Abstract: In a method for increasing the throughput of packages of waste material of a high caloric value of rotary kiln plants which include a rotary tube with a combustion chamber and a post combustion chamber to which the combustion gases from the rotary tube are supplied and which includes at least one burner supplied by gas from a gas supply, the waste packages are supplied to the rotary tube and burned therein with oxygen containing gas and the combustion gas flows to the post combustion chamber for post combustion, the combustion process being continuously monitored in the kiln and the post combustion chamber and controlled by adjustment of the combustion conditions in the kiln and the post combustion chamber.
July 13, 2007
Date of Patent:
October 13, 2009
Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH
Michael Nolte, Bernhard Oser, Mark Eberhard, Thomas Kolb, Helmut Seifert, Rolf Kerbe, Hubert Gramling
Abstract: A carrier assembly is mounted on the spaced frame members of a tractor for movably supporting a fifth wheel assembly thereon. An integral one piece slide rail is secured to each of the frame members and has a plurality of individual rack sections separately welded to a U-shaped member of the slide rail. Each of the rack sections contain a plurality of spaced teeth. The teeth extend into a channel formed in mounting brackets of a carriage assembly of the fifth wheel to slidably mount the carriage assembly on the carrier assembly. A leg of the U-shaped member extends into a channel formed in the carriage assembly and is engaged by a set bolt to adjust the carriage assembly for various frame widths. A pair of stop assemblies are adjustably movably mounted across the ends of the slide rails of the carrier assembly. A pair of adjustable plungers secure the carriage assembly in a fixed position on the carrier assembly.
Abstract: A structure of an automatic speed change device for bicycle gearbox is disclosed in this present invention. The above-mentioned design can be applied to a bicycle with a rear wheel speed change device. According to this invention, the automatic speed change device is able to control the allotting device of the rear wheel speed change device to transfer the chain into suitable gear by the treading rat of the user. This design can simplify the manual gear shifting process in the prior art for controlling the rear wheel speed change device. Therefore, this invention can make riding bicycle more easily and widely for all age.
Abstract: A snowmobile includes a quadrilateral linkage system formed between a vehicle body frame, a front torque arm assembly, a rear torque arm assembly, and an extendable member. The four-node linkage is coupled with at least one slide rail to provide for the vertical distance between the vehicle body frame and the at least one slide rail to vary. The nodes of the four-node linkage are configured to generally define a quadrilateral shape in at least fully contracted and fully expanded configurations.
Abstract: A bicycle towing device which is positioned between a tow bicycle, such as an adult bicycle, and a towed bicycle, such as a child's bicycle, and enables the towed bicycle to function as a one wheeled bicycle trailed behind the tow bicycle. The bicycle towing device in accordance with the present invention enables the towing of an intact and ridable towed bicycle behind the tow bicycle by lifting the front wheel of the towed bicycle off the ground and, if desired, the towed bicycle can be pedaled while it is being towed by the tow bicycle. When not in use, the bicycle towing device in accordance with the present invention is capable of being collapsed and stored on the tow bicycle.
Abstract: A towing device for selectively locking a towing load has a support member that pivotably supports a link member at a first pivotal point near the first proximal end. A stopper is located on the support member for regulating a pivotal movement of the link member. A joint member is pivotably coupled to the link member near the first proximal end at a second pivotal point and has a tendency to pivot about the second pivotal point toward the first pivotal point to contact the stopper as the first proximal end pivots toward the stopper about the first pivotal point. A coupling member is connected to the second distal end of the joint member. An interference avoiding unit is located near the joint member for guiding the joint member to maintain a certain distance from the stopper as the link member pivots about the first pivotal point.
