Patents Examined by Ashwin Mehta
  • Patent number: 8759645
    Abstract: The present invention relates to wheat flours, the starch component whereof has an amylose content between 15.0 wt. % and 30.0 wt. % and which have a content of resistant starch of more than 5.0 wt. % and foodstuffs containing these wheat flours. Further, the present invention relates to methods for the production of said wheat flours and the use thereof as resistant starch, as a prebiotic or for the production of foodstuffs with decreased glycemic index. The present invention also relates to nucleic acid molecules which code for a soluble starch synthase II, and vectors containing such nucleic acid molecules. Further, the present invention also relates to host cells and plants which contain such nucleic acid molecules or vectors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Bayer Cropscience AG
    Inventors: Claus Frohberg, Ralf-Christian Schmidt
  • Patent number: 8735651
    Abstract: The present invention provides a biosafety-guarded photobiological butanol production technology based on designer transgenic plants, designer algae, designer blue-green algae (cyanobacteria and oxychlorobacteria), or designer plant cells. The designer photosynthetic organisms are created such that the endogenous photobiological regulation mechanism is tamed, and the reducing power (NADPH) and energy (ATP) acquired from the photosynthetic process are used for synthesis of butanol (CH3CH2CH2CH2OH) directly from carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). The butanol production methods of the present invention completely eliminate the problem of recalcitrant lignocellulosics by bypassing the bottleneck problem of the biomass technology.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Inventor: James Weifu Lee
  • Patent number: 8729338
    Abstract: A method of modifying at least one carbohydrate in a tissue of a plant is described. The method is typically applied to a sugarcane plant of the genus Saccharum method and includes the steps of inserting into a plant cell a gene silencing cassette which includes nucleic acid operably linked to transcription elements such as a monocotyledonous promoter for transcribing the nucleic acid in a plant cell, wherein transcription of the nucleic acid decreases activity of UMP synthase. The method further includes the steps of regenerating a transgenic plant from the plant cell and producing the tissue with increased carbohydrate content. Vectors for use therefor, as well as a transformed plant cell and a transgenic plant or plant part containing or derived from a transformed plant cell are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignees: Stellenbosch University, South African Sugarcane Research Institute
    Inventors: Gino Boussiengui-Boussiengui, Jens Kossmann
  • Patent number: 8728726
    Abstract: A mutation in the gene encoding the raffinose synthase 2 enzyme, RS2, in soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., is associated with a reduced raffinose and stachyose seed phenotype. Soybean homozygous for a mutant allele of the RS2 gene which encodes an amino acid change to isoleucine at position 107 of the enzyme's amino acid sequence exhibit significantly reduced seed raffinose and stachyose content, and increased seed sucrose content. Nucleic acid samples of soybean may be assayed for the presence of this mutant allele, and soybean containing the allele may be selected for breeding to generate reduced raffinose and stachyose soybean lines. Alternatively, the mutation may be detected by analysis of the RS2 enzyme produced in the soybean to determine the presence of either an isoleucine or a threonine at amino acid 107. Molecular markers have been developed for detecting the presence or absence of the mutant allele.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Kristin D. Bilyeu, Emily C. Dierking
  • Patent number: 8674175
    Abstract: A new farnesene synthase was isolated from tomato. The farnesene synthase shows surprising properties with regard to the end products formed and its gene has, on a nucleotide level, low sequence identity with known farnesene synthase genes from other sources. The invention relates to isolated polynucleotides, polypeptides encoded by said polynucleotides, genetic constructs, vectors, hosts, in particular plants, harboring such polynucleotides, polypeptides and genetic constructs, and seed derived from such plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Keygene N.V.
