Patents Examined by In Suk Bullock
  • Patent number: 9675903
    Abstract: Process and apparatus for the separation of the components having different boiling points of a liquid mixture, characterized in that forming bubbles by a carrier gas in the liquid mixture where the one or more volatile component is getting enriched in the bubbles, then after said bubbles leave the liquid phase the released vapor content of them is collected and condensed and the obtained liquid being enriched in the more volatile component(s) is separated from the carrier gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: HYD Rákkutató és Gyógyszerfejlesztö Kft.
    Inventor: Gábor Somlyai
  • Patent number: 9670413
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for thermally converting or pyrolyzing biomass are provided. In one embodiment, a method of thermally converting biomass includes introducing the biomass to a reactor feed chamber. The method provides for flowing a low oxygen gas into the reactor feed chamber to purge the reactor feed chamber and biomass of oxygen. The method also includes delivering the purged biomass to a thermal conversion reactor and thermally converting the biomass in the thermal conversion reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: Ensyn Renewables, Inc.
    Inventors: Lance Awender Baird, Barry Freel, Doug Clarke, Gregory Joseph Morin
  • Patent number: 9670115
    Abstract: A two catalyst system is described having separate catalyst beds for the selective conversion of acetylene to ethylene which reduces the concentration of acetylene, dienes, O2, and NOx is disclosed. An ethylene containing gas stream, such as an off-gas stream from a refinery catalytic cracking unit used in the production of fuels and gas oils, is treated by first contacting the gas stream with a silver catalyst supported on a metal oxide and subsequently contacting the gas stream with a ruthenium catalyst supported on metal oxide. The two catalysts are contained within contiguous continuous reactors or reactor compartments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: Clariant Corporation
    Inventors: Mingyong Sun, Steven A. Blankenship, Michael A. Urbancic, Richard Paul Zoldak
  • Patent number: 9670116
    Abstract: A process for inhibiting the polymerization of cyclopentadiene compounds (B) by contacting the cyclopentadiene compound with a quinone methide compound (A) of structure (I), Compositions (AB) comprising (A) and (B) are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Stefanie Rinker, Bettina Ludwig, Manfred Neumann, Felix Nissen, Oliver Erpeldinger, Phillip R. James, Peter Watkins
  • Patent number: 9670112
    Abstract: A process for the production of middle-distillate hydrocarbon-containing bases from a butanol feedstock, comprising: a) isomerizing dehydration of butanol feedstock; b) separating the water from butylenic effluent; c) purifying the organic liquid effluent from stage b); d) oligomerizing a feedstock that comprises at least a portion of the purified organic effluent from stage c), the entire effluent from stage g), and at least a portion of the light product from stage f); e) oligomerizing the first oligomerization effluent to produce a second oligomerization effluent; f) fractionating the second oligomerization effluent into at least three products: a light product mostly comprising C2 to C4 compounds, an intermediate product mostly comprising C5 to C9 compounds, and a middle distillate product mostly comprising compounds having at least 10 carbon atoms; g) oligomerizing at least a portion of the intermediate product, and h) hydrogenating at least a portion of the middle distillate product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Tom Vivien, Vincent Coupard, Francois Hugues, Raphael Huyghe
  • Patent number: 9669382
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses are provided for isomerizing a hydrocarbon stream. The method includes isomerizing a hydrocarbon stream in a reactor to produce an intermediate isomerized stream. The intermediate isomerized stream is fractionated to produce an off gas stream and a heavy isomerized stream, where the off gas stream includes an off gas recycle stream. The off gas recycle stream is dried in an off gas dryer to produce a hydrogen recycle stream, where the off gas drier includes an off gas dryer membrane separating the off gas recycle stream from an off gas purge stream. The off dryer membrane includes a perfluorosulfonated ionomer. The hydrogen recycle stream is then fed into the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Mohamed S. Shakur
  • Patent number: 9670420
