Patents Examined by Steven D. Maki
  • Patent number: 10391818
    Abstract: Disclosed are a pneumatic tire that includes a tread having a pattern asymmetrical about the tire equatorial plane, and that is easy to produce and may surely reduce cavity resonance without lowering repair efficiency, and a method of producing the same. A pneumatic tire includes a tread portion having a pair of tread halves, the tread halves extending between the tire equatorial plane and respective outer ends in the tire width direction of the tread portion, respectively, and having different negative ratios. The tread portion has short fibers fixed to at least a portion of a tire inner peripheral surface of the tread portion, and one of the tread halves with a higher negative ratio has a lower short-fiber fixation area ratio than that of the other tread half.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Toshiyuki Watanabe
  • Patent number: 10384492
    Abstract: A tire includes a circumferential tread having a tread element disposed thereon, wherein the tread element includes a top surface that defines a first plane. The tire further includes at least one substantially helicoid-shaped sipe disposed in the tread element. The substantially helicoid-shaped sipe is defined by an opening in the top surface extending in a first direction in the first plane when the tire is new, and is further defined by a base extending in a second direction in a second plane parallel to the first plane. The second direction is disposed at an angle between 45° and 135° with respect to the first direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations, LLC
    Inventors: Hans R. Dorfi, Jacob R. Kidney, Robert W. Asper
  • Patent number: 10384490
    Abstract: A tread pattern of a pneumatic tire is provided with two outer circumferential main grooves, and at least one inner circumferential main groove provided between the outer circumferential main grooves. A tread profile line of a first land portion between the outer circumferential main grooves protrudes 1 mm or less with respect to a first arc shape formed so as to pass through edge ends on the respective inner sides of the outer circumferential main grooves and edge ends on both sides of the inner side circumferential main groove. Furthermore, a tread profile line of a second land portion on the outer side of the outer circumferential main grooves in a tire width direction protrudes 1 mm or less with respect to a second arc shape which passes through edge ends on the outer side of the outer circumferential main grooves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., LTD.
    Inventor: Yuuichi Suga
  • Patent number: 10377186
    Abstract: A stud pin includes a buried base portion embedded in a tread portion of a pneumatic tire and a tip portion protruding from the road contact surface of the tread portion when the buried base portion is embedded in the tread portion. A tip surface of the tip portion includes: a first protrusion portion and a second protrusion portion longer in the tire width direction than in the tire circumferential direction and protruding toward one side in the tire circumferential direction; a first recessed portion disposed between the first and second protrusion portions and recessed toward the other side in the tire circumferential direction; a third protrusion portion and a fourth protrusion portion protruding toward the other side in the tire circumferential direction; and a second recessed portion disposed between the third and fourth protrusion portions and recessed toward the one side in the tire circumferential direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., LTD.
    Inventor: Kenichi Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 10377102
    Abstract: The invention includes methods of forming a retreaded tire, and treads there for. Particular embodiments of such methods provide a tire carcass configured to receive the tire tread along an annular tread-receiving area and a pre-cured tire tread including a tread body and a detachable connector. The connector is arranged within a thickness of the tread between a top void portion and a bottom void portion and extending across a width of the top void portion and of the bottom void portion. The detachable connector is configured to separate from the tread upon application of a separation force. Further steps include assembling a retreaded tire by arranging the tire tread atop a bonding layer arranged between the tire tread and the tire carcass, bonding the tire tread to the tire carcass, and removing the detachable connector from the top void portion after the step of bonding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Compagnie Generale des Etablissements Michelin
    Inventors: E. Bruce Colby, Metodi L. Ikonomov, Cesar E. Zarak, Michael Widmyer, Dimitri G. Tsihlas
  • Patent number: 10377185
    Abstract: A stud unit (3) and a device (1) for a studded tire. The stud unit comprises a housing (5) with a chamber (7) enclosing a medium, a stud (20) arranged at least partly inserted into the chamber so that it is affected by the medium. The stud is adapted to be moved depending on a change of the pressure of the medium in the chamber between a first position for a first pressure and a second position, where the second pressure is higher than the first pressure. In the second position a part of the stud protrudes further from the chamber than in the first position, The stud unit also contains a heating element (22) adapted to heat the medium so that the pressure in the chamber is adjusted between the first pressure and the second pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Inventor: Mikael Fernholm
  • Patent number: 10363780
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire is provided in the tread portion with zigzag crown circumferential grooves 3 having pitch length Pc, zigzag shoulder circumferential grooves 4 having pitch length Ps, crown lateral grooves 5 inclined at an angle ?c, and shoulder lateral grooves 6 inclined at an angle ?s wherein Ps>Pc and ?s<?c. Both ends of the respective crown lateral grooves 5 are connected to the zigzag groove segments 3a or 3b of the crown circumferential grooves 3 which groove segments 3a or 3b are inclined with respect to the tire axial direction to the opposite direction to the inclining direction of the crown lateral grooves 5. The number NS of the shoulder lateral grooves 6 is more than the number Nc of the crown lateral grooves 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Hitoshi Takayama
  • Patent number: 10358000
