Patents Examined by Evan Federman
  • Patent number: 5178889
    Abstract: A chewing gum base is provided which has a high fat and oil content for improved non-tack properties, and which contains a minor amount of low fat cocoa powder having no more than about 1.0 weight per cent fat content. Minor amounts of low fat cocoa powder constituting about 0.3 to about 2.4 weight per cent of the gum base, significantly reduce or eliminate the fat and oil tastes resulting from the inclusion of up to about 50 weight per cent fat and oil containing substances. An improved chewing gum is also provided which has a higher quality taste and which contains the gum base of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1993
    Assignee: Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company
    Inventors: Michael A. Reed, Steven P. Synosky
  • Patent number: 5176933
    Abstract: Fatty alcohol succinic acid esters of the formula:RCH.dbd.CH--CH.sub.2 --CH(COOR')CH.sub.2 (COOR")wherein R is a linear alkyl group of from 5 to 15 carbon atoms, R' and R" can be the same or different and are linear saturated, monounsaturated or diunsaturated alkyl groups of from 12 to 20 carbon atoms. These fatty alcohol esters can be prepared by reacting succinic anhydrides with long chain fatty alcohols, and have a low calorie value. The compounds are suitable for use in cooking oil compositions for the commercial production of reduced-calorie fried snack foods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1993
    Assignee: Recot, Inc.
    Inventor: John G. Fulcher
  • Patent number: 5173322
    Abstract: Reformed casein micelles are produced from an aqueous solution or dispersion of commercially available processed casein by the sequential addition, over an extended period of time, of calcium ions and a soluble phosphate salt, after which the aqueous reaction medium is concentrated such as by ultrafiltration or diafiltration, to increase the level of casein micelles thereon and remove excess salts. The reformed casein micelles are used as a complete or partial replacement for fat in a variety of food products, particularly coffee whiteners. Coffee whiteners containing reformed casein micelles as a replacement for the fat component have functional and organoleptic properties equivalent to conventional coffee whiteners.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1992
    Assignee: Nestec S.A.
    Inventors: Nicholas Melachouris, Kenneth R. Moffitt, Casimir E. Rasilewicz, George F. Tonner
  • Patent number: 5171603
    Abstract: The present invention provides food products formulated with microparticulated protein which serves as a replacement for all or part of the fat and/or oil normally found in the food product. Food products of the invention include puddings, icings, sauces, spreads and processed cheeses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1992
    Assignee: John Labatt Limited
    Inventors: Norman S. Singer, Joseph Latella, Shoji Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 5171605
    Abstract: Foodstuffs comprising a bakery component and a moist filling or other component, in the form of crumbs for coating a moist filling are described which contain a heat set protein, which reduces the problems associated with moisture when the foodstuff is stored over long periods of time, under conditions of high humidity, or when heated in a microwave oven.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1988
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1992
    Assignee: Unilever Patent Holdings B.V.
    Inventors: Geoffrey E. Attenburrow, Rachel M. Goodband, Leo W. A. Melles
  • Patent number: 5169665
    Abstract: Trishydroxymethyl alkanes, notably monomeric and dimeric trishydroxymethyl ethane and propane, esterified with fatty acids or dicarboxylate-extended fatty acid derivatives, are physiologically compatible, partially digestible edible synthetic fat replacements for foods and pharmaceuticals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1992
    Assignee: Nabisco, Inc.
    Inventors: Lawrence P. Klemann, John W. Finley, Anthony Scimone
  • Patent number: 5169670
    Abstract: An unsaturated or low saturated frying oil which imparts the beefy or tallow flavor to foods that is characteristic of animal fats is disclosed. This oil is made by a process of esterifying glycerine with the unsaturated fraction of animal fat and then deodorizing or refining the resultant triglyceride. The unsaturated fraction of the animal fat contains minor fatty acids which produce this flavor on heating. Usually less than 5 mg of cholesterol/100 gm is in the oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1992
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventor: David K. Yang
  • Patent number: 5169669
    Abstract: Cooking oils which have a reduced tendency to produce offensive odors when heated to frying temperatures are claimed. The oils are refined, bleached and deodorized unsaturated vegetable oils, e.g. soybean and canola and from 0.1% to 5% refined and bleached, but not deodorized sunflower seed oil. The sunflower seed oil contains terpenes which mask the fishy, painty or acrid odor and improves the oil flavor on aging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1992
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Louis V. Haynes, Edmund P. Pultinas, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5164215
    Abstract: The batter starch is esterified to have a degree of substitution between 0.02 to 0.1, and a protein content greater than or equal to 1.0%. The starch is obtained from a starch bearing plant of the duh homozygous genotype. Maize is the preferred source for the starch and the preferred protein source is gluten. The preferred esterification agent is acetic anhydride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1992
    Inventors: Susan L. Furcsik, Edward D. DeBoer
  • Patent number: 5160759
    Abstract: An oil-in-water emulsion comprises an aqueous phase of water and an oil phase comprising an edible oil composition comprising 10 to 99 percent by weight, based on the entire oils and fats of the emulsion, of a diglyceride mixture containing the diglycerides having an increasing melting point of 20 degree centigrade or less. It may be mixed with a protein, lecithin or phospholipid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1992
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Masaki Nomura, Shin Koike, Ko Yamashita, Koichi Okisaka, Yoshito Sano, Hisao Omura, Yuuichi Irinatsu, Kenji Masui, Takeshi Yasumasu
  • Patent number: 5158796
    Abstract: The present invention is a composition of matter comprising: (a) an edible, non-absorbable, non-digestible low calorie fat material having non-Newtonian pseudoplastic properties at body temperature; and (b) an edible, absorbable, digestible food material which acts as a solvent for the fat material. The rheological properties of the fat material are defined in terms of thixotropy, yield point, thixotropic area, and liquid/solid stability. The composition is useful as a fat substitute in low calorie food products. The composition provides a non-waxy taste in the mouth, and a laxative side effect is avoided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1992