Abstract: A drive system for use in a bicycle or the like, which includes a manually-operable member and a drive train connected to the member for transferring drive from the member to at least one of the bicycle wheels. The member is mounted for substantially rectilinear reciprocating movement on a lever system having a first lever, a second lever and a tie rod. The first lever has a first end connected to a first pivot and a second end that is rotatable about the first pivot. The second lever has a first end that is pivotably connected to the second end of the first lever and a second end to which the manually-operable member is attached. As for the tie rod, it has a first end pivotably connected to the a second pivot and a second end that is pivotably connected to the second lever between the first and second ends thereof. The first lever is constructed and arranged for limited reciprocating rotation of the second end about the first pivot.
Abstract: In a power steering apparatus, a basic-target-rotational-speed setting portion 42 sets a basic target rotational speed Rb of an electric motor 27 on the basis of the vehicle speed and the angular velocity of steering. A temperature-coefficient setting portion 43 sets a temperature coefficient ? which becomes smaller with an increase in the temperature. A target-rotational-speed setting portion 44 sets a target rotational speed R of the electric motor 27 on the basis of the formula R=?·Rb. A motor-drive control portion 45 controls a drive circuit 28 so that this target rotational speed R will be attained.
Abstract: A system is provided for the control of multiple engines in a multi-combination vehicle having at least two engines, each engine having its own power source and an electronic control module. The system includes an electronic throttle control having a power input and a variable output representative of a desired operation of each of the engines. The system further includes a throttle control module that is provided power from each of the electronic control modules and selectively provides power to the power input of the electronic throttle control from a selected one of the electronic control modules. The variable output of the electronic throttle control is in communication with at least the selected one of the electronic control modules. In other embodiments, the system of the present invention is effective for the control of multi-combination vehicles having at least three engines.
Abstract: An axle driving apparatus wherein a hydraulic motor and a hydraulic pump for a hydro-static-transmission are housed in a transmission casing of the axle driving apparatus and a center section for connecting the hydraulic motor and hydraulic pump is disposed in the transmission casing, the center section being fixed at the butt joint portion at the transmission casing, and an oil passage from the hydraulic pump to the hydraulic motor at the center section is bent at a right angle so as to extend the motor shaft in parallel to the axles, so that the rotation direction of the motor shaft conventionally changed by bevel gears is changed by the oil passages in the center section.
Abstract: A foldable tricycle includes a center frame, a front frame to which a front wheel is rotatably attached, a rear frame to which two rear wheels are rotatably attached, and a four-bar link including a first bar that is integrated with the front frame, a second bar that is integrated with the center frame, a third bar that is integrated with the rear frame, and a fourth bar. The fourth bar has a shape of plates and covers the other bars while the link operates between an unfolded position and a folded position. Lockers that locks the link in either the unfolded position or the folded position are provided and include a pin, two recesses that receives the pin, and a tension spring that presses the pin into the recesses. A semi-circle guide guides the pin between the two positions and also covers the third bar.
Abstract: An adjustable steering column comprises a steering column shaft, a handlebar, and an adjustable clamp assembly securing the handlebar to the steering column shaft. The adjustable clamp assembly comprises a handlebar clamp to secure the handlebar to the adjustable clamp assembly. An extension is secured to the handlebar clamp and extends away from the handlebar clamp. The extension has first and second opposing sides. A first clamp surface is attached to the steering column. The first clamp surface is disposed on the first side of the extension. A second clamp surface is disposed on a second side of the vertical extension. The second clamp surface is moveable with respect to the first clamp surface from a first position where the extension is immovable to a second position where the extension is moveable.
Abstract: A motorcycle or bicycle having a fork with swappable trail adjustment blocks which hold the front axle to the fork. Trail can be adjusted without removing the forks or even loosening them in the triple clamps, and without altering ride height or rake angle. Brake caliper mounts are swapped when the trail adjustment blocks are swapped, moving the brake calipers the same distance and direction as the axle, to maintain a constant radial distance from the axle to the brake pads. The brake caliper mounts pivot on the forks, enabling the brake calipers to be swung outward so the wheel can be changed without removing the brake calipers from the forks.