    Abstract: A tire center slant groove near tread surface tire equatorial plane extends toward reverse rotation-direction of designated rotation-direction while slanting from a tire equatorial plane side to a tire-width direction outer side, an extension direction angle forms with respect to a tire circumference-direction within range, 3°-10°; and at center slant groove-end portion in reverse rotation-direction, at least a tire-width direction outer side groove-edge of the center slant groove forms into a circular-arc-shaped portion to have the tire-width direction outer side groove-edge angle formed with respect to tire circumference-direction, the angle increasing toward reverse rotation-direction, the tire-width direction outer side groove-edge angle of the center slant groove forms with respect to tire circumference-direction larger than an angle of a tire-width direction inner side groove-edge of the center slant groove forms with respect to tire circumference-direction, and the center slant groove depth gradually d
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yukihiko Kubo, Daita Itoi
  • Patent number: 10343464
    Abstract: A sipe is provided to a land portion provided to a tread of a pneumatic tire. The sipe is formed of a wide portion having a groove width W1 and a narrow portion having a groove width W2 narrower than the groove width W1. The wide portion extends in a sipe depth direction D at both ends in a sipe length direction L and extends in the sipe length direction L at an upper end in the sipe depth direction D. The narrow portion is surrounded by the wide portion on three sides including both sides in the sipe length direction L and an opening side in the sipe depth direction D and extends to a sipe bottom. Consequently, chipping of rubber is suppressed by reducing pulling resistance of a sipe plate at the time of die releasing of a tire while suppressing breakage of the sipe plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: Toyo Tire Corporation
    Inventor: Shinichi Kaji
  • Patent number: 10343461
    Abstract: A heavy duty pneumatic tire includes a tread including a pair of central portions, a pair of middle portions and a pair of shoulder portions, wherein each of the portions has an axial width varying periodically while increasing and decreasing in a circumferential direction of the tire. Each of the central portions includes a central block with a hexagonal shaped top face and a central sipe. A total that is the sum of each maximum axial width of the central portions, each maximum axial width of the middle portions, each maximum axial width of the shoulder portions, a maximum axial length of the central sipe provided on one of the central portions, and a maximum axial length of the central sipe provided on the other one of the central portions is in a range of from 1.05 to 1.31 times a tread width.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Atsushi Maehara
  • Patent number: 10343462
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire comprises a tread portion 2 provided with two shoulder main grooves 3, a crown main grooves 4, two shoulder land zones 8, and two middle land zones 7. The shoulder land zones 8 are each provided with shoulder lateral grooves 11. The middle land zones 7 are each provided with middle narrow grooves 10. Each of the middle narrow grooves 10 comprises a sipe-like narrow portion 12 whose groove width is less than 2 mm, and a wide portion 14 whose groove width is not less than 2 mm. The wide portion 14 includes an axially outer wide portion 15 formed at the axially outer end of the middle narrow groove 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Yoshiaki Takemoto
  • Patent number: 10336026
    Abstract: A method for increasing effective skid depth on a retreaded tire is provided along with a retreaded tire assembly. A kit for increasing effective skid depth of a retreaded tire is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: Compagnie Generale des Etablissements Michelin
    Inventors: E Bruce Colby, Cesar Enrique Zarak
  • Patent number: 10336140
    Abstract: The present invention concerns tire treads having projecting features comprising wear indicators, stone ejectors, and/or noise suppressors arranged within voids submerged below the top, outer side of a tread. Particular embodiments of the invention provide a tire tread having a submerged void extending into to the tread thickness from the bottom side of the tread to a terminal location spaced below the tread top side, the top side forming a ground-engaging side of the tread. Such embodiments further include a plurality of projecting features arranged within the submerged void below the terminal location of the submerged void, the plurality of projecting features being further arranged in a spaced arrangement along a length of the submerged void, each of the plurality of projecting features extending partially across a width of the submerged void, which may comprise a groove, for example. The invention includes methods of forming the tread and a treaded tire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: Compagnie Generale des Etablissements Michelin
    Inventors: E. Bruce Colby, Dimitri G. Tsihlas, Zarak E. Cesar
  • Patent number: 10328751
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire includes a tread portion provided with a circumferentially and continuously extending zigzag shoulder main groove located adjacent to a tread edge, a shoulder lateral groove extending axially outwardly from the shoulder main groove and a central lateral groove extending axially inwardly from the shoulder main groove. The shoulder main groove includes an inner corner portion protruding axially inwardly. The central lateral groove includes a first groove portion, a second groove portion and a confluence portion at which the first groove portion and the second groove portion meet. The confluence portion of the central lateral groove is communicated with the inner corner portion of the shoulder main groove. The shoulder lateral groove is located so that an extended portion in which the shoulder lateral groove is extended axially inwardly overlaps with the confluence portion at least partially.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Takuya Oji
  • Patent number: 10308073
    Abstract: A tire with radial carcass reinforcement, comprising a crown reinforcement, itself capped radially by a tread connected to two beads by two sidewalls, the said tread comprising at least two radially superposed layers of polymer compound, a first layer of filled elastomeric compound, constituting the radially outer part of the tread, has a macrodispersion score Z higher than 80 and a maximum tan(?) value, denoted tan(?)max, lower than 0.130 and a second layer of elastomeric compound radially on the inside of the said first layer of elastomeric compound has an elongation at break at 60° C. that is higher than 600%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignees: COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN, MICHELIN RECHERCHE ET TECHNIQUE S.A.
