Patents Examined by Wayne A. Langel
  • Patent number: 10252951
    Abstract: Treated biochar and methods for treating biochar are provided. The method for treating the biochar includes forcing, assisting or accelerating the movement of an infiltrant into the pores of the biochar, whereby the treatment affects properties of the biochar that provide for a more reliable and predictable biochar for use in various applications, including, but not limited to, agricultural applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Ranko Panayotov Bontchev, Han Suk Kim, Richard Wilson Belcher, Mark L. Jarand
  • Patent number: 10233129
    Abstract: A method is provided for applying porous carbonaceous particles to soil for purpose of cultivating plants having roots, where at least 95% of the porous carbonaceous particles have a particle size less than or equal to 10 mm. The method incorporates the porous carbonaceous particles into the soil surrounding the plant roots at a depth of between 0-24 inches from the soil surface, where the porous carbonaceous particles are positioned in the area surrounding the roots of the plants at a ratio of between 1:999 to 1:1 porous carbonaceous particles to soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Han Suk Kim, Kevin Daniel Dolinar, Mark L. Jarand, Vern Traxler, Timothy Alan Thompson, Rajashekharam Malyala
  • Patent number: 10233131
    Abstract: The invention provides for methods, devices, and systems for pyrolyzing biomass. A pyrolysis unit can be used for the pyrolysis of biomass to form gas, liquid, and solid products. The biomass materials can be selected such that an enhanced biochar is formed after pyrolysis. The biomass can be pyrolyzed under specified conditions such that a selected biochar core is formed. The pyrolysis process can form a stable biochar core that is inert and/or resistant to degradation. The biochar or biochar core can be functionalized to form a functionalized biochar or functionalized biochar core. Functionalization can include post-pyrolysis treatments such as supplementation with microbes or physical transformations including annealing and/or activation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: Full Circle Biochar, Inc.
    Inventors: David Shearer, John Gaunt, George Vernon Cordner Peacocke
  • Patent number: 10233128
    Abstract: An agricultural potassium-fertigation method for emitter-irrigation potassium-plus fertigation feeds a potassium-plus nutrient feedstock comprised of potassium formate and additional yield-assist constituent(s) and water to an active emitter-irrigation system discontinuously, at levels of 0.15 to 50 gal./min, during one to six nonconsecutive irrigation days during a crop cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Inventors: John C. Miller, Deborah L. Miller
  • Patent number: 10227265
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of making a granulate of a urea product comprising urea and a salt, such as urea ammonium sulfate, having a high content of the salt. The high content is such as to provide an amount of the salt above the limit of solubility of the salt in urea. The granulate of the invention is characterized by having a smooth surface, which, e.g. in the event of urea ammonium sulfate, is not normally the case for granulate having the aforementioned high ammonium sulfate content. According to the invention this is realized by dividing the feed liquids to granulation. This division is based on non-final granulation liquids of a sufficiently high content of the salt, and a final granulation liquid (determining the surface) having a salt content of below the solubility limit of the salt, or no salt at all. E.g. in the event of urea ammonium sulfate, the non-final granulation liquids possibly are a slurry of urea and more than 20 wt. % of ammonium sulfate. The final granulation liquid then has 0-20 wt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: STAMICARBON B.V.
    Inventors: Petrus Catharina Gerlach Soons, Stefan H. Schaafsma
  • Patent number: 10221108
    Abstract: An improved solvent system for the formulation and application of N-alkyl thiophosphoric triamide urease inhibitors. These formulations provide safety and performance benefits relative to existing alternatives and enable storage, transport and subsequent coating or blending with urea based or organic based fertilizers. These formulations are comprised primarily of environmentally friendly aprotic and protic solvents (particularly dimethyl sulfoxide and alcohols/polyols) to stabilize the urease inhibitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Inventors: Gary David McKnight, David Bruce Parker, Yang Zehni, Ray Perkins, Wei Xu
  • Patent number: 10221106
    Abstract: A process for the manufacture of a urea-sulphur fertiliser composition, the process comprising providing feeds comprising elemental sulphur, urea, and optionally a surfactant, such as a multifunctional ionic surfactant; merging the feeds in order to obtain a combined feed; passing the combined feed through a mixing stage in order to obtain a mixed feed; and passing the mixed feed through a processing stage in order to obtain the urea-sulphur fertiliser composition. Compositions obtained by the process are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Inventors: Cyrille Paul Allais, Klaas Jan Hutter, Rafael Alberto Garcia Martinez, Charles James Ingoldsby, Carlos Moreira Tomaz, Jason Trevor O'Brien
  • Patent number: 10214421
    Abstract: Processes for inhibiting scale produced during wet process phosphoric acid production by adding a scale-inhibiting amount of a reagent having a primary amine-containing polymer to at least one stage of a wet process phosphoric acid production process are provided herein, wherein said primary amine-containing polymer includes one or more organic moieties that reduce the polymer's solubility in an aqueous environment as compared to its native form, thereby reducing or preventing scale in the wet process phosphoric acid production process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: Cytec Industries Inc.
