Abstract: Systems and methods for magnetic resonance fingerprinting (“MRF”) using highly differentiated trajectories that optimize differentiation between magnetic resonance signal patterns as a function of relaxation time(s) and static magnetic field homogeneity are described. Using the optimized acquisition parameters, MRF can be performed in the presence of inhomogeneous magnetic fields. Flip angle homogeneity can also be incorporated into the dictionary matching process to simultaneously estimate quantitative parameters of the subject and radio frequency coil transmission homogeneity profiles.
July 26, 2017
Date of Patent:
June 11, 2019
The General Hospital Corporation
Mathieu Sarracanie, Matthew Rosen, Ouri Cohen, Lionel Broche
Abstract: According to one embodiment, there is provided an image forming apparatus including an image forming unit and a controller. The image forming unit is able to execute a first image formation processing using a first color material and a second image formation processing using a second color material. The controller performs image quality stabilizing processing for the first image formation processing using second color material.
Abstract: There is provided a scan condition determining apparatus, comprising: setting means for setting values of a plurality of parameters different from a repetition time and different from a bandwidth; and determining means for determining a specific value of the bandwidth based on the set values of the plurality of parameters such that a repetition time determined as a longer one of a first period of time and a second period of time is minimized, the first period of time being a time taken to perform a pulse sequence in one cycle, and the second period of time being a time taken from the start of a pulse sequence in one cycle until a pulse sequence in a next cycle is ready to perform determined by the thermal design restrictions of a gradient coil.
Abstract: A developing device includes a casing to contain developer and define a developer circulation passage, a developing roller to bear the developer, and at least one developer conveyor to convey the developer. The developer conveyor is disposed in the developer circulation passage and lower than the developing roller. The developing device satisfies M1/L2>0.56 g/cm and M1/M2>0.50, where M1 represents an amount of developer borne on the developing roller, L1 represents a width in which the developing roller bears the developer in a longitudinal direction of the developing roller; and M2 represents an amount of developer stored in the casing and excluding the amount of developer borne.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus including an image bearer, a transfer-bias power source, an environment sensor, and a controller. The controller controls the transfer-bias power source to change the DC component and the AC component, according to the at least one of temperature and humidity detected by the environment sensor and a duty of the transfer bias. The duty is A/(A+B)×100[%] where A denotes an area on a return-directional side to move toner from the recording sheet back to the image bearer, relative to a center value (Voff) of a maximum value and a minimum value of the transfer bias in one cycle of a waveform of the transfer bias, and B denotes an area on a transfer-directional side to move the toner from the image bearer to the recording sheet, relative to the center value (Voff) in the one cycle.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus using a contact charging method includes a control unit capable of executing cleaning in a post-rotation step at the end of a job and in an inter-image step during execution of the job. The cleaning involves moving toner adhering to a charging member from the charging member to an image bearing member. The job is a series of operations started by a predetermined start instruction and involving forming an image on one or more recording materials and outputting the one or more recording materials. When an instruction to start the next job is input during execution of cleaning in the post-rotation step, the control unit stops the cleaning in the middle of the execution, starts the next job, and adjusts timing for executing subsequent cleaning on the basis of information. relating to the amount of cleaning executed before being stopped in the middle of the execution.
Abstract: A method includes forming N spin-cavity coupling states that are mutually different in coupling state between a cavity accommodating a sample therein and a spin of the sample, calculating N values of spin-cavity coupling constant, measuring N values of apparent relaxation time through magnetic resonance measurement applied on the sample, and calculating relaxation time corresponding to specific spin-cavity coupling constant based on the relationship between the N values of spin-cavity coupling constant and the N values of apparent relaxation time.
Abstract: A motion monitoring system for healthcare surveillance with visual and audio alerts is provided to monitor patients and actively mitigate the damages due to patient movement. The system documents each event involving patient movement and the surrounding area in various medical setting. The system also has the ability for a specific monitoring of a single location and upon a motion detected, the system outputs an alert signal to trigger external devices, including but not limited to lights and sirens, to notify the healthcare device operator.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes an image bearing drum; an exposing unit for exposing the drum; an electric circuit board provided substantially perpendicularly to an apparatus installing floor; a driving unit for supplying a driving force; a first metal plate supporting the exposing unit; a second metal plate supporting the electric circuit board; and a third metal plate supporting the driving unit. At least one of the first, second and third plates is provided at each of four sides of the apparatus, the four sides being substantially perpendicular to the floor. The first, second and third plates are electrically connected with each other.
Abstract: In a magnetic resonance imaging apparatus, a transmission RF coil is configured to emit an RF pulse generated by using a first clock. In addition to an echo signal emitted from a patient, a reception RF coil is configured to further receive the RF pulse emitted by the transmission RF coil and configured to transmit, via a wireless communication, a multiplexed signal in which the echo signal digitalized by using a second clock, the RF pulse, and the second clock are multiplexed together. Wireless receiving circuitry is configured to receive the multiplexed signal via a wireless communication. Correcting circuitry is configured to correct the phase of the echo signal on the basis of the RF pulse and the second clock restored from the multiplexed signal received via the wireless communication. Reconstructing circuitry is configured to reconstruct an image by using the corrected echo signal.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes a developing device that performs a developing process by using two-component developer; an image carrier that carries a toner image including a toner band developed by the developing device; a density detection unit that detects a density of the toner band; and a determining unit that determines whether or not to perform a density adjustment on the basis of the density of the toner band detected by the density detection unit.
