Patents Examined by Sheldon J Richter
  • Patent number: 7257949
    Abstract: Through stroke control whereby the stroke of a piston is detected and controlled to be equal to a target stroke, the piston is prevented from colliding with a displacer, and the refrigerating performance of a Stirling refrigerator is enhanced. Different target strokes corresponding to different operation conditions of the Stirling refrigerator are stored in a storage portion in a control box, so that a linear motor can be driven with a target stroke that suits the current operation condition. Thus, the piston is prevented from colliding with a displacer, and the refrigerating performance of a Stirling refrigerator is further enhanced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2007
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Katsumi Shimizu, Naoki Nishi, Haruhiko Murakami, Toshiaki Hosono
  • Patent number: 7178502
    Abstract: A balanced rotary cycling machine suitable for use as an internal combustion engine, compressed gas or steam engine, compressor or pump is disclosed herein. The rotor assembly consists of four articulating pistons where the opposite pistons are inter-linked with each other by pivoted rods comprising a parallelogram mechanism and therefore eliminating a need for pivots between pistons. The rotor assembly rotates inside or outside of a circular or non-circular stator depending on the configuration chosen. A variety of mechanisms for shape deformation of four piston assembly during its rotating cycle is also disclosed herein, as well as detailed descriptions of preferred embodiments, including a four cycle internal combustion engine with circular stator, marine engine with polymer parts and a four cycle automobile rotary engine with conventional oil pan. In addition, a method of operation of external rotary combustion engine, employing a high-pressure compressor and an external combustion chamber, is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2007
    Inventor: Paul D. Okulov
  • Patent number: 7155912
    Abstract: The invention relates to an energy storing method and apparatus for use by end-users of energy, such as commercial property owners and operators. The system differs from past systems, insofar as it is not intended to be used by and in connection with energy suppliers, such as large utility and power supply plants and grids. The system preferably relates to the manner in which an end-user of energy can implement energy and costs savings, by using energy storage and time-shifting methods, to control and regulate the consumption of energy in a manner that achieves a cost savings over a period of time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2007
    Inventors: Ben M. Enis, Paul Lieberman
  • Patent number: 7146814
    Abstract: A rotatable micro-machine is comprised of a solvent reservoir, a porous evaporation region and a channel connecting the solvent reservoir to the evaporation region. The evaporation region may be constructed of capillary paths that enable a capillary action which pulls solvent from the channel so as to enable a flow of solvent from the reservoir to the evaporation region through the channel. A rotatable member has portions in communication with the channel so as to be rotated by the flow. In one embodiment, the rotatable member may be a component of a micro-turbine generator. A system may be comprised of the rotatable micro-machine in combination with at least one electrical circuit. The porous region may be positioned to receive heat from the circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2006
    Assignee: Micron Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Terry L. Gilton
  • Patent number: 7131269
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for utilising wave energy. In the method, the reciprocating movement of a water mass (5) in the vicinity of the bottom (6) of a water basin is adapted to actuate a body (2) or its part attached to the bottom of the water basin, the kinetic energy of the body (2) or its part being recovered into an energy reserve (3), and the energy being transferred from the energy reserve to the object of application. The invention also relates to the apparatus (1) used in the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2006
    Assignee: AW-Energy Oy
    Inventor: Rauno Koivusaari
  • Patent number: 7127892
    Abstract: One embodiment of the present invention includes an internal combustion engine with a turbocharger. The turbocharger includes a compressor with an outlet coupled to an intake of the engine and a turbine coupled to an exhaust manifold of the engine. A a turbocharger speed estimate is determined from engine speed and a ratio between inlet and boost pressure for the compressor. The turbocharger speed estimate is further adjusted as a function of compressor boost pressure variation with time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2006
    Assignee: Cummins, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark D. Akins, Dennis King, Todd Slater, Bryan Milburn, Greg Pataky
  • Patent number: 7127896
    Abstract: In an engine cogeneration system in which power generators 5 to 8 are driven by a plurality of engines 1 to 4 to thereby supply electric power to power load 22 of a general household, at the same time, heat produced by cooling each of the engines 1 to 4 and heat generated from the exhaust gas are recovered by heat exchangers 18 and 19 to be stored as hot water into a hot-water tank 20 to supply heat to heat load 21 of the general household, the amount of power to be supplied and of the amount of heat to be supplied are controlled by a number of the engines 1 to 4 and the combustion modes of these engines 1 to 4. This engine cogeneration system can follow both the head demand and power demand in a high efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2006
