Patents by Inventor Andrew S. Logan

Andrew S. Logan has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20220269091
    Abstract: Systems, devices, and methods provide for the prevention of laser light escaping a foldable wearable heads-up display (WHUD) when the WHUD is folded. For a WHUD that adopts the form factor of conventional eyeglasses or sunglasses, enabling the WHUD to fold “like glasses” can cause an interruption in the optical path of display light and enable display light to escape into the external environment. This can be hazardous when laser light is used to provide display light. Systems, devices, and methods that automatically detect, sense, and/or respond to the fold configuration state of a WHUD are described. When the WHUD is unfolded a laser-based display operates normally. When the WHUD is folded the laser-based display is disabled to prevent laser light from projecting out of the WHUD through the folded region. Proximity sensors and laser light containing mechanisms also may be employed as alternative or supplementary safety elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2021
    Publication date: August 25, 2022
    Inventors: Stuart James Myron Nicholson, Andrew S. Logan
  • Patent number: 11157077
    Abstract: A method of tracking an eye of a user on a wearable heads-up display (WHUD) worn on the head of the user includes generating infrared light over an eye tracking period, scanning the infrared light over the eye, and detecting reflections of the infrared light from the eye. A motion parameter that is sensitive to motion of the WHUD is measured. Eye tracking is performed in a first mode that is based on glint for values of the motion parameter that fall within a first range of motion parameter values for which an error in measurement of glint position. Eye tracking is performed in a second mode that is based on glint-pupil vector for values of the motion parameter that fall within a second range of motion parameter values for which an error in measurement of glint position exceeds the error threshold. A head-mounted apparatus with eye tracking is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2021
    Assignee: GOOGLE LLC
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Andrew S. Logan, Mayank Bhargava
  • Patent number: 11093034
    Abstract: A method of tracking a gaze position of an eye in a target space in a field of view of the eye over an eye tracking period includes performing a plurality of scans of the eye with infrared light within the eye tracking period. Each scan includes generating infrared light signals over a scan period and projecting the infrared light signals from a plurality of virtual light projectors to the eye to form a plurality of illumination areas on the eye. Reflections of the infrared light signals from the eye are detected for each scan. The gaze position of the eye in the target space is determined from the detected reflections of the infrared light signals for each scan.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2021
    Assignee: Google LLC
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Mayank Bhargava, Andrew S. Logan
  • Publication number: 20210223863
    Abstract: A method of tracking an eye of a user includes generating an infrared light, scanning the infrared light over the eye, and detecting reflections of the infrared light from the eye over an eye tracking period. A plurality of glints is identified from the reflections of the infrared light detected. A glint center position of each glint in a glint space is determined and transformed to a gaze position in a display space. At least once during the eye tracking period, an image of the eye is reconstructed from a portion of the reflections of the infrared light detected. A pupil is detected from the image, and a pupil center position is determined. A glint-pupil vector is determined from the pupil center position and the glint center position of at least one glint corresponding in space to the pupil. The glint space is recalibrated based on the glint-pupil vector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2021
    Publication date: July 22, 2021
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Andrew S. Logan, Mayank Bhargava
  • Patent number: 11042031
    Abstract: An eye tracking system for tracking an eye of a user includes at least one infrared laser diode to output an infrared light and an optical scanner positioned to receive the infrared light outputted by the at least one infrared laser diode and controllable to scan the infrared light over a target area. A holographic optical element is positioned at the target area to receive the infrared light from the optical scanner and redirect the infrared light to the eye of the user. An infrared detector is aligned to detect at least a portion of the infrared light returned from the eye of the user. An infrared filter is disposed in a position to selectively block transmission of infrared wavelengths through the holographic optical element from a side of the holographic optical element. An eyeglass lens, a wearable heads-up display, and a method of eye tracking are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2021
    Assignee: Google LLC
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Andrew S. Logan
  • Patent number: 10976814
    Abstract: A method of tracking an eye of a user includes generating an infrared light, scanning the infrared light over the eye, and detecting reflections of the infrared light from the eye over an eye tracking period. A plurality of glints is identified from the reflections of the infrared light detected. A glint center position of each glint in a glint space is determined and transformed to a gaze position in a display space. At least once during the eye tracking period, an image of the eye is reconstructed from a portion of the reflections of the infrared light detected. A pupil is detected from the image, and a pupil center position is determined. A glint-pupil vector is determined from the pupil center position and the glint center position of at least one glint corresponding in space to the pupil. The glint space is recalibrated based on the glint-pupil vector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: GOOGLE LLC