    Inventors: Philippe Gervais, Alain Durand
  • Patent number: 10308080
    Abstract: Tread for a civil engineering tire, provided with circumferential grooves and transverse grooves, having two edge rows provided with a plurality of blocks, which in pairs delimiting a groove of transverse overall orientation opening both onto a circumferential groove and to the outside of the tread, each block having a contact face to contact the ground, two lateral faces—an external lateral face and an internal lateral face, a front face and a rear face, intersecting the contact face along a front edge corner and a rear edge corner, the blocks formed such that their external lateral faces lie the same distance from an equatorial plane that divides the tread into two equal halves wherein the width of the transverse grooves increases progressively at least from a non-zero distance measured from a plane parallel to the equatorial plane through the axially outermost points of the external lateral faces of the blocks wherein the maximum increase in width of a transverse groove is at least equal to 20% and at most
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignees: Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin, Michelin Recherche Et Technique
    Inventor: Murielle De-Tullio
  • Patent number: 10308078
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire has a sipe formed in a land portion of a tread surface. The sipe has a 2D center portion, a 3D center portion and 3D side portion. The 2D center portion is positioned in a sipe bottom side at a center in a length direction. The 3D center portion is positioned in a top surface side at the center in the length direction. The 3D side portion is positioned in one end or both ends in the length direction. The 3D center portion and the 3D side portion are open at the top surface. A three-dimensional shape of the 3D center portion has a structure in which wall surfaces are engageable with each other in the length direction. A three-dimensional shape of the 3D side portion has a structure in which wall surfaces are engageable with each other in the depth direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: TOYO TIRE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Tsuyoshi Fujioka
  • Patent number: 10308077
    Abstract: This pneumatic tire includes, on a tread surface, land portions defined by tread edges and by circumferential main grooves extending continuously in the tread circumferential direction; central sipes, in a central land portion on a tire equatorial plane, extending in the tread width direction and formed at a predetermined pitch length, the central land portion being continuous in the tread circumferential direction between adjacent central sipes; and intermediate sipes, in intermediate land portions adjacent to the central land portion on both sides in the tread width direction with the circumferential main grooves therebetween, extending in the tread width direction and being formed at a predetermined pitch length, each intermediate land portion being continuous in the tread circumferential direction between adjacent intermediate sipes. The pitch length of the intermediate sipes is longer than that of the central sipes, and both ends of the central sipes open into the circumferential main grooves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Shintaro Hayashi
  • Patent number: 10300746
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire includes center lug grooves disposed at intervals in a tire circumferential direction that extend crossing a tire equator line and include a first groove turning portion and a second groove turning portion; shoulder lug grooves disposed in the intervals between the center lug grooves in the tire circumferential direction extending outward in the tire width direction, an inner end in the tire width direction being disposed outward of an end of the center lug groove in the tire width direction; a pair of circumferential main grooves to which the ends of the center lug grooves and the inner ends of the shoulder lug grooves in the tire width direction alternately connect; and a circumferential secondary groove disposed around the entire circumference of the pneumatic tire that intersects the center lug grooves between the first groove turning portion and the second groove turning portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., LTD.
    Inventors: Toshiyuki Sato, Shoei Kakuta, Hideki Hamanaka, Yukihito Yamaguchi, Risa Tauchi
  • Patent number: 10286733
    Abstract: A tread pattern of a pneumatic tire includes two outer circumferential main grooves and two inner circumferential main grooves. Each of the two inner circumferential main grooves comprises a first groove wall and a second groove wall facing the first groove wall. The first groove walls include first oblique wall elements that extend obliquely outward in a tire width direction and second oblique wall elements that extend obliquely inward in the tire width direction and extend for a shorter length than the first oblique wall elements. The second groove walls include third oblique wall elements that extend obliquely inward in the tire width direction and fourth oblique wall elements that extend obliquely outward in the tire width direction and extend for a shorter length than the third oblique wall elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., LTD.
    Inventors: Takahiro Yamakawa, Yasutaka Akashi