Abstract: A device for enabling oil spill waste materials to be incinerated in situ is provided. More specifically, the invention comprises an incinerator for reducing to ashes, used oil spill sorbent pads, oilsocks, and other materials employed in cleaning up oil spills. The device consists essentially of a stainless steel drum lid and flue secured thereto, with a dome screen mounted on the flue. The outlet of a stainless steel tube is formed into a spiral coil and deployed in the flue with the end thereof turned downward into the drum to cause a continuous circulating action in the drum which action provides fast, complete or substantially complete combustion of the materials with little pollution and leaving a residue of only a few inches of ashes. The device is carried on a hand truck and the blower motor is contained in a housing which is fastened to the hand truck.
Abstract: The object of the present invention is a method in cooling medium circulation, whereby the recovery boiler comprises a furnace limited by wall tubes provided with cooling medium circulation and substantially horizontal floor tubes; a supply system for combustion air; and a supply system for black liquor, whereby a so-called smelt layer is formed in a combustion process on the floor composed of the floor tubes. At least in some of the floor tubes, at least on a section of their length, is arranged a longitudinal flow--particularly a spiral flow--for mixing the liquid and steam phases of the cooling medium.
Abstract: An air conditioning equipment is provided with an oil level equalizing system, which includes a plurality of low-pressure shell-type compressors communicating with a suction line through a plurality of branch portions, a plurality of connecting lines each communicating with a corresponding compressor shell at a location adjacent to a normal oil level in the shell, and an oil level equalizing line communicating with the plurality of connecting lines. The oil level equalizing system also includes a communication line, through which the suction line communicates with the oil level equalizing line at a location upstream of the plurality of branch portions with respect to a direction of flow of a refrigerant. This arrangement functions to increase the pressure within the oil level equalizing line to a value higher than that within the shell of each compressor.
Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, a method for supplying solid material such as hot carbonaceous material from a pyrolyzer or reactor to a furnace, is provided comprising providing a screw conveyor for receiving the solid carbonaceous material from the pyrolyzer or reactor preferably from above the conveyor and transporting it along its length to a vaned rotor preferably positioned on the axle of the screw conveyor preferably substantially near the end of the screw conveyor for supplying the carbonaceous material to the furnace.
July 28, 1997
Date of Patent:
November 16, 1999
Ormat Industries Ltd.
Boris Siniakevith, Mark Khaskin, Daniel Goldman, Benjamin Doron, Lucien Y. Bronicki, Eli Yaffe
Abstract: A refrigeration apparatus containing a thermostat, adapted for use in a food storage compartment potentially containing a flammable gas, includes a thermostat and an enclosure forming a chamber configured to house the thermostat. The enclosure has two umbrella-type check valves configured to permit gas to pass into the chamber or out of the chamber when a predetermined pressure differential exists between the chamber and the food storage compartment. The enclosure forms a seal with the thermostat so that gas only passes through the check valves.
October 21, 1997
Date of Patent:
November 2, 1999
General Electric Company
Ronald W. Poling, Manuel L. Gonzalez, Kenneth R. Renkes
Abstract: In a fluidized-bed thermal reaction apparatus for burning or gasifying combustible matter containing incombustible components, deposition of incombustible components in a fluidized-bed furnace is prevented, and incombustible components are smoothly removed, thereby efficiently burning or gasifying combustible matter. The fluidized-bed thermal reaction apparatus has a weak diffusion plate, a strong diffusion plate, and an auxiliary diffusion plate, each having a large number of fluidizing gas feed holes, and an incombustible component outlet disposed between the auxiliary diffusion plate and the strong diffusion plate. A part of fluidizing gas is supplied from the incombustible component outlet, or the incombustible component outlet is provided to open horizontally. Thus, a continuous fluidized bed circulating stream is formed in the furnace bottom. The weak and auxiliary diffusion plates each has a downwardly inclined surface extending toward the incombustible component outlet.
Abstract: A cremator comprises a primary combustion chamber for receiving through a charge door thereof a coffin or other object to be cremated and being provided with a first burner, a secondary combustion chamber (e.g. in the form of a tube of thermally conductive material) in communication with the primary combustion chamber and being provided with a second burner, and a retention chamber in communication with the secondary combustion chamber for temporarily retaining heated waste gases exhausted from the secondary and primary combustion chambers before passing to a waste flue, characterised in that at least a portion of the secondary combustion chamber is located within the retention chamber, whereby gases retained in the retention chamber are heated (preferably to a temperature of at least 850.degree. C.) at least partly by direct heating from the secondary combustion chamber. This improved constructional design provides for a more compact and fuel-efficient dual combustion chamber-type cremator.
