According to the embodiments of the present invention, two-layer indexes are created for multi-dimension data, wherein the primary index is created based on two or more dimensions to retrieve respective data units of the data, while the secondary index is created based on specific dimensions to retrieve respective data blocks in the data unit. Correspondingly, when receiving a multi-dimension query request for data, the primary retrieval first determines a data unit including the target data based on a primary index, and then the secondary retrieval quickly locates a data block including the target data based on the secondary index. In this way, the multi-dimension retrieval can be efficiently performed. Moreover, by appropriately setting the size of a smallest data block, the I/O efficiency of data access will be significantly enhanced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Xiao Yan Chen, Yao Liang Chen, Sheng Huang, Kai Liu, Wei Lu, Xiao Min Xu
  • Patent number: 10318445
    Abstract: A processing system in a dispersed storage network is configured to access write sequence information corresponding to a write sequence; determine whether to elevate a priority level of the write sequence; when the processing system determines to elevate the priority level of the write sequence, elevate the priority level of the write sequence; determine whether to lower the priority level of the write sequence; and when the processing system determines to lower the priority level of the write sequence, the processing system lowers the priority level of the write sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventor: Greg R. Dhuse
  • Patent number: 10318514
    Abstract: Reorganizing a data table to improve analytical database performance is presented. Attribute value information for data blocks of the data table is determined. One or more queries having respective query predicates involving the attribute may be received and processed. Data blocks having attribute value information matching a query predicate are selected. The selected data blocks are evaluated for the query predicate of the query. For each part of a set of the parts a false positive rate may be determined. The false positive rate may indicate the fraction of data blocks of the selected data blocks of the part, that each contains less than a determined maximum number of rows that satisfy the query predicate. In response to determining for each part of the set of the parts that the determined false positive rates of the part meet a predefined condition sorting the part by the attribute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas F. Boehme, Andreas Brodt, James L. Finnie, Knut Stolze
  • Patent number: 10318456
    Abstract: In an approach to validation of correctness of interrupt triggers and delivery a computer allocates one or more flags of a gang of flags. The computer allocates one or more interrupt source numbers, wherein each interrupt source number of the one or more interrupt source numbers corresponds to a flag of the gang of flags. The computer allocates one or more virtual processors to process the one or more interrupt source numbers. The computer schedules the one or more virtual processors. The computer receives one or more interrupt triggers corresponding to the one or more interrupt source numbers. The computer updates the one or more flags corresponding to the one or more received interrupt triggers. The computer determines whether all of the one or more flags in the gang of flags is updated. The computer determines a lost interrupt source number.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Manoj Dusanapudi, Shakti Kapoor, Brenton Yiu, Siva Sundar A
  • Patent number: 10318527
    Abstract: A computing device may receive a natural language query. The computing device may determine, based on the natural language query, a set of search criteria. The computing device may determine, from a plurality of data sets, two or more data sets that are relevant to the natural language query based at least in part on matches between the set of search criteria and attributes of the plurality of data sets. The computing device may join the two or more data sets, including joining one or more rows and one or more columns of the two or more data sets to produce a joint data set. The computing device may output a representation of the joint data set.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Mohsen Rais-Ghasem, Robin N. Grosset
  • Patent number: 10318486
    Abstract: A method for de-duplicating updates in virtual machines (VMs) is provided that may be executed on a host computer u a hypervisor. Client VMs are derived from a base image, and the method includes: creating a temporary virtual machine, updating the temporary virtual machine, identifying modified blocks of the updated temporary virtual machine, and identifying files associated with the modified blocks. Moreover, the method includes determining block identifiers of matching files of a VM corresponding to identified files of the updated temporary VM, moving block content of blocks relating to the determined block identifiers from its initial location to a free location within the client VM if the block content and the matching files are not identical in the client virtual machine and the temporary VM, and de-duplicating content within the client VM, generating a complete bootable image, and replacing the base image by the temporary VM.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Marco H. Kroll, Thomas Pohl, Martin Troester
  • Patent number: 10318529
    Abstract: A method, system and computer program product for generating answers to questions. In one embodiment, the method comprises receiving an input query, identifying a plurality of candidate answers to the query; and for at least one of these candidate answers, identifying at least one proof of the answer. This proof includes a series of premises, and a multitude of documents are identified that include references to the premises. A set of these documents is selected that include references to all of the premises. This set of documents is used to generate one or more scores for the one of the candidate answers. A defined procedure is applied to the candidate answers to determine a ranking for the answers, and this includes using the one or more scores for the at least one of the candidate answers in the defined procedure to determine the ranking for this one candidate answer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Eric W. Brown, Jennifer Chu-Carroll, David A. Ferrucci, James W. Murdock, IV