    Inventors: Michiel Theodoor Jan de Both, Robert Cornelis Schuurink, Kai Ament, Michael Albertus Haring
  • Patent number: 8669419
    Abstract: The present invention relates to nucleic acid molecules useful for conferring broad and durable resistance to grapevine fanleaf virus in plants. The invention also relates to methods of enhancing resistance to plant pathogens and plants or plant components (such as grape plants) expressing such nucleic acid molecules. In addition, the invention relates to products (e.g., foodstuffs including beverages such as wine or juice) derived from grape plants transformed with such nucleic acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Cornell University
    Inventors: Marc Fuchs, Jonathan Oliver
  • Patent number: 8642838
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to the field of molecular biology and concerns a method for enhancing yield-related traits in plants, in particular for increasing plant yield and/or early vigor, relative to control plants. More specifically, the present invention concerns a method for enhancing yield-related traits comprising modifying the expression of a nucleic acid encoding a HAL3 polypeptide, MADS15 polypeptide, PLT transcription factor polypeptide, basic/helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor, or SPL15 transcription factor. The invention also provides constructs useful in the methods of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Plant Science GmbH
    Inventor: Christophe Reuzeau
  • Patent number: 8637737
    Abstract: This invention relates to the field of bolting and flowering time control in sugar beet, specifically to methods as well as nucleic acid molecules, chimeric constructs, and vectors for engineering bolting resistance in sugar beet by means of altering the expression of the Beta vulgaris homologues BvFT1 and BvFT2 of the FT gene. In particular, the present invention provides sugar beet plants having a phenotype of bolting resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Syngenta Participations AG
    Inventors: Petronella Maria Van Roggen, Johannes Jacobus Ludgerus Gielen, Pierre Pin, Signe Irene Elisabet Wremert Weich
  • Patent number: 8633030
    Abstract: The present invention relates to isolated polypeptides having carboxypeptidase activity and isolated polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides. The invention also relates to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides as well as methods of producing and using the polypeptides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: Novozymes, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael Rey
  • Patent number: 8592652
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of generating or increasing a pathogen resistance in plants by reducing the expression of at least one subtilisin polypeptide or a functional equivalent thereof. The invention relates to novel nucleic acid sequences coding for a Hordeum vulgare subtilisin (HvRNR9) and Triticum aestivum subtilisin (TaRNR9) polynucleotide and describes homologous sequences (RNR9) thereof, and to their use in methods for obtaining a pathogen resistance in plants, and to nucleic acid constructs, expression cassettes and vectors which comprise these sequences and which are suitable for mediating a fungal resistance in plants. The invention furthermore relates to transgenic organisms, in particular plants, which are transformed with these expression cassettes or vectors, and to cultures, parts or transgenic propagation material derived therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: BASF Plant Science GmbH
    Inventors: Markus Frank, Patrick Schweizer, Dimitar Douchkov
  • Patent number: 8557585
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fusion polynucleotides for biosynthesis of beta-carotene and a method for producing beta-carotene using the same. More particularly, it relates to fusion polynucleotides encoding phytoene synthase, connective sequences of FMDV-derived 2A sequence or internal ribosome entry site (IRES) and carotene desaturase, and a method for producing beta-carotenes using the same. Fusion polynucleotides and the recombinant vector using the same of the present invention have the effect of expression both phytoene synthase gene and carotene desaturase gene stably within cell transformants. Accordingly, fusion polynucleotides of the present invention can be used to regulate the biosynthetic metabolism of plant producing beta-carotene. Furthermore, it can be applied to effectively increase the content of beta-carotene, a useful metabolite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Republic of Korea, Rural Development Administration
    Inventors: Sun Hwa Ha, Ju Kon Kim, Ha Rin Jung, Jung Bong Kim, Young Mi Kim, Seok-Cheol Suh, Liang Ying Shi, Soon Jong Kweon, Dong Hern Kim
  • Patent number: 8476492
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of utilizing the pts gene and antisense ads to increase patchouli alcohol content in Artemisia annua L. plants. Using transgenic Artemisia annua L. plants, the method of the invention consistently increases the patchouli alcohol content in those plants, thus laying down a solid foundation for large-scale production of patchouli alcohol and other secondary metabolites such as terpenes other than artemisinin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Firmenich Aromatics (China) Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ke Xuan Tang, Yue Yue Wang, Yue Li Tang, Dong-Fang Chen
