Patents Examined by Charles Frankfort
  • Patent number: 4636089
    Abstract: There is obtained a continuous rapidly responding and controllable measurement of the quenching intensity of quenching baths. A test body is inserted into the bath and a controlled heating is applied to a portion of the surface of the test body raising the temperature of that portion of the test body surface to a constant temperature of to C., especially to C. higher than the temperature of the bath. The heat energy required to maintain this temperature constant is used as a measure of the quenching intensity of the bath.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1987
    Assignee: DeGussa Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Erwin Schumann
  • Patent number: 4635370
    Abstract: A caliper for the direct reading of the size of nuts, boltheads and fittings. On each leg of the caliper is a linear scale, one scale being calibrated in metric units, and the other in English units. When the terminal tips of the caliper are brought into contact with parallel faces of a fitting, the size of the fitting is read on either scale at the point where the inner edges of the legs intersect. All points on the legs of the caliper translate along concentric arcs of circles which have a common virtual pivot point in space, remote from the upper end of the caliper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1987
    Inventor: Bud K. Beaver
  • Patent number: 4635371
    Abstract: A device for determining the annual exposure of a site which comprises a viewer having a lens with markings provided thereon for determining the line of travel of the sun at a given latitude for selected dates of the year and indicating the position of the sun at selected times of the day. Interchangeable lenses are provided for different latitudes and are changed by removing a bezel which attaches the lens to the hollow cylindrical body of the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1987
    Inventor: Michael B. Dalrymple
  • Patent number: 4633803
    Abstract: An instrument gauge is described of the pointer output type, especially a tachometer, that includes a display cover limiting observation of the pointer by a first window cut into the cover in the shape of a graphical representation of a proportional relationship between engine performance and revolutions per minute or vehicle speed. The window is oriented such that the pointer position indicates RPM or speed on a cover scale. Engine performance is indicated by the relative position of the pointer with respect to the curved shape of the window established by the proportional relationship. The cover includes a second window of such size and orientation that it permits observation of the pointer only when a critical RPM or speed is reached. A flag fixed to the pointer appears in the second window only at the critical value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1987
    Assignee: Bayliner Marine Corporation
    Inventor: John P. Flowers
  • Patent number: 4634291
    Abstract: In the present invention, a discrete region of the TBC is heated, as by applying a controlled quantity of laser energy onto the region for a time interval. Then, the radiant thermal energy of a region outside the laser strike region is measured at a predetermined time following the termination of the laser pulse. The intensity of this measured radiant energy is then compared with the radiant intensities which have been experimentally obtained from known thickness specimens and the thickness is inferred therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1987
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Thomas E. Bantel, David F. Lahrman, John F. Halase, III
  • Patent number: 4633711
    Abstract: A local display of a fluid level is provided in connection with a fiber optic illuminating system in which a side by side, bi-color light is passed through the fluid in a level gauge having transparent viewing ports. Diverging light passing from the level gauge, refracted in response to the fluid and gauge material, is masked and one color is passed to a focusing lens and a local readout in a plane above or below the focusing lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1987
    Assignee: The Babcock & Wilcox Company
    Inventors: James H. Hipple, Don W. Smith, Neil E. Reed
  • Patent number: 4632052
    Abstract: A tornado warning device which emits a warning sound when air escapes the said device at a pre-determined rate, with said rate being that of the loss of air pressure in the path of a tornado.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1985
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1986
    Inventor: Marion Green
  • Patent number: 4631956
    Abstract: An Air Deployed Oceanographic Mooring when assembled for deployment has a multitude of components suitable for separation by explosive bolts upon deployment of the system. A parachute system is connected to a surface buoy. The components that separate from each other upon deployment comprise a parachute system, a surface float, a subsurface buoy, an anchor shell and a bottom finder. All components except for the parachute system have interconnecting flexible lines upon deployment. A novel locking mechanism for limiting the paying out of the line between the anchor shell and subsurface buoy is triggered by the slackening of the line between the bottom finder and anchor shell when the bottom finder hits the bottom of the ocean.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1986