  • Patent number: 10318496
    Abstract: Disclosed aspects relate to managing a database management system (DBMS) using a set of stream computing data derived from a stream computing environment. The set of stream computing data which indicates a set of stream computing environment statistics may be collected with respect to the stream computing environment. A proactive database management operation may be determined for performance with respect to the DBMS based on the set of stream computing data which indicates the set of stream computing environment statistics. The proactive database management operation may be performed to manage the DBMS using the set of stream computing data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Eric L. Barsness, Daniel E. Beuch, Alexander Cook, John M. Santosuosso
  • Patent number: 10318552
    Abstract: A computer processor generates a topic-based dataset based on parsing content received from a plurality of information sources, which includes historical data and scientific data, associated with a location of a natural resource. The processor generates a plurality of clusters, respectively corresponding to like-topic data of the topic-based dataset. The processor determines a plurality of hypotheses, respectively corresponding to the plurality of clusters of the like-topic data, wherein the plurality of hypotheses are based on features associated with each of the plurality of clusters of the like-topic data. The processor combines pairs of clusters, based on a similarity heuristic applied to the one or more pairs of clusters, and the processor determines a plurality of probabilities respectively corresponding to a validity of each hypothesis of the plurality of hypotheses, associated with the location of a natural resource.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Aaron K. Baughman, Thomas B. Harrison, Brian M. O'Connell
  • Patent number: 10318500
    Abstract: During application of data quality rules to a data set obtained from a data source, data is retrieved from the data source along with a common set of rules configured to format the retrieved data in a manner in accordance with one or more predefined data quality rules of the common set of rules. At least one predefined data quality rule is adjusted utilizing at least one editable widget to form a modified set of data quality rules adapted for use with a specified application. The modified set of data quality rules is applied to the retrieved data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Mohan N. Dani, Anuj Gupta, Mukesh K. Mohania, Girish Venkatachaliah
  • Patent number: 10318559
    Abstract: Text content is received. Map elements, and an associated text content position at which each of the map elements exist, are identified. One or more characteristics for each of the identified map elements are identified and associated with the corresponding identified map element, including the associated text content position. A furthest position of the text content read by a user of a user device is received. A graphical map is generated, displaying map locations of identified map elements and their associated characteristics, where the associated text content position of the identified map elements and the associated characteristics is up to the furthest position of the text content read by the user of the user device. The generated map is transmitted for display on the user device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Heather L. Duschl, Marit L. Imsdahl, Alexandra D. Markello, Dana L. Price
  • Patent number: 10318507
    Abstract: Methods and systems for database optimization include compacting columns in an unoptimized database that co-appear in queries to the database into a single hyper-column using a processor to form an optimized database. Queries are received according to a schema for the unoptimized database. The received queries are translated into queries according to a schema for the optimized database.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yaoliang Chen, Min Gong, CaiQin Ma, Yu Wang, Xiaomin Xu, Junchi Yan
  • Patent number: 10318382
    Abstract: A method includes determining, by a computing device of a dispersed storage network (DSN), a source name for a data object to be scanned for missing encoded data slices. The method further includes issuing list source requests to the set of storage units. When a list source response is not received from a storage unit of the set of storage units within a response timeframe, the method further includes identifying one or more encoded data slices stored on the storage unit as potentially missing encoded data slices; determining a next level missing encoded data slice determination approach for the storage unit based on one or more of: a number of potentially missing encoded data slices, a performance goal, a network loading level, a rebuilding loading level, a predetermination, and an entry of a system registry; and executing the next level missing encoded data slice determination approach.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas F. Shirley, Jr., Gary W. Grube, Bart R. Cilfone, Ravi V. Khadiwala, Greg R. Dhuse, Thomas D. Cocagne, Michael C. Storm, Yogesh R. Vedpathak, Wesley B. Leggette, Jason K. Resch, Andrew D. Baptist, Ilya Volvovski
  • Patent number: 10318513
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide a method, computer program product, and a computer system for storing data records in extents. According to one embodiment a data record comprising an attribute value is received. One or more data records stored in a first extent, are identified, wherein the stored one or more data records in the first extent have at least one attribute value. The attribute value of the received data record is compared to the attribute values of the identified data records stored in the first extent. It is then determined whether to store the received data record in the first extent. Responsive to determining, not to store the received data record in the first extent, the received data record is stored in a second extent. If the first received data record is stored in a second extent, determining, an attribute value information of the second extent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Michal Bodziony, Artur M. Gruszecki, Tomasz Kazalski, Konrad K. Skibski
