Patents by Inventor Alexander Krüger

Alexander Krüger has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20210267437
    Abstract: An optical connecting device for a surgical instrument including a coupling for connecting first and second optical fiber bundles. The coupling including: a tubular sleeve having an outer surface defining an internal space for receiving an end of the first optical fiber bundle in the internal space of the tubular sleeve; a clamp movably disposed on the outer surface of the tubular sleeve, the clamp having one or more of a first convexity and a first concavity; and a union having one or more of a second convexity and a second concavity. The clamp has a continuous longitudinal opening along its longitudinal extension and on its outer side such that the clamp can be elastically deformed in a radial direction, and the clamp is configured to elastically deform such that one or more of the first convexity and the first concavity engages with one or more of the second convexity and the second concavity of the union.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2021
    Publication date: September 2, 2021
    Applicant: OLYMPUS WINTER & IBE GMBH
    Inventors: Martin WIETERS, Alexander KRUEGER
  • Publication number: 20210235187
    Abstract: For certain application cases, such as e.g., in a sports stadium, a microphone array having a particularly high directivity in the vertical direction and a high, yet in wide limits adjustable directivity in horizontal direction is provided. The microphone array has a plurality of microphones whose output signals are combined into at least one common output signal. The microphones are directional microphones with a preferred direction of high sensitivity and arranged substantially in one plane on a circle or segment of a circle, such that each microphone has a different direction of high directivity. For each of the microphones, the preferred direction of high sensitivity is substantially orthogonal to the circle or segment of the circle. A common output signal of the microphone array is obtained by beamforming. The microphone array has an adjustable preferred direction of high sensitivity, wherein the common output signal comprises the sound recorded from this adjustable direction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2019
    Publication date: July 29, 2021
    Applicant: Sennheiser electronic GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Alexander KRÜGER
  • Publication number: 20210193156
    Abstract: When compressing an HOA data frame representation, a gain control (15, 151) is applied for each channel signal before it is perceptually encoded (16). The gain values are transferred in a differential manner as side information. However, for starting decoding of such streamed compressed HOA data frame representation absolute gain values are required, which should be coded with a minimum number of bits. For determining such lowest integer number (?e) of bits the HOA data frame representation (C(k)) is rendered in spatial domain to virtual loudspeaker signals lying on a unit sphere, followed by normalisation of the HOA data frame representation (C(k)). Then the lowest integer number of bits is set to ?e=?log2(?log2(?{square root over (KMAX)}·0)?+1)?.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2020
    Publication date: June 24, 2021
    Applicant: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Sven KORDON, Alexander KRUEGER
  • Publication number: 20210189544
    Abstract: Use of a laser-activatable component in a composition and/or use of a composition that includes the laser-activatable component, during laser transfer printing, characterized in that the laser-activatable component is activated by laser irradiation during use in such a way that the viscosity and/or the elasticity and/or the tack of the composition increase(s) due to an increase in temperature of the composition, wherein the laser-activatable component is a polymer made up of the groups comprising polyethylene glycol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyacrylate, polyester, or copolymers of these polymers or blends.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2020
    Publication date: June 24, 2021
    Inventors: Robin Alexander KRÜGER, Malte SCHULZ-RUHTENBERG, Marc HÜSKE
  • Patent number: 11043224
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods and apparatus for encoding an HOA signal representation (c(t)) of a sound field having an order of N and a number O=(N+1)2 of coefficient sequences to a mezzanine HOA signal representation (wMEZZ(t)). The present invention further relates to methods and apparatus for decoding a reconstructed HOA signal representation from the mezzanine HOA signal representation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2021
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Florian Keiler, Sven Kordon, Alexander Krueger
  • Publication number: 20210185433
    Abstract: In order for a microphone array to capture sound emanating from a moving object whose exact position is unknown at the time of arrival of the sound signal, a method for controlling the microphone array comprises steps of receiving position information that includes a position (pTR) and a velocity of the moving object from a tracking system, receiving a plurality of microphone signals that comprise sound of a sound event emanating from the moving object from a plurality of microphone capsules, calculating a directional characteristic from the plurality of microphone signals, wherein the directional characteristic is based on beamforming according to the position information and wherein an audio output signal is generated that includes the sound from a preferred direction of high sensitivity, and providing the audio output signal at an output.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2020
    Publication date: June 17, 2021
    Applicant: Sennheiser electronic GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Alexander Krüger, Renato Pellegrini
  • Publication number: 20210144503
