Abstract: The fill according to the invention comprises a mixture of 1-30% by weight cement with 99-70% by weight of various waste material, fly-ash, de-sulphurization product or granulated blast-furnace slag. The mixture can be used dry or mixed with water, and may also be mixed with air to form small bubbles, thereby rendering the mixture frost resistant. The fill can be used to fill different cavities and pits, such as pipe-laying and cable-laying trenches, floor cavities and holes in streets and roads, and for covering mounds of waste, rubbish dumps and for encapsulating harmful waste. When filling pipe-laying and cable-laying trenches, the intermediate layer of sand, and will thereby prevent water from entering into or leaking from the pipes, while at the same time holding the pipes in position and affording a stabilizing effect against ground movement.
Abstract: Optical glasses based on silica and alumina, rich in modifying metals such as silver, thallium and cesium. The exchange by cathodic migration in a melted salt bath of said modifying metals by metals such as K, Na and Li, exchange which leads to a corresponding variation of the refraction index of the glass according to a certain predetermined profile, is performed very efficiently and rapidly. Such an exchange is performed either on the finished glass or on a microporous form thereof.
Abstract: A process for producing a sialon powder, which process comprises the steps of:introducing a decomposable silicon compound, decomposable aluminum compound and a decomposable carbon compound into a steam-containing hot gas to decompose said decomposable silicon compound, aluminum compound and carbon compound in said hot gas into silicon oxide, aluminum oxide and elemental carbon, respectively, thereby producing a fine solid particle mixture consisting essentially of said silicon oxide, aluminum oxide and elemental carbon to be dispersed in said gas;collecting said fine solid particle mixture dispersed in the gas from the gas phase by a solid-gas separating technique; andcalcining the thus-obtained carbon-containing composition consisting essentially of said silicon oxide, aluminum oxide and elemental carbon, in a nitrogen containing gas atmosphere.
Abstract: An improved stable, clay/cementitious composition comprised of 15%-55% Attapulgite clay and 85%-45% slag cement particularly useful in the construction of very low permeability, self-hardening slurry trench cutoff walls, has been discovered. The aqueous slurries of the invention exhibit (1) an initial viscosity controllable without the addition of chemical, (2) lower filtrate loss and (3) chemical resistance, (4) lower permeability on curing, and (5) expedient handling.
Abstract: A shield against ionizing radiations comprises at least one layer including one or more boron minerals and/or one or more lead minerals and/or directly derived products, which preferably constitute the inert or slightly active aggregate fraction of cement-based conglomerates (such as concrete or mortar). Galena and/or other lead minerals can be used for the shielding from .gamma. rays, and colemanite and/or other boron minerals can be used for neutron shielding. Particular purpose additives will also be used. The family of compositions according to the invention will contain by weight 65-75% of floated galena, 5-10% of colemanite and 20-25% of binding agents and additives.
Abstract: A composition of refractory cement includes about 65 percent by weight of refractory clay, about 15 percent by weight of ball clay and about 20 percent by weight of calcium aluminate cement to yield a product composition which is air-setting, acid resistant, and non water soluble. The composition ingredients are so sized to provide the product composition with a screen analysis of about 2 percent to 6 percent +40 mesh, about 20 percent to 35 percent +70 mesh, 10 percent to 25 percent +100 mesh and 40 percent to 60 percent -100 mesh.
Abstract: The method of treating a limestone slurry to remove water therefrom comprising admixing therewith at least about 0.25 part by weight of a fluidizing agent for each 100 parts by weight of solids in said slurry, said fluidizing agent consisting essentially of a micelle-forming surfactant and a protective colloid in a ratio of from about 2:1 to 1:2; the resultant limestone mud containing at least about 70% solids; and a fluidizing agent for dewatering a limestone slurry consisting essentially of a micelle-forming surfactant and a protective colloid in a ratio of from about 2:1 to 1:2.
Abstract: A process for the preparation and immediate use in situ of ready to use blends of structural material, such as plaster, mortar, stucco, tile adhesive or similar blends, which, in contrast to the usual methods does not use as a raw material a dry mixture of the three main components binder, filler and additives. Instead a dry mix of binder and filler is prepared at the building site, and an aqueous solution of the additives is added in a separate mixing operation, immediately followed by the application in situ of the finished blend. This method avoids the difficulties associated with the use of dry mixtures containing all three components. The invention includes an apparatus for mixing and immediate application of the blends as defined by the process claims.
Abstract: A hydraulic material composition comprising cement and 0.01 to 2.0% by weight, as zinc oxide based on the cement, of a zinc-containing compound, such as zinc oxide having an average particle diameter of at least 20 micrometers. It does not corrode a steel material even when molded with the use of sand or sea water containing steel-corroding components such as chlorides.
Abstract: A process for producing an artificial light-weight aggregate comprising SiO.sub.2, Al.sub.2 O.sub.3, Fe.sub.2 O.sub.3 and at least one oxide selected from the group consisting of MgO and CaO which has an absolute dry specific gravity of not higher than 1.5, a crushing strength of not less than 55 kfg/cm.sup.2 and a 24 hour water-absorption ratio of not greater than 2.4%. The process comprises granulating a raw powder material comprising SiO.sub.2, Al.sub.2 O.sub.3, Fe.sub.2 O.sub.3 and at least one oxide selected from the group consisting of MgO and CaO, in which the total amount of SiO.sub.2 and Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 is from 75 to 92 wt. %, the weight ratio of Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 /SiO.sub.2 is from 0.25 to 0.70, and the total amount of Fe.sub.2 O.sub.3 and MgO and/or CaO is from 6-20 wt. % and containing at least 80% by weight of a coal ash having a Blaine specific surface area of 2,000 to 9,000 cm.sup.2 /g to give granules having an average apparent specific gravity of 1.1 to 1.8 and a crushing strength of 0.
