Abstract: A control system and method for determining optimal fluid injection pressure is based upon a model of a growing hydrofracture due to waterflood injection pressure. This model is used to develop a control system optimizing the injection pressure by using a prescribed injection goal coupled with the historical times, pressures, and volume of injected fluid at a single well. In this control method, the historical data is used to derive two major flow components: the transitional component, where cumulative injection volume is scaled as the square root of time, and a steady-state breakthrough component, which scales linearly with respect to time. These components provide diagnostic information and allow for the prevention of rapid fracture growth and associated massive water break through that is an important part of a successful waterflood, thereby extending the life of both injection and associated production wells in waterflood secondary oil recovery operations.
November 19, 2004
Date of Patent:
July 24, 2007
The Regents of the University of California
Tadeusz Wiktor Patzek, Dimitriy Borisovich Silin, Asoke Kumar De
Abstract: A vehicle wheel state monitoring device appropriately determines whether it is probable that a vehicle wheel is damaged by setting a threshold value for damage determination in accordance with a type of the vehicle wheel fitted to the vehicle. A road surface input calculation portion calculates a road surface input that is a load applied to the tire based on an up-down direction force transmitted to the tire from a road surface. A damage determination portion determines whether it is probable that the vehicle wheel is damaged by comparing the road surface input and a threshold value that is pre-set. A vehicle wheel distinguishing portion receives information from a recording device provided on the vehicle wheel, and distinguishes the type of vehicle wheel fitted to the vehicle wheel. A threshold setting portion sets a threshold value in accordance with the distinguished type of the vehicle wheel.
Abstract: An environment detection device for detecting a plurality of environmental conditions comprising a housing unit. The housing unit contains a plurality of sensors, a battery, and a memory storage device. The housing unit further includes a circuit board electrically connected to the plurality of sensors, the battery, and the memory storage device. The plurality of sensors includes a sunlight intensity sensor, a timer, a temperature sensor, and a moisture sensor. Additionally, a method is provided for determining vegetation capable of thriving in certain environmental conditions. The method includes sensing the environmental conditions, storing the environmental conditions on a memory storage device, and downloading the environmental conditions to a database, wherein the database displays a list of vegetation capable of surviving in the plurality of environmental conditions.
Abstract: A method of beam forming an array, by computer processing a cross covariance, of the reference sub array seismic signal data signal, by having an unknown shape comprising receiving acoustic signals, via the array, and computing the data and segmenting the array into an initial segment of a known shape and at least a second segment, and beam forming the initial segment to provide a beam formed output, and using the beam formed output to obtain weights, for the second segment of the array.
January 8, 2001
Date of Patent:
June 5, 2007
Lockheed Martin Corporation
Thomas J. Barnard, Manuel Francisco Fernandez
Abstract: There is a method of determining properties relating to an underbalanced well, comprising inducing pressure variations in a fluid within a well, measuring the pressure variations, and calculating pore pressure of at least one fluid-producing formation. The pressure variations cause a change in flow rate from formations along a length of borehole, and as such a change in the production flow rate of the well. The variations in pressure are used to calculate the pore pressure. Variations in annular bottomhole pressure are induced by altering the flow rate of drilling fluid, or the density of drilling fluid or by acoustic pulsing downhole. The pore pressure, permeability and porosity of the formations is derived as a real time profile along the length of the borehole.
Abstract: A method of drilling a well includes calculating and estimating the dip angle, wherein said estimated dip angle being based on offset well data, seismic data, core data, pressure data. Next, the method includes drilling a well with a logging while drilling tool using the estimated formation dip angle so that real time logging data is generated along with the drilling data and calculating an instantaneous formation dip angle. Next, the real time logging data is obtained and a target formation window is projected ahead of the well path that includes a top of formation and a bottom formation. The method includes monitoring the real time logging and drilling data and drilling the well through the target formation window. The method further includes changing the estimated instantaneous formation dip based on the obtained data and adjusting the target formation top window and the bottom formation window.
Abstract: Systems, computer-readable media, and systems are provided for determining whether a data point indicates a presence of a shadow-covered ground point. A data point from top of atmosphere data from an imaging study of an area potentially covered by a cloud shadow is selected. At least one spectral data measurement associated with the data point, the spectral data measurement including at least one of visible, near-infrared, and short wavelength infrared data is taken. At least one of the spectral data measurement and derived spectral index is compared with a spectral data threshold, the spectral data threshold delineating between a shadow-covered ground point and a non-shadow-covered ground point. The data point is classified as one of a shadow-covered ground point and a non-shadow covered ground point based on the comparison with the spectral data threshold.
Abstract: A method for providing a mobile user with updated weather nowcasts comprises: receiving a request from a user, the request being associated with a location, and for a period such as about an hour sending the user regular meteorological information regarding the location. The user may be a mobile telephone user and the location may be determined from the location of the mobile telephone.
Abstract: A small, lightweight, portable, and inexpensive self-processing integrated damage assessment sensor (SPIDAS) that may be temporarily or permanently attached to a structure for structural health monitoring is provided. The SPIDAS device employs an electromechanical impedance measuring method to directly measure the high-frequency local impedance spectrum of the structure, process the electromechanical impedance data, and issue structural health reports that the device may transmit over a wireless connection.
