Abstract: An engine drive electric generator apparatus converts the reciprocating movements of a pushrod of an internal combustion engine to electricity. Each generator apparatus has an electric coil surrounding a combustion engine pushrod, and a magnet on the pushrod that reciprocates with the pushrod through the coil. The relative reciprocating movement between the magnet and coil generates an electric current in the coil that is communicated with a battery of the vehicle to charge the battery.
May 8, 2006
Date of Patent:
August 26, 2008
Towertech Research Group, Inc.
Roger A. de la Torre, Matthew P. LaConte, Matthew Allen Adam
Abstract: An ultrasonic motor includes a rotor (70) and a piezoelectric driving unit (50) for driving the rotor to rotate. The driving unit includes a piezoelectric film (52) and a vibration film (54) contacting with the rotor at an outer-periphery thereof. The ultrasonic motor further includes covers (56, 58) having a plurality of poles (560, 580) extending therefrom. Free ends of the poles fixedly connect with top and bottom sides of the vibration film, respectively.
Abstract: A hybrid-excited rotating machine comprising: a stator winding of a multi-phase Y-connection; a plurality of rotor magnetic poles fixed on a rotor shaft 3 at a predetermined spacing in the circumferential direction and confronting the inner circumference of said stator through a air gap; a plurality of permanent magnets fixed at substantially central portions of said circumferential direction of said individual rotor magnetic poles and magnetized in the radial direction of said rotor shaft; and a plurality of field windings wound individually on said rotor magnetic poles.
Abstract: An electric rotating machine includes a case, a stator, a rotor and an oil. The stator is comprised of a stator core and a coil. The oil has a volume resistivity ranging from 102 to 109 ?cm and is reserved in a bottom part of the case. The coil is partially immersed in the oil.
September 20, 2004
Date of Patent:
August 19, 2008
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
Abstract: There is disclosed a piezoelectric/electrostrictive body which has superior piezoelectric/electrostrictive properties and which exhibits a sufficient durability even in a case where a flexural displacement is repeated a large number of times. A piezoelectric/electrostrictive body is constituted of a large number of crystal grains having the piezoelectric/electrostrictive properties in the form of a film or a layer having one or more layers. A number ratio of crystal grains whose grain diameters W in a width direction are longer than grain diameters T in a thickness direction is 70% or more of a large number of crystal grains observed in an arbitrary section in the thickness direction.
Abstract: Embodiments of making an energy harvesting device are described. In one embodiment, a case and integrated piezoelectric cantilever to harvest vibration energy from an environment being sensed is produced via a print forming method injection molding method. The cantilever device consists of a piezoelectric material member, and a proof mass of high density material coupled to the piezoelectric member. The print forming method is used to build up the base and walls of the device as well as the neutral layers of the piezoelectric member. Metal layers are printed to form the electrode layers of the piezoelectric member and the electrical contact portions of the device. Passive components can also be formed as part of the layers of the device. The entire assembly can be encapsulated in plastic.
Abstract: [Problem] In a vehicular rotating electrical machine apparatus mounted in an electric vehicle or a hybrid electric vehicle, a rotating electrical machine apparatus in which a rotating electrical machine and an inverter unit to control the rotating electrical machine are integrated is miniaturized, and its torque characteristic and efficiency are improved. [Means for Resolution] Since an inverter unit 4 is cooled by cooling air forcibly formed by a cooling fan 28, the inverter unit 4 is efficiently cooled. Then, heat radiating fins 401a, 402a and 403a of heat sinks 401, 402 and 403 can be miniaturized, and consequently, the inverter unit 4 is miniaturized, and mountability of the inverter unit 4 to a rear bracket 19 is improved.
Abstract: An electrical power distribution apparatus for a bicycle comprises a housing adapted to be mounted to the bicycle, a regulator supported by the housing to receive power from a power supply, and an output disposed on the housing to supply regulated power provided by the regulator to a plurality of electrical components external to the housing.
Abstract: A distributed generator system is provided having an alignment hub to assist in the alignment and securement of an engine and a generator of the system. The system comprises a distributed generator system having an engine and a single bearing generator, and an alignment hub for defining an alignment position between the engine and the generator and maintaining the alignment within a predetermined tolerance.
Abstract: A hollow laminated piezoelectric element having excellent durability and reliability and capable of obtaining a high output, and a method of manufacturing the hollow laminated piezoelectric element are provided. A hollow laminated piezoelectric element 1 comprises a ceramic laminate 10 that is formed by having alternately laminated piezoelectric layers 11 made of a piezoelectric material and internal electrode layers 21 and 22 having conductivity and by having a center through hole 14 formed to pass through the ceramic laminate 10 along a lamination direction. The ceramic laminate 10 has an internally terminated structure in the inside periphery having at least a portion of inside peripheral ends of the internal electrode layers 21 and 22 terminated within the ceramic laminate 10 so that at least a portion of the inside peripheral ends of the internal electrode layers 21 and 22 is not exposed to the inside peripheral surface 104 of the ceramic laminate 10.
Abstract: The present invention provides a film bulk acoustic wave resonator (FBAR) filter that can keep the Q factor high. The FBAR filter comprises a first FBAR with a first resonant frequency and a second FBAR with a second resonant frequency, formed on a same substrate. The FBAR filter has such a structure that a first underlayer is formed between the substrate and a first bottom electrode layer and a second underlayer is formed between the substrate and a second bottom electrode layer, the first underlayer thickness being different from the second underlayer thickness.
