Patents Examined by David M. Shay
  • Patent number: 6718210
    Abstract: An input command controller (A) provides logic function selection signals and proportional signals. The signals are generated by movement of a ball member (12) and socket member (14) relative to two orthogonal axes. When the joystick is implanted, a transmitter (50) transmits the signals to a patient carried unit (B). The patient carried unit includes an amplitude modulation algorithm such as a look-up table (124), a pulse width modulation algorithm (132), and an interpulse interval modulation algorithm (128). The algorithms derive corresponding stimulus pulse train parameters from the proportional signal which parameters are transmitted to an implanted unit (D). The implanted unit has a power supply (302) that is powered by the carrier frequency of the transmitted signal and stimulation pulse train parameter decoders (314, 316, 318). An output unit (320) assembles pulse trains with the decoded parameters for application to implanted electrodes (E).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2004
    Assignee: Case Western Reserve University
    Inventors: Paul Hunter Peckham, Brian Smith, James Robert Buckett, Geoffrey Bart Thrope, Jorge Ernesto Letechipia
  • Patent number: 6708048
    Abstract: A pathlength corrected spectrophotometer for tissue examination includes an oscillator for generating a carrier waveform of a selected frequency, an LED light source for generating light of a selected wavelength that is intensity modulated at the selected frequency introduced to a subject, and a photodiode detector for detecting light that has migrated in the tissue of the subject. The spectrophotometer also includes a phase detector for measuring a phase shift between the introduced and detected light, a magnitude detector for determination of light attenuation in the examined tissue, and a processor adapted to calculate the photon migration pathlength and determine a physiological property of the examined tissue based on the pathlength and on the attenuation data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2004
    Assignee: Non-Invasive Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Britton Chance
  • Patent number: 6702809
    Abstract: A method, apparatus and system for a transverse tracker is described that can greatly improve the accuracy, speed, range, reliability, versatility, safety, and efficacy of interventions such as laser microsurgery, particularly ophthalmic surgery, and industrial micromachining. The instrument and system disclosed are applicable to those situations wherein the positioning accuracy of laser lesions is critical, and/or whenever precise operations on a target or series of targets subject to random movement during a procedure are to be effected. The present invention provides means for stabilizing the motion of targets in a plane perpendicular to the axial direction, thus allowing an imaging system, diagnostics illumination, and/or laser beam to maintain a lock on the target area, regardless of its movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2004
    Assignee: Visx, Inc.
    Inventors: Carl F. Knopp, Jerzy Orkiszewski, Jan Wysopal, Hanna J. Hoffman
  • Patent number: 6692494
    Abstract: The devices and methods disclosed herein are directed to altering gaseous flow within a lung to improve the expiration cycle of, for instance, an individual having Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. More particularly, these devices and methods produce and to maintain collateral openings or channels through the airway wall so that expired air is able to pass directly out of the lung tissue to facilitate both the exchange of oxygen ultimately into the blood and/or to decompress hyper-inflated lungs. The devices and methods also disclose locating and selecting a site for creation of a collateral opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2004
    Assignee: Broncus Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Joel D. Cooper, Bryan Loomas, Don Tanaka, Michael D. Laufer, David Thompson, James M. Davenport, Gary Kaplan, Dave Haugaard, Glendon E. French
  • Patent number: 6684885
    Abstract: A transparent flexible shield is provided to protect the outer portions of the cornea and the under surface of a cap of the cornea during LASIK surgery comprising a transparent annular body with a central opening. The central opening is sized to be a little smaller than the outer diameter of the cut made to form the cap. The shield is positioned on the upper surface of the cornea and the folded cap to protect the outer edges thereof from exposure to the ray of the laser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2004
    Inventor: Paul M. Graczyk
  • Patent number: 6679878
    Abstract: Improved systems, devices, and methods are provided for verifying the scanning motion or adjustment of a laser beam. The system can advantageously be used in laser eye surgery where accurate control of the laser beam is crucial for patient safety and successful vision correction. In one embodiment, a laser system is provided for sculpting a portion of the eye. The system includes a laser for generating a laser beam suitable for ablation of a portion of the eye. A laser beam adjustment mechanism is optically coupled to the laser beam from the laser. The adjustment mechanism scans or adjusts the laser beam in accordance with a predetermined ablation pattern of the laser beam on the eye. An energy motion sensor optically coupled to the laser beam downstream from the adjustment mechanism is provided to verify adjustment of the laser beam in accordance with the ablation pattern. Typically, the energy motion sensor has a mask arranged to block varying portions of the laser beam in response to laser beam adjustment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2004
    Assignee: Visx, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard A. Hofer
  • Patent number: 6673071
    Abstract: A device and procedure for performing resections and ablations, and more particularly for performing a partial ablation of the endometrium to treat uterine bleeding (menorrhagia), by which complications caused by “total” endometrial ablation or resection are avoided. The device includes a support member, a first conductor member supported with the support member and reciprocable relative to the support member, the first conductor member having an end that extends beyond the support member, a nonconducting member interconnecting the end of the first conductor member with the support member, and at least one flexible conductor member supported with the support member and interconnected with the end of the first conductor member. Retraction of the first conductor member relative to the support member causes the nonconducting member and the flexible conductor member to expand outward from the first conductor member in substantially opposite directions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2004
    Inventors: Gregg A. VanDusseldorp, Arthur M. McCausland, Vance McCausland
  • Patent number: 6673063
    Abstract: An apparatus for thermally treating intervertebral discs includes an energy application head having an energy application region and a tissue protecting region. A control member operationally connected to the energy application head preferably controls the energy application head during treatment. The present invention also includes a method for thermally treating an intervertebral disc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2004
    Assignee: Expanding Concepts, LLC.
