Patents Examined by Tom P Duong
  • Patent number: 10413867
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purification member comprises an annular substrate centered on a central axis, a peripheral electrode alongside and against an outer cylindrical face of the substrate, and a central electrode alongside and against an inner cylindrical face of the substrate. The substrate is made up of an electrically conductive material and includes a plurality of intersecting walls defining longitudinal cells therebetween and that each emerge in an upstream face and in a downstream face of the substrate. These intersecting walls are covered with a catalytic composition and each wall extends from an outer cylindrical wall of the substrate, defining the outer cylindrical face, to the inner cylindrical wall of the substrate, defining the inner cylindrical face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: Faurecia Systemes D'Echappement
    Inventor: Xavier Bartolo
  • Patent number: 10415446
    Abstract: Provided is an exhaust purifying filter having high catalyst purification performance and particulate matter capturing performance while reducing pressure loss. A GPF includes a filter substrate in which a plurality of cells extending from an inflow-side end surface to an outflow-side end surface are partitioned and formed by a porous partition wall and an inflow-side cell in which an opening in the outflow-side end surface is sealed and an outflow-side cell in which an opening in the inflow-side end surface is sealed are alternately disposed; and a TWC which is carried on the partition wall, wherein a difference between a total volume of pores having pore diameters within a range of 0.1 ?m to 10.7 ?m in pore distribution of the GPF and a total volume of pores having pore diameters within a range of 0.1 ?m to 10.7 ?m in pore distribution of the filter substrate is 0.015 ml/g˜0.06 ml/g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chiaki Seki, Takeshi Mori, Takayuki Watanabe
  • Patent number: 10408110
    Abstract: A decomposition reactor for an exhaust system includes an exterior component defining an internal volume and having an inlet and an outlet with the inlet and outlet are formed on a same side of the exterior component. A flow divider is positioned within the internal volume and defines a thermal management chamber and a main flow chamber. A first flow path of exhaust flows from the inlet into the main flow chamber to mix with dosed, and a second flow path of exhaust flows from the inlet into the thermal management chamber to control a temperature of a portion of the flow divider. In some implementations, one or more swirling diverters can be coupled to the flow divider and positioned proximate the outlet of the exterior component to impart a vortical motion to a combined reductant and exhaust gas flow exiting out the outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: Cummins Emission Solutions Inc.
    Inventors: Ryan Johnson, Udit Bhaveshkumar Shah, Samuel Johnson, Mahendra Mittapalli, Kartiki Jagtap
  • Patent number: 10408104
    Abstract: A catalyst apparatus is disposed in an exhaust passage for exhaust gas discharged from an internal combustion engine and includes a catalyst section for purifying the exhaust gas, and a heater section disposed upstream of the catalyst section in the exhaust passage and adapted to heat the exhaust gas. The heater section is configured such that a plurality of metal thin plates and insulators are stacked alternatingly are wound. The heater section contains a pair comprising a positive electrode and a negative electrode for energizing and heating the metal thin plates. The positive and negative electrodes are joined to each of the metal thin plates in such a manner that the positive electrode is located away from the negative electrode in a winding direction of the metal thin plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., LTD.
    Inventors: Takaya Yoshikawa, Takaaki Yamada, Yuki Saito
  • Patent number: 10392993
    Abstract: An exhaust gas control apparatus for an internal combustion engine includes a selective reduction catalyst (SCR), a urea solution supply device and a control device. The control device diagnoses abnormality of the SCR in accordance with an amount of ammonia that is discharged to a downstream side of the SCR when supplying a urea solution in a supply amount at an abnormality diagnosis time that is a supply amount larger than a target supply amount to the SCR. Further, the control device performs control of decreasing a supply amount of the urea solution when predetermined conditions are satisfied after abnormality diagnosis of the SCR. Here, the predetermined conditions are that an estimated amount of ammonia adsorbed by the SCR is larger than the reference adsorption amount, and an amount of the urea solution required in removal of nitrogen oxide per unit is smaller than a reference urea solution amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Kohei Mori
  • Patent number: 10385745
    Abstract: An exhaust purifying device provided in an exhaust passage of an internal combustion engine comprises: a column-shaped honeycomb carrier; a cylindrical case member adapted to house the honeycomb carrier; a holding member provided between the honeycomb carrier and the case member to surround the outer circumference of the honeycomb carrier; buffer members provided on a peripheral edge of the edge surface of at least one side of an inflow side edge surface and an outflow side edge surface of the honeycomb carrier so as to regulate the movement of the honeycomb carrier in the central axis X direction; and setting members secured to the case member to regulate the movement of the buffer members by allowing their position regulation parts to contact the buffer members; wherein the buffer members are provided, on the outer circumferential sides, with recesses into which the position regulation parts of the setting members are fitted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yoshiaki Hatakeyama, Hiroki Yokoyama
  • Patent number: 10376867
    Abstract: The invention provides an exhaust gas cleaning oxidation catalyst and in particular to an oxidation catalyst for cleaning the exhaust gas discharged from internal combustion engines of compression ignition type (particularly diesel engines). The invention further relates to a catalyzed substrate monolith comprising an oxidizing catalyst on a substrate monolith for use in treating exhaust gas emitted from a lean-burn internal combustion engine. In particular, the invention relates to a catalyzed substrate monolith comprising a first washcoat coating and a second washcoat coating, wherein the second washcoat coating is disposed in a layer above the first washcoat coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Philip Gerald Blakeman, Gavin Michael Brown, Sougato Chatterjee, Andrew Francis Chiffey, Jane Gast, Paul Richard Phillips, Hanako Oyamada, Raj Rao Rajaram, Satoshi Sumiya, Andrew Peter Walker, Lifeng Wang
