Abstract: A speed change device for a bicycle comprising an upper fixed transverse support and a lower movable transverse support carrying a chain guide and movable with the lower support to derail a chain with respect to a set of pinions of graduated size on a free wheel to change the gear ratios. An articulated parallelogram linkage connects the upper and lower supports to permit transverse displacement of the lower support; a pivotal member is pivotably mounted on the upper support and is adjustably connected to the lower support and a control cable is attached to the pivotal member at a pair of locations on opposite sides of the pivot axis thereof to pivot the pivotal member under the control of the cyclist and produce transverse displacement of the lower support and the chain guide thereon. The pivotal member and the upper support carry a detent arrangement for establishing stop positions corresponding to the engagement of the chain with the respective pinions on the free wheel.
Abstract: A gear crank for a bicycle unidirectionally freely rotatably supporting at least one sprocket wheel with a crank body integrated with a crank shaft and a pair of crank arms at both ends of the shaft and having an inner ring which is passed over one of the arms to be mounted to one end of the shaft, is fixed with a cone, and supports, through a unidirectional rotational transmission, a driven member with the sprocket wheel in a unidirectionally freely rotating relation therewith.
Abstract: A drive reducer for a tape recorder accomplishes a large reduction from the surface speed of a motor-driven shaft to the surface speed of a drive element for advancing a tape media such as a magnetic recording tape on a flat card. A cup-shaped element is fixed to a reducer shaft and positioned so that the inner surface of a cylindrical outer wall engages the motor-driven shaft. An idler wheel freely rotatable on the reducer shaft is positioned radially inside the cup-shaped element and is formed of compressible material with a diameter large enough for compressibly engaging the motor-driven shaft and pressing it against the inner surface of the outer wall of the cup-shaped element. Rotation of the reducer shaft is transferred to the driven element preferably by a friction sleeve on the reducer shaft and a friction disk engaging the sleeve and turning a shaft supporting the driven element.
Abstract: A bicycle having a rear derailleur arrangement for its drive chain which includes a four-bar linkage consisting of a support, two links, and a coupler, first and second pivots securing the support to the links, and third and fourth pivots securing the coupler to respective links. The support is fixedly fastened to the rear wheel shaft whose axis is parallel to a plane which is perpendicular to the parallel axes of the pivots and defines an angle of 15.degree.-45.degree. with the vertical in the normal operating position of the bicycle. A guide sprocket for the chain is secured to the coupler for rotation in a plane perpendicular to the shaft axis. All four pivots are offset from the shaft in a downward direction, and the first and second pivots are farther from the shaft than the third and fourth pivots.
Abstract: A power transmission gearbox comprises an input shaft, output shaft and power take off shaft mounted in a housing, the housing being adapted for connection to the input and output shafts in two positions in each of which the power take off shaft is mounted in a different position relative to the input and output shafts while the input and output shafts occupy the same relative positions. The gearbox allows the power take off shaft to be mounted in a "high" or "low" position on a vehicle.
Abstract: A pulley comprises a hub and a pair of generally annular sheet metal members having central openings for receiving a portion of the hub and oppositely faltered margins for defining a groove to accommodate a belt. The hub includes a shouder portion of sufficient axial length to extend through the openings of the sheet metal members. A leading end part of the shoulder portion is flared over upon insertion through the openings for grippingly engaging the first and second sheet metal members. A plurality of radially alternating lands and grooves in the hub axially trail the shoulder portion, and a radial array of alternating slots and projections in the first and second sheet metal member openings engage the lands and grooves. Alternatively, a generally annular welding plate is provided having a central opening including a plurality of inward projections for engaging the hub grooves, and a plurality of welding projections for weldable attachment to one of the sheet metal members.
Abstract: A continuously variable speedometer drive adapter including a housing with input and output shafts rotatably mounted therein, a first race secured to one of the shafts, a spring-loaded second race mounted freely around the same shaft, a pair of spacer balls mounted therebetween, a drive roller formed on the other shaft and frictionally confined between the races, and adjustment means for varying the position of the roller along the races to thereby vary the resultant input/output speed ratio. In an alternate embodiment, the races are operatively connected to the housing, as well as to one of the shafts, to provide a basic 2:1 input/output speed ratio to supplement the variable ratio feature.
