Abstract: A vibration damper assembly is provided which includes a first attachment element or bracket for securing the damping mechanism to a first component, the vibrations of which are to be damped. A visco-elastic spacer is secured to the element or bracket at one end, and to a cylinder of a piston/cylinder assembly at its other end. A piston is slidably received in the cylinder with a predetermined clearance between the peripheral surface of the piston and the cylinder wall. A piston rod extending from the piston and the opposite end of the cylinder is received within a housing of a viscous damping device, the piston rod having a plurality of discs mounted thereon in predetermined, spaced relationship. An interior wall of the housing is also formed with a plurality of disc-like surfaces projecting toward the radial center of the housing, with aligned apertures therein to accommodate the piston rod.
March 5, 1993
Date of Patent:
February 15, 1994
General Electric Company
John R. Seymour, Craig M. Gardner, Kenneth V. Wellner, James J. Luz
Abstract: A vibration isolating apparatus is disclosed which comprises an inner tube and an outer tube disposed in a parallel axis state to each other and an elastic member stretched therebetween, the elastic member being provided with a pair of liquid chambers disposed in the interior thereof at opposite sides through the inner tube. These liquid chambers communicate with each other through a restricted passage. The elastic member is provided with a pair of cavities on opposite outer sides of the inner tube. The cavities absorb relative displacement between the inner tube and the outer tube. When an amount of absorption becomes a predetermined amount, a compressing force is applied to the liquid chambers.
Abstract: Brake force is transmitted between a single axially movable push rod (6) and a brake block holder (3) by an intermediate force transmission member (22) to accommodate for movements along the wheel axis. This intermediate member (22) has cylindrical surfaces cooperating with both the block holder and the push rod end. The cylindrical surface (22') of the member (22), which cooperates with the brake block holder portion (21), is arcuate with its circle center coinciding with the center for the cylindrical push rod end (6'). A shackle (24) held on the brake block holder is biassed by springs (28) forward toward a brake application direction to retain and frictionally engage protrusions (23) extending from the actuator push rod (6).
Abstract: A helicopter load vibration damper having an outer cylinder with closed upper and lower ends. A piston is slidably mounted within the cylinder to define a chamber between the piston and the cylinder's lower end. The chamber is pressurized with an inert gas such as nitrogen, with the gas pressure being adjustable to suit the load which is to be transported. A rod is fixed to one side of the piston, extends through the chamber and protrudes through the lower end of the cylinder for attachment to the load. A hydraulic shock absorber is connected between the opposite side of the piston and the upper end of the cylinder. An anti-rotation mechanism prevents the shock absorber from rotating relative to the rod, around the vibration damper's longitudinal axis. The anti-rotation mechanism incorporates a tube which encircles the shock absorber, within the outer cylinder. A pin used to couple the shock absorber to the piston is also coupled to the tube.
October 19, 1992
Date of Patent:
November 23, 1993
H-S Tool & Parts Inc.
Hans Sarghie, Kurt Gysler, William R. Adams
Abstract: An engine mounting for mounting an engine on the chassis of a motor vehicle has at least two fastening parts which are connected to one another with elastomeric springs. The engine mounting also has a hydraulic damping apparatus, and is configured so that the elastomeric springs have a hard shear-compression characteristic in two axes, and a soft shear characteristic in a third axis, the hydraulic damping apparatus being disposed in a direction parallel to the direction of the third axis.
Abstract: An improved transmission brake band (10) and a method of forming the same s an improved reaction bracket (20) formed as an upraised dome (36) surrounding a reaction opening (32). An insert member (42), having a volcano-type body (44) integrally formed with a peripheral flange (46) is engaged with the dome (36) and opening (32) so that the body (44) is positioned in the opening (32) and the flange (46) is received by the dome (36).