  • Patent number: 10318634
    Abstract: An approach is provided that returns a simplified set of text to a user of a natural language processing (NLP) system with the simplified set of text having a complexity appropriate to the reading level of the user. The approach receives a word that belongs to a first natural language and retrieves a first set of complexity data pertaining to the word in the first natural language. The approach translates the word to one or more translated words, with each of the translated words corresponding to one or more second natural languages. The approach then retrieves sets of complexity data, with the sets of complexity data corresponding to a different translated word. The approach determines a complexity of the word in the first natural language based on an analysis of the first and second sets of complexity data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Bharath Dandala, Ravi S. Sinha
  • Patent number: 10318517
    Abstract: A method for collecting monitoring data on a set of monitored computers. The method comprises providing definitions for collection methods for a set of monitoring data, wherein the monitoring data is collected from agents running at monitoring computers, wherein each item of monitoring data has at least one respective collection method. The method further comprises determining a subset of monitoring data to be updated. The method further comprises identifying collection methods corresponding to the subset of monitoring data and triggering the agents running at the monitoring computers to collect monitoring data using the identified collection methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Umit Bektas, Pawel T. Januszek, Piotr Kania, Konrad K. Skibski
  • Patent number: 10318591
    Abstract: A primary ingestion pipeline configured for use in natural language processing includes annotators configured for annotating documents. The annotators and documents to be annotated are evaluated. Based on the evaluations, an ingestion risk score is generated for each document. Each ingestion risk score represents a likelihood that an associated document will not successfully be annotated by the annotators. Each ingestion risk score is compared to a set of risk criteria. Based on the comparisons, a determination is made that each document of a first set of documents satisfies the set of risk criteria. A further determination is made, based on the comparisons, that each document of a second set of documents does not satisfy the set of risk criteria. In response to these determinations, the first set of documents is entered into the primary ingestion pipeline and the second set of documents is provided special handling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Pamela D. Andrejko, Andrew R. Freed, Cynthia M. Murch, Jan M. Nordland, Humberto R. Rivero
  • Patent number: 10318521
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method executed on one or more processors is provided for processing a query for a NoSQL (non-structured query language) database. The computer-implemented method includes periodically monitoring active transactions that started and are committing dirty versions before a specific time, sending a query to fetch a state of the active transactions, and receiving a query result. The computer-implemented method further includes, if the query result includes active transactions, performing a normal query that scans dirty and committed versions. The computer-implemented method further includes, if the query result includes no active transactions, due to a time window indicating a specified staleness, sending a simplified query that scans only committed versions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroshi H. Horii
  • Patent number: 10318616
    Abstract: Reusing HyperText Markup Language (HTML) content includes receiving, using a processor, a HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) request; determining that the received HTTP request has a special parameter that specifies to request part of the HTML content; acquiring the part of the HTML content according to the special parameter; and outputting the acquired part of the HTML content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Chun Feng Gao, Yin Qian, Deng Peng Zhou
  • Patent number: 10318966
    Abstract: User information may be received and a market segment associated with the user may be received. A personalized or individualized offer may be determined based on the user information, the personalized offer determined based on a product offeror's goal with respect to the user at a given time. The market segment offer and the personalized offer may be blended to determine a recommended personalized offering for the user at the given time, e.g., given a company's tactical, strategic and lifetime goals and values for that user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Markus R. Ettl, Sechan Oh, Steven G. Pinchuk
  • Patent number: 10318620
    Abstract: A method of providing annotations within a portal environment can include executing a portlet object having a tag, wherein the tag specifies an annotation service associated with an artifact presented by a graphical user interface of the portal environment. A visual identifier can be presented proximate to the artifact. The visual identifier can reference the annotation service. The method further can include creating an annotation using the annotation service responsive to the selection of the visual identifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: John S. Graham, Prasant K. Kantamsetty, Shankar Ramaswamy
  • Patent number: 10318970