  • Patent number: 10376870
    Abstract: Provided is a catalyst block for cleaning exhaust gas, having: a square-shaped honeycomb core provided with first-fourth outside surfaces; a first plate attached to the first outside surface; a second plate attached to the second outside surface; and an exterior frame disposed along the outer periphery of the firm and solid honeycomb core formed from the honeycomb core, the first plate and the second plate, the exterior frame being provided with a recessed part that at least encases the first plate, the second plate, the third outside surface and the fourth outside surface. In the catalyst block, a catalyst is supported in the honeycomb core, the first plate and the second plate, and the catalyst is not supported in the exterior frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL CHEMICAL & MATERIAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takeshi Shinoda, Hidehiko Morita, Masayuki Kasuya, Taro Kono
  • Patent number: 10378412
    Abstract: A metal substrate for catalytic converter for purifying an exhaust gas includes a honeycomb core with metal flat foil and corrugated foil stacked in layers, and an oxide film having a thickness of 0.1 ?m or more and 10 ?m or less is formed in a predetermined range including an exposed end surface exposed toward the gas inlet side. The oxide film contains at least a first alumina including ?-alumina and a Fe oxide. The ?-alumina contains ?-alumina with solid-solved Fe and ?-alumina with no solid-solved Fe. In the oxide film, the content of the first alumina is 30% by mass or more and 99.5% by mass or less, the content of the Fe oxide is 0.5% by mass or more and 40% by mass or less, and the content of Fe is more than 7% by mass and 35% by mass or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL CHEMICAL & MATERIAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tooru Inaguma, Shinji Kawasoe, Yasuhiro Tsumura, Shogo Konya, Masayuki Kasuya, Takuzo Kako, Masafumi Omizu
  • Patent number: 10364731
    Abstract: A method for asynchronously delivering a reductant to a first selective catalytic reduction system and a second selective catalytic reduction system of an aftertreatment system via a reductant insertion assembly, the reductant insertion assembly comprising a first injector fluidly coupled to the first selective catalytic reduction system and a second injector fluidly coupled to the second selective catalytic reduction system, the method including: activating the first injector; maintaining the first injector activated for a first delivery time, thereby inserting a first amount of reductant into the first selective catalytic reduction system; deactivating the first injector; activating the second injector; and maintaining the second injector activated for a second delivery time, thereby inserting a second amount of reductant into the second selective catalytic reduction system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: Cummins Emission Solutions Inc.
    Inventor: Nassim Khaled
  • Patent number: 10364721
    Abstract: An electrically conductive connection between at least two electrically conductive stacks of at least partially structured, metal foils which form a large number of channels through which a fluid may flow, comprising at least one electrically conductive rod element which passes through the at least two stacks, wherein a spacer element is arranged on the at least one rod element and between the at least two stacks, the two stacks being arranged at a distance from one another by the spacer element; wherein an arrangement comprising the at least two stacks, the at least one rod element and the spacer element is clamped by at least one clamping element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: Continental Automotive GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Hirth, Thomas Härig
  • Patent number: 10364728
    Abstract: A system for assembling an exhaust after-treatment assembly having a plurality of exhaust after-treatment blocks is described. Each of the plurality of exhaust after-treatment blocks is disposed adjacent to at least one other exhaust after-treatment block. Each exhaust after-treatment block has one or more catalyst substrates. Each catalyst substrate includes a first face, a second face, and a plurality of side faces. The system includes at least one flange member to surround the one or more catalyst substrates about the side faces. The system further includes a locking arrangement including one or more clips on the flange member and a bracket member configured to engage with the one or more clips in the flange members of the adjacent exhaust after-treatment blocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventor: Kurtis E. Chenoweth
  • Patent number: 10352213
    Abstract: In an electrically heated catalyst which is arranged in an exhaust passage, electric leakage is suppressed as much as possible. The electrically heated catalyst comprising: a heat generation element; an electrode; a case; an electrode chamber; and an electrically insulating holding member that is inserted between the outer peripheral surface of the heat generation element and the case, and has an abutment joint portion formed by a pair of end faces which connect from an upstream side end portion to a downstream side end portion of the holding member, and which are arranged in opposition to each other, and an opening portion which is constructed so as to form a predetermined space connected with the electrode chamber in the surrounding of the electrode. The abutment joint portion is arranged in a position which excludes the opening portion, and in which it is not exposed to the electrode chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shingo Korenaga, Keita Hashimoto
  • Patent number: 10344646
    Abstract: An exhaust gas burner assembly includes a body, an inlet opening, an outlet opening, a first chamber, a second chamber, and an intermediate opening. The exhaust gas burner assembly also includes a perforated pipe disposed between the first chamber and the second chamber, a fluid injector adapted to discharge a combustible mixture, and an igniter adapted to ignite the combustible mixture to generate combustion products. The perforated pipe allows at least a portion of the exhaust gas to flow therethrough from the first chamber to the second chamber such that the exhaust gas exiting the outlet opening has a higher temperature than the exhaust gas entering through the inlet opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: Tenneco Automotive Operating Company Inc.