Abstract: A reaction force type disk brake in which a bridge of a brake caliper is provided with a window opening through which friction pads can be inserted and withdrawn and the brake caliper is divided at the bridge into two blocks which are integrally interconnected by pairs of first and second connecting bolts provided on both sides of the window opening. The connecting bolts are arranged along an outer peripheral surface of said brake disk, and a relationship L.sub.1 <L.sub.2 is established wherein L.sub.1 represents a distance between both the first connecting bolts and L.sub.2 represents a distance between both the second connecting bolts and also a relationship H.sub.1 <H.sub.2 is established wherein H.sub.1 represents a distance from a line intersecting a radius line of the brake disk at right angles at a center of a total urging force of the piston to the first connecting bolt and H.sub.2 represents a distance from such line to the second connecting bolt.
Abstract: With this safety disc brake all regulatory safety requirements can be fulfilled with a constructional expenditure approximately like that expended for a simple construction of brake. Fulfillment of the essential safety requirements is attained by providing two partial systems which mechanically operate completely independent of one another and comprise two identical brake levers each provided with a respective separate compression spring braced at a common central impact member fixedly connected with a machine part. As a further feature for fulfilling the safety requirements both of the partial systems are devoid of any mutual mechanical penetrations and overlapping. Opening or release of the brake is accomplished electromagnetically with a pot magnet fixedly secured to one brake lever and an armature plate likewise fixedly secured to the other brake lever.
Abstract: Three adjacent disks carried by an "S" cam shaft of a truck brake system sense motion of system components beyond predetermined limits to indicate need for adjustment and parts replacement and annunciate such information at a distance from the brake system. A first outer disk journaled on the "S" cam shaft is interconnected to the slack adjuster arm to rotate responsive to motion of the slack adjuster arm. A second medial disk journaled on the "S" cam shaft is supported by external structure to remain stationary relative to that shaft. A third outer disk is irrotatably carried by the "S" cam shaft to rotate with it. The second medial disk carries two Hall effect switches to sense the rotary position of magnets carried in the first and third adjacent outer disks to determine motion of the slack adjuster arm and the "S" cam shaft beyond predetermined limits to indicate need for brake adjustment and brake shoe replacement. Sensed data is transmitted to an annunciator at a distance from the braking system.
Abstract: An adjustable vibration damper for motor vehicles has a cylinder containing a damping fluid, an axially-movable piston rod projecting into the cylinder in a sealed manner, and a damping piston fastened to the piston rod to divide the cylinder into two work chambers, whereby a damping valve equipped with an axially movable valve body and a valve seat controls the effective cross section of a damping passage. For this purpose, the valve body, starting from its pressurized end surface, has at least one constant throttle cross section running toward the back side of the valve body, and an additional throttle passage running in the outflow direction, whereby a pilot control element for regulating flow through the additional throttle passage is located in a recess inside the valve body.
Abstract: A vibration isolating device comprises a base, a plurality of support members each placed onto the base and comprised of a two series layer of an electroviscous body and an elastomeric body, and a cradle supported through these support members. These support members are provided with circuit for applying voltage to each electroviscous body, respectively.
Abstract: Resetting of the actuator piston of a disc brake by an adjusting device is enabled by sliding movement of the piston so that a piston position may be reset without any special arrangement for turning an adjusting spindle (5), or by turning the piston itself. The adjusting spindle (5) is released for rotation during resetting, while the adjusting spindle (5) is normally fixed against rotation yet axially slidably during the time of hydraulic actuation and during manual braking.
Abstract: A vibration absorbing damper of the viscous type having an outer cylinder enclosing a damping member with the damping member positioned for axial movement within the outer cylinder while retaining a hermetic seal without the use of gaskets or seals. The damping member is comprised of a pair of arcuate structures with high volumetric rigidity and joined axially by a nonelastomeric member. A fluid-retaining reservoir is deformed by forces applied to the exterior cylinder, resulting in deformation of the arcuate structure and resulting compression or extension of the fluid reservoir. Excess fluid is forced into a bellows through a restricting orifice for storage during compression stresses, and returned from the bellows to the fluid reservoir during extension of the outer cylinder during cyclical vibration. The damper operates with deflections as small as 1 microinch and provides a large actuating force, even though the motion is very small.