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Robert G. Walden, Henri O. Berteaux, Leslie W. Bonde, David B. Dillon, Eric J. Softley, Thomas M. Popp, Edgar A. Reed, 3rd
  • Patent number: 4630477
    Abstract: A thermistor-type liquid level probe formed entirely of corrosive-resistant material and having characteristics which make it highly reliable in service. The probe is particularly adapted for use in measuring the liquid level of corrosive liquids such as acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 23, 1986
    Inventor: James B. Murtland, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4630476
    Abstract: A liquid level gauge including an elongate support member, and, a plurality of optical fibres carried by the support member, said fibres extending on the support member generally lengthwise thereof and generally parallel to each other, said fibres being spaced apart from each other circumferentially of the support member and each fibre being divided at a point along the length of the support member by a gap so arranged that the transmission of the light across the gap from one part of a fibre to the other part thereof is determined by the presence or absence in the gap of the liquid being gauged, the gaps of the fibres being spaced lengthwise of the support member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1985
    Date of Patent: December 23, 1986
    Assignee: Lucas Industries Public Limited Company
    Inventor: Raymond Moore
  • Patent number: 4630938
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for determination the thermal conduction coefficient and the heat capacity of materials. The method comprises the measurements of heat flux across the sample and the momentary temperature difference between both surfaces of the sample perpendicular to the direction of heat flux during continuous change of the temperature of one of sample surfaces. The values of thermal conduction coefficient, heat capacity and thermal diffusivity are determined on the basis of an equation which defines their dependence on measured heat flux across the sample, temperature difference between the sample surfaces and the rate of the change of the temperature of one sample surface. The apparatus for measuring thermal conductivity and heat capacity contains a heater equipped with a temperature sensor of a thickness less than 1 mm, placed between two samples, one of them being the sample of material tested of a thickness less than 10 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 23, 1986
    Assignee: Polska Akademia Nauk Centrum Badan Molekularnych i Makromolekularnych
    Inventors: Ewa Piorkowska-Palczewska, Andrzej Galeski, Marian Kryszewski
  • Patent number: 4629336
    Abstract: An electronic clinical thermometer capable of executing plural temperature prediction functions in which elapsed measurement time is a variable, each function prescribing a temperature change up to a final, stable temperature. One of the temperature prediction functions is set, and actual body temperature is sensed at a specific point in time. Then, based on the sensed temperature and selected function, a final temperature is obtained at least twice in accordance with a time series and the temperatures are compared to obtain a difference between them. When the difference falls outside prescribed limits, a new temperature prediction function is selected, a final temperature is obtained based thereon, and the foregoing process is repeated until a difference is found which lies within the prescribed limits. The final temperature obtained at such time is delivered as an output indicative of measured temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1985
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1986
    Assignee: Terumo Corp.
    Inventor: Hideo Ishizaka
  • Patent number: 4629335
    Abstract: An indicating tube for detecting gas type and characteristics comprises a hollow transparent tube having a passage therethrough for the passage of a gas to be detected and with a first material in the passage giving a visual indication of the gas characteristic and a second material in the passage which gives a visual indication of the temperature characteristic of the gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1986
    Assignee: Dragerwerk Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Wolfgang Eckstein
  • Patent number: 4629333
    Abstract: A radiation source directs light at a mirror which reflects to a first photosensor. As a dew point is reached, scattered light is reflected to a second photosensor to indicate dew point. Rather than periodically interrupting operation to test reflectivity of the mirror or to perform a heating cycle, operation is monitored continuously. The common mode output of both the first and second photosensors is monitored. When below a threshold level, the output indicates the need for cleaning the mirror. It may also be used in a closed loop to increase light source intensity as mirror reflectivity decreases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1986
    Assignee: EG&G, Inc.