Abstract: A silicon carbide-graphite composite material is disclosed. The composite material includes graphite as a secondary phase which is segregated along the grain boundaries of all the silicon carbide grains. The graphite has an average grain size of not more than 3 .mu.m and is present in a proportion of 1 to 20 vol % based on the volume of the silicon carbide. The composite material has a density greater than 90% of the theoretical density. The composite material is a high density and high strength material.
Abstract: A binder for producing a refractory body made of a basic aluminum lactate and polyethylene glycol, the latter material of which functions to prevent shrinkage of the molded product upon hardening and prevent cracks. Alkanolamines and an aromatic carboxylic acids may be further added to enhance the properties of the polyethylene glycol in preventing cracks.
Abstract: A silver-glass composition for use in attaching a semiconductor support and a method for making the attachment are disclosed. The glass component of the composition is a low melting point glass comprising about 75-85 wt. % lead oxide, about 8-15% boron oxide, about 0.75 to 2.5 wt. % silicon-dioxide, 0-10 wt. % zinc oxide, 0 to 3 wt. % alumina, 0.5 to 5.5 wt. % cuprousoxide and a non-volatile metal fluoride in amount such that the mol ratio of cuprous oxide to the fluoride content of the metal fluoride is in the range 1.0:0.25 to 1.0:10. The weight ratio of silver to glass in the composition is in the range about 2:1 to 9:1.
September 16, 1985
Date of Patent:
October 13, 1987
Technology Glass Corporation
Maurice E. Dumesnil, Karl Starz, Leonid Finkelshteyn
Abstract: A flexible grout composition is used to cement a conduit within a bore hole to prevent fluid loss, for sealing and grouting well casings, plugging abandoned wells, and waterproofing earthen structures. The flexible grout composition includes a water-swellable clay, such as bentonite; a particulate filler, such as fly ash; a water soluble silicate; a source of multivalent metal cations; and a gelling agent for the water-swellable clay, particularly an inorganic gelling agent such as magnesium oxide or sodium carbonate (soda ash). The grout composition is mixed with water to form a slurry and the slurry is pumped into its intended location, for example, within the annulus defined between an outer surface of a conduit or casing disposed within a bore hole, and the surrounding earthen formation formed, for example, by drilling.
Abstract: A flexible grout composition is used to cement a conduit within a bore hole to prevent fluid loss, for sealing and grouting well casings, plugging abandoned wells, and waterproofing earthen structures. The flexible grout composition includes a water-swellable clay, such as bentonite; a particulate filler, such as calcium bentonite; a water soluble silicate; a source of multivalent metal cations; and a gelling agent for the water-swellable clay, particularly an inorganic gelling agent such as magnesium oxide or sodium carbonate (soda ash). The grout composition is mixed with water to form a slurry and the slurry is pumped into its intended location, for example, within the annulus defined between an outer surface of a conduit or casing disposed within a bore hole, and the surrounding earthen formation formed, for example, by drilling.
Abstract: A high strength mortar has been developed for use with silica brick, in the construction of coke-oven heating walls. When fired to conventional coke oven temperatures of about 1100.degree. C., the mortar develops a tensile strength within the mortar itself, and a tensile bond to the silica brick, which exceeds the tensile strength of the silica brick. The mortar is composed of three primary solid constituents: 25 to 88 percent SiO.sub.2, 6 to 65 percent Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 and 4 to 12 percent P.sub.2 O.sub.5. To achieve such high tensile strength, the other solid constituents must be maintained at a minimum, desirably less than four percent and preferably less than two percent.
Abstract: A kiln plant for producing cement of other clinker from chloride-containing raw material has a kiln (2), a suspension preheater (4,5,6,7) through which kiln exit gas passes to a precipitator (8), and a by-pass conduit (11,14) through which a portion of the kiln exit gas passes via an air quenching unit (12) to the precipitator without encountering any further precipitator.
Abstract: The invention relates to the production of desirably consolidated high purity refractory metal borides, carbides, nitrides, or mixtures, combinations of cermets thereof. In the preparation, a second stage reaction is conducted at reduced pressure and sintering temperature. Furthermore, it is carried out in the presence of sintering aid which can be initially present as a particulate material and, as such, may be incorporated with other reaction ingredients. Sintering aid, in a dual role, may serve not only as an assistant in the second stage reaction, but also as a reaction participant. Moreover, during such rection at sintering conditions, the sintering assistance is obtained by means of sintering aid vapor. High purity products of desirable microstructure can be achieved, having densities on the order of 90 percent or more.
Abstract: A finely divided silicic acid simultaneously suitable as a filtering auxiliary and as a beer stabilizing agent in the filtration of beer. The acid is particulate, and the particles are of an essentially spherical or spheroidal shape with SiO.sub.2 content of at least 95% and an Na.sub.2 O content of less than 0.25%.