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Shimada, Kazumasa Ide, Shiro Yamaoka
  • Patent number: 7124587
    Abstract: The invention is a system for heating hydrocarbon flows with three heat exchangers, wherein the first heat exchanger transfers heat from compressed heated air to a pressurized heat exchange fluid; wherein the second heat exchanger transfers heat from the pressurized heat exchange fluid to a hydrocarbon flow and increases the hydrocarbon flow temperature between 50% and 900%; wherein the third heat exchanger receives the pressurized heat exchange fluid from the first heat exchanger and cools the fluid using at least one fan located in the third heat exchanger; and the system also has a vessel to accommodate thermal expansion of the pressurized heat exchange fluid and at least one pump for transporting fluid through the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2006
    Inventors: Jonathan W. Linney, Michael B. Bibb, Timothy Ray Bauer
  • Patent number: 7124582
    Abstract: A method of determining an adjusted boost signal includes determining a steady-state boost for a turbocharger (103, 105) for an internal combustion engine (101). The steady-state boost is adjusted (509, 513) for at least one of current transient speed conditions and current transient load conditions of the internal combustion engine, yielding an adjusted boost signal. The adjusted boost signal is sent (517) to the turbocharger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2006
    Assignee: International Engine Intellectual Property Company, LLC
    Inventor: Michael P. Kennedy
  • Patent number: 7124580
    Abstract: A pre-condenser is provided for condensation of water at sub-zero degree Celsius temperatures. A brine solution is cooled below 0 degrees Celsius and delivered to the pre-condenser. The brine solution contacts the vapors and gases from a scrubber, thereby condensing the vapors without allowing ice formation. A vacuum system connected to the pre-condenser removes the remaining gases from a top portion of the pre-condenser while the brine solution and condensed vapors are removed and recycled through a bottom portion of the pre-condenser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2006
    Assignee: Crown Iron Works Company
    Inventor: Hernan D. Paredes
  • Patent number: 7124585
    Abstract: The present invention provides a scroll-type expander that simultaneously performs expansion and re-heating such that efficient expansion is realized and there is no reduction in efficiency caused by pressure loss occurring during the supply of an working fluid to the scroll-type expander, and that minimizes a difference in temperature between a stationary scroll member and a rotating scroll member, as well as a temperature distribution of a scroll wrap. The present invention also relates to a heat exchange system that uses a scroll-type expander to replace pistons in a conventional reciprocating Stirling engine or refrigerator with a pair of scroll-type compressor and expander such that the heat exchange system may be used as a Stirling engine or refrigerator. The present invention also provides a steam engine, in which a steam turbine in the conventional steam engine (Rankine system) is replaced with a scroll-type expander such that the steam cycle has both a re-heating cycle and a regeneration cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2006
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Machinery & Materials
    Inventors: Young-Min Kim, Dong-Gil Shin, Jang-Hee Lee
  • Patent number: 7117840
    Abstract: A rotary piston machine with a housing forming a prismatic cavity with a cavity wall. The cross section of the prismatic cavity is a cavity oval. A rotary piston is guided for rotary movement in the cavity. The rotary piston moves in consecutive intervals of motion from one blocking position to an adjacent end position. The rotary piston, during the consecutive intervals of motion rotates, in the same rotational direction, alternatingly about one of two different axes. A transmission arrangement transmits the rotary motion about two axes. When the rotary piston reaches a blocking position, there is an associated larger diameter cavity circular arc, in which the larger diameter piston circular arc was slidingly guided during the preceding interval of motion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2006
    Inventors: Boris Schapiro, Lev Levitin
  • Patent number: 7111461
    Abstract: A diagnostic system and method for testing the operation of a rotary flow device, such as a turbine or compressor of a turbocharger with a variable-geometry mechanism, such as adjustable vanes, is provided. The system includes a flow generator configured to provide a flow of gas through the device, a power source configured to adjust a position of the variable vanes or other variable-geometry mechanism of the device, and a controller configured to selectively control the adjustment of the position of the vanes. The controller and power source can be configured to actuate the variable vanes to at least one predetermined position so that an operational condition of the device can be determined according to the flow of air through the device. For example, the system can detect the operation of a valve or other adjustment device that controls the position of the vanes. Further, the system can monitor the flow of gas through the device to detect the configuration and operability of the vanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2006
    Assignee: Honeywell International, Inc.