    Abstract: A method for producing a monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbon of the present invention includes a cracking and reforming reaction step of obtaining a product containing a monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbon having 6 to 8 carbon atoms by bringing a feedstock oil having a 10 volume % distillate temperature of 140° C. or higher and a 90 volume % distillate temperature of 390° C. or lower and a saturated hydrocarbon having 1 to 3 carbon atoms into contact with a catalyst for producing a monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbon containing crystalline aluminosilicate, which is loaded into a fixed-bed reactor, and reacting the feedstock oil and the saturated hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Shinichiro Yanagawa, Masahide Kobayashi, Yukihiro Yoshiwara
  • Patent number: 9670425
    Abstract: A process sends at least a portion of an oligomerization feed to a first oligomerization reactor zone that includes a zeolite or a SPA catalyst and another portion of the same feed to a second oligomerization reactor zone that includes an amorphous silica alumina catalyst. The first oligomerization reactor zone makes aliphatic olefins that can be cracked to propylene and the second oligomerization reactor zone makes cyclic molecules that can be converted to aromatics in an FCC unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Kurt M. Vanden Bussche, Christopher P. Nicholas, Todd M. Kruse
  • Patent number: 9656232
    Abstract: A method for producing aromatic hydrocarbons, the method including: (a) bringing a feedstock oil such as an LCO into contact with an aromatic production catalyst to obtain a reaction product containing aromatic hydrocarbons, (b) separating the reaction product into a tower top fraction and a tower bottom fraction using a distillation tower, (c) separating the tower top fraction into a crude aromatic fraction containing an LPG fraction, and an off-gas containing hydrogen, (d) separating the crude aromatic fraction containing an LPG fraction into an LPG fraction and a crude aromatic fraction, (e) separating the off-gas containing hydrogen into hydrogen and an off-gas, and (f) using the hydrogen obtained in step (e) to hydrotreat the crude aromatic fraction, thereby obtaining an aromatic fraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignees: CHIYODA CORPORATION, JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hideki Minami, Yoshishige Sugi, Atsushi Fukui, Atsuro Nagumo, Susumu Yasui, Shinichiro Yanagawa
  • Patent number: 9656928
    Abstract: A novel process and a novel catalyst for the production of light olefins. 1-butene is cracked in the presence of an acid- or base-modified silicalite-1 catalyst bed, wherein the modified silicalite-1 has a Si/Al ratio of greater than 1000. The modification procedures described herein increase the selectivity of the silicalite-1 catalyst toward light olefins such as ethylene and propylene. The catalytic cracking of 1-butene may be carried out in a fixed bed reactor or a fluidized bed reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventors: Sulaiman Saleh Al-Khattaf, Arudra Palani, Abdullah Mohammed Aitani
  • Patent number: 9656244
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of a novel silica-supported trimetallic (La/Zr/Zn) catalyst in the production of 1,3-butadiene from ethanol. The presence of lanthanum in the catalyst further comprising zirconium and zinc increases the catalyst's yield and selectivity to 1,3-butadiene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: SYNTHOS S.A.
    Inventors: Marek Lewandowski, Agnieszka Ochenduszko, Matthew Jones
  • Patent number: 9650316
    Abstract: Butadiene is formed by dehydrogenation of butenes which are mixed with steam and oxygen then converted to butadiene by oxidative dehydrogenation over a ferritic oxide catalyst, wherein the sensible heat in the oxidative dehydrogenation reaction product is utilized along with heat produced by thermal oxidation of low value volatile products formed to reduce energy requirements and CO2 emissions. Sensible heat is utilized at high temperature for purposes of superheating feed and at somewhat lower temperatures for purposes of vaporizing feed at sequential locations in the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: TPC GROUP LLC
    Inventors: Liana Caciula, Joseph G. Duff, Elizabeth Ballard, Sirisha Chada, Mark J. Potter
  • Patent number: 9644154
    Abstract: A process for the production of hydrocarbon products from a feed comprising at least one non-pre-treated bio-oil, comprising a first step for hydroreforming in the presence of hydrogen and a hydroreforming catalyst, used alone or as a mixture, to obtain at least one liquid effluent comprising at least one aqueous phase and at least one organic phase, a second step in which at least a portion of the organic phase of the effluent obtained from the first hydroreforming step is recycled to the first hydroreforming step with a recycle ratio equal to the ratio of the mass flow rate of said organic phase to the mass flow rate of the non-pre-treated bio-oil in the range 0.05 to 2 and in which the hydrocarbon effluent obtained from the hydrotreatment and/or hydrocracking step is not recycled to said first hydroreforming step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Antoine Daudin, Alain Quignard, Olivier Thinon