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Christian A. Bernhardt, Harry M. Taylor
  • Patent number: 5156876
    Abstract: A parting composition for cooking foodstuffs includes a release agent which is a phosphate salt derivative of mono- and di-glycerides of edible fats, oils and/or fat-forming fatty acids, together with an edible oil and a pulverulent blocking agent. The edible oil may be any suitable vegetable or animal oil or shortening, and the blocking agent may be any edible clay, magnesium aluminum silicate, sodium bicarbonate, baking powder, ground limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium or magnesium stearate, flours or edible starches. For example, the blocking agent may comprise cereal flour or cornstarch, or a pharmaceutical kaolin, a food grade benetonite, calcium carbonate, or a mixture of two or more thereof. Preferably, the release agent is a mono-sodium glyceryl oleate phosphate. The composition may also include one or more of water, a suitable suspending agent such as fumed silica, and ethanol; a pressurized hydrocarbon propellant may be added when packaging the composition in a pressurized aerosol container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1992
    Assignee: Creative Products Inc. of Rossville
    Inventors: Clarence P. Clapp, S. Jack Campbell
  • Patent number: 5156879
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for treatment of soapstock obtained by alkali refining of fats to provide a fluid, uniform, pumpable animal feed product. In the method, a raw soapstock is provided. The soapstock is pretreated by adding a strong, soluble base to the soapstock. Propionic acid is then added to the pretreated soapstock and the pH is adjusted to provide an acidified soapstock. With soapstocks having low gum levels, a fluid, uniform, pumpable product is provided without further treatment. At higher gum levels, the pretreated soapstock and/or the acidified soapstock is heated to a predetermined temperature to provide the fluid, uniform, pumpable product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1992
    Assignee: Cargill, Incorporated
    Inventor: Jeffrey C. Evans
  • Patent number: 5155974
    Abstract: The invention comprises improved packaging for goods such as, for example, meats, and method and apparatus for producing such packaging. The package comprises a base over which the goods are placed. A web of flexible material is positioned over the goods, with the web being in tension and tightly engaging and compressing the goods to the base. The side portions of the web are secured to the base at positions below the top of the goods. A lid is positioned over the base and the web, and is sealed to the base and spaced from the web. The space is charged with a gas enhancing the preservation of the goods, with the gas preferably being at a pressure higher than the pressure under the web so that the goods are retained on the base both by the tension in the web and by the pressure differential which serves to further hold the goods on the base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1992
    Assignee: Seawell North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony J. M. Garwood
  • Patent number: 5156877
    Abstract: A protein-rich composition of brewer's spent grain origin is disclosed, which includes products separated from the husks of BSG and which contains 40 to 60% by weight of proteins, 12 to 18% by weight of lipids, 2 to 6% by weight of fibrous materials, and 1 to 4% by weight of ashes based on dry weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1992
    Assignees: Kirin Beer Kabushiki Kaisha, Chiyoda Corporation
    Inventors: Sohtaroh Kishi, Takashi Kimura, Takeshi Minami, Haruto Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 5151290
    Abstract: The present invention is concerned with a process for preparing a dispersion comprising a continuous fat phase and a dispersed gelled aqueous phase, wherein a water-continuous composition, containing at least 1% gelatin by weight of water, is cooled from above the gel setting temperature of the water-continuous composition to below said gel setting temperature and subjected to such conditions of shear that the water-continuous composition is converted into small gelled aqueous beads, after which a fat-continuous dispersion is formed while maintaining the temperature at below the gel melting temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1992
    Assignee: Van den Bergh Foods Co., Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Ian T. Norton, Jeffrey Underdown
  • Patent number: 5147676
    Abstract: Blends of mid-fractions and olein fractions of the wet-fractionation of hardened soybean oil and optionally hardened palm oil olein and/or hardened cottonseed oil containing fat mixtures show improved Rancimat Induction Period (RIP) values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1992
    Assignee: Unilever Patent Holdings B.V.
    Inventor: Geoffrey Talbot
  • Patent number: 5147666
    Abstract: Malic acid is removed from coffee to provide a coffee product which will evoke a decreased gastric acid response after ingestion. Malic acid is removed by malolactic fermentation of an aqueous coffee extract, which may be a green or brown extract. A malic acid-lean extract can be used to extract malic acid from coffee solids to produce demalated coffee solids. Demalation is preferably accomplished without removing excessive amounts of chlorogenic acid. Coffee products in accordance with the invention are preferably decaffeinated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1992
    Assignee: Kraft General Foods, Inc.
    Inventors: Barbara B. Doonan, Geoffrey H. Bertkau, Dennis F. Hayes, Frank Sabella, Ronald H. Skiff
  • Patent number: 5145702
    Abstract: Water-dispersible microparticles of hydrophobic, water-insoluble, non-denatured protein, and method for preparing a suspension of these microparticles by the controlled precipitation of the protein, is described. The suspension can be used as a substitute for most dietary fats, or to encapsulate selected molecules. The water-insoluble proteins used in the process can be chemically or enzymatically modified to enhance the properties of the microparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1992
    Assignee: Opta Food Ingredients, Inc.
    Inventors: Leonard E. Stark, Akiva T. Gross
  • Patent number: 5143739
    Abstract: Salmonella and other bacteria can be removed, reduced or retarded on poultry carcasses by treating poultry with a treatment solution containing an alkali metal orthophosphate, e.g., trisodium orthophosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Rhone-Poulenc Inc.
    Inventors: Fredric G. Bender, Eugene Brotsky