Abstract: A cryogenic storage system affords dense packing and easy access to individually identified storage packets of frozen fluid, such as blood, by storing the storage packets in an array of individually identified vertically movable racks, each containing a stack of individually identified storage packets, within a grid beneath the opening of a cryogenic tank. Preferably, the storage packets are substantially flat and the racks hold the storage packets in vertical edge-to-edge relationship.
Abstract: A system for cooling fluid stored in a generally cylindrical container is disclosed. The system includes a generally cylindrical hollow coil element having an engaged orientation for engaging the container and at least one disengaged orientation in which the container is disengaged. The hollow coil element is configured to provide thermal engagement between a refrigerant fluid located interiorly thereof and the container when the hollow coil element is in the engaged orientation. The hollow coil element includes at least one elongate hollow element with a nonuniform generally spiral configuration, wherein the spiral defines a plurality of turns of the elongate hollow element. There is also disclosed a system for cooling gaseous fluid stored in a selectably disengageable container.
January 9, 1991
Date of Patent:
June 30, 1992
Lordan & Co.
Hugo Zorea, Ami Kotler, Uri Tyroler, Chaim Brody
Abstract: A dehumidifier in the form of a circular or a multisides for intaking the wet air from at least three sides of the lower portion and blowing the dehumidified air out of only one direction of the upper portion to occur the convection circulating of the air flow to enhance the dehumidifying effect.
Abstract: A heat exchange system for a supersonic flight vehicle. A first conduit connects the gas (e.g., helium) exit of a compressor of a gas-driven turbocompressor to the gas inlet of a turbine of the turbocompressor, and a second conduit connects the gas outlet to the turbine to the gas entrance of the compressor. The first conduit has a portion positioned near a hotter temperature region (e.g., the combustor wall) and the second conduit has a portion positioned near a colder temperature region (e.g., the fuel region) of the flight vehicle. The temperature difference self powers the turbocompressor which can transfer large amounts of heat and which is hermetically-sealed in a housing against gas leaks.
Abstract: An apparatus for cooling various types of heating sources in vacuum, wherein the heating source is adapted to be electronically cooled by the cooling portion thereof with the Pelter effect disposed in the vacuum by the feeding of the current from a DC power supply into a circuit formed by the use of the thermoelectric materials, resulting in that the response speed of the cooling may be improved, and the pollution within the vacuum portion may be prevented.
August 1, 1989
Date of Patent:
December 10, 1991
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd., Hajime Ishimaru
Abstract: An industrial electronics air conditioner has a cabinet with top, bottom, side and end panels, an electromechanical refrigeration system within the cabinet, an easily removable elongate condenser blower and motor module which comes out and goes in transversely when a side panel is removed, an easily removable evaporator blower and motor module having a centrifugal blower wheel and manual latches for retention to and removal from an end panel, a unique improved structure of intersecting interior barriers defining air outlet plenums and crossing hot ambient and cooled load outlets, and unique corrugated plastic exhaust ducting for exhausting hot ambient air to the outside of an electronics enclosure. A method of installing the air conditioner within the enclosure is also provided.
July 16, 1990
Date of Patent:
December 3, 1991
McLean Midwest Corporation
David E. Thielman, Dennis E. Welch, Theodore P. Bezat
Abstract: A cleanable condensate trap usable with an air cooling system is disclosed. The condensate trap includes a U-shaped tube having first and second ends and a first T-shaped tube having first, second and third legs with the first leg being attached to the first end of the U-shaped tube. The second leg of the first T-shaped tube is connected to, for example, a drain tube which removes condensate from an air-handling portion of air cooling system. The third leg of the first T-shaped tube includes an opening whereby a cleaning device, such as brush, can be inserted into the U-shaped tube to remove material clogging the U-shaped tube. In order to detect a clogged condition of the U-shaped tube, the U-shaped tube can be made clear or transparent. Additionally, a switching device can be included in the third leg of the first T-shaped tube which can be operatively attached to a circuit which provides power to the air cooling system.
Abstract: A cooling vessel for beverages that has an inner wall surrounded by an outer wall that is spaced therefrom to form a chamber that is filled with a refrigerant. The refrigerant functions to insulate the interior of the vessel from its outer walls, thus keeping its contents cold and keeping condensation off the outer surface of the vessel. The cooling vessel may be made of heavy plastic material that makes it unbreakable even after quick temperature changes. The cooling vessel may be designed to have the outer configuration of a mug, a glass, a pitcher, a baby bottle, etc.
Abstract: An artificial snowfall system comprises a snowfall room (2) in which are properly disposed a snow catching element (4) made of materials excellent in gas permeability and an atomizer unit (8) for ejecting atomized particles of liquid into the room (2). The atomized particles are frozen by heat exchange with ambient air within the room (2). The ambient air is kept at a temperature of below a freezing point of the liquid and forms an air flow passing through the snow catching element (4). The air flow causes the frozen particles to be deposited on one side of the catching element (4) to form a snow layer thereon. A beater element (9) for beating the other side of the catching element (4) is oppositely disposed from the other side to have the snow layer separated from the catching element (4). The thus separated snow layer creates artificial snowfall in the room (2).