  • Patent number: 9643145
    Abstract: A pressure vessel has a restraint structure for accommodating thermal cycling thereof, including: a body with a cylindrical section; a skirt connected to the body and having a foot; and a plurality of blocks disposed around the skirt adjacent to the foot. Each block is anchored to a support frame or foundation, and has a base and a flange. Each flange overlaps the foot, thereby vertically linking the blocks and the skirt. A radial clearance is formed between an outer surface of the foot and an inner surface of each base. A vertical clearance is formed between an upper surface of the foot and a lower surface of each flange.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: Houston Engineering Solutions, LLC
    Inventor: Mahmod Samman
  • Patent number: 9644152
    Abstract: A bottom fraction of a product of a hydrocatalytic reaction is gasified to generate hydrogen for use in further hydrocatalytic reactions. In one embodiment, an overhead fraction of the hydrocatalytic reaction is further processed to generate higher molecular weight compounds. In another embodiment, a product of the further processing is separated into a bottom fraction and an overhead fraction, where the bottom fraction is also gasified to generate hydrogen for use in further hydrocatalytic reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Andries Quirin Maria Boon, Joseph Broun Powell, Lamar Lane Joffrion, Kimberly Ann Johnson, Hubert Willem Schenck
  • Patent number: 9644151
    Abstract: A bottom fraction of a product of a hydrocatalytic reaction is gasified to generate hydrogen for use in further hydrocatalytic reactions. In one embodiment, one or more volatile organic compounds is also vaporized using heat generated in the gasification process. In one embodiment, an overhead fraction of the hydrocatalytic reaction is further processed to generate higher molecular weight compounds. In another embodiment, a product of the further processing is separated into a bottom fraction and an overhead fraction, where the bottom fraction is also gasified to generate hydrogen for use in further hydrocatalytic reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Joseph Broun Powell, Lamar Lane Joffrion, Todd Paul Peltier, Kimberly Ann Johnson, Thomas Lamar Flowers, Franklin Eugene Caputo, Hubert Willem Schenck, Andries Quinn Boon, Molly Gilchrest
  • Patent number: 9643902
    Abstract: Embodiments of an invention disclosed herein relate to processes utilizing solvent extraction to remove nitrogen containing compounds and optionally other components from feedstreams of olefins and paraffins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Georges M. K. Mathys, Marc P. H. Puttemans, Geraldine Tosin, Eddy T. Van Driessche, Paul Hamilton, Marcel J. G. Janssen
  • Patent number: 9637421
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a process for producing an octadiene from 2,7-octadienyl formate in an industrially useful manner in which palladium can maintain its catalytic activity for a long period of time. More specifically, the present invention relates to a process for producing an octadiene which includes the steps of continuously adding 2,7-octadienyl formate into a reaction system in which a mixture of a palladium compound, a tertiary organophosphorus compound and a solvent is present; and subjecting the 2,7-octadienyl formate to reaction while continuously distilling off a reaction product containing the resulting octadiene out of the reaction system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: KURARAY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Osamu Nakayama, Junichi Fuji, Masaki Shimizu
  • Patent number: 9631146
    Abstract: Solid base catalysts and their use for the base-catalyzed depolymerization (BCD) of lignin to compounds such as aromatics are presented herein. Exemplary catalysts include layered double hydroxides (LDHs) as recyclable, heterogeneous catalysts for BCD of lignin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Gregg T. Beckham, Mary J. Biddy, Stephen C. Chmely, Matthew Sturgeon
  • Patent number: 9624442
    Abstract: A method of treating tall oil pitch. In the present method, part of the fatty acids and the resin acids are released from their sterol esters and wood alcohol esters and converted into methanol esters or ethanol esters. The transesterified products are removed from the pitch by evaporation and then condensed, and by hydrogenating the generated condensate the acids are decarboxylated and the double bonds are satisfied. It is possible to use the present method to produce automotive fuel from tall oil pitch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: FORCHEM OYJ
    Inventors: Juhani Saviainen, Mikko Rintola, Timo Saarenko