Abstract: Sprockets for a bicycle are disclosed which comprise sprocket bodies and a plurality of teeth circumferentially provided at the outer peripheries of the bodies respectively, at least one of the teeth on a sprocket body being slanted at its tip with respect to the center line of axial thickness of the sprocket body.
Abstract: A variable diameter, speed responsive pulley of extremely compact, simple design is disclosed for use in combination with a variable diameter, tension operated pulley of substantially identical design to provide a controlled speed, variable ratio accessory drive. The speed responsive pulley is formed by a pair of pulley members mounted for relative axial movement on a rotatable central hub wherein each pulley member includes inner and outer frusto-conical surfaces cooperating with corresponding surfaces on the other pulley member to form belt engaging and centrifugal force receiving surfaces, respectively. In one embodiment the speed responsive pulley includes rigid inertial mass members for creating the centrifugal force necessary for operating the pulley. In another embodiment the centrifugal force is developed by an inertial mass having fluid properties.
Abstract: A sheave for a speed variator comprising a fixed and a movable side mounted for rotation with a common shaft. A diaphragm spring urges the movably slide towards the fixed side to clamp a V-belt therebetween. The fixed side may be removed and turned around and then tightened with its own threaded fastener on the shaft to urge the movable side against the force of the diaphragm spring to a retracted position. A retaining member, e.g. a screwdriver, cooperates with the movable side to temporarily hold the same in its retracted position while the fixed side is removed again and turned around and secured by the threaded member in its normal position. The V-belt is then repositioned between the side and the retaining member released. Alternatively, the retaining member may be released automatically, e.g. centrifugally, when the variator is set into motion again.
Abstract: An endless power transmission belt made primarily of elastomeric material is provided which comprises a plurality of laterally spaced belt elements and a tie band interconnecting the radially outer surfaces of the belt elements wherein the tie band comprises a plurality of cooperating layers, one of these layers being bonded to the radially outer surfaces of the belt elements and comprising a fiber-loaded elastomeric matrix, and another of the cooperating layers comprising a fabric layer. The groove between adjacent belt elements extends into the fiber-loaded matrix layer of the tie band. Also provided is a method for making this belt.
February 8, 1978
Date of Patent:
December 11, 1979
Anderson W. Howerton, Darrell L. Klein, James R. Thomas
Abstract: A pulley having a molded glass bead reinforced plastic disk-like body with a central cylindrical aperture extending therethrough and a V-belt groove in its periphery or rim and a cylindrical hub extension projecting from one side, two square recesses in the outer circumference of the hub spaced ninety degrees (90.degree.) apart with a cylindrical aperture extending from the bottom of each of the square recesses to the central cylindrical aperture of the pulley, squre nuts in the square apertures in the hub extension and a circular or ring-like metal band encircling the hub and overlying the nuts with apertures aligned with the threaded openings through the nuts.An adjustable V-belt pulley comprising a first molded glass bead reinforced plastic member having a hub part with a central through aperture and a first annular flange part intermediate the ends of the hub part.
Abstract: A variable power transmission mechanism including a first disc rotatable about a first axis and having a flat surface perpendicular to the first axis, a second disc rotatable about a second axis and providing a flat surface perpendicular to the second axis, apparatus positioning the first and second discs in spaced apposition so that the flat surfaces define planes intersecting at an acute dihedral angle and including a ratio varying arrangement for causing displacement between the discs in a direction aligned with the vertex of the dihedral angle, a ball which makes contact with the surfaces along circles concentric with the respective axes and is resiliently urged toward the vertex of the dihedral angle, a guide for causing displacement of the ball in a direction aligned with the vertex, and an interconnection between the ratio varying arrangement and the ball guide for causing displacement of the latter simultaneously with and proportional to displacement between the discs.
Abstract: A chain drive, especially for the control drive of internal combustion engines with a tensioning member engaging at a non-loaded chain section. In addition to this tensioning member, a further tensioning member is provided which engages at another chain section and whose tensioning movement is derived from the first tensioning member.
