Patents Examined by Errol A. Krass
  • Patent number: 4706205
    Abstract: Digital information representing a displayable image is selectively modified to create various rotation effects, including rotations of the viewed image about various lines in its display plane and angular rotations within that plane. In the modification process, the information is moved between source and destination areas in a data processing system memory, without requiring intermediate buffer storage of the information during the process and therefore without requiring additional processing steps associated with intermediate buffer storage. The source and destination areas are of equal size and may overlap. This technique is applicable to document scanning apparatus as well as computer display apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1987
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Takayuki Akai, Junichi Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 4706198
    Abstract: A computerized system is provided for automated aircraft traffic control. The system includes a master control unit having stored information identifying and characterizing all aircraft flying in the controlled airspace. A plurality of regional control units are linked for communication with the master control unit. Airport terminal and enroute control stations in each region are linked to the regional control unit for that region. Each aircraft flying in the region is equipped with a data-link console for communication with the regional control unit. The aircraft data-link provides identification and flight condition data to the regional control unit, and the regional control unit provides weather data and guidance signals to the aircraft. The guidance signals guide each aircraft along flight paths formed by a plurality of airway grids disposed at fixed angles with respect to each other and at each of a plurality of flight levels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1987
    Inventor: Daniel M. Thurman
  • Patent number: 4706203
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for deriving a correction factor used in calculating corrected liquid (e.g., fuel) quantity of a tank having a probe capacitance which varies in accordance with the quantity of liquid contained within the tank. The correction factor reduces sensing diode voltage drop errors and stray capacitance errors (affecting the capacitance of the probe) through use of a switchable high/low amplitude Lo-Z oscillator. All oscillator outputs are "low" amplitude relative to the output amplitudes of conventional devices. Signal processing is effected by inputting raw data (both reference and probe-sensed signals) to an analog-to-digital sampling circuit, which raw data are used for deriving the correction factor. The correction factor is then applied to the raw data to determine a corrected liquid quantity indication. Recalibration of the correction factor periodically permits automatic adaption to changing error magnitudes (i.e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1987
    Assignee: Simmonds Precision Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Kurt A. Ramsdale, Keith E. Coffman
  • Patent number: 4704698
    Abstract: The invention relates to an improvement in a method for the synchronization of a material web, particularly a photosensitive material web in a photo typesetting process. Typically, an optical path is transverse to the direction of motion of a material web normally transportable with an approximately constant transport speed. The web is deflected into deflection lines, and if necessary scanned, to have images exposed. The transport speed and the deflection speed are controllable by common clock pulses. At the beginning of each deflection line, a reference signal (SOL) for time and deflection position is generated. In order to retain, in case of an interruption of the scanning, the regular scanning structure of the scanning on the material web, the following steps are provided as an improvement. In case of an interruption of the scanning, reference signals are generated while line-wise deflection of the optical path is continued.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Assignee: Linotype GmbH
    Inventor: Jurgen Reiniger
  • Patent number: 4704692
    Abstract: A computer based system and method determines, and displays possible chemical structures for converting two naturally aggregated but chemically separated polypeptide chains into a single polypeptide chain which will fold into a three dimensional structure very similar to the original structure made of the two polypeptide chains. A data base contains a large number of amino acid sequences for which the three dimensional structure is known. After plausible sites have been selected, this data base is examined to find which amino acid sequences (linkers) can bridge the gap between the plausible sites to create a plausible one-polypeptide structure. The testing of each possible linker proceeds in three steps. First, the span (a scaler quantity) of the candidate is compared to the span of the gap. If the span is close enough, step two is done which involves aligning the first peptides of the candidate with the initial peptide of the gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Inventor: Robert C. Ladner
  • Patent number: 4703443
    Abstract: A device for measuring the shape of a three-dimensional object comprises a movable arm composed of a plurality of movable arm members and a probe coupled to a forward end of the movable arm by a universal joint. At each of the movable arm members and probe, there is provided an angle-of-rotation encoder for detecting the angle of rotation. In order to measure the shape of the three-dimensional object with a lesser number of measuring times, the probe has a flat surface portion at its forward end which contacts the object. A calculating section calculates the direction of the flat surface portion of the probe in contact with the object, on the basis of the information from the angle-of-rotation encoders and the known information on dimensions of the movable arm, to thereby determine a tangent plane of the object at a contact point between the flat surface portion and the object, and determines the shape of the object from a plurality of tangent planes at the contact points.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1987
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventor: Takashi Moriyasu
  • Patent number: 4703438
