Abstract: The subject of the present invention is an arrangement for switching on a two-way switch of a converter module. A power generation device for providing electric power for switching on the two-way switch is provided that is suitable for converting electromagnetic radiation into electrical power. There is also described a converter module for a modular multi-level converter having the arrangement and a method for producing operational standby for a converter module having a two-way switch.
November 21, 2016
Date of Patent:
January 19, 2021
Rodrigo Alonso Alvarez Valenzuela, Joerg Dorn, Herbert Gambach, Frank Schremmer
Abstract: An electronic trip unit is for a low-voltage circuit breaker of a three-phase AC circuit. The electronic trip unit includes a housing with a front, rear, left-hand, right-hand, top and bottom face; a controller to compare current measurement values of the three-phase AC circuit with at least one of current limit values, current period limit values and time period limit values and to output a tripping signal, for interrupting the three-phase AC circuit, upon the values being exceeded. The electronic trip unit further includes a receptacle to provide a connection between the electronic trip unit and the module, the module being receivable by the left-hand, right-hand, top or bottom side face of the housing. At least one function of the electronic trip unit is activated upon the module being received. The front face of the housing includes a viewing window. At least a portion of a received module is visible.
Abstract: According to an embodiment, a power source circuit includes a switching element that is connected between an input terminal and an output terminal, a driving circuit that supplies a PWM driving signal to the switching element, a first control path that integrates a differential voltage between an output voltage and a reference voltage to output a first control signal, a second control path that converts the differential voltage into a digital signal to output a second control signal, and a PWM signal generation circuit that generates a PWM signal dependent on the first and second control signals.
Abstract: Systems, devices and methods are provided herein for measuring a junction temperature of a transistor. A system includes a power inverter configured to supply power to a load, the power inverter including the transistor that is configured to switch between an on-state and an off-state and generate a load current during the on-state; a current sensor configured to measure the load current; a voltage transit slope detection circuit configured to determine a voltage transit slope corresponding to a voltage across the transistor during a turn-off period of the transistor during which the transistor is in the off-state; and a processing unit configured to determine the junction temperature of the transistor based on the measured load current and the determined voltage transit slope.
Abstract: A power device driving method and a driving circuit for a switching circuit having a main switching transistor, a synchronous rectifier, and an inductive element. When a switching signal indicates that the synchronous rectifier is turned from on to off and the main switching transistor is turned from off to on, a gate voltage of the synchronous rectifier is pulled down to be lower than a threshold voltage of the synchronous rectifier and higher than zero voltage by a body effect of a MOS transistor, and timing is started. When detecting that a gate voltage of the main switching transistor rises to a first voltage or the timing reaches a first time, the gate voltage of the synchronous rectifier is pulled down to the zero voltage.
Abstract: Apparatus and associated methods relate to generating isolated DC power using a Faraday shielded transformer coupled with an AC/DC power converter. First and second Faraday shields are configured to attenuate capacitive coupling between primary and secondary windings of the Faraday shielded transformer. The first Faraday shield is conductively coupled to a first DC node of the AC/DC power converter. The second Faraday shield is conductively coupled to a second DC node of the AC/DC power converter. In some embodiments, the first and second Faraday shields are associated with the primary and secondary windings, respectively, of the transformer. In some embodiments, two such DC power sources can be used to provide operating power for a circlotron amplifier.
Abstract: A power converter includes a power converting circuit, an output current control circuit, a high-voltage control circuit, a low-voltage control circuit, and a driving circuit. The power converting circuit receives and converts a HV dc voltage from a HV side to a LV dc voltage to a LV side. The output current control circuit is configured to detect an output current and output a first control signal. The high-voltage control circuit is configured to detect the HV dc voltage and output a second control signal. The low-voltage control circuit is configured to detect the LV dc voltage and output a third control signal selectively according to the LV dc voltage, or the LV dc voltage and the first control signal, or the LV dc voltage and the second control signal. The driving voltage outputs a driving signal to drive the power converting circuit according to the third control signal.
Abstract: A voltage regulator includes a first transistor including a first terminal to receive an input voltage and a second transistor including a first terminal coupled to a second terminal of the first transistor. A charge pump couples to the second transistor and to an output voltage node. An amplifier receives a feedback voltage derived from the output voltage and generates a control signal to gates of the transistors. Responsive to the input voltage being more than a threshold larger than the output voltage, the amplifier maintains the second transistor off and the first transistor on such that current flows through the first transistor to the output voltage node but not the second transistor. Responsive to the input voltage being less than the threshold amount, the amplifier operates the first transistor in a triode mode and turns on the second transistor to provide current to the charge pump.
August 8, 2018
Date of Patent:
December 29, 2020
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED
Vadim Valerievich Ivanov, Srinivas K. Pulijala, Siva Kumar Sudani
Abstract: A conversion device includes a primary side circuit, a secondary side circuit, a transformer, and a control circuit. The primary side circuit includes a primary side switch and is configured to receive an input voltage. The secondary side circuit outputs an output voltage to a load. The transformer comprises a primary winding and a secondary winding, the primary winding is electrically coupled to the primary side circuit and the secondary winding electrically coupled to the secondary side circuit. The control circuit is configured to control a peak value of the current flowing through the primary side switch, to be limited in a band range.
Abstract: A switching regulator configured to generate an output voltage based on an input voltage is provided. The switching regulator includes: an inductor; and a capacitor circuit configured to generate the output voltage by charging an inductor current passing through the inductor from the input voltage, provide a first capacitance as a load capacitance based on the output voltage being a first level or a second level, and provide a second capacitance, which is less than the first capacitance, as the load capacitance based on the output voltage being between the first level to the second level.