    Inventor: Darrell C. Brett
  • Patent number: 6669685
    Abstract: An electromagnetically induced cutting mechanism provides accurate cutting operations on soft tissues. The electromagnetically induced cutter is adapted to interact with atomized fluid particles. A tissue remover comprises an aspiration cannula housing a fluid and energy guide for conducting electromagnetically induced cutting forces to the site within a patient's body for aspiration of soft tissue. The cannula is provided with a cannula distal end. The proximal end of the cannula is provided with fluid flow connection to an aspiration source. Separated soft tissue and fluid are aspirated through the cannula distal end and the cannula by an aspiration source at the proximal end of the cannula.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Assignee: BioLase Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Ioana M. Rizoiu, Andrew I Kimmel
  • Patent number: 6669686
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for reducing the thickness of arterial walls is disclosed. Ablation of the exterior layer of the arterial walls is performed using mechanical or laser ablation techniques. Surveying is preferably carried out during the procedure to ensure optimal ablation. The ablation reduces the effective thickness of the arterial walls and increases flexibility so that the walls distend under normal blood pressure, thereby improving blood flow. Advantageously, the procedure is carried out without invasion of the blood vessel lumen and without damage to the inner layer of the artery wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Inventor: Ajoy Inder Singh
  • Patent number: 6652513
    Abstract: Systems and methods heat or ablate body tissue by positioning an electrode to transmit heat or ablation energy to a tissue region. The systems and methods measure a first temperature using a temperature sensing element associated with the electrode. The systems and methods also measure a second temperature using a temperature sensing element associated with the electrode. The systems and methods process at least one of the first and second temperatures to derive a prediction of maximum temperature of the tissue region. The systems and methods generate an output that controls the transmission of the heating or ablation energy based, at least in part, upon the maximum tissue temperature prediction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2003
    Assignee: EP Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Dorin Panescu, Sidney D. Fleischman, David K. Swanson
  • Patent number: 6652512
    Abstract: A laser treatment apparatus for irradiating a treatment part with a laser beam for treatment is disclosed. The apparatus includes a treatment light irradiation unit including a treatment light source which emits the treatment laser beam, an irradiation optical system which delivers the treatment laser beam emitted from the light source to irradiate the treatment part, and a laser emission end unit internally provided with a part of the irradiation optical system. The apparatus further includes a movement unit which moves the emission end unit with respect to the treatment part, a determination unit which determines an irradiation position of the treatment laser beam, and a control section which transmits a control signal to the movement unit based on a determination result by the determination unit and controls laser irradiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2003
    Assignee: Nidek Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yasuo Ota
  • Patent number: 6648877
    Abstract: A method for customizing corneal corrections includes superposing an imaginary reference field (grid) on the anterior surface of the cornea of an eye to divide the corneal surface into reference areas. Also, a diagnostically determined refractive power map for the cornea is created. An incising laser beam is then directed through an individual reference area to a focal spot. Next, movement of the focal spot along the laser beam path is selectively accomplished to photoalter a predetermined volume of stromal tissue. Subsequently, based on the refractive power map, the predetermined volume of stromal tissue that is to be photoaltered is identified for each specific reference area. Accordingly, the steps of directing the beam and moving the focal spot are then repeated using selected reference areas until the required corneal correction is achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2003
    Assignee: Intralase Corp.