    Abstract: A character signal generator which is capable of processing a large amount of data at a high speed without increase of the load of software and also capable of effectively using the storing region of text buffer by employing the circuit structure that the character codes to be output are continuously written on the text buffer and the row end code is written at the end of each row, thereby when this code is detected, the counting operation of address counter is suspended.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1987
    Assignee: Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masaaki Nishiyama, Atsuyuki Tanaka
  • Patent number: 4703444
    Abstract: A golfer wishing to know the distance to a specified feature on a golf course, operates a portable interrogation unit, to enter a request for the distance to the location of the feature. Transmitters located to define a triangle encompassing a substantial portion of the course transmit ranging signals, which are received by the portable interrogation unit. The portable interrogation unit includes a memory which stores the locations of the transmitters and the locations of predetermined features on the course and a CPU which processes the ranging signals received from the transmitters to determine the location of the portable interrogation unit and further to determine the distance from the portable unit to the specified feature. The portable interrogation unit then displays the determined distance. To survey the locations of the various predetermined features on the course, a portable survey unit is substituted for the portable interrogation unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1987
    Assignee: Spymark, Incorporated
    Inventors: Harrison A. Storms, Jr., William C. Cockerell, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4703440
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for processing ultrasonic echo signals employ intermediate storage and representation of the echo signals in the form of image vectors, such storage and representation proceeding independently of the scanning technique utilized to generate the image vectors, such that switching among various scanning techniques is permitted. The full length of each image vector is written into an image memory in column fashion, the stored vectors being read out as image signals in a format suitable for specific types of representation, such as on a television monitor, the format instructions being contained in a memory or generated by an arithmetic unit. Upon read out from the image memory, the geometric form of the ultrasonic scan is reconstructed in a position and form corresponding to the actual scan, and the ultrasonic echo signals are similarly represented at their true positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1987
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Adalbert Birk, Ulrich Saugeon
  • Patent number: 4703445
    Abstract: An athletic shoe system for running disciplines and a process for emitting and/or exchanging information concerning movement factors of running disciplines enabling the athlete to always be sufficiently informed regarding his/her training program that is in progress or completed. In particular, in an area of the sole that is less stressed during use, at least one free space is provided where a transmitter is housed which, via a sensor provided in the sole, can emit at least one output signal. In accordance with preferred embodiments, a transmitter in a first shoe of a pair of shoes receives the signals from the sensor and transmits emissions in correspondence with their receipt. The transmitted emissions are received by a remote receiver, that is linked with a computer, and the remote receiver receives the transmitted emissions directly from the transmitter of the first shoe and indirectly via a receiver and transmitter of a second shoe of the pair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1987
    Assignee: PUMA AG Rudolf Dassler Sport (formerly PUMA-Sportschuhfabriken Rudolf Dassler KG)
    Inventor: Armin A. Dassler
  • Patent number: 4703435
    Abstract: Logic is synthesized from a flowchart-level description by first generating an AND/OR logic design, simplifying the AND/OR logic, converting the AND/OR logic to NAND or NOR logic, applying particular sequences of simplifying transformations to the NAND or NOR logic, converting the simplified NAND or NOR logic to a target technology, and simplifying the target technology where possible. The end result is an interconnection of primitives of the target technology in a language from which automated logic diagrams can be produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1987
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: John A. Darringer, William H. Joyner, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4703436
    Abstract: Wafer level integration is provided by using individually integrated circuits on a wafer substrate and generating an electrically ordered matrix of functional integrated circuits assigned from a random distribution of functional, partially functional, and non-functional circuits. Each circuit is individually tested for functionality and thereafter a conductive grid is formed on said wafer to interconnect all of the circuits on the wafer. Circuits that are tested as being non-functional are isolated prior to formation of the interconnecting grid by eliminating fuses that provide connections between the defective circuit and the conductive grid. Each matrix row includes redundant decoder lines. The redundant decoder lines are programmed to reassign functional circuits from a semiconductor wafer substrate location to a matrix row location in another matrix row having defective circuits. In this way, complete functional matrix rows are formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1987
    Assignee: Inova Microelectronics Corporation
    Inventor: Ramesh C. Varshney
  • Patent number: 4701858
    Abstract: A circuit module for general use in microcomputer based systems, such as time-of-use electronic utility meters, which maintains realtime clock calendar information even through long term power outages of 12 hours or more without the use of batteries. Realtime computations are protected by combining a very low power realtime clock calendar integrated circuit with a large capacitor as a secondary power source. The circuit module provides a reference clock calendar for the associated microcomputer. The module includes a capacitor charging circuit deriving power from a primary power source, a crystal oscillator time base circuit and a memory read/write protect circuit. During a power failure the capacitor, which is disconnected from the primary power source, supplies to the module the necessary power to maintain valid realtime computations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Energy Optics Inc.
