Abstract: An emergency safety device is provided for an automatic seat belt system. The safety device includes switch means for actuating an electrical drive means so as to bring the webbing to an occupant-releasing position when an associated door is opened while the webbing is at the occupant-restraining position; and means for sensing an emergency, thereby to prevent mechanically the switch means from actuating the electrical drive means and to hold the webbing as is at an occupant-restraining position even if the door should open.
Abstract: An axle-to-beam connection for a vehicle having a beam type suspension system is disclosed. The beam-to-axle connection includes an axle connection, a beam connection and a resilient member located therebetween. The resilient member forms a continuous path between the axle connection and the beam connection such that the axle connection and the beam connection do not directly interface at any point. The axle connection includes a saddle plate, which retains the axle, and a pair of extension plates which are connectable to the saddle plate and extend down along both sides of the beam. The resilient member is of a non-uniform shape and thickness and includes a continuum of loci which is designed and shaped so that each locus assumes its fair share, but not more, of the torsional, vertical and horizontal forces exerted on the resilient member during operation of the vehicle.
Abstract: A mechanism for releasing a latch of a door covering an air bag container having a latching unit provided on an air bag door attached through a hinge to an instrument panel of a vehicle at the opposite side to the hinge, a cylinder body mounted near a latching lever in the latching unit and set in an attitude that the latching lever is operated in a latch releasing direction in case of releasing the latching unit by a rod telescoped in the cylinder, an air bag inflater formed with other passage for introducing part of gas generated in the inflater out of the air bag, the other passage being connectd to a vacant chamber at the opposite side to the rod of the cylinder. Since the mechanism releases the latch of the door by operating the cylinder unit by means of gas generated from the inflater, the air bag door can be opened simultaneously at the time of inflation of the air bag. In case of an inspection, the air bag door may sufficiently be opened, but may not be disassembled.
Abstract: A steering system for the front and rear wheels of an automotive vehicle comprises a front wheel steering mechanism having an output shaft, a rear wheel steering mechanism having an input shaft coupled to the output shaft, an output member for steering the rear wheels, and a motion converting mechanism for converting rotation of the input shaft to movement of the output member, a vehicle speed sensor, and a control unit connected to the vehicle speed sensor for controlling operation of the motion converting mechanism dependent on the vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed sensor.
Abstract: A suspension for an automobile is provided with a suspension arm for supporting an axle carrier. The suspension arm includes a pair of rigid arms disposed spaced from each other longitudinally of a car body each of which is pivotably connected on one end thereof to the car body and on the other end to the axle carrier and at least one coupling member stretched between these rigid arms and connected thereto. The coupling member is formed of a plate material and is deformable in a lateral direction parallel to a plane including centers of connection of the rigid arms to the car body and to the axle carrier.
Abstract: A motor vehicle with a pneumatic leveling unit and an electrically operated compressor associated with the leveling unit which is energized only under specific pre-conditions, and with a trunk compartment with trunk lid, wherein the compressor is energized by the opening of the trunk lid, with the internal combustion engine not running, when a minimum level limit value is reached or exceeded.
January 15, 1987
Date of Patent:
August 30, 1988
Wilhelm Bois, Georg Sterler, Martin Dengler
Abstract: An improved and simplified suspension system for a small vehicle such as a golf cart designed to be operated by a single rider in a standing fashion. The front wheels are carried by a single beam type axle that is pivotal about a central pivot axis. An elastic block front suspension is incorporated for providing a progressively increasing spring rate upon suspension movement. In addition, resilient fore and aft damping devices in the form of U-shaped resilient blocks engage the beam axle and restrain its fore and aft movement.
Abstract: A vehicle suspension system having a suspension member extending in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle body for controlling the longitudinal displacement of a wheel, which comprises a shock absorbing means inclined forward or rearward and a resilient means for defining the resilient characteristics of the suspension member in the longitudinal direction. The resilient characteristics are determined to exhibit soft resilience in the direction of a horizontal component of a reaction force exerted from the inclined shock absorbing means and to exhibit hard resilience in the opposite direction to the horizontal component. According to the present invention, the horizontal component of the reaction force is largely absorbed by the resilient means. Hence, shock due to the horizontal component can be avoided and the riding qualities of the vehicle can be improved. In addition, the movement in the opposite direction to the horizontal component of the reaction force is suppressed by the resilient means.
Abstract: A pillar structure for automobile bodies including an outer panel having a front and rear connecting flanges, an inner panel having a front and rear connecting flanges which are respectively welded to the front and rear connecting flanges of the outer panel to form a structure of closed cross-section, an anchor nut plate having an anchor nut for installing an end of a safety belt and disposed in a space between the outer and inner panels. The outer panel is formed at a front portion with a stepped portion which is adapted to be covered by a side door of the automobile body.
Abstract: A suspension system having a self-contained air lift spring located within the confines of a hanger. A torque beam and axle seat assembly is pivotally supported by the hanger. An axle load air spring is mounted between the torque beam and axle seat assembly and the chassis. The air lift spring is mounted between a fixed wall on the hanger and a movable wall connected to the torque rod and axle seat assembly. The fixed wall is generally vertical and the movable wall projects upwardly with the axis of the lift air spring being generally horizontal.