Abstract: The method and equipment are proposed for wastes thermal destruction on the surface of a bath of melted metal and slag with a heating in plasma jets and the off-gas bubbling through a bath of melted slag, including a plasma hose generated in waste introduction zone which prevents the coming waste from contact with cooled units of the facility; thus, the reliable destruction of bacteria contaminated and toxic wastes are provided. The plasma hose is generated by the coaxial plasma torch with the hollow central electrode through which the wastes are fed. The units for a regular bacteriological examination of waste treatment products are also provided when the processed wastes are infectious wastes generated by medical and veterinary institutions.
February 9, 1996
Date of Patent:
August 31, 1999
Adam Mikhailovich Gonopolsky, Yakov Abrammerovich Goldshtein, Nikolai Gedeonovich Doniants, Sergei Alexeevich Panfilov, Eduard Semenovich Tilman
Abstract: In the processing of exhaust gases by a chlorine bypass system, a portion of kiln exhaust gases G is extracted from a kiln 1, after the extracted exhaust gases G are instantly cooled to 600.degree. C. to 700.degree. C. or less, the dust W in the cooled exhaust gases is separated to rough powder and fine powder by a separator, the separated rough powder is returned to the kiln 1 and the separated fine powder is discharged to a cement system, wherein extracting means extracts the kiln exhaust gases at the ratio more than 0% to equal to or less than 5% and the separating point of the separator is set to 5 .mu.m to 7 .mu.m.
Abstract: A variety of essentially circulr-planform fire grates having ash discharge openings therein and intimate-contact preventing means thereon is presented. The intimate contact preventing means for the fire grate having upper surface contour of fluctuation-free profile in the circumferential direction of the fire grate comprises first fluctuation-free-bottom spider-web-planform fins having fin upper surface of fluctuation-free profile and second fluctuation-free-bottom spider-web-planform fins having fin upper surface of fluctuational profile. The intimate contact preventing means for the fire grate having upper surface contour of fluctuational profile in the circumferential direction of the fire grate comprises first fluctuational-bottom spider-web-planform fins having fin upper surface of fluctuation-free profile and second fluctuational-bottom spider-web-planform fins having fin upper surface of fluctuational profile.
Abstract: A low temperature storage cabinet having a freezing cycle system composed of a compressor, a condenser, a throttle and an evaporator, a cabinet temperature sensor for detecting an inside temperature of the cabinet, and an electric fan provided in the cabinet for circulating cooled air in the interior of the cabinet, wherein the compressor in the freezing cycle system is activated in response to rise of the inside temperature of the cabinet and deactivated in response to a fall in the inside temperature of the cabinet, and wherein the rate of operation of the electric fan is decreased in accordance with a decrease of temperature or pressure of refrigerant in the freezing cycle system during deactivation of the compressor to thereby reduce consumption of the electric power.
Abstract: An air-conditioning unit is provided for a vehicle with an air-conditioning function depending on the outside dew point. The air-conditioning unit includes a device for determining the dew point temperature of the outside air, an air duct leading to a window of the vehicle and having a controllable closing device, a device for determining the temperature of the air blown through the ducts leading to the window of the vehicle and a control device for automatically opening and closing the air duct leading to a window of the vehicle by appropriately energizing the air duct closing device. The control device, in the cooling operation of the air conditioning unit, opens and closes this air duct automatically as a function of the dew point temperature determined for the outside air and as a function of the temperature determined for the air blown out through this air duct.
Abstract: A defrost control for a heat exchange system initiates a defrost of the evaporator coil when a predetermined count of compressor cycles occurs and other sensed conditions indicate that defrost should be initiated. The sensed conditions include a sensed temperature of a condenser coil in the heat exchange system having dropped below a threshold temperature computed as a function of the number of compressor cycles that have occurred since the last defrost of the evaporator coil.