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide a system, method and computer program product for generating a succinct approximate representation of a time series. A method comprises determining at least one peak data value and at least one trough data value of an input series comprising a sequence of data values over time. The input series is partitioned into multiple segments comprising at least one rising segment that rises to a peak data value and at least one falling segment that falls to a trough data value. A sequence of segments that rise and fall alternately is generated based on the segments. A sequence of totals representing a succinct approximate representation of the input series is generated. Each total comprises a sum of data values for a corresponding segment of the sequence of segments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Jeanette L. Blomberg, Neil H. A. Boyette, Anca A. Chandra, Se Chan Oh, Hovey R. Strong, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10318625
    Abstract: A computer system for narrating a table using at least one narration template, wherein the table is extracted from a data source is provided. The computer system may include parsing the extracted table. The computer system may also include performing structural analysis on the parsed extracted table. The computer system may further include selecting at least one structural template based on the structural analysis of the parsed extracted table. Additionally, the computer system may include selecting the at least one narration template based on the at least one selected structural template. The computer system may also include applying the at least one selected narration template to the extracted table. The computer system may further include narrating the extracted table based on the applying of the at least one selected narration template to the extracted table.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Chinnappa Guggilla, Ashish Mungi, Purushothaman K. Narayanan, Ankur S. Parikh, Krishma Singla, Bijo A. Thomas
  • Patent number: 10318327
    Abstract: A virtual runtime module that omits an internal functional implementation of an associated executable module and that includes a runtime-resolvable public interface of the associated executable module is obtained using a processor within a module-based system. The virtual runtime module within the module-based system is resolved, using the runtime-resolvable public interface of the virtual runtime module, to satisfy dependencies associated with the executable module within the module-based system. At least a portion of the internal functional implementation of the associated executable module within the module-based system is installed during runtime using the resolved virtual runtime module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Graham C. Charters, David J. Vines, Timothy J. Ward
  • Patent number: 10318631
    Abstract: A computer system identifies hand strokes generated while a user produces handwritten text. Based on the hand strokes, characters are identified. Based on the characters, words are identified. The words are checked for spelling, and the user is notified of any misspelled words.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas S. Brugler, John F. Kelley, Todd P. Seager, Douglas Brown
  • Patent number: 10318649
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method according to one embodiment includes identifying an accessing of a file within an operating system, checking an in-memory cache for path information associated with the file, checking an external cache for the path information associated with the file, conditionally retrieving the path information associated with the file by performing a file system lookup and adding the path information associated with the file to the in-memory cache and the external cache, and returning the path information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Umesh Deshpande, Wayne A. Sawdon, Vasily Tarasov
  • Patent number: 10318633
    Abstract: An approach is provided that receives a word that belongs to a first natural language and retrieves a first set of complexity data pertaining to the word in the first natural language. The approach translates the word to one or more translated words, with each of the translated words corresponding to one or more second natural languages. The approach then retrieves sets of complexity data, with the sets of complexity data corresponding to a different translated word. The approach determines a complexity of the word in the first natural language based on an analysis of the first and second sets of complexity data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Bharath Dandala, Ravi S. Sinha
  • Patent number: 10318974
    Abstract: A method and associated apparatus is provided where information about a gift from a recipient of the gift is received at a computer system. A numerical rating of the gift is received, and the numerical rating of the gift is inserted into an acknowledgment of the gift and sent to the sender. An advertisement is received from a service of an advertiser, and the numerical rating was used in selection of the advertisement. The received advertisement is denoted as an optimal advertisement that is presented to the recipient. The optimal advertisement includes a link to a web page for ordering an item identified in the web page. An order of the item placed via the web page is received from the recipient. The item ordered by the recipient and an identification of the item is sent, to the sender, as a reciprocal gift for the sender from the recipient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Robert D. Blatchley, Jurij M. Deputat, Donald P. Taylor, III
  • Patent number: 10318790
    Abstract: Techniques relate to fingerprint-based processor malfunction detection. A determination is made whether a fingerprint is present in software that is currently executing on the processor of the computer system. The fingerprint includes a representation of a sequence of behavior that occurs on the processor while the software is executing. The fingerprint corresponds to a type of malfunction. In response to determining that the fingerprint is not present in the software currently executing on the processor, monitoring of the software executing on the processor to determine whether the fingerprint is present continues. In response to determining that the fingerprint is present in the software executing on the processor, it is determined that the malfunction has occurred according to a type of the fingerprint that is present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Giles R. Frazier, Michael Karl Gschwind, Christian Jacobi, Anthony Saporito, Chung-Lung K. Shum