Abstract: A method of Dixon-type MR imaging includes the steps of —generating a first imaging sequence for producing first MR echo signals at a first echo time, such that contributions from MR signals emanating from water protons and MR signals emanating from fat protons to the first MR echo signals are essentially in phase, —acquiring the first MR echo signals at a first signal-to-noise ratio, —generating a second imaging sequence for producing second MR echo signals at a second echo time, such that contributions from MR signals emanating from water protons and MR signals emanating from fat protons to the second MR echo signals are at least partially out of phase, —acquiring the second MR echo signals at a second signal-to-noise ratio which is different from the first signal-to-noise ratio, and —reconstructing a MR image from the first and second MR echo signals. The signal contributions from water protons and fat protons are separated.
Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention address the problems with previously known MRI enhancement resonators. The embodiments provide capacitances that are sufficiently large to result in resonance frequencies that are sufficiently low for medical MRI applications in devices that are sufficiently small for implantation into the body. Further, the capacitance and resonance frequency of the MRI enhancement resonator may be easily adjusted to particular desired values by selecting corresponding thin-film dielectrics, or thicknesses of such thin-film dielectrics. Moreover, the design and geometry of the embodiments provide MRI enhancement resonators with high Q-factors. The construction and material of such MRI enhancement resonators also yield flexible and biocompatible devices that are appropriate for applications involving implantation into the body.
Abstract: A developer storage container includes a container body, a shaft, a moving wall and a pressing member. The container body has an inner peripheral surface defining a tubular internal space extending along a first direction. The shaft is arranged to extend in the first direction in the internal space and rotatably supported. The moving wall is movable in the first direction in the internal space while conveying the developer in the internal space toward a developer discharge port. The pressing member moves integrally with the moving wall by pressing the moving wall when the shaft is rotated in a first rotating direction and relatively moves to an upstream side with respect to the moving wall according to the engagement of a first engaging portion and a second engaging portion when the shaft is rotated in a second rotating direction opposite to the first rotating direction.
Abstract: A waste toner transport unit includes a waste toner transport path through which waste toner removed from a circumferential surface of an image carrier is transported, a transport member that transports the waste toner along the waste toner transport path, and a movement restrictor that restricts the movement of the waste toner in a process of waste toner transportation. The waste toner transport path includes an area in which an inner bottom surface is inclined and the area constitutes the movement restrictor. The transport member is disposed such that a rotation shaft extends along the inclined inner bottom surface.
Abstract: In a method and magnetic resonance (MR) apparatus for determining diffusion-weighted image data, first raw data are acquired with a first diffusion weighting, and the first raw data are assigned to a first k-space matrix. Second raw data are acquired with a second diffusion weighting, and the second raw data are assigned to a second k-space matrix. The first k-space matrix and the second k-space matrix are different from one another at at least one position. The diffusion-weighted image data are determined in a processor based on the first raw data and the second raw data.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes a mounting unit configured to mount a cartridge including a developing member by moving the cartridge in the insertion direction, and a pressing member having a first pressing portion configured to press the cartridge mounted on the mounting unit to separate the developing member from a photosensitive member. The pressing member has a second pressing portion configured to press the cartridge mounted on the mounting unit to bring the developing member into contact with the photosensitive member, and the first pressing portion and the second pressing portion integrally moves with the movement of the pressing member. The image forming apparatus also includes an elastic member configured to press the pressing member so that the second pressing portion presses the cartridge.
Abstract: A developer container includes a first sheet member installed on a rotation shaft disposed in a developer containing portion and transporting the developer to a developer carrying member, and a second sheet member installed on the rotation shaft and rotating in the same phase as the first sheet member. One end of the first sheet member and one end of the second sheet member are fixed to the rotation shaft so as to rotate in the same phase, and the other ends of the first and second sheet members are free ends. When the rotation shaft rotates in a state in which at least a part of the developer elevated by the first sheet member is positioned above the rotation shaft, the second sheet member rotates on the downstream side of the first sheet member, so as to control falling of developer on the first sheet member.
Abstract: There are demands for stable connections of contact points between a process cartridge, including a development device, and an image forming device. A development contact point, a first contact point, and a second contact point are disposed in this order on the inside in a perpendicular direction with respect to an insertion direction in which a development device is inserted into an image forming apparatus.
Abstract: A method uses an artificial neural network (ANN) to automatically produce a magnetic resonance (MR) pulse sequence. A first MR signal corresponding to a first tissue and a second MR signal corresponding to a second tissue are identified. An RF pulse to be applied to the first and second tissues is selected. Based on at least the first MR signal, the second MR signal, and the RF pulse, an updated first MR signal and an updated second MR signal are determined. A difference is computed between the updated first MR signal and the updated second MR signal. The difference is added to an accumulated difference. The RF pulse selecting, updated first and second MR signal determination, difference computation and adding are repeated. The ANN is controlled to use reinforcement learning to select the MR imaging pulse sequence based, at least in part, on the accumulated difference.
July 21, 2017
Date of Patent:
April 2, 2019
Siemens Healthcare GmbH
Xiao Chen, Mariappan S. Nadar, Benjamin L. Odry, Boris Mailhe