Abstract: Disclosed is a refrigerator having a device for dispersing cool air in a cooling compartment. A duct having cool air discharge ports is formed in an inner wall of the compartment. In the duct are installed a horizontal-dispersing blade disposed along a vertical rotational shaft, and a vertical-dispersing blade capable of rotating with respect to a horizontal axis. A worm gear in installed on the shaft, and a worm wheel engaged with the worm gear is installed on the vertical-dispersing blade. As the shaft is rotated by a motor, the blades rotate. Thus, the cool air is uniformly dispersed in the compartment, and the temperature in the compartment is maintained uniform. The angular position of the blades are controlled independently of each other substantially, so concentrative cooling can be performed easily.
Abstract: The waste material is degasified under the action of heat in a pyrolysis chamber (2). The volatile degasifying products are subjected to afterburning with supply of oxygen in an afterburning chamber (4a or 4b or 4c) designed as a fluidized-bed reactor. The solids discharged from the afterburning chamber (4a or 4b or 4c) are separated off from the flue gas stream in a dust separator (8) and, preferably cooled in an external fluid-bed cooler, are recycled to the afterburning chamber (4a or 4b or 4c). The temperatures of above 2500.degree. C., which are produced in the afterburning of the carbonization gases having a high heating value (minimum 8000 kJ/m.sup.3 (S.T.P.), can be controlled.
Abstract: A domestic air conditioning and/or heating method, particularly for apartment buildings, using an outside unit (2) and an inside unit (1) connected to one another via fluid and electrical lines (3). The outside unit (2) includes a compressor, a ventilation system and an exchanger while the inside unit (1) includes a ventilation system and an exchanger. A low pressure inside unit (1) supplies pressurized air at a pressure no higher than 8 mm and the air is bulk-fed into a false ceiling (6) forming a decompression chamber and comprises supply grills (15-17) for blowing air into each of the rooms to be served.
Abstract: This invention relates to an air flow control apparatus for an air conditioner for implementing the air conditioning of the entire room by controlling air flow direction and preset temperature, the apparatus including an operation manipulating unit for manipulating keys so as to supply the discharging air to any selected places to be air conditioned, an control unit for controlling flow direction, flow rate and preset temperature of the discharging air to supply the air to the places in response to the selected keys, a unit to adjust air flow direction of the discharging air in order to control angles of the blades in response to the control unit, and a compressor driving unit for driving a compressor so as to adjust room temperature with the preset temperature by the control unit.
Abstract: A refrigerating cycle apparatus for averting shortages of its refrigerant in a refrigerating cycle and of oil reflux regardless of fluctuations in the progress of freezing in a cold accumulating material. In operation, two solenoid valves are opened and a compressor is activated. The activated compressor causes stagnant refrigerant inside a cold accumulating evaporator to be collected into a receiver. Thereafter, one solenoid valve is closed to let the refrigerant flow only to the cold accumulating evaporator. This makes it possible to circumvent shortages of the refrigerant in the refrigerating cycle and of oil reflux irrespective of varying progress in the freezing status of the cold accumulating material.
Abstract: An air conditioning system for a motor vehicle powered by an internal combustion engine has a first system for carrying out a first cycle, which includes a compressor driven by the engine, a main condenser, a first sub-condenser and an evaporator which are connected through pipes to form a first refrigerant circulation circuit through which a refrigerant flows from an outlet of the compressor to an inlet of the same while changing its phase, the first cycle causing the first sub-condenser as a heater and the evaporator as a cooler when operated. The air conditioning system has further a second system for carrying out a second cycle, which includes the compressor and a second sub-condenser which are connected through pipes to form a second refrigerant circulation circuit through which the refrigerant flows from the outlet of the compressor to the inlet of the same while changing its phase, the second cycle causing the second sub-condenser as a heater when operated.
Abstract: An improved method and apparatus for removal of .Iadd.contaminants such as .Iaddend.petroleum hydrocarbons from contaminated soil. The apparatus of the invention includes a shallow container, preferably with vertical sides, which has in its bottom wall a multiplicity of elongated recessed chambers with an open mesh entry area at the upper side, and a gas discharge orifice at one end of each chamber. A rack containing burners is adapted for positioning over the material to be treated within the container. The invented method includes charging materials to be treated into a container, heating the material while creating a partial pressure within the chamber, establishing a vacuum to pull the gasses downwardly through the soil and atmospheric air downwardly with the gasses, then either collecting or discharging the removed gasses, after which the soil is removed from the treatment chamber.