Abstract: A determination is made whether a moving speed of a slider section with respect to a rod section in a piezoelectric actuator is lower than a predetermined speed. When the moving speed is lower than the predetermined speed, it is considered that a friction-bonded portion between the rod section and the slider section is in a fastened state or a nearly fastened state. A resonance frequency of the piezoelectric actuator or a frequency proximity to the resonance frequency is set as a driving frequency for the piezoelectric actuator. The slider section is moved in a reciprocating manner plural times with respect to the rod section. As a result, an abnormal state is eliminated from the piezoelectric actuator.
Abstract: A surface acoustic wave device includes a three-dimensional substrate having an annular curved surface enabling to propagate a surface acoustic wave, and an electro-acoustic transducing element, which excites and propagates the surface wave along the surface, and receives the propagated surface wave. The substrate is made of a Li2B4O7, Bi12SiO20, LiNbO3, LiTaO3, or quartz crystal, and the element propagates the surface wave along a line of intersection between a crystal face of the crystal and the surface, and the line of intersection is defined as an outermost circumferential line of the surface. An environmental difference detecting apparatus uses the device having a plurality of propagating surface zones and compares surface acoustic wave reception signals of electro-acoustic transducing elements in the propagating surface zones of the device with each other, and detects an environmental difference in space portions with which the propagating surface zones come into contact.
Abstract: A magnetic motor that includes a plurality of rotor magnet assemblies, a plurality of drive magnet assemblies that are laterally moveable with respect to the rotor magnet assemblies, a timing assembly for generating power pulses selectively supplied to the drive magnet assemblies and electromagnetic coils associated with the drive magnet assemblies to receive the power pulses from the timing assembly to momentarily disrupt the magnetic field of such assemblies at selected times.
Abstract: The rotating electric machine has a stator coil wound around a stator, a magnetic pole and a signal rotor fixed to a rotor, and a detection stator, disposed opposite to the signal rotor, for detecting the rotational position of the rotor, characterized by further comprising an adjuster for adjusting the position of the signal rotor or the detection stator by supplying a direct current to a predetermined phase of the stator coil and then a direct current to a different phase from the predetermined phase to rotate the rotor by a predetermined angle or more and constrain the rotor.
Abstract: An ultrasonic probe includes an ultrasonic transducer which is formed by sequentially laminating an acoustic lens, an acoustic matching layer, a piezoelectric element, and a backing member. The backing member arranged on a surface opposed side of the acoustic matching layer and the acoustic lens arranged to the piezoelectric element contains a synthetic rubber containing a mixture including acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR), ethylen-propylene terpolymer (EPDM), and at least inorganic fine powders.
Abstract: A quantum well thermoelectric module providing very high conversion of heat energy in to electrical energy. In prefered embodiments the module provides electric power for monitoring, measuring or detecting any of a variety of things (such as temperature, smoke, other pollution, flow, fluid level and vibration) and a transmitter for transmitting information measured or detected. In a preferred embodiment wireless monitor systems are utilized to monitor conditions at various locations aboard a ship and to wirelessly transmit information about those conditions to a central location. Preferably, a finned unit is provided to efficiently transfer heat from a module surface to the environment. A preferred quantum well choice is p type B9C/B4C and n-type Si/SiGe legs. Another preferred choice is n-doped Si/SiGe for the n-legs and p-doped Si/SiGe for the p-legs.
December 2, 2005
Date of Patent:
July 15, 2008
Hi-Z Technology, Inc.
Velimir Jovanovic, John C. Bass, Saeid Ghamaty
Abstract: An electromechanical power transfer system that transfers power between a prime mover and a direct current (DC) electrical system, comprises: a permanent magnet machine (PMM) that has a permanent magnet (PM) rotor coupled to the prime mover, a stator with a multiphase alternating current (AC) winding coupled to an AC bus and a control coil with a winding that has a configuration to generate a magnetic field with flux that varies the reactance of the stator winding with the application of control coil current; a control coil current sensor for generating a control coil current signal that is representative of the level of electrical current in the control coil; an electrical current sensor for generating a DC bus current signal that is representative of the level of DC current through the DC bus; an electrical potential sensor for generating a DC bus potential signal that is representative of the level of DC potential on the DC bus; a fixed pattern active rectifier and inverter system coupled between the AC bu
June 20, 2007
Date of Patent:
July 15, 2008
Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation
Gregory I. Rozman, Vijay K. Maddali, Kevin Dooley
Abstract: This invention discloses a vehicle electrical system voltage regulator with improved electrical protection and warning means that discerns and responds to regulator, generator, or vehicle electrical system operation and malfunctions. The regulator includes monitoring, control, and protection circuits with a phase signal monitor, a field switching circuit that operates the field coil in response to electrical power demands, and a field enable switch in series with the field regulating switch. The phase monitor and protection circuit ascertains and transmits generator rotational motion for use by the monitoring and control circuit in discerning the various operating conditions. The monitoring and control circuit operates on the field switching circuit to meet the electrical power demands and provide multi level fault protection to include field switching circuit reconfiguration to continue operating under various fault conditions.
Abstract: A piezoelectric resonator element, comprises: a base made of a piezoelectric material; at least a pair of resonating arms provided in a unified manner with the base and extending in parallel with each other from the base; a portion defining a long groove provided to each of the resonating arms along a longitudinal direction; and a driving electrode provided to the long groove. Each of the resonating arms includes a structure to adjust hardness balance between right and left structures with respect to a virtual central line extending in the longitudinal direction.