Abstract: A messaging system for determining whether a wireless message has been transmitted includes a wireless transmitter, a messaging controller and a transmission monitor. The transmission monitor receives all wireless messages transmitted by the transmitter and provides them to the messaging controller for comparison with message requests that were sent to the transmitter by the messaging controller. If a particular wireless message has not been received by the transmission monitor and fed back to the messaging controller within a predetermined amount of time, the messaging controller triggers at least one controlling action such as re-sending the message request to the transmitter, switching channels in the transmitter or notifying a system administrator.
Abstract: Wireless communications systems, radio frequency identification devices, wireless communications methods, and radio frequency identification device communications methods are described. In one aspect, a wireless communications system includes a reader configured to output a plurality of wireless signals including different modulation frequencies and to receive a plurality of second wireless signals, a plurality of communication devices configured to receive the first wireless signals and to output the second wireless signals using backscatter modulation and wherein the communication devices are individually configured to respond to one of the first wireless signals having a first modulation frequency at a first moment in time and to respond to one of the first wireless signals having a second modulation frequency different than the first modulation frequency at a second moment in time.
Abstract: A passive transponder including an integrated sensor is disclosed. The transponder receives an interrogation signal from a scanner, and is operable to transmit identification information and body characteristic information to a scanner. The scanner is operable to receive the identification and body characteristic information and display and/or store the information. The sensor is integrated into the transponder. If temperature is to be sensed, the transponder determines the temperature of the host using the temperature dependent characteristics of the P-N junction of the integrated circuit.
Abstract: An anti-theft system comprises a digital code in a key ring. The code is transmitted to a client box installed in a car. The box analyses the code and, in the case of theft, transmits a distress signal to a police car. The police car is equipped with a receiver and a display to display information concerning the stolen vehicle. The police officer can stop the stolen vehicle or can use a switch on the police car unit that sends a signal to a receiver in the client box and thus turns off the fuel pump of the car.
Abstract: One embodiment of the present invention provides a receiver for processing communication information included in transmissions received from a number of cordless devices. Another embodiment of the present invention provides a method for processing communication information included in transmissions received from a number of cordless devices. Another embodiment of the present invention provides a method for communicating status information from a cordless device to a corresponding driver running on a host system. Another embodiment of the present invention provides a method for processing digital information included in a transmission from a composite cordless device.
August 31, 2000
Date of Patent:
March 21, 2006
Logitech Europe S.A.
Olivier F. Bodenmann, Pierre H. Chênes, Philippe Junod
Abstract: The active transponder is intended for several applications or to operate in various modes requiring different levels of security. Security is controlled by varying the maximum communication distance to a reader. The active transponder includes a battery (2) powering the various electronic circuits amplifying component (8), a module (4) forming a demodulator for the incoming signals, and a component for validating the data comprised in the signals, and a data processing unit (10). The unit includes circuit (12) for controlling the maximum communication distance between the transponder and a reader transmitting signals at a determined power. Circuit (12) sends a security signal (S1, S2) respectively to the data validating component and/or to the signal amplifying component. This signal is used either to control the value of the reference value of the validating component, or to vary the gain of the amplifying component to vary the maximum communication distance.
Abstract: Building monitoring and control systems including bi-directional radio frequency links between master and remote units wherein the remote units operate in a low power, non-receiving state a majority of the time is disclosed. The bi-directional capability allows coordinated scheduling which aids in allowing the remote units to transmit data only at periodic time intervals to extend battery life. The bi-directional capabilities also allow for re-read requests for alarm validation and for putting remote units in armed and disarmed states for power conservation.
Abstract: A self-identifying integrated circuit contains a primary function circuit and an immutable, unique identification code, which is presented at an output port thereof upon demand by, an external circuit. The unique identification code may be an N bit digital number or may be a response signal to an interrogating excitation signal. The circuitry to store the unique identification code is fabricated on a microscopic scale such as by a direct-write laser forward transfer of material process or by a laser ablation of select material process. The identification storage means may be disposed on a package substrate or on an integrated circuit die and is permanently encased within the integrated circuit package so as to be protected from alteration by external means.
Abstract: An efficient method and a system for controlling access to a location secured by a lock mechanism controlled by a lock control unit, which may provide a high degree of flexibility and a high level of security. The method includes the steps of storing a first access code in the lock control unit, the first access code being indicative of a predetermined access right to the location, and storing a plurality of access codes including a second access code in an electronic key device. Using the electronic key device, access to the location is requested by initiating transmission of the second access code to the lock control unit where the transmitted second access code is compared with the first access code and, if the first access code corresponds to the second access code, operation of the lock mechanism is initiated. The user can edit and rearrange the plurality of access codes to obtain access to a plurality of locations.
Abstract: A method is provided for monitoring a well. In a described embodiment, the method uses annulus pressure to communicate between a downhole system and a remote location. The method may use intermittent electrical power generated by changes in annulus pressure to power the downhole system. Various sensors and well tools may be monitored and actuated by the downhole system, and acquired data may be transmitted to the remote location.
