Patents Examined by Esther M. Kepplinger
  • Patent number: 5637499
    Abstract: A method of enhancing the bacterial reduction of industrial gases using perfluorocarbons (PFCs) is disclosed. Because perfluorocarbons (PFCs) allow for a much greater solubility of gases than water does, PFCs have the potential to deliver gases in higher concentrations to microorganisms when used as an additive to microbial growth media thereby increasing the rate of the industrial gas conversion to economically viable chemicals and gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 10, 1997
    Assignee: Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventor: Charles E. Turick
  • Patent number: 5629169
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for estimating drug effectiveness from a drug diffusion sample are provided. The drug diffusion sample includes a plate having a medium containing a test organism and a plurality of antibiotic disks positioned on the plate in a medium. An inhibition zone surrounds each of the antibiotic disks after a prescribed incubation period. The drug diffusion sample is illuminated, and an image of the drug diffusion sample is acquired with a video camera. The image is analyzed by determining the locations of the antibiotic disks, determining the average brightness and the brightness variance of the image in a region surrounding each of the antibiotic disks, and estimating the radius of the inhibition zone surrounding each of the antibiotic disks from the average brightness and the brightness variance. The radius of the inhibition zone is indicative of drug effectiveness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1997
    Assignee: The Analytic Sciences Corporation
    Inventors: David Izraelevitz, Karen S. Cochand
  • Patent number: 5597607
    Abstract: A novel, efficient and simple process for preparing low-allergenic fractionated soybean proteins by treating soybean proteins under acidic conditions with an aqueous solution in which a salt is dissolved to selectively concentrate Gly m Bd 30k in a precipitation fraction and collecting a supernatant fraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1997
    Assignee: Fuji Oil Company, Limited
    Inventors: Masahiko Samoto, Takeshi Akasaka, Hiroyuki Mori
  • Patent number: 5583041
    Abstract: Polyhalogenated biphenyl compounds can be degraded by white-rot fungus grown on a sugar beet pulp substrate. The method is useful for bioremediation of materials contaminated with polyhalogenated biphenyl compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1996
    Assignee: Mycotech Corporation
    Inventors: Clifford A. Bradley, Robert D. Kearns, Pauline P. Wood, William E. Black
  • Patent number: 5580784
    Abstract: An apparatus utilizing chemical sensors to determine whether a particular sample vial is evidencing bacterial growth includes directing radiation sources having closely spaced wavelengths into the sample vial. Emissions from the chemical sensor due to the two spectrally spaced radiation sources are monitored, and a ratio of their differences and sums is calculated. The inventive ratio eliminates station-to-station variation between the radiation sources or detectors, and also any lot-to-lot variations in the sensor materials. An absolute indication of the conditions within the sample vial may thus be taken eliminating the prior art, station-to-station variations and lot-to-lot variations in the sensors resulted in varying readings for positive and negative samples. Thus, any one reading could not be utilized to make a prediction of whether a particular sample is a positive or a negative.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1996
    Assignee: Becton Dickinson and Company
    Inventor: Klaus W. Berndt
  • Patent number: 5580599
    Abstract: An improved method and device for mechanically producing pretzels. The method and device produces strings of dough having precisely predetermined cross-sectional and longitudinal dimensions. The invention provides a high throughput rate of pretzels and low rejection rate, together with simple operability, such that the device is cost-effective even in small bakeries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1996
    Assignee: Muk Metall-Und Kunststoff-Vertriebs GmbH
    Inventor: Werner Fehr
  • Patent number: 5573804
    Abstract: Dry uncooked folded, intertwined long pasta is steamed to obtain a surface-gelatinised pasta which then is contacted with water to obtain a wet pasta, and the wet pasta is steamed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: Nestec S.A.
    Inventor: Jau Y. Hsu
  • Patent number: 5573795
    Abstract: In the method for treatment of potato fruit water the potato fruit water is subjected to a heat treatment to at least C. for at least 3 minutes, whereafter the heat treated potato fruit water is cooled to a temperature, at which enzymes are relatively stable, then enzymatically treated with a proteinase, and finally concentrated to microbial stability. Hereby a method for treatment of potato fruit water, which will enable a commercially sound utilization of potato fruit water, is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: Novo Nordisk A/S
    Inventor: Hans S. Olsen
  • Patent number: 5571551
    Abstract: Selected high molecular weight gallotannins are incorporated into FD&C dye-containing foodstuffs to prevent staining of polymeric substrates such as wool or nylon rugs and clothing. Gallotannins from sumac leaves and Chinese nut galls are effective at levels of 50 ppm or below. This invention is useful in foodstuffs which are not subject to oxidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 5, 1996
    Assignee: Kraft Foods, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert W. Fusi, Gary H. Kestenbaum, Sigmund L. Klug
  • Patent number: 5567598
    Abstract: This invention presents methods for detection and evaluation of metabolic activity of microorganisms based upon their ability to consume dissolved oxygen. The methods utilize a fluorescence detection system which makes use of the sensitivity of the fluorescent emission of certain compounds to the presence of oxygen, which quenches (diminishes) the compound's fluorescent emission in a concentration dependent manner. Respiring microorganisms will affect the oxygen concentration of a liquid medium in which they are immersed. Thus, this invention provides a convenient system to gather information on the presence, identification and metabolic activity of microorganisms by determining their effect on the oxygen concentration of the media in which they are present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Assignee: Becton Dickinson and Company
    Inventors: David T. Stitt, Gregory J. Burrell, Kwok-Yu Hu, James F. Monthony, Robert Sapitowicz
  • Patent number: 5562940
    Abstract: A coating mix for application to skinless chicken pieces prior to baking. After baking, the coating simulates the appearance and texture of real chicken skin. The mix preferably contains on a weight basis from 25-50 parts maltodextrin, from 6-20 parts high-amylose starch, from 0.5-4 parts CMC, and from 5-15 parts powdered fat and from 6-20 parts pregelatinized starch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1996
    Assignee: Kraft Foods, Inc.