    Abstract: There are two representations for Higher Order Ambisonics denoted HOA: spatial domain and coefficient domain. The invention generates from a coefficient domain representation a mixed spatial/coefficient domain representation, wherein the number of said HOA signals can be variable. An aspect of the invention further relates to methods and apparatus decoding multiplexed and perceptually encoded HOA signals, including transforming a vector of PCM encoded spatial domain signals of the HOA representation to a corresponding vector of coefficient domain signals by multiplying the vector of PCM encoded spatial domain signals with a transform matrix and de-normalizing the vector of PCM encoded and normalized coefficient domain signals, wherein said de-normalizing comprises.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2020
    Publication date: May 13, 2021
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sven KORDON, Alexander KRUEGER
  • Patent number: 10999688
    Abstract: Higher Order Ambisonics represents three-dimensional sound independent of a specific loudspeaker set-up. However, transmission of an HOA representation results in a very high bit rate. Therefore, compression with a fixed number of channels is used, in which directional and ambient signal components are processed differently. The ambient HOA component is represented by a minimum number of HOA coefficient sequences. The remaining channels contain either directional signals or additional coefficient sequences of the ambient HOA component, depending on what will result in optimum perceptual quality. This processing can change on a frame-by-frame basis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sven Kordon, Alexander Krueger
  • Publication number: 20210082440
    Abstract: The present document relates to a method of layered encoding of a compressed sound representation of a sound or sound field. The compressed sound representation comprises a basic compressed sound representation comprising a plurality of components, basic side information for decoding the basic compressed sound representation to a basic reconstructed sound representation of the sound or sound field, and enhancement side information including parameters for improving the basic reconstructed sound representation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2020
    Publication date: March 18, 2021
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Sven KORDON, Alexander Krueger
  • Publication number: 20210058729
    Abstract: A method for compressing a HOA signal being an input HOA representation with input time frames (C(k)) of HOA coefficient sequences comprises spatial HOA encoding of the input time frames and subsequent perceptual encoding and source encoding. Each input time frame is decomposed (802) into a frame of predominant sound signals (XPS(k?1)) and a frame of an ambient HOA component ({tilde over (C)}AMB(k?1)). The ambient HOA component ({tilde over (C)}AMB(k?1)) comprises, in a layered mode, first HOA coefficient sequences of the input HOA representation (cn(k?1)) in lower positions and second HOA coefficient sequences (cAMB,n(k?1)) in remaining higher positions. The second HOA coefficient sequences are part of an HOA representation of a residual between the input HOA representation and the HOA representation of the predominant sound signals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2020
    Publication date: February 25, 2021
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sven Kordon, Alexander Krueger, Oliver Wuebbolt
  • Publication number: 20210035588
    Abstract: The present document relates to a method of layered encoding of a frame of a compressed higher-order Ambisonics, HOA, representation of a sound or sound field. The compressed HOA representation comprises a plurality of transport signals. The method comprises assigning the plurality of transport signals to a plurality of hierarchical layers, the plurality of layers including a base layer and one or more hierarchical enhancement layers, generating, for each layer, a respective HOA extension payload including side information for parametrically enhancing a reconstructed HOA representation obtainable from the transport signals assigned to the respective layer and any layers lower than the respective layer, assigning the generated HOA extension payloads to their respective layers, and signaling the generated HOA extension payloads in an output bitstream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2020
    Publication date: February 4, 2021
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Sven KORDON, Alexander KRUEGER
  • Publication number: 20210027795
    Abstract: Higher Order Ambisonics represents three-dimensional sound independent of a specific loudspeaker set-up. However, transmission of an HOA representation results in a very high bit rate. Therefore compression with a fixed number of channels is used, in which directional and ambient signal components are processed differently. For coding, portions of the original HOA representation are predicted from the directional signal components. This prediction provides side information which is required for a corresponding decoding. By using some additional specific purpose bits, a known side information coding processing is improved in that the required number of bits for coding that side information is reduced on average.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2020
    Publication date: January 28, 2021
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sven Kordon, Alexander Krueger, Oliver Wuebbolt
  • Publication number: 20200402518
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for decoding a compressed Higher Order Ambisonics (HOA) representation of a sound or soundfield. The method may include receiving a bit stream containing the compressed HOA representation and decoding, based on a determination that there are multiple layers, the compressed HOA representation from the bitstream to obtain a sequence of decoded HOA representations. A first subset of the sequence of decoded HOA representations is determined based only on corresponding ambient HOA components. A second subset of the sequence of decoded HOA representations is determined based on corresponding ambient HOA components and corresponding predominant sound components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 3, 2020
    Publication date: December 24, 2020
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sven KORDON, Alexander KRUEGER, Oliver WUEBBOLT
  • Patent number: 10872612