Abstract: The present disclosure provides a high-voltage interlock system and a detection method thereof. The high-voltage interlock system includes a target control device and at least one non-target control device connected in sequence. The target control device includes a detection unit, a current generation controller, a current generator, and a second high-voltage component. A controller in the target control device generates a pulse drive signal for driving the current generation controller, receives a detection result signal output from a current detector, and determines a fault of a high-voltage interlock circuit according to the detection result signal; the current generation controller generates an alternating voltage signal according to the pulse drive signal; the current generator outputs an alternating current signal according to the alternating voltage signal; the current detector acquires a voltage signal across a detection resistor set and outputs the detection result signal.
Abstract: An on-board charger includes input ports, output ports, an AC-DC converter, an isolated DC-DC converter, a first filter, and a second filter. The first filter is connected to the input ports. The first filter includes a first common mode choke coil, a first across-the-line capacitor, and first line bypass capacitors. The second filter is connected between the isolated DC-DC converter and each of the output ports. The second filter includes a second common mode choke coil and second line bypass capacitors.
Abstract: A power conversion circuit includes a switching circuit, a resonant circuit, a rectifying circuit, a controller and a transformer including a primary winding and a secondary winding. The resonant circuit is electrically coupled to the switching circuit and the primary winding. The rectifying circuit is electrically coupled to the secondary winding. The controller is electrically coupled to the switching circuit and the rectifying circuit and configured to selectively output one of a frequency modulation signal and a pulse width modulation signal as a second control signal according to a working frequency of a first control signal.
Abstract: A semiconductor circuit includes a reference voltage generating circuit which generates a first reference voltage; a voltage control circuit which receives the first reference voltage from the reference voltage generating circuit to output a second reference voltage; a DC-DC conversion circuit which executes DC-DC conversion on the basis of the second reference voltage which is output from the voltage control circuit, and provides an output thereof to a first node; and a voltage regulator which executes voltage regulating on the basis of the first reference voltage which is output from the reference voltage generating circuit, and a voltage of the first node, and provides an output thereof to a second node.
Abstract: An RF power limiter and ESD protection circuit has a set of two CMOS FETs each configured to perform a diode function with a defined forward voltage and arranged in an anti-parallel configuration and coupled between the input terminal and the ground terminal. When an RF signal is applied symmetrically to the input terminal and ground terminal it becomes symmetrically attenuated when the signal level exceeds the defined forward voltage of the diode configured CMOS FETs. In the ESD protection mode one of the CMOS FETs acts as a grounded gate NMOS transistor with SCR action to provide for mitigation of voltage and current over-stress of transistors utilized in RF transceiver circuits. Generally, the circuit architectures allow input power levels to be limited to an extent that reliable operation can be maintained.
November 29, 2019
Date of Patent:
December 1, 2020
Oleksandr Gorbachov, Lisette L. Zhang, Stephen Milkovits
Abstract: A magnetic integrated device is disclosed, the device includes: a first magnetic core base and a second magnetic core base that are parallel and a first magnetic core column, a second magnetic core column, and a third magnetic core column that are located between the first magnetic core base and the second magnetic core base; and a first winding, a second winding, and a third winding are wound on the first magnetic core column, the second magnetic core column, and the third magnetic core column respectively in a same manner to form a closed magnetic flux loop, where the first winding, the second winding, and the third winding are separately used for connecting to a branch of a three-phase parallel circuit, and in all branches of the three-phase parallel circuit, values of currents are the same, and a difference between each two current phases is 120 degrees.
Abstract: An inverter system includes an inverter controller and at least one surge protection device. The inverter controller is configured to operate multiple switches to provide an alternating current to an output. The at least one surge protection device is configured to limit a voltage on a direct current link of the inverter. The at least one surge protection device includes a variable resistance component coupled to the direct current link of the inverter, a sensing resistor selectively connected in parallel to the variable resistance component by a switching component, a detection device configured to measure a parameter of the sensing resistor, and a control circuit including failure sensing logic configured to detect a failure in the variable resistance component in response to information from the variable resistance component and information from the detection device for the parameter of the sensing resistor.
Abstract: A system for improving a power factor (PF) of a power converter in signal communication with a rectifier and an electromagnetic interference capacitor is disclosed. The system includes a controller and a threshold detector. The threshold detector is configured to measure and compare a rectified voltage against a threshold voltage and the controller is configured to set the power converter to a stop-mode. The power converter is set to the stop-mode at a stop-time that is less than a first zero-crossing time. The controller is further configured to set the power converter to a run-mode at a time that is past the first zero-crossing time.
Abstract: An over-voltage comparator and shutdown circuit for a power converter, comprising at least a first voltage divider connected between ground and a monitored voltage, the voltage divider including a first resistor and a second resistor, a switch mode regulator connected to a primary switch of the power converter, and a first threshold comparator, wherein a monitored input of the first threshold comparator is connected between the first resistor and the second resistor, an anode of the first threshold comparator is connected to ground, and a cathode of the first threshold comparator is connected to the switch mode regulator, and wherein the monitored voltage is voltage at an end of a primary winding of the power converter. An auxiliary output circuit of the power converter may be provided having a first output providing the monitored voltage and a second output providing power to the switch mode regulator.
January 14, 2019
Date of Patent:
November 17, 2020
Robert Pearce, George B. Yundt, Lee Gray
Abstract: In one embodiment, a controller for a power supply may be configured to operate as a quasi-resonant controller while operating in a discontinuous current mode and to operate as one of a pulse width or pulse frequency modulation controller while operating in a continuous current mode. The controller may have an embodiment that varies a frequency of the switching drive signal around a center frequency while operating in the continuous current mode, and varies a value of a current sense signal but not vary the frequency of the switching drive signal around a center frequency while operating in the discontinuous current mode.