    Inventors: Tibor Juhasz, Ronald M. Kurtz, Christopher Horvath, Carlos G. Suarez, J. Randy Alexander
  • Patent number: 6635051
    Abstract: A apparatus and method for controlling an apparatus for removing tissue from the eye performs various types of corrections using a relatively large beam, but oscillating, or dithering, that being to prevent reinforcing ridges from being formed during the tissue removal process. Further, various types of correction, such as hyperopia and astigmatism correction, are performed using a large beam that is scanned over the area to be ablated using overlapping shots. Further, the epithelium in the area to be treated is removed using an infrared fluorescent dye to dye the epithelium, and then observing the fluorescent patterns from the epithelium area to be removed. Once a certain area is no longer fluorescent after laser shots, smaller shots are then applied, selectively removing the epithelium from the remaining regions. Again, the fluorescence patterns are observed, and the process is repeated until no epithelium remains.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: Technolas GmbH Ophthalmologische Systeme
    Inventor: Kristian Hohla
  • Patent number: 6635052
    Abstract: Light energy is utilized to shrink or tighten tissue surrounding a hollow organ, cavity, duct or naturally occurring or surgically created passage by cross-linking the collagen of the surrounding tissue and ccausing scar formation therein. The present device may be used in the esophagus in the area of the sphincter to treat GERD, in the female urethra to treat FSI or at the vesicouretal junction to treat VUR. In the present device, a plurality of plastic tubes, each containing a slidable optical fiber with a sharpened distal end, are affixed to the outer surface of a balloon, which is mounted near the distal end of a closed end catheter. The balloon catheter may be inserted into the body inside a retractable protective sheath. When the sheath is retracted, exposing the balloon, the balloon is inflated, which presses the distal ends of the plastic tubes against the surrounding tissue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: Trimedyne, Inc.
    Inventor: Marvin P. Loeb
  • Patent number: 6626895
    Abstract: An ophthalmic laser system includes a laser beam delivery system and an eye tracker responsive to movement of the eye operable with a laser beam delivery system for ablating corneal material of the eye through placement of laser beam shot on a selected area of the cornea of the eye. The shots are fired in a sequence and pattern such that no laser shots are fired at consecutive locations and no consecutive shots overlap. The pattern is moved in response to the movement of the eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Assignee: Alcon, Inc.
    Inventors: Rudolph W. Frey, James H. Burkhalter, Gary P. Gray, Neil Zepkin, George Richard Downes, Jr., John E. McWhirter
  • Patent number: 6626894
    Abstract: An ophthalmic laser system includes a laser beam delivery system and an eye tracker responsive to movement of the eye operable with a laser beam delivery system for ablating corneal material of the eye through placement of laser beam shot on a selected area of the cornea of the eye. The shots are fired in a sequence and pattern such that no laser shots are fired at consecutive locations and no consecutive shots overlap. The pattern is moved in response to the movement of the eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Assignee: Alcon, Inc.
    Inventors: Rudolph W. Frey, James H. Burkhalter, Gary P. Gray, Neil Zepkin, George Richard Downes, Jr., John E. McWhirter
  • Patent number: 6626893
    Abstract: An ophthalmic laser system includes a laser beam delivery system and an eye tracker responsive to movement of the eye operable with a laser beam delivery system for ablating corneal material of the eye through placement of laser beam shot on a selected area of the cornea of the eye. The shots are fired in a sequence and pattern such that no laser shots are fired at consecutive locations and no consecutive shots overlap. The pattern is moved in response to the movement of the eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Assignee: Alcon, Inc.
    Inventors: Rudolph W. Frey, James H. Burkhalter, Gary P. Gray, Neil Zepkin, George Richard Downes, Jr., John E. McWhirter
  • Patent number: 6626897
    Abstract: An ophthalmic laser system includes a laser beam delivery system and an eye tracker responsive to movement of the eye operable with a laser beam delivery system for ablating corneal material of the eye through placement of laser beam shot on a selected area of the cornea of the eye. The shots are fired in a sequence and pattern such that no laser shots are fired at consecutive locations and no consecutive shots overlap. The pattern is moved in response to the movement of the eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Assignee: Alcon, Inc.
    Inventors: Rudolph W. Frey, James H. Burkhalter, Gary P. Gray, Neil Zepkin, George Richard Downes, Jr., John E. McWhirter
  • Patent number: 6626898
    Abstract: An ophthalmic laser system includes a laser beam delivery system and an eye tracker responsive to movement of the eye operable with a laser beam delivery system for ablating corneal material of the eye through placement of laser beam shot on a selected area of the cornea of the eye. The shots are fired in a sequence and pattern such that no laser shots are fired at consecutive locations and no consecutive shots overlap. The pattern is moved in response to the movement of the eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Assignee: Alcon, Inc.
    Inventors: Rudolph W. Frey, James H. Burkhalter, Gary P. Gray, Neil Zepkin, George Richard Downes, Jr., John E. McWhirter