    Inventors: Lei Zhang, John Carr, Haunn-Lin Tony Chen
  • Patent number: 10214419
    Abstract: Granules or powders consisting of a compound of formula [I], in which a modal diameter is 80 ?m or less, a median diameter is 45 ?m or less, and/or, a ratio of (modal diameter)/(median diameter) is 1.7 or less, are preferably used for an electrolyte or the like. In formula [I], R1 and R2 each independently represents a fluoroalkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, or a fluorine atom, and Y+ represents an alkali metal cation or an ammonium cation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: Nippon Soda Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shiro Tsubokura, Yasuyuki Aiura
  • Patent number: 10207921
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for the production of hydrogen, comprising catalytically decomposing a concentrated aqueous solution of potassium formate in a reaction vessel to form bicarbonate slurry and hydrogen, discharging the hydrogen from said reaction vessel, and treating a mixture comprising the bicarbonate slurry and the catalyst with an oxidizer, thereby regenerating the catalyst. Pd/C catalysts useful in the process are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Inventors: Yoel Sasson, Harold Wiener, Ariel Givant
  • Patent number: 10202312
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing a composition for use in land application. The method comprises: (a) obtaining a fermentation product by a production process comprising the steps of: (i) treating lignocellulosic feedstock to produce sugar; (ii) fermenting the sugar to produce a fermented mixture comprising the fermentation product; and (iii) recovering the fermentation product from the fermented mixture in one or more stages to produce a concentrated fermentation product and still bottoms; and (b) recovering the still bottoms, the still bottoms comprising organic and inorganic components; and (c) providing the still bottoms for use in a land application. Also provided is a soil conditioning composition for use in land application. The soil conditioning composition contains still bottoms and optionally other components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: Iogen Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Patrick J. Foody, Robert Glenns
  • Patent number: 10202311
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a urea fertilizer having a lignin compound and elemental sulphur dispersed throughout the fertilizer and having improved hardness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Inventors: Rafael Alberto Garcia Martinez, Cyrille Paul Allais, Klaas Jan Hutter, Charles James Ingoldsby, Carlos Moreira Tomaz
  • Patent number: 10196317
    Abstract: An alkali metal ion source with a moderate rate of release of the ion (e.g. potassium) is formed by a method that includes: 1) combining an particulate ore that contains at least one of an alkali metal ion-bearing framework silicate (e.g. syenite ore) with at least one of an oxide and hydroxide of at least one of an alkali metal and alkaline earth metal such as calcium hydroxide; 2) milling the mixture of these two components optionally, with water, optionally, milling the dry components separately and blended thereafter, optionally, with water; 3) forming a mixture by adding water to the solid mixture after milling, if water was not added before milling; 4) exposing the mixture to an elevated temperature and pressure to form a gel that includes silica and the alkali metal of the framework silicate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Taisiya Skorina, Antoine Allanore
  • Patent number: 10196321
    Abstract: A method for vermicomposting includes providing an underground cell comprising a bottom, sidewalls and an open top, layering a base bedding layer at the bottom of the underground cell, layering a bottom organic waste layer on the base bedding layer, layering a stack of one (1) or more intermediate bedding layers and one (1) or more one or more intermediate organic waste layers, alternating between an intermediate bedding layer and an intermediate organic waste layer, on the bottom organic waste layer to partially form a compost heap, layering a top bedding layer on a top organic waste layer of the stack of the intermediate bedding layers and the intermediate organic waste layers to form the compost heap, watering the compost heap at a predetermined watering cycle, introducing worms to the compost heap, aerating the compost heap at a predetermined aeration cycle, and harvesting compost from the compost heap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Inventor: Wilfred F. Hoath
