Patents Examined by Stanley S. Silverman
  • Patent number: 7067100
    Abstract: A process for the production of liquid ferric sulfate from finely-divided ferric oxide, sulfuric acid and water in a closed reaction vessel at temperatures ranging from about 130.degree. C. to about 150.degree. C. and pressures from about 30 psi to about 70 psi. The reaction time ranges from Four to eight hours and produces liquid ferric sulfate having at least 10% trivalent iron. Yield and efficiency are provided by controlling the specific gravity prior to the reaction and by counter current cycling the waste stream from the reaction through the dilution water and use of a polymeric settling agent to remove unreacted iron content from the digester output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2006
    Assignee: General Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Steven Faigen, Joseph Hurd, Larry Knuth
  • Patent number: 7060653
    Abstract: The gas storage method comprises a step of keeping a gas to be stored and an adsorbent in a vessel at a low temperature below the liquefaction temperature of the gas to be stored so that the gas to be stored is adsorbed onto the adsorbent in a liquefied state, a step of introducing into the vessel kept at the low temperature a gaseous or liquid medium with a freezing temperature that is higher than the above-mentioned liquefaction temperature of the gas to be stored, for freezing of the medium, so that the gas to be stored which has been adsorbed onto the adsorbent in a liquefied state is encapsulated by the medium which has been frozen, and a step of keeping the vessel at a temperature higher than the liquefaction temperature and below the freezing temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2006
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Naoki Nakamura
  • Patent number: 7060241
    Abstract: An electrically conductive film is disclosed. According to one embodiment of the present invention, the film includes a plurality of single-walled nanotubes having a particular diameter. The disclosed film demonstrates excellent conductivity and transparency. Methods of preparing the film as well as methods of its use are also disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2006
    Assignee: Eikos, Inc.
    Inventor: Paul J. Glatkowski
  • Patent number: 7060233
    Abstract: A process for removing hydrogen sulfide, other sulfur-containing compounds and/or sulfur and mercury from a gas stream contaminated with mercury, hydrogen sulfide or both. The method comprises the step of selective oxidation of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in a gas stream containing one or more oxidizable components other than H2S to generate elemental sulfur (S) or a mixture of sulfur and sulfur dioxide (SO2). The sulfur generated in the gas stream reacts with mercury in the gas stream to generate mercuric sulfide and sulfur and mercuric sulfide are removed from the gas stream by co-condensation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2006
    Assignee: TDA Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Girish Srinivas, Robert J. Copeland
  • Patent number: 7056455
    Abstract: The present invention comprises a novel process for the preparation of carbon based structured materials with controlled topology, morphology and functionality. The nanostructured materials are prepared by controlled carbonization, or pyrolysis, of precursors comprising phase separated copolymers. The precursor materials are selected to phase separate and self organize in bulk, in solution, in the presence of phase selective solvents, at surfaces, interfaces or during fabrication, into articles, fibers or films exhibiting well-defined, self-organized morphology or precursors of well-defined, self-organized, bi- or tri-phasic morphology. Compositional control over the (co)polymers provides control over the structure of the phase separated precursor whose organization therein dictates the nanostructure of the material obtained after carbonization or pyrolysis, wherein each dimension of the formed structure can be predetermined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2006
    Assignee: Carnegie Mellon University
    Inventors: Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Tomasz Kowalewski, David N. Lambeth, James Spanswick, Nicolay V. Tsarevsky
  • Patent number: 7052670
    Abstract: A method for the automated production of liquid SO2 having a purity above 99.9% from elemental sulfur and pure oxygen, in the presence of SO2 recirculated from a closed circuit production system. The temperature of the combustion is controlled by means of pre-defined S, O2 and SO2 ratios. The automation is made based on oxygen sensors and on sulfur and SO2 flow meters with their respective control connections and proportional valves permitting a fine control of the sulfur combustion reaction. Liquefaction of gaseous SO2 produced is carried out alternatively by a cool plant working between ?10 and ?60° C. or with a compression unit working at a pressure between 3.8 and 5.0 bar. The automation permits an optimum temperature control and a clean production of SO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Quimetal Industrial S.A.
    Inventors: Oscar David Labra{overscore (n)}a Valdivia, Hans Hanke Altmann
  • Patent number: 7052671
    Abstract: A composition comprising a carrier liquid; a dispersant; and a chemical hydride. The composition can be used in a hydrogen generator to generate hydrogen for use, e.g., as a fuel. A regenerator recovers elemental metal from byproducts of the hydrogen generation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Safe Hydrogen, LLC
    Inventors: Andrew W. McClaine, Jonathan L. Rolfe, Christopher A. Larsen, Ravi K. Konduri
  • Patent number: 7052662
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for removing SO2, NO, and NO2 from a gas stream having the steps of oxidizing a portion of the NO in the flue gas stream to NO2, scrubbing the SO2, NO, and NO2 with an alkali scrubbing solution, and removing any alkali aerosols generated by the scrubbing in a wet electrostatic precipitator. The process can also remove Hg by oxidizing it to oxidized mercury and removing it in the scrubbing solution and wet electrostatic precipitator. Alkali sulfates, which are valuable fertilizers, can be withdrawn from the rubbing solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Powerspan Corp.