Abstract: A drum brake comprising a drum; first and second brake shoes which carry friction lining material; at least one hydraulic actuator engaging the brake shoes for moving the friction lining material into contact with the drum on actuation thereof, a clearance existing between the friction lining material and the drum in the non-actuated position of the hydraulic actuator; a wear adjuster for adjusting the value of the clearance, the wear adjuster comprising a screw-threaded rod engaging the first brake shoe, a nut rotatably threaded on the screw-threaded rod and engaging the second brake shoe, ratchet teeth integrally formed on either the screw-threaded rod or the nut, an adjuster actuator having an integral pawl thereon and being pivotally mounted on one of the brake shoes, an actuator spring to bias the pawl into contact with the ratchet teeth; and a heat sensitive member mounted on said one brake shoe, the heat sensitive member being engageable with the adjuster actuator only when the temperature exceeds a pr
Abstract: In a wheel and brake device for a transportation vehicle with pivotal wheels, a particularly simple brake operation may be achieved by placing a brake activating structure at each end of the vehicle and connecting it to a brake lever. The device comprises only one pedal at opposite ends. The pedals are arranged to be activated in only one direction irrespective of whether a braking or a releasing operation is to be performed. Each pedal is connected to a swinglebar by brake levers, the swinglebar also being connected to a cam follower. The cam follower runs along a cam track defining two fixed resting positions for the cam follower. In one of the resting positions, tabs on a brake block will engage with teeth firmly connected to the wheels.
Abstract: A rail vehicle brake actuator is provided with leaf spring hangers (4, 5) to laterally move to follow axial movement of wheels during braking. The hangers are rotatably attached to both a brake block holder and a shaft 7 on an actuator bracket (2). Rotary braking movement is provided by pivot joints having rubber O-rings and washers held together under prestress. The leaf spring hangers pivot laterally to follow axial wheel movement.
Abstract: Helical isolator (I.sup.1, I.sup.2) in a turnbuckle frame (10) on a central rod (2) with connector rods (34, 36) of opposite handed threads, are for mounting between a pipe and an adjacent structure. The wire energy absorbing rope bights (32) of the isolator I.sup.1, I.sup.2 are placed in parallel planes and in a state of precompression and have bi-linear spring properties which are adjustably provided by the diameter of the structural tube (10) and spacer bars (30) attached to the tube wall (12) as part of the bases (26, 28) of the isolators.
Abstract: A mono-air-cell body made of a flexible elastic material and having a hollow interior and no less than one connecting tube for connecting different mono-air-cell bodies together one after another, for making up a shock-absorbing cushion. Each mono-air-cell body can have any shape in its top plan view. Each connecting tube can be a male one having at least one round circumferential groove or a female one having at least one round circumferential ridge so that the male and the female connecting tubes can be joined together, thereby connecting two mono-air-cell bodies together. The shock-absorbing cushion can be composed to have a shape of a band, a plane, a sphere or any three-dimensional shape.
Abstract: A resilient, elastomeric jounce bumper is described as having a cylindrical head which protrudes from a larger diameter cylindrical body which has a cylindrical extension which surrounds at least a portion of the head in spaced radial relation, such that an annular void is formed around the head in the area of the body extension. The outer, free annular end of the body extension curves inwardly towards the head and terminates in close proximity to the head to prevent harmful particulate matter from entering the annular void. The body extension is provided with at least one, circular metal ring which is embedded in the extension adjacent the curved end of the extension to restrict radial expansion of the head, when the bumper is place under a heavy load.
Abstract: A wheel brake for shopping carts and other wheeled equipment is disclosed. Typically, shopping carts and other wheeled equipment have a yoke depending from a lower end of a leg support, the yoke including a pair of generally parallel downwardly extending arms. A wheel is rotatably mounted on an axle extending between these downwardly extending arms. In order to provide selective braking engagement of the wheel to immobilize the shopping cart or other wheeled equipment, a brake tongue is pivotally mounted at one end to the yoke above the wheel and extends across at least a part of the wheel. A foot pedal is pivotally mounted to the yoke in spaced relationship to the brake tongue for movement between engaged and released positions relative to the wheel. The foot pedal includes a depending brake element for engaging and depressing the brake tongue into selective braking engagement with the wheel when the foot pedal is moved into engaged position by a user.