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Andrew S. Logan, Mayank Bhargava
  • Publication number: 20210063672
    Abstract: An optical combiner includes a lightguide having an input region, an output region, a relay region intermediate between the input region and the output region, and one or more stress raisers positioned to define a line of weakness in the lightguide. The line of weakness is intermediate between the input region and the output region and extends across the relay region. An in-coupler is disposed at the input region to receive an incident light with a field of view and couple the incident light into the lightguide. An out-coupler is disposed at the output region to couple light out of the lightguide. The optical combiner may be integrated with one or more lenses for use as a combiner lens in a wearable heads-up display.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2020
    Publication date: March 4, 2021
    Inventors: Timothy Paul BODIYA, Daniel Robert ADEMA, Syed Moez HAQUE, Andrew S. LOGAN, Dwayne WASYLYSHYN
  • Patent number: 10936056
    Abstract: A method of tracking an eye of a user includes generating infrared light over an eye tracking period, scanning the infrared light over the eye, and detecting reflections of the infrared light from the eye. Shifts in a position of a wearable heads-up display (WHUD) worn on the head of the user are detected during at least a portion of the eye tracking period. Glints are identified from the detected reflections of the infrared light. A drift in a glint center position of an identified glint relative to a glint space is determined based on a detected shift in position of the WHUD corresponding in space to the identified glint. The glint center position is adjusted to compensate for the drift. The adjusted glint center position is transformed from the glint space to a gaze position in a display space in a field of view of the eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2021
    Assignee: Google LLC
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Andrew S. Logan, Mayank Bhargava
  • Publication number: 20200142479
    Abstract: A method of tracking a gaze position of an eye in a target space in a field of view of the eye over an eye tracking period includes performing a plurality of scans of the eye with infrared light within the eye tracking period. Each scan includes generating infrared light signals over a scan period and projecting the infrared light signals from a plurality of virtual light projectors to the eye to form a plurality of illumination areas on the eye. Reflections of the infrared light signals from the eye are detected for each scan. The gaze position of the eye in the target space is determined from the detected reflections of the infrared light signals for each scan.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2019
    Publication date: May 7, 2020
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Mayank Bhargava, Andrew S. Logan
  • Publication number: 20190369253
    Abstract: An edge detection circuit receives a detector signal from an infrared detector positioned and oriented to detect reflections of infrared light from a scan area including at least a portion of an eye, detects an edge of at least one feature of the eye from the detector signal, and outputs information about a position of the edge of the feature relative to the scan area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2019
    Publication date: December 5, 2019
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Andrew S. Logan, Nicholas Ford, David Vandervies, Zachary R. MacLennan
  • Publication number: 20190324532
    Abstract: A method of tracking an eye of a user on a wearable heads-up display (WHUD) worn on the head of the user includes generating infrared light over an eye tracking period, scanning the infrared light over the eye, and detecting reflections of the infrared light from the eye. A motion parameter that is sensitive to motion of the WHUD is measured. Eye tracking is performed in a first mode that is based on glint for values of the motion parameter that fall within a first range of motion parameter values for which an error in measurement of glint position. Eye tracking is performed in a second mode that is based on glint-pupil vector for values of the motion parameter that fall within a second range of motion parameter values for which an error in measurement of glint position exceeds the error threshold. A head-mounted apparatus with eye tracking is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2019
    Publication date: October 24, 2019
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Andrew S. Logan, Mayank Bhargava
  • Publication number: 20190317598
    Abstract: A method of tracking an eye of a user includes generating infrared light over an eye tracking period, scanning the infrared light over the eye, and detecting reflections of the infrared light from the eye. Shifts in a position of a wearable heads-up display (WHUD) worn on the head of the user are detected during at least a portion of the eye tracking period. Glints are identified from the detected reflections of the infrared light. A drift in a glint center position of an identified glint relative to a glint space is determined based on a detected shift in position of the WHUD corresponding in space to the identified glint. The glint center position is adjusted to compensate for the drift. The adjusted glint center position is transformed from the glint space to a gaze position in a display space in a field of view of the eye.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2019
    Publication date: October 17, 2019
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Andrew S. Logan, Mayank Bhargava
  • Publication number: 20190317597