Abstract: A freshener device for air for use in a refrigerator or freezer compartment for replacing an unwanted odor with a food or fruit-like scent. A process therefor is also provided. The device includes a perforated front plate and a perforated rear plate and a peripheral plate enclosing a chamber containing a selected particle mixture of about a 5 percent food or fruit extract, about 47 percent carbon filter type particles and about 48 percent sodium carbonate particles. The rear plate has a support and attachment means for mounting the device on an inner surface of a refrigerator or freezer wall and spaced therefrom.
Abstract: An absorption refrigeration system having absorber and generator elements and a solution pump flowing relatively dilute refrigeration solution from a system absorber sub-atmospheric operating pressure to a system generator operating pressure is provided with novel low-pressure-differential, positive-displacement purge pump apparatus that is driven by bleed relatively dilute refrigeration solution taken from the solution pump high-pressure side, flowed through a coiled tube flow restrictor device to substantially reduce bleed solution operating pressure, and then through an inverted vertical U-tube that includes a V-shaped entrapment zone that receives un-wanted, non-condensed gases purged from the system absorber element.
Abstract: A system for cooling comestibles is provided in multiple tiers of relatively shallow trays or receptacles vertically spaced apart at close intervals and mounted in a rack, in combination with one or more hollow wands containing refrigerant. Each wand is configured to have a longitudinally grooved immersible section which is insertible through narrow spaces between trays into material to be chilled. A reservoir for refrigerant extends from one end of the wand to the other. The wand can be periodically or continuously manipulated in twirling, revolving and translating motions which simultaneously mix the food and agitate the refrigerant so that the refrigerant circulates within the interior of the wand and quickly cools the food.
Abstract: A heatbox is disclosed. The heatbox comprises a compressor having a discharge valve and a suction valve, a housing having a top and a bottom on to which the compressor is disposed, a evaporizer having a bottom and a middle and being vertically disposed next to the compressor in the housing, a fourth loop pipe connecting the evaporizer to the suction valve of the compressor, a fan disposed in the housing opposite the evaporizer, a heat exchanger having an input valve and being disposed near the top of the housing, above the compressor and having a third loop pipe connecting the discharge valve of the compressor to the input valve of the heat exchanger, a water expansion valve, a dryer having a top and a bottom to which a first pipe runs while a second pipe runs from the top of the dryer to the expansion valve and a pair of fifth and sixth pipes connecting to the bottom and the middle of the evaporizer.
Abstract: Method of cooling electrical components, especially electronic components, involving evacuation of the calories produced by said components (2) to an outside medium (5) via one or more thermal loops, whereby intermediate heat exchange steps are provided totransfer the calories produced by said electrical components directly or indirectly to the liquid coolant of a refrigerating machine,transfer the calories previously yielded to said liquid coolant to said outside medium (5) whose temperature may be higher than or equal to the operating temperature of said electrical components. An application to automotive vehicle-borne electrical components is described.
Abstract: A refrigerator including: storage chambers formed inside a thermal insulation box having generally rectangular horizontal cross section, said chambers having a duct provided at one rear corner of respective chamber for communication with the rear space behind the storage chambers where cold air is generated by a heat exchanger of the refrigeration unit; rotatable round shelves in the storage chambers; a lamp provided at the other rear corner of the storage chamber; and door pockets provided on the inner surface of the doors, said door pockets extending to front corner space in the storage chambers.
Abstract: In an air conditioner with ventilating means having a port provided at a partition wall dividing a bulkhead of the air conditioner into the inside and outside sections, and a blower for recirculating the indoor air. The ventilating means according to the invention comprise throttle means provided at the port to selectively opening the port by halves and close the port entirely; air introducing means provided at the throttle means for directing the recirculated indoor air stream to flow against thereby causing the outdoor air to be introduced from the port; and adjusting means connected to the throttle means to selectively position the throttle means between the open and close positions.
Abstract: A cooling system for a stirling engine, a cooler composed of thermoelectric heat pump for transferring heat by electric energy, to cooling pipes which are connected from power chamber to regenerator, a cooling chamber disposed around the cooler, and an air pre-heater disposed at a side of combustion chamber, whereby the operating fluid of engine is cooled by utilizing the thermoelectric heat pump so that circulation of continuous cooling water is not required and heat taken out of the operating fluid is made to use for the pre-heating of the air to be fed to the combustion chamber.
Abstract: A pipe for a cooling unit comprises an outer pipe, and an inner pipe shorter than the outer pipe and located at an evaporating portion in the outer pipe, a circulation gap being defined between the inner wall surface of the outer pipe and the outer wall surface of the inner pipe and leading from one end to the other end of the inner pipe, whereby working liquid is permitted to boil up continuously and stably in the evaporating portion even uder a low temperature flow of working liquid.
Abstract: A cold storage system installed in a reservoir on the ground whose atmospheric temperature becomes 0.degree. C. or less in winter season comprises at least one heat exchanger having one end located in the water stored in the reservoir and the other end located in the atmosphere and for performing one-direction heat transfer in such a manner as to absorb heat from the water of the reservoir and emit it into the atmosphere, and a hold member for holding the heat exchanger in the reservoir.