    Inventors: Joanna L. Duncan, Christopher R. McLarnon, Francis R. Alix
  • Patent number: 7048899
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for removing SO2, NO, and NO2 from a gas stream having the steps of oxidizing a portion of the NO in the flue gas stream to NO2, scrubbing the SO2, NO, and NO2 with an ammonia, ammonium hydroxide, alkali hydroxide or carbonate scrubbing solution, regenerating the scrubbing solution with limestone, and removing any particulate matter and aerosols generated by the scrubbing step in a wet electrostatic precipitator. The process can also remove Hg by oxidizing it to oxidized Hg and removing it in the wet electrostatic precipitator. The scrubbing solution is preferably regenerated with limestone or magnesium, and results in a Group II sulfite or sulfate that can be recovered and sold, or landfilled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignee: Powerspan Corp.
    Inventors: Francis R. Alix, Joanna L. Duncan, Christopher R. McLarnon
  • Patent number: 7045108
    Abstract: A method of fabricating a long carbon nanotube yarn includes the following steps: (1) providing a flat and smooth substrate; (2) depositing a catalyst on the substrate; (3) positioning the substrate with the catalyst in a furnace; (4) heating the furnace to a predetermined temperature; (5) supplying a mixture of carbon containing gas and protecting gas into the furnace; (6) controlling a difference between the local temperature of the catalyst and the furnace temperature to be at least 50° C.; (7) controlling the partial pressure of the carbon containing gas to be less than 0.2; (8) growing a number of carbon nanotubes on the substrate such that a carbon nanotube array is formed on the substrate; and (9) drawing out a bundle of carbon nanotubes from the carbon nanotube array such that a carbon nanotube yarn is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: KaiLi Jiang, Shoushan Fan, QunQing Li
  • Patent number: 7045111
    Abstract: A process for co-producing anhydrous hydrogen bromide and a purified bisulfate salt by (a) reacting a bromide salt with sulfuric acid to produce crude hydrogen bromide and crude bisulfate salt; (b) purifying the crude hydrogen bromide to produce anhydrous hydrogen bromide; and (c) removing bromide from the crude bisulfate salt to form a purified bisulfate salt. There are also provided improvements in the bisulfate purification and bromine removal, whereby bromine is removed from the system by a distillation process and the bromide is removed from the crude bisulfate via a spray drying process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignee: Poly Systems USA, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard J. DeGroot, Dov Shellef
  • Patent number: 7045110
    Abstract: A batch process for co-producing anhydrous hydrogen bromide and a purified bisulfate salt comprising: (a) charging a batch reactor with a bromide salt slurry, wherein the slurry is more than 50% by weight bromide salt; (b) reacting the slurry with sulfuric acid in a batch reaction wherein bromide salt is consumed to produce crude aqueous hydrogen bromide and crude bisulfate salt, the crude bisulfate salt containing bromine; (c) prior to or concurrently with step (b) adding hydrogen bromide to the reactor; (d) purifying the crude hydrogen bromide to produce anhydrous hydrogen bromide; and (e) removing bromine from the crude bisulfate salt to form a purified bisulfate salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignee: Poly Systems USA, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard J. DeGroot, Dov Shellef
  • Patent number: 7045114
    Abstract: Reactors and processes are disclosed that can utilize high heat fluxes to obtain fast, steady-state reaction rates. Porous catalysts used in conjunction with microchannel reactors to obtain high rates of heat transfer are also disclosed. Reactors and processes that utilize short contact times, high heat flux and low pressure drop are described. Improved methods of steam reforming are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Anna Lee Y. Tonkovich, Yong Wang, Robert S. Wegeng, Yufei Gao
  • Patent number: 7041267
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the production, by fluid-bed spray granulation, of granular sodium percarbonate having a low TAM value. According to the invention, in the fluid-bed spray granulation, an Mg compound in a quantity of 50 to 2,000 ppm, in particular 100 to 1,000 ppm, or/and a complexing agent from among the hydroxycarboxylic acids, aminocarboxylic acids, aminophosphonic acids and phosphonocarboxylic acids, hydroxyphosphonic acids and their alkali metal salts, ammonium salts or Mg salts, in a quantity of 50 to 2,000 ppm, in particular 200 to 1,000 ppm, are added as stabilisers to the soda solution and/or H2O2 solution. Preferably a combination of an Mg compound in a quantity of 100 to 1,000 ppm Mg2+ and waterglass in a quantity of 0.1 to 1 wt. %, in particular 0.1 to 0.5 wt. %, is used, and in this case granules having a TAM value of about or below 6 ?W/g and simultaneously a short dissolving time, are obtainable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2006