    Inventors: John H. Stokes, John I. Clark, James D. Morris, Steven M. Ward
  • Patent number: 4701866
    Abstract: Apparatus for measuring loads transmitted via wheels to a track from vehicles travelling thereon, comprises means responsive to load at a plurality of approximately equally spaced locations on a selected portion of the track at least about equal in length to the circumference of a typical wheel passing thereover, for providing a signal that is a function of the largest load on the track from each wheel, means responsive to the signal for comparing each largest load with at least one selected load level, and means responsive to the load comparing means for identifying each wheel from which any load greater than a selected level was transmitted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Harold D. Harrison, James M. Tuten
  • Patent number: 4701861
    Abstract: A filter test device comprises an inlet which communicates with a gas source, an outlet which communicates with the inlet of a filter vessel, a pneumatic valve apparatus disposed between the inlet and the outlet of the filter test device for regulating the flow of gas from the source to the filter vessel, an electronic controller for controlling the pneumatic valve apparatus in accordance with one of a plurality of sets of parameters and including a memory circuit for storing all of the sets of parameters, and a mechanism for selecting one set of parameters from all the sets of parameters stored in the memory circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Pall Corporation
    Inventor: Heinz Kauke
  • Patent number: 4701854
    Abstract: An anti-skid brake control system for an automotive brake system includes a plurality of controllers respectively adapted to perform anti-skid brake control operations for corresponding vehicular brake systems. A fail-safe system for the anti-skid brake control system includes a detector provided in each of the controllers, which detects malfunction of one or more components of the corresponding controller and/or the corresponding brake system, a disabling means responsive to malfunction of the component or components in the anti-skid brake control system for blocking electric power to an actuator controlling a pressure control valve, and means associated with the actuator and responsive to operation of the disabling means to operate the actuator to an application mode position in which the pressure control valve allows manual control of the brakes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Company, Limited
    Inventor: Toshiro Matsuda
  • Patent number: 4701865
    Abstract: A video control section for a data processing system for controlling a CRT display is disclosed. The video control section includes a video memory comprising an array of dual port RAMS which is connected through an interface to the system memory bus, a shifter, a palette, a D/A converter, an oscillator section, a timing and synchronizer section and a microprocessor. The microprocessor, which is connected to the system memory bus through an interface, manages the overall operations of the video control section to generate video signals for the CRT display and in addition along with the oscillator section and timing and synchronizer section generates all of the video timing and control signals for the CRT display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Data General Corporation
    Inventor: Robert W. Goodman
  • Patent number: 4701864
    Abstract: A memory control apparatus for a CRT controller in which the same data from a data input circuit is loaded into a plurality of addresses of a buffer memory for storing drawing data, the address of the buffer memory being automatically updated. X- and Y- address generators update address data in response to pulses from X- and Y-axis pulse generators. A microprocessor supplies to a register the width of the X and Y thickness of an address to be updated, coordinate data representing a write start point to the address generators, and the drawing data to be written to a data input circuit. The memory can then be updated in units specified by the X and Y thickness of the picture element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Shigekazu Takashima, Tsutomu Sakamoto
  • Patent number: 4701867
    Abstract: An electric testing device is provided for the final testing of vehicle combination instruments. The vehicle combination instruments comprise display means (1-7) consisting of segments, a display control in a microcomputer (8) for activating the segments as a function of measured values, for analog measured values an analog-digital converter (14) arranged in front of the display control, and possibly an input network (13) arranged in front of said converter. The testing device and combination instruments are intended for final testing in a plurality of final test phases. Tolerance values of a critical display value are stored for each measurement value in the microcomputer (8). These tolerance values can be compared, in a first final test phase of a manually actuatable final-test operating mode, with a simulated measurement value which is fed into the microcomputer via the analog-digital converter and possibly the resistance network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: VDO Adolf Schindling AG
    Inventor: Ulrich Bruggemann
  • Patent number: 4701860
    Abstract: An integrated circuit architecture methodology effectively comprises the use of high level building blocks (termed macro-cells) that are composed of a customized arrangement of a number of smaller but readily chip-layout repeatable building blocks termed micro-cells. The size of each macro-cell is determined by signal processing design/performance/operational parameters of the system. The internal configuration geometry and signal port connections of each microcell are customized for circuit packaging density, performance and interconnectability with other micro-cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventor: James M. Mader