Patents by Inventor Anthony F. Martone

Anthony F. Martone has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20210135703
    Abstract: A method and system for providing a cooperative spectrum sharing model that jointly optimizes primary user equipment parameters for improved frequency agility and performance while mitigating mutual interference between the primary user equipment and secondary user equipment. Spectrum sensing is implemented to form a power spectral estimate of the electromagnetic environment (EME) and apply multi-objective optimization to adjust the operational parameters of the primary user equipment to mitigate interference.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2019
    Publication date: May 6, 2021
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, Kyle A. Gallagher, Kelly D. Sherbondy
  • Patent number: 10564257
    Abstract: A spectrum sensing radar system including a spectrum power sensing module configured to sense electromagnetic signal powers in a plurality of sub-frequencies and generate a sensed power set including a plurality of sensed electromagnetic signal powers corresponding to each of the plurality of sub-frequencies; a multi-objective function module configured to receive the sensed power set and calculate a first objective function for each of the plurality of sub-frequencies, wherein the first objective function includes a power function divided by an empirical measure of interference of the sensed power set to form a signal plus noise objective function for a sub-frequency of the plurality of sub-frequencies, and wherein the power function further includes a peak transmit power of the radar system multiplied by a gain of an antenna of the radar system, multiplied by a wavelength of a carrier of the sub-frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, Kenneth I. Ranney, Kelly D. Sherbondy
  • Patent number: 10234543
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention concern locating targets using non-linear radar with a matched filter which uses exponential value of the transmit signal. According to embodiments, a method of non-linear radar target location includes: transmitting a signal of a transmit waveform towards a target; receiving a signal from the target; creating a matched filter by generating an exponential function of the transmit waveform corresponding to a particular harmonic of the interest; and applying the matched filter to the received signal to generate and output a signature waveform for the target of the particular harmonic of interest. In other embodiments, the matched filtering may be combined with sidelobe reduction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Gregory J. Mazzaro, Kyle A. Gallagher, Kenneth I. Ranney, Anthony F. Martone
  • Patent number: 10203405
    Abstract: Method for determining distance to target using a multitone nonlinear radar system comprising providing a transmitter that transmits a signal comprising at least two predetermined frequency components; receiving transmitted signal upon reflection from target; determining the phase relationships of the frequency components when signal strikes target; determining distance the signal has travelled to target based upon the phase relationship of the frequency signal components at the time of reflection from target; computing the distance to target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Gregory J. Mazzaro, Kenneth I. Ranney, Kyle A. Gallagher, Anthony F. Martone
  • Patent number: 10101436
    Abstract: A method for optimizing bandwidth selection of a radar transmission in a frequency bandwidth in which the frequency bandwidth is divided into a plurality of sub-bands having a plurality of different bandwidths. The energy level is measured for each sub-band and a range resolution is also determined for each sub-band. Thereafter, a sub-band is selected in the frequency range where the signal to interference plus noise ratio plus the range resolution is maximum. Thereafter, a radar transmission is transmitted in the selected sub-band with a bandwidth corresponding to the bandwidth of the selected sub-band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, Kenneth I. Ranney, Traian V. Dogaru, Kelly D. Sherbondy
  • Publication number: 20180217230
    Abstract: A spectrum sensing radar system including a spectrum power sensing module configured to sense electromagnetic signal powers in a plurality of sub-frequencies and generate a sensed power set including a plurality of sensed electromagnetic signal powers corresponding to each of the plurality of sub-frequencies; a multi-objective function module configured to receive the sensed power set and calculate a first objective function for each of the plurality of sub-frequencies, wherein the first objective function includes a power function divided by an empirical measure of interference of the sensed power set to form a signal plus noise objective function for a sub-frequency of the plurality of sub-frequencies, and wherein the power function further includes a peak transmit power of the radar system multiplied by a gain of an antenna of the radar system, multiplied by a wavelength of a carrier of the sub-frequency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2017
    Publication date: August 2, 2018
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, Kenneth I. Ranney, Kelly D. Sherbondy
  • Publication number: 20180074165
    Abstract: A method for optimizing bandwidth selection of a radar transmission in a frequency bandwidth in which the frequency bandwidth is divided into a plurality of sub-bands having a plurality of different bandwidths. The energy level is measured for each sub-band and a range resolution is also determined for each sub-band. Thereafter, a sub-band is selected in the frequency range where the signal to interference plus noise ratio plus the range resolution is maximum. Thereafter, a radar transmission is transmitted in the selected sub-band with a bandwidth corresponding to the bandwidth of the selected sub-band.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2015
    Publication date: March 15, 2018
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, Kenneth I. Ranney, Traian V. Dogaru, Kelly D. Sherbondy
  • Publication number: 20170307726
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention concern locating targets using non-linear radar with a matched filter which uses exponential value of the transmit signal. According to embodiments, a method of non-linear radar target location includes: transmitting a signal of a transmit waveform towards a target; receiving a signal from the target; creating a matched filter by generating an exponential function of the transmit waveform corresponding to a particular harmonic of the interest; and applying the matched filter to the received signal to generate and output a signature waveform for the target of the particular harmonic of interest. In other embodiments, the matched filtering may be combined with sidelobe reduction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2016
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Inventors: Gregory J. Mazzaro, Kyle A. Gallagher, Kenneth I. Ranney, Anthony F. Martone
  • Patent number: 9635508