    Abstract: A method of tracking an eye of a user includes generating an infrared light, scanning the infrared light over the eye, and detecting reflections of the infrared light from the eye over an eye tracking period. A plurality of glints is identified from the reflections of the infrared light detected. A glint center position of each glint in a glint space is determined and transformed to a gaze position in a display space. At least once during the eye tracking period, an image of the eye is reconstructed from a portion of the reflections of the infrared light detected. A pupil is detected from the image, and a pupil center position is determined. A glint-pupil vector is determined from the pupil center position and the glint center position of at least one glint corresponding in space to the pupil. The glint space is recalibrated based on the glint-pupil vector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2019
    Publication date: October 17, 2019
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Andrew S. Logan, Mayank Bhargava
  • Publication number: 20190258062
    Abstract: An eye tracking system for tracking an eye of a user includes at least one infrared laser diode to output an infrared light and an optical scanner positioned to receive the infrared light outputted by the at least one infrared laser diode and controllable to scan the infrared light over a target area. A holographic optical element is positioned at the target area to receive the infrared light from the optical scanner and redirect the infrared light to the eye of the user. An infrared detector is aligned to detect at least a portion of the infrared light returned from the eye of the user. An infrared filter is disposed in a position to selectively block transmission of infrared wavelengths through the holographic optical element from a side of the holographic optical element. An eyeglass lens, a wearable heads-up display, and a method of eye tracking are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2019
    Publication date: August 22, 2019
    Inventors: Idris S. Aleem, Andrew S. Logan
  • Publication number: 20180129055
    Abstract: Systems, devices, and methods for field shaping in wearable heads-up displays (WHUD) with laser projectors are described. A WHUD includes a support structure carrying a laser projector, a field shaper optic, and a transparent combiner to combine the projected laser light and environmental light. The laser projector generates a laser light having a field. The laser light is scanned through the field shaper optic and over the transparent combiner. The field shaper optic heterogeneously varies the focal length of the laser light depending on the laser light properties to alter the field of the laser light to approximately match a shape of the transparent combiner. The transparent combiner redirects the laser light to a field of view of a user to create a focused image at an eye of the user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2017
    Publication date: May 10, 2018
    Inventors: Vance R. Morrison, Lloyd Frederick Holland, Ian Andrews, Andrew S. Logan
  • Publication number: 20180129058
    Abstract: Systems, devices, and methods for field shaping in wearable heads-up displays (WHUD) with laser projectors are described. A WHUD includes a support structure carrying a laser projector, a field shaper optic, and a transparent combiner to combine the projected laser light and environmental light. The laser projector generates a laser light having a field. The laser light is scanned through the field shaper optic and over the transparent combiner. The field shaper optic heterogeneously varies the focal length of the laser light depending on the laser light properties to alter the field of the laser light to approximately match a shape of the transparent combiner. The transparent combiner redirects the laser light to a field of view of a user to create a focused image at an eye of the user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2017
    Publication date: May 10, 2018
    Inventors: Vance R. Morrison, Lloyd Frederick Holland, Ian Andrews, Andrew S. Logan
  • Publication number: 20180129057
    Abstract: Systems, devices, and methods for beam shaping in wearable heads-up displays (WHUD) with laser projectors are described. A WHUD includes a support structure carrying a laser projector and an eyeglass lens with a transparent combiner. The laser projector includes at least one laser diode, at least one anamorphic optical element, and a controllable mirror having a reflective area. The at least one laser diode generates laser light having a spot area with at least one dimension being smaller or larger than the dimensions of the reflective area of the controllable mirror. The at least one anamorphic optical element anamorphically reshapes the spot area such that the second spot area has approximately the same dimensions as the controllable mirror. The controllable mirror scans the reshaped laser light over the transparent combiner, which redirects the light, creating a focused image at the eye of the user with minimal loss of laser light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2017
    Publication date: May 10, 2018
    Inventors: Vance R. Morrison, Lloyd Frederick Holland, Ian Andrews, Andrew S. Logan
  • Publication number: 20180129054
    Abstract: Systems, devices, and methods for beam shaping in wearable heads-up displays (WHUD) with laser projectors are described. A WHUD includes a support structure carrying a laser projector and an eyeglass lens with a transparent combiner. The laser projector includes at least one laser diode, at least one anamorphic optical element, and a controllable mirror having a reflective area. The at least one laser diode generates laser light having a spot area with at least one dimension being smaller or larger than the dimensions of the reflective area of the controllable mirror. The at least one anamorphic optical element anamorphically reshapes the spot area such that the second spot area has approximately the same dimensions as the controllable mirror. The controllable mirror scans the reshaped laser light over the transparent combiner, which redirects the light, creating a focused image at the eye of the user with minimal loss of laser light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2017
    Publication date: May 10, 2018
    Inventors: Vance R. Morrison, Lloyd Frederick Holland, Ian Andrews, Andrew S. Logan