    Abstract: When compressing an HOA data frame representation, a gain control (15, 151) is applied for each channel signal before it is perceptually encoded (16). The gain values are transferred in a differential manner as side information. However, for starting decoding of such streamed compressed HOA data frame representation absolute gain values are required, which should be coded with a minimum number of bits. For determining such lowest integer number (?e) of bits the HOA data frame representation (C(k)) is rendered in spatial domain to virtual loudspeaker signals lying on a unit sphere, followed by normalisation of the HOA data frame representation (C(k)). Then the lowest integer number of bits is set to ?e=?log2(?log2(?{square root over (KMAX)}·O)?+1)?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sven Kordon, Alexander Krueger
  • Publication number: 20200395022
    Abstract: The present document relates to a method of layered encoding of a compressed sound representation of a sound or sound field. The compressed sound representation comprises a basic compressed sound representation comprising a plurality of components, basic side information for decoding the basic compressed sound representation to a basic reconstructed sound representation of the sound or sound field, and enhancement side information including parameters for improving the basic reconstructed sound representation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2020
    Publication date: December 17, 2020
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Sven KORDON, Alexander KRUEGER
  • Patent number: 10841721
    Abstract: There are two representations for Higher Order Ambisonics denoted HOA: spatial domain and coefficient domain. The invention generates from a coefficient domain representation a mixed spatial/coefficient domain representation, wherein the number of said HOA signals can be variable. An aspect of the invention further relates to methods and apparatus decoding multiplexed and perceptually encoded HOA signals, including transforming a vector of PCM encoded spatial domain signals of the HOA representation to a corresponding vector of coefficient domain signals by multiplying the vector of PCM encoded spatial domain signals with a transform matrix and de-normalizing the vector of PCM encoded and normalized coefficient domain signals, wherein said de-normalizing comprises.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sven Kordon, Alexander Krueger
  • Publication number: 20200304931
    Abstract: Higher Order Ambisonics represents three-dimensional sound independent of a specific loudspeaker set-up. However, transmission of an HOA representation results in a very high bit rate. Therefore, compression with a fixed number of channels is used, in which directional and ambient signal components are processed differently. The ambient HOA component is represented by a minimum number of HOA coefficient sequences. The remaining channels contain either directional signals or additional coefficient sequences of the ambient HOA component, depending on what will result in optimum perceptual quality. This processing can change on a frame-by-frame basis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2020
    Publication date: September 24, 2020
    Applicant: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Sven KORDON, Alexander KRUEGER
  • Publication number: 20200296531
    Abstract: The invention improves HOA sound field representation compression and decompression. A decoder decodes compressed dominant directional signals and compressed residual component signals so as to provide decompressed dominant directional signals and decompressed time domain signals representing a residual HOA component in a spatial domain. A re-correlator re-correlates the decompressed time domain signals to obtain a corresponding reduced-order residual HOA component. A processor determines a decompressed residual HOA component based on the corresponding reduced-order residual HOA component, and determines predicted directional signals based on at least a parameter. The processor is further configured to determine an HOA sound field representation based on the decompressed dominant directional signals, the predicted directional signals, and the decompressed residual HOA component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2020
    Publication date: September 17, 2020
    Applicant: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Alexander Krueger, Sven Kordon, Johannes Boehm
  • Patent number: 10779104
    Abstract: A method for compressing a HOA signal being an input HOA representation with input time frames (C(k)) of HOA coefficient sequences comprises spatial HOA encoding of the input time frames and subsequent perceptual encoding and source encoding. Each input time frame is decomposed (802) into a frame of predominant sound signals (XPS(k?1)) and a frame of an ambient HOA component ({tilde over (C)}AMB(k?1)). The ambient HOA component ({tilde over (C)}AMB(k?1)) comprises, in a layered mode, first HOA coefficient sequences of the input HOA representation (cn(k?1)) in lower positions and second HOA coefficient sequences (cAMB,n(k?1)) in remaining higher positions. The second HOA coefficient sequences are part of an HOA representation of a residual between the input HOA representation and the HOA representation of the predominant sound signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sven Kordon, Alexander Krueger, Oliver Wuebbolt
  • Patent number: 10714099
    Abstract: The present document relates to a method of layered encoding of a frame of a compressed higher-order Ambisonics, HOA, representation of a sound or sound field. The compressed HOA representation comprises a plurality of transport signals. The method comprises assigning the plurality of transport signals to a plurality of hierarchical layers, the plurality of layers including a base layer and one or more hierarchical enhancement layers, generating, for each layer, a respective HOA extension payload including side information for parametrically enhancing a reconstructed HOA representation obtainable from the transport signals assigned to the respective layer and any layers lower than the respective layer, assigning the generated HOA extension payloads to their respective layers, and signaling the generated HOA extension payloads in an output bitstream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Sven Kordon, Alexander Krueger