Abstract: A suspension assembly having a hanger with a stub bolster beam. Gusset bracing and a cross channel member of small cross section provide strength and rigidity and accommodate large vehicle components in the area of the suspension assembly.
Abstract: A support system in accordance with the invention comprises: an oscillating arm (1) having a first end fitted with means (2) for mounting the oscillating arm to pivot relative to the body (6) of a vehicle in a direction which is substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of the vehicle, and having a second end with a wheel bearing support (21) mounted thereon, said wheel bearing support being mounted to swivel about a swivel axis (19) mounted on the oscillating arm; oscillating arm positioning means (46) for maintaining the oscillating arm in a predetermined average position; and means (36) for controlling the orientation of the wheel bearing support (21) about the swivel axis (19).
Abstract: A fluid suspension system is provided for a motor vehicle wheel, the wheel being rotatably mounted on an axle. The fluid suspension system comprises a load arm, an air bellows, and a torque arm. The air bellows is mounted between the load arm and the chassis of the motor vehicle. One end of the load arm supports the axle, the other end of the load arm being attached to the chassis by a first pivot bearing. One end of the torque arm is attached to an axle seat by a second pivot bearing, the other end of the torque arm being attached to the chassis by a third pivot bearing. The torque arm and the load arm extend in the same direction away from the axle. A bearing block is slidably mounted on the torque arm, the bearing block being housed within a slider casing fixed to the chassis. The bearing block and the slider casing are such that the bearing block has substantially no freedom of movement in a direction parallel to the axle.
Abstract: An assembly for releasably restraining a person in a seat of a transport vehicle, includes a vertically oriented channel in the seat, having a substantially semi-circular cross-sectional configuration and an open portion along a substantial length thereof; and a device releasably securable on the person and engageable within the channel for releasably restraining the person in the seat, the device including a jacket-like garment to be worn by the person, the garment including buttons or zippers for releasably securing the garment on the person; a vertically oriented rear strap secured to a central back portion of the garment; a plurality of mushroom-shaped protrusions secured to the rear strap and extendable through the open portion of the channel for slidably engaging within the channel to releasably secure the garment to the seat, each protrusion having a substantially hemispherical head and a stem, each head slidably engaging within the channel and each stem extending through the open portion of the channe
Abstract: A head restraint is provided which includes a body having a flexible body casing, a layer of elastomeric material, a hollw tube, resilient filler within the hollow tube and a reinforcing rod embedded within the resilient filler. An appendage extends from the body and includes a flexible appendage casing which defines an appendage cavity for receiving a reinforcing bar. The appendage also includes a trim molding piece and is adapted for mounting on the rear wall of a pickup truck cab.
Abstract: The invention is an electronic ignition by-pass system for an automobile or other motor vehicle which enables the vehicle's engine to be left running while the vehicle is parked but prevents the vehicle from being driven unless the ignition key is inserted. The system comprises a control box having an on-momentary on-off switch and a plurality of wires connected to various components of the vehicle's electrical system.
Abstract: An independent rear suspension for use on a motor vehicle having a vehicle body includes a knuckle for supporting a wheel rotatably thereon, a trailing arm having one end rigidly coupled to the knuckle and the opposite end adapted to be pivotally mounted on the vehicle body for pivotal movement about a first pivot, a pair of spaced lower arms pivotally mounted on the knuckle, a knuckle arm extending substantially upwardly from the knuckle, and an upper arm having one end pivotally mounted on the knuckle arm by a ball-and-socket joint and the opposite end adapted to be pivotally mounted on the vehicle body for pivotal movement about a second pivot, the second pivot having a central axis, the extension of which passes substantially through the first pivot. The aforesaid one end of the upper arm has a third pivot about which it is pivotally movable, the third pivot having a central axis, the extension of which is substantially parallel to the extension of the central axis of the second pivot.
Abstract: A double link type front suspension system for an automotive vehicle of the front engine front drive type or the four wheel drive type. The suspension system is comprised of upper and lower control arms adapted to connect a steering knuckle to a vehicle body. A shock absorber is disposed generally vertical so that its upper end section is connected to the vehicle body while its lower end section is relatively rotatably connected to the knuckle upper section is made around a straight line (steering axis) passing through a ball joint for connecting the knuckle lower section and the lower control arm, thereby making possible to set the steering axis regardless of the upper control arm.
Abstract: This return tightener comprises a force accumulating device (1) which may be actuated in response to the detection of a sudden deceleration of the vehicle and is connected to a device (2) for driving a device (3) for rotationally actuating a shaft (4) of the winder, the driving device comprising a flexible driving element (9). This tightener is characterized in that the actuating device comprises a split elastically yieldable ring (5) disposed around a portion of the shaft and around which is wound a reserve portion of the flexible driving element (9), and an abutment element (6) is provided interposed between the two edges of the ring (5) to permit a free rotation of this portion of the shaft in this ring in normal operation of the winder.
Abstract: A damper member is disclosed for retaining a torsion rod within cross-beam inverted channel-shaped rear axle. The damper member is normally U-shaped in cross-section having an upwardly opening central bore defined by vertically extending leg portions and a base portion. Upon the damper member being compressed into a D-shaped clearance between the channel and the rod its section is transformed for a U-shape to a C-shape. The unique design of the damper member enables it to be lockingly retained under pressure in the D-shaped clearance.