Patents Examined by Archene A. Turner
  • Patent number: 11136672
    Abstract: An electronic device such as a wristwatch may include a conductive housing. A corrosion-resistant coating may be deposited on the conductive housing. The coating may include transition layers and an uppermost alloy layer. The transition layers may include a chromium seed layer on the conductive housing and a chromium nitride layer on the chromium seed layer. The uppermost alloy layer may include TiCrCN or other alloys and may provide the coating with desired optical reflection and absorption characteristics. The transition layers may include a minimal number of coating defects, thereby eliminating potential sites at which visible defects could form when exposed to salt water. This may allow the electronic device to exhibit a desired color and to be submerged in salt water without producing undesirable visible defects on the conductive housing structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Brian S. Tryon, Isabel Yang, Todd Mintz, Jeremy Li, Brian Gable, Lijie Bao, Yi Chen, Christopher D. Prest, James Yurko
  • Patent number: 11131016
    Abstract: A coated substrate comprising a metal or metal alloy such as a high speed steel, TiAl based alloy or Ni based alloy or an electrically conductive ceramic material, wherein the coating comprises a hard material protective coating comprising alternating layers of different compositions, wherein a first composition of the alternating layers comprises silicon, Si, and/or a second composition of the alternating layers comprises boron, B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2021
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Arutiun Ehiasarian, Papken Hovsepian, David S Rickerby, Mark Dixon
  • Patent number: 11130181
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool includes a substrate and a coating formed on a surface of the substrate, the coating including one or two or more layers, at least one of the layers being an Al-rich layer including hard particles, the hard particle having a sodium chloride type crystal structure, and including a first unit phase in a form of a plurality of lumps and a second unit phase interposed between the lumps of the first unit phase, the first unit phase being composed of a nitride or carbonitride of AlxTi1-x, the first unit phase having an atomic ratio x of Al of 0.7 or more and 0.96 or less, the second unit phase being composed of a nitride or carbonitride of AlyTi1-y, the second unit phase having an atomic ratio y of Al exceeding 0.5 and less than 0.7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2021
    Assignees: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp., Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Anongsack Paseuth, Yasuki Kido, Shinya Imamura, Koji Kuramochi
  • Patent number: 11123803
    Abstract: Disclosed is a PVD ceramic thin film-coated cutting insert properly usable for machining a hard-to-cut material such as inconel or titanium having low thermal conductivity. The cutting insert for hard-to-cut materials includes a cemented carbide base material having an SMS value of 50-80% obtained by [Formula 1] below, and a ceramic thin film formed on the cemented carbide base material and having a thickness of about 0.4-1.5 ?m. [Formula 1]: SMS=Saturation magnetization value of sintered body×100/TMS, where TMS=2010×Mass ratio of Co.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2021
    Assignee: KORLOY INC.
    Inventors: Sung-gu Lee, Se-ung Oh, Seung-Su Ahn
  • Patent number: 11123802
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool includes a substrate and a coating formed on a surface of the substrate, the coating including one or two or more layers, at least one of the layers being an Al-rich layer including hard particles, the hard particle having a sodium chloride type crystal structure, and including a first unit phase in a form of a plurality of lumps and a second unit phase interposed between the lumps of the first unit phase, the first unit phase being composed of a nitride or carbonitride of AlxTi1-x, the first unit phase having an atomic ratio x of Al of 0.7 or more and 0.96 or less, the second unit phase being composed of a nitride or carbonitride of AlyTi1-y, the second unit phase having an atomic ratio y of Al exceeding 0.5 and less than 0.7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2021
    Assignees: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp., Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Anongsack Paseuth, Yasuki Kido, Shinya Imamura, Koji Kuramochi
  • Patent number: 11117196
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool includes a substrate and a coating film that coats the substrate, wherein the coating film includes a WC1-x layer composed of a compound represented by WC1-x, where x is more than or equal to 0.54 and less than or equal to 0.58, and the compound represented by WC1-x includes a hexagonal crystal structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2021
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Sachiko Koike, Yuki Ueda, Keiichi Tsuda
  • Patent number: 11121535
    Abstract: A porous metal and carbon composite lightning strike protection system is described that utilizes flexible metallic material and porous carbon. The carbon-based lightning strike protection system may be produced in the form of a panel that may be applied over the surface of an object to be protected or may be created directly over the surface of the object. The carbon-based lightning strike protection system is readily adaptable to high temperature applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2021
    Assignee: Touchstone Research Laboratory, Ltd.
    Inventors: Dwayne R. Morgan, Brian L. Gordon, Neven W. Cook
  • Patent number: 11114835
    Abstract: A carbon-based lightning strike protection system is described that utilizes flexible graphite and porous carbon. The carbon-based lightning strike protection system may be produced in the form of a panel that may be applied over the surface of an object to be protected or may be created directly over the surface of the object. The carbon-based lightning strike protection system is readily adaptable to high temperature applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2021
    Assignee: Touchstone Research Laboratory, Ltd.