Abstract: In a method for the calculation of a temperature T of a solid body of a liquid cooling medium, or the time t needed for a temperature change of the solid body or the liquid cooling medium, the differential equation dT/dt=b?cT is converted into a dimensionless differential equation. The function that solves the dimensionless differential equation is used to compile a matrix A(=aij), with which T and/or t can be easily calculated.
Abstract: Briefly, a method of estimating electrical parameters of an earth formation employs a simplified model of a measurement tool or device in transforming or normalizing data measured by the measurement tool. Electrical parameters of the earth formation, such as conductivity or dielectric constant, for example, may be estimated based on the normalized data.
Abstract: The present invention provides for an apparatus and method of use to control a downhole tool remotely based on the autocorrelation of command sequences. Repeating signals of a priori unknown or undefined shape can be correlated to themselves to reliably distinguish intentional changes from random fluctuations or other operations performed on the well. Using autocorrelation, any fluctuation of pressure of sufficient amplitude can be used to send commands by controlling the timing or the number of repetitions of the sequence.
Abstract: System and method for providing surveillance of an asset comprised of numerically fitting at least one mathematical model to obtained residual data correlative to asset operation; storing at least one mathematical model in a memory; obtaining a current set of signal data from the asset; retrieving at least one mathematical model from the memory, using the retrieved mathematical model in a sequential hypothesis test for determining if the current set of signal data is indicative of a fault condition; determining an asset fault cause correlative to a determined indication of a fault condition; providing an indication correlative to a determined fault cause, and an action when warranted. The residual data can be mode partitioned, a current mode of operation can be determined from the asset, and at least one mathematical model can be retrieved from the memory as a function of the determined mode of operation.
Abstract: Wireline depths are estimated using cable depth measurements and accelerometer depth measurements made over a time interval encompassing the time for which the wireline depth is being estimated. A least squares smoothing filter or a weighted least squares smoothing filter may be used. Problems caused by washouts in the borehole are also addressed.
Abstract: The semiconductor testing apparatus includes a data sampler for acquiring a plurality of clock cross-over test data samples from the DUT using data change point detection from the sample data value and a data change point storage section writing the DCP based on CLK 1 and reading the DCP based on CLK 2 and a clock sampler acquiring a plurality of clock sample values from the DUT and a clock change point detection section detecting a clock change point from the sample value and a clock change point storage section writing the clock change point based on CLKS and reading CCP based on CLKZ using a phase difference detection section detecting the phase difference between the data change point and the clock change point which are simultaneously read from the storage section with comparison to the phase difference with the specifications data and outputting the passed or failed display indication.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for determining an optimal absorber stack geometry of a lithographic reflection mask comprising a reflection layer and a patterned absorber stack provided on the reflection layer, the absorber stack having a buffer layer and an absorber layer. The method is based on simulating aerial images for different absorber stack geometries in order to determine process windows corresponding to the absorber stack geometries. The optimal absorber stack geometry is identified by the maximum process window size. The invention further relates to a method for fabricating a lithographic reflection mask and to a lithographic reflection mask.
Abstract: The invention is a method of estimating, from data obtained by exploration of a zone of a heterogeneous medium, a model representative of a distribution, in the zone, of at least one physical quantity, the model being free of a presence of correlated noises that may be contained in the data which has application to determining the distribution in an underground zone of acoustic impedance, propagation velocities and permeabilities, etc.
July 31, 2003
Date of Patent:
August 15, 2006
Institut Francais Du Petrole
Patrick Lailly, François Renard, Laure Pelle, Florence Delprat-Jannaud
Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for investigating an image set of geophysical data distributed over a first N-dimensional volume where N?2. A subvolume that encloses a known feature of interest within a target set of geophysical data distributed over a second N-dimensional volume is selected. A cross-correlation is calculated between the data distributed within the subvolume and corresponding data distributed in the first N-dimensional volume about multiple positions.
Abstract: A geographical information system and a method are disclosed for geospatially mapping a least one parcel polygon within a geographical region and for displaying at least one specific attribute of each parcel polygon, i.e. a topological area within the given geographical region, as an attached attribute of latitude and longitude coordinates. The centroid or center point of each of the parcel polygons is determined and stored into conventional computer storage means. The latitude and longitude point feature at the centroid of each parcel polygon is established and similarly stored. A unique tax identification number, e.g. the Assessor Parcel Number (APN) or Parcel Identifier Number (PIN), is assigned to each of the point features. A correlation is then made between the unique tax identification number of the point feature to a text list of at least one attribute, e.g., the physical address of the parcel polygon, of each of the point features. This attribute becomes attached to each point feature.
Abstract: Disclosed is a method for automatically compensating for an unbalance correction position and an unbalance correction amount in a balancing machine. The method involves an unbalance testing procedure, an initial unbalance amount determining procedure, a counting procedure, a good-quality determining procedure, an angular deviation measuring procedure, an angular deviation range determining procedure, and an unbalance correction position and amount compensating procedure in order to automatically compensate for the unbalance correction position and amount of a rotor, based on the unbalance correction amount of a previously-corrected thereby achieving an optimum unbalance correction in spite of the fact that there may be errors in unbalance correction position and amount.