Abstract: A steering apparatus (10) for a vehicle having steerable wheels. The apparatus (10) comprises a rotatable vehicle steering wheel (12) and a first assembly (100) operatively coupled to the steering wheel. The first assembly (100) includes a sensor (30) for sensing applied torque and angular position of the steering wheel (12) and a first electronic control unit (50) for generating a first signal corresponding to the sensed torque and angular position of the steering wheel. A second assembly (100) is operatively coupled to the steerable wheels. The second assembly (100) includes a second electronic control unit (110) for receiving the first signal, a first electric motor (120) controlled by the second electronic control unit, and a steering gear (130) which is actuated by the first electric motor (120) to turn the steerable wheels of the vehicle. A signal transmitting conductor (250) transmits the first signal to the second electronic control unit (110).
Abstract: A front fork unit of a bicycle includes a fork body, an outer tube movable relative to the fork body, a shock absorber interposed between and secured to the fork body and the outer tube, an inner tube disposed in the outer tube and secured to the fork body, and a resistance-providing member secured to one of the inner and outer tubes and in sliding and frictional contact with the other of the inner and outer tubes so as to provide a resistance to movement of the outer tube relative to the fork body.
Abstract: A steer-by-wire system with a fail-safe mechanism is disclosed in which a clutch for the steer-by-wire system installed between a first shaft connected to a steering wheel and a second shaft connected to a steering gear is formed as a mechanism for bringing about wedgelike engagement of taper rollers by simple operation of turning an operating lever, so that when an abnormality detection sensor detects a defect in the steer-by-wire system, the clutch is operated through a clutch switching actuator to interconnect the first and second shafts and so as to make it possible to directly steer the steering gear.
Abstract: Disclosed is a wheel chair capable of going over an obstacle or ascending or descending a stair. The wheel chair comprises a wheel frame; an actuator coupled to the wheel frame; a power generating unit coupled to the actuator; a first transmission having a sun gear fixed to the power generating unit, a plurality of planet gears meshed with the sun gear, a ring gear meshed with the respective planet gears, and carriers coupled to the respective planet gears; a second transmission having a driving shaft meshed with the ring gear, a key frame rotatably installed on the driving shaft, and a casing fixed to the key frame; a plurality of front wheels each coupled to the driving shaft; a follower drivingly coupled to the driving shaft and having a follower shaft; and a rear wheel fixed to the follower shaft.
Abstract: A bicycle suspension assembly is configured with a pair of telescoping struts with one of the struts having an electrical cord located in an interior area of located between upper and lower telescoping members of the strut. The electrical cord located in the interior area with sufficient slack to accommodate expansion and contraction of the telescoping struts. Preferably, only one of the struts includes a dampening unit, while the other strut includes the electrical cord located in an interior area.
Abstract: A steering system (10) and method (70) for controlling the steering of a vehicle having a steering assembly including a steering wheel (12), a steering column (14) connected to said steering wheel (12), and an electric motor (20) operatively engaged with the steering assembly for supplying torque assist. A steering angle sensor (32) is employed for sensing an angular position ?c of the steering column (14). The steering system has first and second H-infinity controllers (64A and 64B) coupled in a feedback path (44) for generating first and second feedback signals as a function of the driver torque and first and second characteristics (JC and KC) of the steering system. One of the first and second feedback signals is selected and the selected feedback signal is combined with a feedforward signal to generate a motor control signal (U) as a function of the estimated torque.
Abstract: In a normal state, a reaction force actuator (20) applies an operation reaction force to an steering member (2) through a planetary gear mechanism (6). When failure occurs in a steering actuator (12), the reaction force actuator (20) is turned off, and a plunger (13) locks the rotation of one element (18) which is connected to the reaction force actuator (20), in the planetary gear mechanism (6). In turn, a manual steering mode is set up in which a rotation of the steering member (2) is transmitted to a pinion gear (14) at a transmission ratio of the carrier (16) holding planetary gears (17) and a sun gear (15).