    Inventors: Dwayne R. Morgan, Brian L. Gordon, Neven W. Cook
  • Patent number: 11103930
    Abstract: A cutting tool includes: a substrate including a rake face; and a coating film that coats the rake face, wherein the coating film includes an ?-Al2O3 layer disposed on the substrate, the ?-Al2O3 layer includes crystal grains of ?-Al2O3, an area ratio of crystal grains oriented in (001) among the crystal grains is 50% to 90% in the ?-Al2O3 layer at the rake face, a film residual stress AA determined based on a crystal plane interval of a (001) plane of the ?-Al2O3 layer at the rake face is more than or equal to ?1000 MPa and less than 0 MPa, and a film residual stress BA determined based on a crystal plane interval of a (110) plane of the ?-Al2O3 layer at the rake face is more than or equal to ?1000 MPa and less than 0 MPa, and a relational expression of |AA|?|BA| is satisfied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC HARDMETAL CORP.
    Inventors: Susumu Okuno, Shinya Imamura, Satoshi Ono, Anongsack Paseuth
  • Patent number: 11104986
    Abstract: A metal cutting tool includes a main body made of cemented carbide, cermet, ceramic, steel or high-speed steel, and a multi-layer wear protection coating. The wear protection coating includes a lower layer having an overall composition of Tim Al(1-m) N with 0.25<m<0.55 and an overall thickness of 500 nm to 3 ?m. The lower layer has 50 to 600 pairs of alternately stacked sub-layers in a sequence (A-B-A-B- . . . ) and having a composition Tia Al(1-a) N with 0.45?a?0.55 and a thickness of 1 nm to 10 nm. The upper layer has 30 to 400 triples of alternately stacked sub-layers in a sequence (C-D-E-C-D-E- . . . ). The sub-layers of the upper layer have a composition Tix AlySizN with x+y+z=1 and 0.20?x?0.45, 0.20?y?0.45 and 0.20?z?0.45 and a thickness of 1 nm to 10 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: WALTER AG
    Inventor: Ulrich Albers
  • Patent number: 11104999
    Abstract: A coated tool has a substrate and a hard material coating deposited on the substrate. The hard material coating has a layer structure in the following order, starting from the substrate: a titanium nitride layer, a titanium boron nitride transition layer, and a titanium diboride layer. The titanium boron nitride transition layer has a boron content that increases from the titanium nitride layer in the direction of the titanium diboride layer. The boron content does not exceed 15 at %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: CERATIZIT Austria Gesellschaft m.b.H.
    Inventors: Christoph Czettl, Josef Thurner, Markus Lechleitner, Christian Jaeger
  • Patent number: 11104987
    Abstract: A coated cutting tool includes a substrate of cemented carbide, cermet, cBN, ceramics or HSS and a coating of a nitride layer, which is a High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering (HIPIMS) deposited layer of a nitride of one or more of Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Ta, Nb, Cr, Si and Al, and a HIPIMS-deposited oxide layer being an (AlaMe1?a)2O3 layer, 0.05?a?1, wherein Me is one or more of Ti, Mg, Ag, Zr, Si, V, Fe, Hf, B and Cr. The oxide layer is situated above the nitride layer. Also, a method is disclosed for producing a coated cutting tool having the nitride layer and oxide layer, the nitride layer and the oxide layer being deposited by a HIPIMS process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: WALTER AG
    Inventors: Veit Schier, Ulrich Albers, Dominic Diechle
  • Patent number: 11091833
    Abstract: The present invention relates to carbon material having, on the base material, a coating layer that includes TaC, and a method for producing the carbon material. For example, the carbon material may include a base material and a coating layer on the surface of the base material. The coating layer may include TaC, which may have a maximum diffraction peak value on the (111) surface, where diffraction peak values may be generated by diffractions of X-rays in XRD analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2021
    Assignee: TOKAI CARBON KOREA CO., LTD
    Inventor: Dong Wan Jo
  • Patent number: 11091367
    Abstract: A vanadium silicon carbonitride film includes vanadium, silicon, carbon, and nitrogen, wherein when vanadium element concentration/(vanadium element concentration+silicon element concentration+carbon element concentration+nitrogen element concentration) in the film is defined as a, and silicon element concentration/(vanadium element concentration+silicon element concentration+carbon element concentration+nitrogen element concentration) in the film is defined as b, 0.30?a/b?1.3 and 0.30?a+b?0.70 are satisfied, and a total of the vanadium element concentration, the silicon element concentration, the carbon element concentration, and the nitrogen element concentration in the film is 90 [at %] or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2021
    Assignee: DOWA THERMOTECH CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Satoru Habuka, Hiroyuki Matsuoka, Wataru Sakakibara
  • Patent number: 11066757