February 13, 2002
Date of Patent:
March 14, 2006
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
Neal G. Skinner, Michael L. Fripp, Roger L. Schultz
Abstract: A one way direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) communications wide-area network is the data collection channel (uplink) of an automatic meter reading (AMR) system, and a paging network, or other suitable communication channel is the optional forward (downlink) channel. The communications network may include one-way meter modules (transmitters) each communicatively coupled to a corresponding electric, gas or water utility meter, and may include two-way meter modules (transceivers) each coupled to such a corresponding utility meter. The meter modules monitor, store, encode and periodically transmit metering data via radio signals (air messages) in an appropriate RF channel. Metering data air messages are collected by a network of receiver Base Stations (BS) and forwarded to a Data Operations Center (DOC), which acts as a metering data gateway.
Abstract: A one-way direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) communications wide-area network is used as the data collection channel (uplink) of an automatic meter reading (AMR) application and a paging network, or other suitable downlink network, is used as an optional forward (downlink) channel in a cost-effective manner. The network is simple to deploy, highly scalable and modular. It offers a wide range of service options, from basic daily meter readings to advanced applications based on interval consumption data, to full two-way applications, while keeping the system's deployment and ongoing costs proportional to the service options and capacity requirements selected for various segments of the meter population. A high-output-power meter module is introduced, which provides significant benefits when operating on the network.
Abstract: A method and system for optimizing an interrogation of a tag population that includes a plurality of tags, wherein each of the plurality of tags is assigned a tag address includes determining a tag population size; selecting one of a plurality of efficiency profiles that matches the determined tag population size; and defining a plurality of interrogation read cycles according to the selected efficiency profile.
Abstract: A holder for holding at least one image bearing medium, with each at least one image bearing medium having a radio frequency transponder associated therewith, the holder having a holding body to receive and hold at least one image bearing medium an antenna and a radio frequency communication circuit operable to sense a first electromagnetic signal transmitted by the remote reader, generate a second electromagnetic signal in the holding body with the second electromagnetic signal adapted to cause the radio frequency transponders associated with said at least one medium held by the holding body to respond with electromagnetic signals that can be used to identify the mediums within the holding body, wherein the radio frequency communication circuit further transmits electromagnetic signals that can be used to identify the mediums within the holding body to the remote reader.
November 21, 2003
Date of Patent:
March 7, 2006
Eastman Kodak Company
Roger S. Kerr, Timothy J. Tredwell, Badhri Narayan, Eric J. Donaldson, Sarat K. Mohapatra
Abstract: A dual purpose key fob has manipulable keys for, in a normal mode, locking and unlocking a vehicle and keys for opening a vehicle trunk and activating a panic alarm and, in a training mode, for sending code signals to tire pressure sensors to tell the sensors what tire they are in, e.g., after wheel rotation, so that the sensors subsequently can transmit the proper location signals to the vehicle's ECM along with the pressure signals.
Abstract: A method of rapidly identifying RFID tags in an RFID system including a reader and a plurality of RFID tags, the tags having respective IDs formed of a plurality of bit locations, the method comprising determining in the reader which bit locations do not add to the uniqueness of the IDs of the tags; and ignoring data in bit locations that do not add to the uniqueness of the IDs of the tags. An RFID system comprising a plurality of RFID tags, the tags having respective IDs formed of a plurality of bit locations; and an RFID reader configured to communicate with the RFID tags, the reader being configured to determine which bit locations do not add to the uniqueness of the IDs of the tags, and to ignore data in bit locations that do not add to the uniqueness of the IDs of the tags.
Abstract: A method and system is disclosed for allowing users to consolidate a large number electronic keys (for operating mechanical locks) in electronic key assemblies. These electronic keys are easily duplicated, added to, removed, backed up, or upgraded. The electronic key assemblies are also more resistant to tampering. The lock assembly and electronic key designs taught by the invention are customizable to meet various security needs. The lock assembly includes a transmitter and a receiver operatively coupled to an electronic circuit in communication with a store for keys. The electronic circuit is also coupled to the mechanical levers for operating the lock assembly. The electronic key assembly also has its transmitter, receiver, a control circuit and a user interface for selecting a particular electronic key password.
Abstract: An improved electronic lock system is provided for use with real estate lock boxes where there is the need for many people to access the secured compartment of the lock box in a controlled manner. Each user has an identification card with a non-volatile secure memory (known as a “smart card”), for exchanging data with the lock box, and with a portable computer capable of reading data from the smart card; or a cell phone can be used to gain access information from a central computer. The user first inserts the smart card into the connector attached to the lock box; the lock box reads the user's ID stored in the smart card memory and records this information in lock box memory. The lock box then transfers its access code information and other data to the smart card for further processing. The user then inserts the smart card in a portable card reader to learn the access code, or calls a central computer via a mobile phone system and interacts with the computer to elicit the necessary access code information.
Abstract: A terminal for generating an electromagnetic field adapted to communicating with at least one transponder, and a method for controlling such a terminal including: an oscillating circuit adapted to being excited by a remote supply signal of the transponder; an amplitude demodulator for detecting possible data transmitted by the transponder; circuitry for regulating the signal phase in the terminal's oscillating circuit on a reference value; circuitry for measuring variables linked to the current in the oscillating circuit and to the voltage thereacross; and circuitry for comparing current values of these variables to predetermined values, to determine the presence of a transponder.
Abstract: A vehicle remote control system includes a remote transmitter to be carried by a user for selectively transmitting signals, and a controller for receiving the signals. The controller includes outputs and is switchable between first and second output operating states. In the first output operating state, the controller operates a first output based upon a first occurrence of receiving a first signal from the remote transmitter, and operates a second output based upon a second occurrence of receiving the first signal from the remote transmitter within a predetermined time of the first occurrence thereof.