Abstract: A variable speed drive for a riding lawn mower or the like has a double pulley variable speed sheave assembly coupled between a driving pulley and a driven pulley by first and second V-belts, respectively. The sheave assembly is carried at one end of a bell crank which is centrally pivoted to one end of a pivot arm. The pivot arm is pivotally connected to the vehicle frame and is biased to urge the sheave assembly toward an operating position with the belts under driving tension. A mechanical control linkage is connected to the other end of the bell crank, and is operable to shift the sheave assembly with respect to the driving and driven pulley to alter the sheave assembly drive ratio in a manner such that belt tension varies with variations in operating speed. The control linkage is operable to move the sheave assembly between a stopped position with both belts declutched and a range of low to high speed operating positions, and is springably biased to urge the sheave assembly toward said stopped position.
Abstract: There is disclosed a bracket and assembly for retrofit conversion of continuous pilot burners to intermittent, on-demand pilot burners. This conversion requires the mounting of a gas ignition electrode in the assembly. The mounting bracket for accomplishing this purpose is a flat metal stamping having a web with distal apertures bearing upstanding peripheral flanges about each aperture, and two pairs of bendable tabs. The bracket is installed with one aperture received about the conventional flame sensor assembly of the pilot burner, and the bendable tabs are bent about the supporting structure to secure the bracket and to support the additional electrode required by this conversion at a predetermined spacing relative to the pilot burner where the electrode tip can be readily bent to the proper air gap for spark ignition.
Abstract: A power driven transmission assembly for an internal combustion engine, which assembly includes an endless V-belt that extends between a driving and a driven pulley. The driven pulley is subject to varying loads. The driving and driven pulleys each include first half portions which are transversely movable relative to the second half portions. By concurrently moving the second half portions relative to the first half portions, the effective pitch diameters of the driving and driven pulleys relative to the belt is varied for the transmission assembly to automatically deliver rotational power that in magnitude is related to a desired degree to the torque curve or torque capability of the prime mover with which the invention is associated. The effective pitch diameter ratio of the pulley system is changed by varying the pitch diameter of the driving pulley by power means.
Abstract: A chain drive includes a sprocket rotatable in a plane and comprising an even number of wide and narrow tapered teeth and a flexible chain comprising successive links having alternate wide and narrow tooth-engaging link openings, with tooth width and link-opening width being measured in a direction transverse to the plane of sprocket rotation. The arrangement ensures proper registration and engagement of the link opening of each oncoming link with a tooth of appropriate width despite displacement of the oncoming chain flight from the plane of sprocket rotation and thereby prevents disengagement of a loose chain from the sprocket or breakage of a tight chain by the sprocket.
Abstract: An electrically fired flash lamp which utilizes a single conductive lead member. The lead protrudes within the lamp's envelope and is covered by a quantity of primer material. A conductive coating (e.g. tin oxide) covers a major portion of the external surface of the envelope and is capacitively coupled through the envelope's wall to the combustible filamentary material (e.g. shredded zirconium) therein. In another embodiment, a second conductive coating is located on the internal surface of the envelope opposite the outer coating and in electrical contact with the filamentary material. Accordingly, both coatings are capacitively coupled when the lamp is electrically fired. A sequentially-activated array of the above lamps is also disclosed.
January 30, 1978
Date of Patent:
November 20, 1979
GTE Sylvania Incorporated
P. Bruce Newell, James C. Morris, John F. Waymouth
Abstract: In an apparatus wherein an endless band is trained over a stationary guide roll and a stretching roll, and a nut-and-spindle mechanism at the ends of the stretching roll can displace the stretching roll in a plane defined by the axes of the rolls when the band is centered on the rolls, the band is automatically centered by two hydraulic double-acting cylinder-piston units. The first unit displaces either end of the stretching roll in the plane and the second unit simultaneously displaces one end in a plane perpendicular thereto. This displacement is effected in response to a control signal from a sensor adjacent each side edge of the band and tripped when the side edge moves into contact therewith as the band moves out of its centered position. The control signal operates a three-way solenoid valve in a hydraulic control circuit for the cylinder-piston units.