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a diamond substrate, including: a first step of preparing patterned diamond on a foundation surface, a second step of growing diamond from the patterned diamond prepared in the first step to form the diamond in a pattern gap of the patterned diamond prepared in the first step, a third step of removing the patterned diamond prepared in the first step to form a patterned diamond composed of the diamond formed in the second step, and a fourth step of growing diamond from the patterned diamond formed in the third step to form the diamond in a pattern gap of the patterned diamond formed in the third step. There can be provided a method for manufacturing a diamond substrate which can sufficiently suppress dislocation defects, a high-quality diamond substrate, and a freestanding diamond substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2021
    Assignees: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd., National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, National University Corporation Kanazawa University
    Inventors: Hitoshi Noguchi, Shozo Shirai, Toshiharu Makino, Masahiko Ogura, Hiromitsu Kato, Hiroyuki Kawashima, Daisuke Kuwabara, Satoshi Yamasaki, Daisuke Takeuchi, Norio Tokuda, Takao Inokuma, Tsubasa Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 11052464
    Abstract: Provided is a coated cutting tool, which includes a hard coating film containing a layer (c) which is a layered coating film made by alternately layering a nitride or carbonitride layer (c1) that contains, with respect to the total amount of metal elements (including metalloid elements), at least 55 atom % aluminum (Al), chromium (Cr) having the second highest content percentage, and at least silicon (Si), and a nitride or carbonitride layer (c2) that contains, with respect to the total amount of metal elements (including metalloid elements), at least 55 atom % aluminum (Al) and titanium (Ti) having the second highest content, each layer having a thickness of 50 nm or less. A peak intensity Ih ascribable to an hcp (010) plane of AlN in the layer (c) and the total peak intensity Is ascribable to other predetermined crystal phases satisfy a relationship of Ih×100/Is?15.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignee: MOLDINO Tool Engineering, Ltd.
    Inventor: Masakazu Isaka
  • Patent number: 11054031
    Abstract: A sliding element, in particular a piston ring, has a coating which has the following layers from the inside outwards: a polycrystalline, metal-containing adhesive layer, an intermediate layer, and at least one amorphous carbon layer, the intermediate layer having the following partial layers from the inside outward: an AxCy layer, with c standing for carbon, A standing for a metal, preferably of the metal-containing adhesive layer, and x as well as y each comprising values of 1-99, and a crystalline-containing or crystal-containing carbon layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Burscheid GmbH
    Inventors: Marcus Kennedy, Yuriy Ivanov
  • Patent number: 11033969
    Abstract: A cutting tool includes a substrate and a coating that coats a surface of the substrate, the coating including a multilayer structure layer composed of at least one layer A and at least one layer B alternately deposited from a side closer to the substrate toward a side closer to a surface, the layer A having an average composition of AlxCr(1-x)N, the layer B being composed of AlyTi(1-y)N, the layer A being composed of a domain region and a matrix region, the domain region having a composition ratio of Cr larger than that of Cr of the matrix region, wherein x has a range of 0.5?x?0.8 and y has a range of 0.5?y?0.7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2021
    Assignee: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC HARDMETAL CORP.
    Inventors: Keizo Tanaka, Shinya Imamura, Haruyo Fukui
  • Patent number: 11028487
    Abstract: A hard film for coating a surface of a base material, the hard film includes a layer A, a layer B, and a nanolayer-alternating layer. The layer A is an AlTiCr nitride of (AlaTibCrc?d)N, where ? is one or more elements selected from C, B, Si, V, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, and W. The layer B is an AlTiCr nitride or AlTiCr carbonitride of (AleTifCrg?h)CxN1-X, where ? is one or more elements selected from B, Si, V, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, and W. The nanolayer-alternating layer is formed by alternately laminating a nanolayer A or a nanolayer B having the same composition as the layer A or B. And, the layer C is an AlCr(SiC) nitride or AlCr(SiC) carbonitride of [AliCrj(SiC)k?l]CYN1-Y, where ? is one or more elements selected from B, Ti, V, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, and W.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Assignee: OSG CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masatoshi Sakurai, Mei Wang
  • Patent number: 11020805
    Abstract: A cutting tool includes a base material. The base material is a cemented carbide or a cermet. A surface of the base material includes a rake face, a flank face, and a cutting edge face connecting the rake face to the flank face. The base material has an oxygen concentration of less than or equal to 1 at. % at a depth position of 0.4 ?m from the cutting edge face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Shinya Imamura, Hideaki Kanaoka, Anongsack Paseuth, Satoshi Ono, Kouhei Yoshimura