    Inventors: Frank R. Fioriti, Karl R. Ackermann
  • Patent number: 5562936
    Abstract: A process for continuously producing a chewing gum base comprises the steps of continuously adding an elastomer, a filler and a plasticizer into a continuous mixer, subjecting the elastomer, filler and plasticizer to a highly distributive mixing operation and continuously discharging the resulting chewing gum base from the mixer while the adding and mixing steps are in progress.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1996
    Assignee: Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company
    Inventors: Joo H. Song, Donald J. Townsend
  • Patent number: 5560953
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for improving the baking properties of flour, which comprises treating the flour with an acylating reagent. This makes the flour particularly suitable for use in the baking of high-ratio cakes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: Campden & Chorleywood Food Research Association
    Inventors: Philip Greenwell, Christopher J. Brock
  • Patent number: 5560951
    Abstract: A method of pretreating citrus fruit for facilitating peeling utilizes water infusion without enzymes for loosening the peel from the underlying segments. The infusion may be accomplished with the use of a pressure or a vacuum apparatus. A further embodiments, which may be used in the home, consists of cutting a pair of opposed holes in the peel and forcing water into one of the holes until it emerges from the other hole. Both embodiments serve to separate the peel from the segments, making the fruit easier to peel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: University of South Florida
    Inventors: Shi-Chiang Pao, Peter D. Petracek, G. Eldon Brown
  • Patent number: 5558899
    Abstract: A method for the preparation of polysaccharide derivatives comprises reacting at least a saccharide, such as glucose, maltose or glucose syrup, a "food grade" polycarboxylic acid, such as citric acid, or inorganic acid, such as phosphoric acid, which also acts as catalyst, and optionally a polyol, such as serbitol, under the influence of electromagnetic waves to give a reaction product at a temperature of .degree. C. Preferably, the envisaged reaction is carried out in a commercially available microwave oven having a wave frequency in the range of 900-2500 MHz. The products obtained can be incorporated as low-calorie "bulking agents" in diet foods, such as dessert, cake and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1996
    Assignee: Cooperatie Suikerunie U.A.
    Inventors: Hendrika C. Kuzee, Theodorus L. Hoeks, Paulus J. Visschedijk
  • Patent number: 5558895
    Abstract: A process and apparatus is provided for molding flowable materials. The mold may be provided with deformable or collapsible mold surfaces and a forming member which is positioned in the mold when producing a shell molded article is also deformable or collapsible. After the molded article is formed the forming member and/or the mold surfaces are deformed or collapsed to facilitate removal of the article from the mold and to avoid "backlocking" of the article in the mold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1996
    Assignee: Gradual Pty Ltd.
    Inventor: Laurence A. Boyhan
  • Patent number: 5558892
    Abstract: A method and machine for making churros. The machine extrudes churros through a die. The die has a central mandrel so that hollow churros are made which can be filled. The churros are extruded from the machine when an operator rams a crank on the machine. Consistent, high quality churros can be made at high production rates suitable for use in a restaurant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1996
    Inventors: Angeles Pelka, Bertha Betancourt, Rogelio Catano
  • Patent number: 5556661
    Abstract: A process for the production of dimensionally stable, sliceable, starch-containing products, in particular dumplings, in boil-in-bag packages, which comprises at least partially gelatinizing the starch-containing starting material, then freezing it, comminuting the frozen starch sponge, thawing it by pressing and/or drying after dewatering, and packaging it in boil-in-bag packages, the fill quantity and the remaining head space in the bags being dimensioned in such a way that the cooked product completely fills the boil-in-bag packages and dimensionally stable, sliceable, edible products result owing to the pressure of the hydrated contents of the bag against the bag wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 17, 1996
    Assignee: CPC International Inc.
    Inventors: Klaus Bezner, Horst Klukowski, Hans Schupp
  • Patent number: 5556660
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a process for producing the looped form of a pretzel from a straight, stretched rope of dough (1) using a machine so as to lower the production costs in pretzel making. Essentially, the central part (4) of the straight rope of dough (1) is taken up by the receiving part of a mold (3), then the front section of the receiving part of the mold (3) swings upwards and the receiving part of the mold (3) is turned along with the central part (4) of the rope of dough (1) by relative to the ends of the rope of dough (1) so that both sides of the rope are looped together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 17, 1996
    Inventor: Otto Schutz
  • Patent number: 5554527
    Abstract: The invention relates to an agent for the preservation, storage and suspension of cells, especially erythrocytes, which contains a chelating agent for multiply charged metal ions, in addition to other substances known to those skilled in the art, such as, for example, electrolytes and sugars.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1996
    Assignee: Behringwerke Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Karl Fickenscher