  • Patent number: 10318978
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide an approach for enhancing computer interaction challenge-response tests (e.g., Completely Automatic Public Turing Test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart, or CAPTCHA). Furthermore, embodiments of the present invention provide an approach for introducing advertising in such challenge-response tests, such that users are presented with opportunities to learn about or reinforce brands. In a typical embodiment, when a user attempts to access content (e.g., web content), the user will be presented with a CAPTCHA test. The CAPTCHA test typically includes an advertisement (e.g., logo, label, etc.) and an associated question for the user to answer. Along these lines, the advertisement is generally selected based on the user's demographics (e.g., interests, gender, age, etc.). If the user successfully responds to the question and/or responds within a certain amount of time, a reward can be determined (e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Rick A. Hamilton, II, Mauro Marzorati, Brian M. O'Connell, Clifford A. Pickover, Keith R. Walker
  • Patent number: 10318639
    Abstract: Intelligent action recommendation in a conversation monitors content of a conversation among at least two participants in real time. An overall goal of the conversation that represents a motivation for at least one of the participants to engage in the conversation is identified. The overall goal of the conversation is to be achieved upon termination of the conversation. At least one conversational input relevant to the monitored content and having a likelihood of advancing the conversation to successful achievement of the overall goal of the conversation is identified. The identified conversational input is communicated to at least one of the participants in the conversation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Thomas J. Fleischman, Paul N. Krystek, Shikhar Kwatra
  • Patent number: 10319229
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed to methods and systems for forecasting hazardous road conditions. The method includes determining a plurality of sections of road to analyze and correlating the sections of roads to localized weather forecasts. The method also includes performing a road surface condition analysis for each section of road of the plurality of sections of road and based on a prediction of a hazardous road condition, generating an alert regarding the hazardous road condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Eli M. Dow, Campbell D. Watson, Guillaume Auger, Michael E. Henderson
  • Patent number: 10318641
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method for language generation of a flow diagram, which receives a flow diagram. A plurality of geometric shapes within the flow diagram is identified. A plurality of text elements within the flow diagram is identified. The plurality of text elements and corresponding geometric shapes are associated. The association between the plurality of geometric shapes are identified. A diagram matrix based on the associations between the plurality of geometric shapes is generated. A linear language representation of the diagram matrix is generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Joy Mustafi, Krishma Singla
  • Patent number: 10318796
    Abstract: Age progression of a test facial image is facilitated by compiling training data, including a training set(s) having selected initial images of subjects by gender and age-group. In addition, the age progression includes manipulating the training data, including: for a given age-group of a training set, substantially aligning respective face shapes; determining a common frame based on the aligned shapes; substantially aligning respective face appearances to generate a shape-free form corresponding to the face appearance of each subject, using the substantially aligned shapes to generate an age-specific shape-dictionary for each age-group, and a common shape-dictionary for the age-groups of the training set, and using the aligned appearances to generate at least an age-specific appearance-dictionary for each age-group, and a common appearance-dictionary for the age-groups of the training set.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Saritha Arunkumar, Nalini K. Ratha, Christos Sagonas, Peter W. Waggett
  • Patent number: 10318669
    Abstract: For a time-series, a baseline error value is reduced to compute a target forecast error value by maximizing a net benefit value of a forecasted value of the time-series. For each forecasting model in a set of models, a corresponding model error value related to the time-series is computed. From the set, a subset of models is selected where each model in the subset has a cost that will produce a positive value for the net benefit. A selected model from the subset is associated with the time-series such that a model error value of the selected model is at most equal to the target forecast error. The time-series is forecasted using the selected model such that the forecasted value has an error of less than the baseline error at a future time, and the forecasted value produces a positive net benefit at the future time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mark A. Freeman, Michael E. Girata, Mark R. Grabau
  • Patent number: 10318820
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method for detecting and ranking individuals includes capturing live image data of a scene using an imaging device and identifying overlap between reference image data of the selected individuals and the live image data, wherein the overlap includes image data of the selected individuals in the scene. The method also includes capturing sets of image data of the selected individuals while the imaging device is in motion and recording the movement to provide a tracking record having instructions for positioning the imaging device where the imaging device captured the sets of image data of the selected individuals in the scene. The method further includes determining a score for each of the selected individuals in the scene based on a value related to an ability to view each friend and/or a social relationship value in order to enable a user to select who to aim the imaging device at.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kuntal Dey, Seema Nagar, Sudhanshu S. Singh, Enara C. Vijil