  • Patent number: 10196322
    Abstract: An inhibitor composition contains dicyandiamide as a nitrification inhibitor, alkyl thiophosphoric triamide as a urease inhibitor, or a combination thereof, dissolved in a liquid medium comprising an organic solvent selected from, among others, one or more polar aprotic solvents, including one or more organophosphates, amine solvents, heterocyclic alcohol solvents, and mixtures thereof, is useful in making fertilizer compositions and in a method of fertilizing target plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Inventors: Michelle McKnight, Antoine Vielliard, Marivi Ortiz-Suarez, Samantha Armisen, Chloe Moreau
  • Patent number: 10196320
    Abstract: The present invention describes a plant growth and soil enhancement formulation, and method of using said formulation for enhanced plant growth and soil enrichment, comprising generally an organic substance such as humus and at least one mineral, preferably a bedrock material known as Geza.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Max Wellness Argo Sp. z.o.o.
    Inventors: Daniel Skowronek, Zygmunt Brogowski
  • Patent number: 10189752
    Abstract: Moisture barrier coatings and sealants comprised of mixtures of organic wax and wax soluble polymer dispersed into one or more components of a thermoset polymer which may form a semi-interpenetrating polymer network when the thermoset polymer is subsequently cured on the substrate. The organic wax and wax soluble polymer substantially improve the moisture barrier properties of the thermoset polymer and provides an effective moisture barrier coating that is non-tacky at the cure temperature of the thermoset polymer, without the requirement for a cooling step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Inventors: Felix Achille, Victor Granquist, A. Jaeton Glover, Alice Hudson
  • Patent number: 10189750
    Abstract: Aspects of the invention include compositions for fertilizing and remediating soil. Compositions according to certain embodiments include a cellulose nutrient composition, a microbial blend composition, a source of nitrogen, a source of phosphorus and exotic micronutrients. Methods for using compositions of the invention to fertilize and remediate soil and kits having one or more compositions for fertilizing and remediating soil are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Inventor: Thomas T. Yamashita
  • Patent number: 10189751
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are fluid ionized compositions, such as fluid calcium cyanamide fertilizer compositions, methods of preparation and uses thereof. In some examples, a fluid composition includes a mixture of about 40 to 20 parts of dissolved acid or acid-formed approximately neutral pH nitrogen plant nutrient compounds (such as urea ammonium nitrate and H2O) and about 1 to about 5 parts of a mixture of insoluble or weakly soluble high pH calcium-formed plant nutrient compounds (such as calcium cyanamide and H2O). The disclosed compositions and methods stabilize the compositions' contained active nutrient ions and digested carbon. The disclosed compositions and methods facilitate controllable site-directed delivery of the contents of the compositions. The compositions and methods are effective for microbes nourishment plant fertilizing, soil amending, heavy metals leaching inhibition, and digesting organic proteinaceous excreta.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: BI-EN CORP.
    Inventor: Richard O. Hartmann
  • Patent number: 10173936
    Abstract: An IBTL system having a low GHG footprint for converting biomass to liquid fuels in which a biomass feed is converted to liquids by direct liquefaction and the liquids are upgraded to produce premium fuels. Biomass residues from the direct liquefaction, and optionally additional biomass is pyrolyzed using microwave pyrolysis to produce structured biochar, hydrogen for the liquefaction and upgrading, and CO2 for conversion to algae, including blue green algae (cyanobacteria) in a photobioreactor (PBR). Produced algae and diazotrophic microorganisms are used to produce a biofertilizer that also contains structured biochar. The structured biochar acts as a nucleation agent for the algae in the PBR, as a absorption agent to absorb inorganics from the biomass feed to direct liquefaction or from the liquids produced thereby, and as a water retention agent in the biofertilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Inventors: Rocco A Fiato, Yuhan Sun, Mark Allen, Quanyu Zhao