    Inventor: Martyn J. Richey
  • Patent number: 7104056
    Abstract: The present invention employs an optimized cross-sectional shape for a ferromagnetic shape memory alloy (FSMA) composite that is used in a spring-type actuator, an improved hybrid magnetic trigger for use in FSMA based actuators, an a FSMA composite based spring type actuator, an a FSMA based spring type actuator including a stack of triggering units and FSMA springs, a FSMA composite based torque actuator. The invention also includes a model that can be employed to evaluate different materials being considered as components a FSMA for a FSMA composite used in either a FSMA based torque actuator or a FSMA spring actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignee: University of Washington
    Inventors: Minoru Taya, Taishi Wada, Masahiro Kusaka, Hsiu-hung Chen
  • Patent number: 7104063
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for producing mechanical energy. Said device contains an internal combustion engine and an expansion engine (20, 21) which is fed with superheated steam from a steam generator. Exhaust gases of the internal combustion engine are injected into the steam generator (24) to use the waste heat thereof. In order to eliminate pollutants and non-burned fuel in the exhaust gases of the internal combustion engine in a simple and effective manner, the steam generator (24) is heated by a non-catalytic burner (16) at a burner temperature of between 1100° and 1300° C. The exhaust gases of the internal combustion engine can be combined with the combustion gases in the burner (16). The after-burning of non-burned fuel and the combustion of pollutants is thus carried out in a burner (16) in a non-catalytic manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignee: AMOVIS GmbH
    Inventor: Herbert Clemens
  • Patent number: 7104061
    Abstract: A fluid machine for a waste heat collecting system for an internal combustion engine has an object to make most use of the collected waste heat and an operation of a compressor, an alternator or the like by a rotational driving force from an expansion device function well even during an engine running is stopped. The fluid machine according to the present invention has a pulley connected to the engine, an expansion device for generating a rotational driving force from the collected waste heat, a compressor device driven by the pulley and the expansion device, wherein a rotating shaft is commonly used for the pulley, the expansion device and the compressor device. The expansion device is an expansion device for changing its expansion volume, so that the Rankine cycle for collecting the waste heat can be operated most effectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Shigeru Hisanaga, Yasushi Yamanaka
  • Patent number: 7104055
    Abstract: In the pressure oscillation generator 1, self-excited vibration is generated in a work transfer tube 30 by heating a heat input section 22 and also a resonator 50 is resonated, and when a work is inputted into a heat exchanger 20, the work is amplified by the heat exchanger 20, and is transferred to the heat transfer tube 30 and is then outputted to an output section 40. Because of the configuration, an outputted work can be amplified to a work larger than the inputted work, so that, by using a portion of the outputted work as energy for driving the cylinder 10, the pressure oscillation generator 1 can continuously be driven only by heating and without using electric energy generated by a large scale solar system or the like, which enables substantial size reduction of the pressure oscillation generator 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignees: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Nihon University School Juridical Person
    Inventors: Yoichi Matsubara, Shinichi Tohyama, Hiroyuki Sugita
  • Patent number: 7100375
    Abstract: A system for limiting the rotational speed of a turbocharger is disclosed. The turbocharger includes a compressor having an outlet fluidly coupled to an intake manifold of an internal combustion engine and a compressor outlet, a turbine having an inlet fluidly coupled to an exhaust manifold of the engine and an outlet. A control computer is configured to compute a maximum compressor outlet pressure value as a function of the compressor inlet pressure, the compressor inlet temperature, an operating condition other than the compressor inlet pressure or temperature and a maximum allowable turbocharger speed value, and to control a turbine swallowing capacity or efficiency control mechanism in a manner that limits compressor outlet pressure to the maximum compressor outlet pressure value to thereby limit rotational speed of the turbocharger to the maximum turbocharger speed value. The operating condition may be, for example, engine intake air flow rate or engine speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: Cummins, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott R. Baize, Jason V. Dukes, Norbert J. Rehm, IV, Dave L. Dunnuck
  • Patent number: 7096860
    Abstract: In a charge-air cooling circuit for a multicylinder internal-combustion engine 1 with a turbo-supercharger 2, downstream from the turbo-supercharger 2 the charge air fed to two separate charge-air coolers 6, 6?, whereby the first charge-air cooler 6 divides the charge air into two flow branches I, II, cools the first of the two flow branches I, and allows the second of the two flow branches II to pass uncooled, and whereby the second charge-air cooler 6? allows the first of the two flow-branches I to pass uncooled, cools the second of the two flow branches II, and then recombines the two flow branches I, II.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Audi AG
    Inventor: Thomas Reuss
  • Patent number: 7096665
    Abstract: Cascading Closed Loop Cycle (CCLC) and Super Cascading Closed Loop Cycle (Super-CCLC) systems are described for recovering power in the form of mechanical or electrical energy from the waste heat of a steam turbine system. The waste heat from the boiler and steam condenser is recovered by vaporizing propane or other light hydrocarbon fluids in multiple indirect heat exchangers; expanding the vaporized propane in multiple cascading expansion turbines to generate useful power; and condensing to a liquid using a cooling system. The liquid propane is then pressurized with pumps and returned to the indirect heat exchangers to repeat the vaporization, expansion, liquefaction and pressurization cycle in a closed, hermetic process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: WOW Energies, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel H. Stinger, Farouk Aslam Mian