  • Patent number: 10318724
    Abstract: A computer to boot from a user trusted device, the user trusted device comprising a connection interface enabling connection with said computer, the method comprising: enabling said computer to start booting from the user trusted device upon connection of the user trusted device with said computer via said connection interface; instructing a processor of the computer to execute virtualization sensitive code and issue completion data upon completion of execution, which completion data depends on the virtualization sensitive code and its execution by the processor; determining, based on said completion data, whether the execution was not performed in a virtualized environment; and enabling said computer to complete booting from the user trusted device upon determining that the execution was not performed in a virtualized environment. The invention is further directed to a user trusted device enabling this method and to related systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Michael Baentsch, Thomas Gschwind, Andreas Schade
  • Patent number: 10318626
    Abstract: A method for narrating a table using at least one narration template, wherein the table is extracted from a data source is provided. The method may include parsing the extracted table. The method may also include performing structural analysis on the parsed extracted table. The method may further include selecting at least one structural template based on the structural analysis of the parsed extracted table. Additionally, the method may include selecting the at least one narration template based on the at least one selected structural template. The method may also include applying the at least one selected narration template to the extracted table. The method may further include narrating the extracted table based on the applying of the at least one selected narration template to the extracted table.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Chinnappa Guggilla, Ashish Mungi, Purushothaman K. Narayanan, Ankur S. Parikh, Krishma Singla, Bijo A. Thomas
  • Patent number: 10318744
    Abstract: As disclosed herein a method, executed by a computer, includes receiving, from an augmented reality device, a pairing request, negotiating with the augmented reality device to generate a new encryption key and a mapping plan for presenting optically readable codes, that correspond to one or more images, on a touch sensitive display device. The method further includes presenting, on the touch sensitive display device, the optically readable codes, and receiving a user selection from the touch sensitive display device. The optical codes are overlayed by the wearers of an augmented reality system with an un-encrypted or otherwise modified form of the optical code. A computer system, and a computer program product corresponding to the above method are also disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Eli M. Dow, Thomas D. Fitzsimmons, Joseph D. Harvey, Douglas E. Rohde
  • Patent number: 10318646
    Abstract: An operation of a user on a document is received. The received operation is analyzed. A structured guiding view for the document is generated by using a result of the analyzing and a basic structure of the document. In certain implementations, a user's reading interests and reading habits may be analyzed through the user's reading behaviors or notations added to the document by the user, and the result of the analyzing may be mapped into an intuitively presentable structured guiding view for the document.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Guo Kang Fu, Xue Feng Gao, Bing Xin Wang, Yi Yao, Da Wei Zhang
  • Patent number: 10318780
    Abstract: Examples of techniques for encoding data in a 2D symbology are disclosed. In one example described herein, a computer-implemented method comprises capturing an image of the 2D symbology. The 2D symbology comprises a series of data symbols representing a binary string. Each of the data symbols comprises a line segment, and each data symbol in the series of data symbols are positioned in an end-to-end orientation starting at a starting indicator designated by a first symbol and ending at an ending indicator designated by a second symbol. The first symbol differs from the second symbol, and the series of data symbols comprise 0-bit symbols represented by a first data symbol and 1-bit symbols represented by a second data symbol. The method further comprises extracting the binary string from the 2D symbology by reading each of the data symbols between the starting indicator and the ending indicator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Erich Guenter, Mark E. Maresh, Colm Nolan, Juan F. Vargas, Michael J. Whitney
  • Patent number: 10318700
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method modifies a manufacturing process for integrated circuits. One or more processors receive sensor readings that identify failed integrated circuits from a batch of integrated circuits, where each of the integrated circuits includes a set of dynamic random access memory (DRAM) chips and a memory buffer, where the memory buffer provides an interface between a memory controller and the DRAM chips. The processor(s) identify, based on the sensor readings, a performance trending estimate of DRAM failures versus memory buffer failures in the identified failed integrated circuits. The processor(s) predict a fault analysis (FA) pareto based on the performance trending estimate, a location and address of each DRAM in the identified failed integrated circuits, and a wafer location on the wafer die on which each memory buffer that has the memory buffer failure, such that a manufacturing process for the integrated circuits is modified based on the FA pareto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Steven B. Gold, Wen Wei Low, Feng Xue, Yvonne Chii Yeo, Jung H. Yoon