  • Patent number: 8476491
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of utilizing the pts gene and RNA interference of the ads gene to increase patchouli alcohol content in Artemisia annua L. plants. Using transgenic Artemisia annua L. plants, the method of the invention consistently increases the patchouli alcohol content in those plants, thus laying down a solid foundation for large-scale production of patchouli alcohol and other secondary metabolites such as terpenes other than artemisinin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Firmenich Aromatics (China) Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ke Xuan Tang, Yue Yue Wang, Yue Li Tang, Dong-Fang Chen
  • Patent number: 8470995
    Abstract: This invention relates to isolated polynucleotides encoding enzymes consisting of a carboxypeptidase-like protein, a methyltransferase and a glucosyltransferase, involved in the biosynthesis of ?-amyrin-derived triterpenes in plants and seeds. The invention also relates to the construction of recombinant DNA constructs comprising all or a portion of the isolated polynucleotides of the invention, in sense or antisense orientation, operably linked to at least one regulatory sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Plant Bioscience Limited
    Inventors: Anne Osbourn, Xiaoquan Qi
  • Patent number: 8003866
    Abstract: According to the invention, there is provided seed and plants of the hybrid corn variety designated CH444919. The invention thus relates to the plants, seeds and tissue cultures of the variety CH444919, and to methods for producing a corn plant produced by crossing a corn plant of variety CH444919 with itself or with another corn plant, such as a plant of another variety. The invention further relates to genetic complements of plants of variety CH444919.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventor: Kendell B. Hellewell
  • Patent number: 7999148
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for reducing the level of gossypol in cottonseed. The method generally includes selectively inducing RNA gene silencing in the seed of a transgenic cotton plant, to interfere with expression of the ?-cadinene synthase gene or the ?-cadinene-8-hydroxylase gene in the seed of the cotton plant without substantially affecting expression of that gene in the foliage, floral parts, and roots of the plant. The transgenic cotton plant comprises at least one of a ?-cadinene synthase gene trigger sequence and/or a ?-cadinene-8-hydroxylase gene trigger sequence operably linked to one or more a seed-specific promoter gene sequences, and the trigger sequence(s) is/are able to induce RNA gene silencing when expressed in cottonseed of the plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Texas A&M University System
    Inventors: Keerti S. Rathore, Ganesan Sunilkumar, LeAnne M. Campbell
  • Patent number: 7993926
    Abstract: The inventors herein disclose a new transporter that participates in guard cell movement. The inventors have now found that AtCHX20 is preferentially expressed in guard cells using microarray and promoter TGUS analyses. The inventors have also found a guard cell specific promoter which serves as a powerful tool to manipulate the opening and closing of guard cells and thus the ability to control water loss and gas exchange of plants. Such a tool can be particularly useful when applied to crops and other plants of economic importance, thus the present inventors have identified homologous genes in several other plants that fall within the scope of this invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2011
    Assignee: University of Maryland, College Park
    Inventors: Heven Sze, Senthilkumar Padmanaban, June Kwak
  • Patent number: 7982095
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the increase in yield in a plant organisms by reducing gene expression. The invention furthermore relates to nucleic acid molecules, polypeptides, nucleic acid constructs, vectors, antisense molecules, antibodies, host cells, plant tissue, propagation material, harvested material and plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Metanomics GmbH
    Inventors: Piotr Puzio, Agnes Chardonnens
  • Patent number: 7982105
    Abstract: Transgenic corn seed with high levels of free lysine resulting from a recombinant DNA construct having an endosperm specific promoter and an embryo specific promoter operably linked to gene suppression elements for suppressing the production of an endogenous lysine catabolite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventors: Wayne E. Brown, Shihshieh Huang, Thomas M. Malvar
  • Patent number: 7968775
    Abstract: According to the invention, there is provided seed and plants of the hybrid corn variety designated CH652359. The invention thus relates to the plants, seeds and tissue cultures of the variety CH652359, and to methods for producing a corn plant produced by crossing a corn plant of variety CH652359 with itself or with another corn plant, such as a plant of another variety. The invention further relates to genetic complements of plants of variety CH652359.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Monsanto Technology LLC
    Inventor: Robert J. Getschman