    Inventors: John Stanavich, Jeffery Davis
  • Patent number: 10344641
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purifying catalyst includes an inlet-side catalyst layer formed on an inner side of the partition wall from a surface of the partition wall in contact with an inlet-side cell and formed along an extension direction from an end portion on the exhaust gas inflow side, and an outlet-side catalyst layer formed on the inner side of the partition wall from a surface of the partition wall in contact with an outlet-side cell and formed along the extension direction from an end portion on the exhaust gas outflow side. Here, a sum of the lengths of the inlet-side catalyst layer and the outlet-side catalyst layer is larger than the entire length of the partition wall, and a total amount of an SCR catalyst body present in the outlet-side catalyst layer is larger than a total amount of an SCR catalyst body present in the inlet-side catalyst layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignees: CATALER CORPORATION, TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Makoto Tsuji, Hiroto Imai, Shintaro Kobayashi, Yusuke Shimmyo, Hiroyuki Matsubara
  • Patent number: 10335736
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purification material according to the present invention is provided with a particulate filter 10 that traps particulate matter in exhaust gas and contains an SCR catalyst for adsorbing ammonia and reducing NOx in the exhaust gas. A maximum allowable adsorption amount of ammonia adsorbable by the filter 10 differs between an upstream portion 10a of the filter 10 including an exhaust gas inlet-side end 10c, and a downstream portion 10b of the filter 10 including an exhaust gas outlet-side end 10d. The SCR catalyst contained in the upstream portion 10a and the SCR catalyst contained in the downstream portion 10b are qualitatively different. A ratio (B/A) of a maximum allowable adsorption amount of ammonia A in the upstream portion 10a and a maximum allowable adsorption amount of ammonia B in the downstream portion 10b satisfies the relationship 1.1?(B/A)?2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: CATALER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Makoto Tsuji, Hiroto Imai, Shintaro Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 10328387
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing an exhaust gas-purifying catalyst comprising: moving a gas-flow control tool from a first position where the gas-flow control tool faces the first end face with the slurry in the reservoir interposed therebetween and is spaced apart from the slurry in the reservoir to a second position where the gas-flow control tool faces the first end face with a distance from the first end face shorter than that in the first position, in a period during which the slurry flows from the first end face's side toward the second end face's side, the gas-flow control tool being configured to generate a distribution of linear velocities of gas flows when the gas-flow control tool faces the first end face and gas is passed therethrough toward the first end face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: CATALER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shoko Fukuyo, Minoru Ito
  • Patent number: 10309279
    Abstract: A device includes a power source, at least one exhaust gas purification member having an upstream face and a downstream face, and a heating member placed in front of and at a distance from the upstream or downstream face. The heating member comprises a frame and a plurality of elongate heating elements surrounded by a peripheral part of the frame. Each heating element has first and second ends, with at least one of the first and second ends being electrically connected to the power source with the other end being connected to the frame. Each heating element is, between the first and second ends, connected only to at least one other of the heating elements. The heating elements are in contact with one another by respective points of contact, two points of contact of two different heating elements in contact with one another being at the same electric potential.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: Faurecia Systemes D'echappement
    Inventor: Xavier Bartolo
  • Patent number: 10301992
    Abstract: A heater includes: a plate-like first heater substrate; an electrical heating wire that is provided on a first surface of the first heater substrate in a parallel circuit; electrodes that are connected to the electrical heating wire to allow current to flow in the electrical heating wire; and a plate-like cover substrate that covers the first surface of the first heater substrate, the electrical heating wire, and the electrodes with a second surface thereof. The electrical heating wire of the heater generates heat, so that the amount of heat is supplied. A honeycomb structure includes at least one heater that is provided so as to surround an outer wall thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventors: Naoya Takase, Yoshimasa Kobayashi, Yasuho Aoki
  • Patent number: 10293303
    Abstract: A modular plasma treatment system has interchangeable and easily accessible inner and outer electrodes that concentrically nest within an outer housing of one or more plasma reformers. The inner and outer electrodes have self-centering features that allow for blind-fitting of the interchangeable inner and outer electrodes during electrode replacement and maintenance. A plurality of reformers that generate different types of plasmas are preferably arranged serially to allow for a mixture of separate plasmas within the same reaction area and to increase utilization of short-lived radicals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: THRIVALTECH, LLC
    Inventor: Garrett Hill