  • Patent number: 10318870
    Abstract: Mechanisms for evaluating an evidential statement in a corpus of evidence are provided. An evidential statement is received for determining a level of confidence in a hypothetical ontological link of an ontology. A source of the evidential statement is identified and a grading of the source of the evidential statement is determined based on a source grading measurement value indicative of a degree of reliability and credibility of the source. An indication of trustworthiness of the evidential statement is generated based on the source grading measurement value. A representation of the indication of trustworthiness of the evidential statement is output in association with the evidential statement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Darryl M. Adderly, Corville O. Allen, Robert K. Tucker
  • Patent number: 10318650
    Abstract: A computer system for taking a corrective action upon determination of an existence of a corrupted text segment within a set of web pages. Determination includes: determining a language affinity indicator corresponding to text segments within the set of web pages; generating an indexing repository based on a set of text artifacts within the text segments; creating an occurrence table for the set of text artifacts; and determining compliance of the text artifacts and text segments based on the single language grouping on which the set of text segments are based.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Chao Yuan Huang, Yi-Lin Tsai, Der-Joung Wang, Yen-Min Wu
  • Patent number: 10318812
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide systems and methods for image correlation and distribution. The method includes receiving an image depicting at least one person, metadata for the image, contact data, facial recognition data, and location data. The method further includes analyzing the image and other data, and determining the identity of people in the image based on the facial recognition data and the location data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Kulvir S. Bhogal, Rick A. Hamilton, II, Yin Xia, Yu Lin Zhai
  • Patent number: 10318667
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide methods, computer program products, and systems for generating comprehensive test cases covering new events yet to be covered. Embodiments of the present invention can be used to receive a request to generate a test case, wherein the request comprises a coverage schema associated with a first set of events to be covered in the generated test case. Embodiments of the present invention can update the coverage schema, wherein updating the coverage schema comprises adding a second set of events to be covered in the generated test case and generate constraints used to satisfy requirements for meeting the first and the second set of events in the updated coverage schema. Embodiments of the present invention can generate a test case using the generated constraints and the updated schema.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Manoj Dusanapudi, Madhusudan Kadiyala, John Paul
  • Patent number: 10318937
    Abstract: An aspect of generating a product model includes extracting from source code of an application system at least one transaction definition associated with the source code. Each transaction definition describes a transaction in a product implemented by the source code. An aspect also includes dividing the transaction definition into one or more product categories, and obtaining a product component associated with one of the product categories from the source code so as to generate the product model. The product component includes at least one product parameter associated with the product category, and the product model includes an association relationship between the product category and the at least one product parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Lin Bai, Na Dong, Ling Gong, Ying Liu, Xi Ning Wang, Ming M. Zhang
  • Patent number: 10318668
    Abstract: Method, system and product for decomposing a simulation model. The method comprising automatically decomposing the simulation model into a predetermined number of co-simulation components, wherein each co-simulation component is allocated to a different simulation platform, wherein said automatically decomposing comprises: defining a target optimization function, wherein the target optimization function computes an estimated run time of the simulation model, wherein the target optimization function is based on a communication time within each co-simulation component and a communication time between each pair of co-simulation components; and determining a decomposition of the simulation model that optimizes a value of the target optimization function. The method further comprises executing the decomposed simulation model by executing in parallel each co-simulation component on a different simulation platform, whereby the simulation model is executed in a distributed manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machine Corporation
    Inventors: Henry Broodney, Lev Greenberg, Michael Masin, Evgeny Shindin
  • Patent number: 10318949
    Abstract: A method, system and computer program product for integrating a mobile payment application with other mobile applications while preventing security exposures. A set of application programming interfaces of mobile applications that may possibly be utilized by a pass created by a mobile payment application is generated in response to receiving an indication that the pass was created. A “pass,” as used herein, refers to a form of mobile payment, such as a gift card. A selection of these application programming interfaces may then be received to interact with the created pass. In this manner, the existing mobile applications are seamlessly integrated with the features of passes. Furthermore, a virtual container is created for the created pass and the selected application programming interfaces to interface with the created pass. By creating such a container, the data to be exposed to the application layer can be controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Todd E. Kaplinger, Gal Shachor, Gregory L. Truty