    Assignee: Degussa AG
    Inventors: Harald Jakob, Birgit Bertsch-Frank
  • Patent number: 7041268
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a novel integrated process for the recovery of sulphate of potash (SOP) from sulphate rich bittern. The process requires bittern and lime as raw materials. Kainite type mixed salt is obtained by fractional crystallization of the bittern, and is converted to schoenite which is subsequently reacted with muriate of potash (MOP) for its conversion to SOP. End liquor from kainite to schoenite conversion (SEL) is desulphated and supplemented with MgCl2 using end bittern generated in the process of making carnallite. Decomposed carnallite liquor produced is reacted with hydrated lime for preparing CaCl2 solution and high purity Mg(OH)2 having low boron content. It is shown that the liquid streams containing potash are recycled in the process, and the recovery of potash in the form of SOP is quantitative.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2006
    Assignee: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
    Inventors: Pushpito Kumar Ghosh, Kaushik Jethalal Langalia, Maheshkumar Ramniklal Gandhi, Rohit Harshadray Dave, Himanshu Labhshanker Joshi, Rajinder Nath Vohra, Vadakke Puthoor Mohandas, Sohan Lal Daga, Koushik Halder, Hasina Hajibhai Deraiya, Ramjibhai Devjibhai Rathod, Abdulhamid Usmanbhai Hamidani
  • Patent number: 7037482
    Abstract: A method of extracting a halide and sulphate from an aqueous sulphate solution, such as a zinc sulphate solution, comprises subjecting the solution to solvent extraction to extract halide and sulphate from the solution and controlling the amount of sulphate extracted by selective adjustment of the acidity of the aqueous solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignee: Teck Cominco Metals Ltd.
    Inventors: Cashman R. S. Mason, Juris R. Harlamovs, David B. Dreisinger, Baruch Grinbaum
  • Patent number: 7037484
    Abstract: Processes and systems for generating hydrogen gas from resonant cavities are disclosed. A preferred version includes separating a resonant cavity into two compartments with a dielectric type diaphragm, injecting gases such as ammonia into one compartment and generating electromagnetic energy from an antenna, microwave generator or waveguide into the other compartment so that a plasma discharge is formed in the cavity, and hydrogen gas can be selectively released from an outport of the cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignee: University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventor: John E. Brandenburg
  • Patent number: 7037474
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for reducing and removing mercury in industrial gases, such as a flue gas, produced by the combustion of fossil fuels, such as coal, adds sulfide ions to the flue gas as it passes through a scrubber. Ideally, the source of these sulfide ions may include at least one of: sulfidic waste water, kraft caustic liquor, kraft carbonate liquor, potassium sulfide, sodium sulfide, and thioacetamide. The sulfide ion source is introduced into the scrubbing liquor as an aqueous sulfide species. The scrubber may be either a wet or dry scrubber for flue gas desulfurization systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignees: The Babcock & Wilcox Company, McDermott Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul S. Nolan, William Downs, Ralph T. Bailey, Stanley J. Vecci
  • Patent number: 7033562
    Abstract: Silazanes and/or polysilazanes are prepared by ammonolysis reaction in liquid anhydrous ammonia by introducing at least one halosilane into the ammonia. In addition to the silazane and/or polysilazane, an ammonolysis by-product also results. A substantially more efficient process is disclosed for treating the by-product through the addition of a liquid, namely water, or a solution comprising a strong base, or an aqueous acid solution. The process may be employed for more efficient, economical recovery of ammonia from such waste stream solutions of ammonia halide, or acids thereof for use as recycle in the further production of silazanes and polysilazanes, and/or for producing a less hazardous, more readily disposable salt residue thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2006
    Assignee: Kion Corporation
    Inventor: Gary Knasiak
  • Patent number: 7033564
    Abstract: A selenating reagent obtained by reacting lithium aluminum hydride with selenium powder in an organic solvent. In addition, a method for preparing a selenating reagent includes reacting lithium aluminum hydride with selenium powder in an organic solvent. Also, a method of preparing a selenium-containing product includes reacting the selenating reagent, prepared as stated, with at least one second compound which may be acyl chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2006
    Assignee: Gifu University
    Inventors: Mamoru Koketsu, Hideharu Ishihara