    Inventors: Victor J. Dosoretz, Stanley Ronchinsky
  • Patent number: 4627281
    Abstract: A high-accuracy system for gaging liquid height in storage tanks. A pair of standpipes are arranged to be pumped to several accurately predetermined liquid levels to enable zero and sensitivity calibration of a differential-pressure transducer which normally monitors the pressure head of a column of liquid in the tank. The entire system is filled with tank liquid (eliminating condensation and vapor bubble problems encountered if the transducer is vented to atmosphere), and sharp-edged standpipes provided to minimize meniscus error when one or both standpipes are completely full.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1985
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1986
    Assignee: Tavis Corporation
    Inventor: John A. Tavis
  • Patent number: 4627740
    Abstract: A self-calibrating temperature sensing probe having a temperature sensor positioned adjacent to a vial of a predetermined substance in an isothermal environment created by a housing and insulation. A heating element is positioned about the vial to effect vial heating. The substance is preselected for its melting point temperature, which is in excess of the ambient temperature of the environment surrounding the housing. During recalibration the substance is heated above its melting point and allowed to cool. During cooling the temperature of the substance is recorded and the liquid-to-solid phase change determined. Recalibration is affected using the phase change temperature of the substance as a calibration point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1986
    Assignee: Digital Dynamics, Inc.
    Inventors: James B. Jerde, James E. Vasbinder
  • Patent number: 4627744
    Abstract: A temperature sensor utilizes a resistive element and a thermocouple. One or more leads of the thermocouple are surrounded (electrically insulated) by a conductor or conductors constituting the connections to the resistive element. The conductors are made of a nonmagnetic material. In one embodiment, the second thermocouple lead is constructed as a hollow pipe which constitutes a protective outer casing for the necessary unit, as well as a connection to the resistive element. Embodiments utilizing a plurality of thermocouples are illustrated, as is a similarly constructed cable for connecting the sensor unit to measuring apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1986
    Assignee: Kernforschungsanlage Julich GmbH
    Inventors: Heinz Brixy, Hubert Hoewener
  • Patent number: 4627378
    Abstract: A wedge shaped hollow float is mounted by one end to a channel bolted to the inside of the sloping roof of a grain bin approximately two feet from the top thereof. A curved rod is pivotally secured by the inner end thereof to the other end of the float and extends through the channel and through the roof and has an indicating disc on the outer end thereof. As the bin fills, the angle of repose of the grain engages the other end of the wedge shaped float and gradually lifts it as the bin continues to fill. When the indicator is fully extended, a rod and disc indicates to the operator that the flow of grain to the auger hopper should be shut off and the two foot space at the top of the bin is sufficient to hold the grain left in the auger and in the hopper thus avoiding any spillage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1985
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1986
    Inventors: Cecil E. Manness, Leo J. Nolette
  • Patent number: 4627745
    Abstract: There is disclosed a fast responding temperature transducer circuit which provides an accurate steady-state output representing temperature in short periods of time. The circuit includes a temperature sensor which is sampled during alternate periods of time so that during one period, the temperature sensor provides a signal representing temperature, and during the alternate periods, the sensor output is shorted to prevent heat dissipation within the temperature sensor. The system may be used to achieve steady-state outputs in environments requiring fast response without a loss of accuracy and operable over wide temperature ranges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1986
    Assignee: Rockwell International Corporation
    Inventor: Billie F. Rider
  • Patent number: 4627741
    Abstract: The invention refers to a maximum-minimum thermometer (1) with a base plate (2) having arranged thereon temperature scales 3,4, with an extension medium, a mercury filament (10) and magnetically attractable display pins (11,12) contained in a U-shaped capillary tube 5, with permanently magnetized strips (13,14) parallel to the two legs (6,7) of capillary tube (5) for the temporary fixing of the display pins (11,12) showing the max/min.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1986
    Inventor: Dagmar Faller