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention relate cognitive radar and RF technologies, and more particularly, to spectrum sensing processing for rapidly monitoring the RF spectrum for channel availability and activity. The goal is to find and use unoccupied RF channels to broadcast and receive information. According to one embodiment, a method for analyzing a received RF signal to determine unused channels, or frequencies, therein, comprises: analyzing a received RF signal to determine anchor points that represent high energy frequency locations; calculating distances between the determined anchor points; identifying and eliminating clusters or isolated anchor points defined as a high energy region of interference based on the calculated distances; and selecting at least one remaining unoccupied frequency for transmitting or receiving a RF signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, Kenneth I. Ranney
  • Publication number: 20160282457
    Abstract: Method for determining distance to target using a multitone nonlinear radar system comprising providing a transmitter that transmits a signal comprising at least two predetermined frequency components; receiving transmitted signal upon reflection from target; determining the phase relationships of the frequency components when signal strikes target; determining distance the signal has travelled to target based upon the phase relationship of the frequency signal components at the time of reflection from target; computing the distance to target.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2016
    Publication date: September 29, 2016
    Applicant: U.S. Army Research Laboratory ATTN: RDRL-LOC-I
    Inventors: Gregory J. Mazzaro, Kenneth I. Ranney, Kyle A. Gallagher, Anthony F. Martone
  • Patent number: 9435882
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for cognitive non-linear radar processing comprising identifying one or more frequency bands of interest, passively scanning, using a non-linear radar (NR), the one or more frequency bands of interest to determine whether interference signals are occupying the one or more bands, transmitting radar waveforms and receiving radar waveform responses at one or more frequency bands determined to be free of interference, determining a likelihood of a target being present or not based on whether the received waveform responses match stored waveform responses for non-linear targets, and modifying waveform parameters of the transmitted radar waveform when the received waveform responses match the stored waveform responses, so as to transmit a modified radar waveform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, David M. McNamara, Gregory J. Mazzaro, Abigail S. Hedden
  • Patent number: 9395434
    Abstract: A multitone nonlinear radar system (and a method of operating such a system) comprising a transmitter that transmits a signal comprising at least two predetermined frequency components; a receiver operating to receive return signals comprising harmonics of at least two predetermined frequencies, combinations of the at least two predetermined frequency components, and combinations of the harmonics of the at least two predetermined frequency components that are within a predetermined selected frequency range that has been predetermined to enable detection and/or classification of an electronic device; at least one antenna operating to transmit and receive electromagnetic radiation operatively connected to the transmitter and receiver; the receiver comprising at least one high pass filter for attenuating linear reflections at the two predetermined frequencies, and an analyzer; whereby electronic devices may be detected and identified by analyzing return signals within a predetermined frequency range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Gregory James Mazzaro, Anthony F Martone
  • Publication number: 20160033622
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for cognitive non-linear radar processing comprising identifying one or more frequency bands of interest, passively scanning, using a non-linear radar (NR), the one or more frequency bands of interest to determine whether interference signals are occupying the one or more bands, transmitting radar waveforms and receiving radar waveform responses at one or more frequency bands determined to be free of interference, determining a likelihood of a target being present or not based on whether the received waveform responses match stored waveform responses for non-linear targets, and modifying waveform parameters of the transmitted radar waveform when the received waveform responses match the stored waveform responses, so as to transmit a modified radar waveform.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Publication date: February 4, 2016
    Applicant: U.S. Army Research Laboratory ATTN: RDRL-LOC-I
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, David M. McNamara, Gregory J. Mazzaro, Abigail S. Hedden
  • Patent number: 9250323
    Abstract: A method and system for forming an image comprising at least one processor for performing the following: initializing an N by P image array IO by setting all values to a large number; inputting at least one image frame; randomly selecting and removing a subset of pixel locations from the total number of available pixel locations to form a preliminary image array IC; for each pixel location comparing the complex magnitude of each pixel in the image array IO with the magnitude of the corresponding pixel in image array IC, and if the pixel value in the image array IC is smaller than the corresponding pixel in the image array IO or if the IC value equals 0, then the current pixel value in image array IO is replaced by the pixel value in the image array IC; and repeating for a number of iterations to form an image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Kenneth I. Ranney, Anthony F. Martone, Roberto Innocenti, Lam H. Nguyen
  • Publication number: 20150201420
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention relate cognitive radar and RF technologies, and more particularly, to spectrum sensing processing for rapidly monitoring the RF spectrum for channel availability and activity. The goal is to find and use unoccupied RF channels to broadcast and receive information. According to one embodiment, a method for analyzing a received RF signal to determine unused channels, or frequencies, therein, comprises: analyzing a received RF signal to determine anchor points that represent high energy frequency locations; calculating distances between the determined anchor points; identifying and eliminating clusters or isolated anchor points defined as a high energy region of interference based on the calculated distances; and selecting at least one remaining unoccupied frequency for transmitting or receiving a RF signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2014
    Publication date: July 16, 2015
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, Kenneth I. Ranney
  • Patent number: 9057783
    Abstract: A system and method for locating a moving target behind a wall or barrier comprising: providing a plurality of images of the region of interest; selecting a reference image from the plurality of images; forming a predetermined number of difference images by subtracting the absolute value of the pixels of the reference image from the absolute values of pixels in a predetermined number of the plurality of images; eliminating negative pixel values in the predetermined number of difference images; minimizing the side lobes to form a combined difference image for each reference frame, selecting another reference image from the plurality of images and performing the steps of forming a plurality of difference images, eliminating negative pixel values, averaging the resulting predetermined number of difference images and minimizing the side lobes for each selected reference image to form a set of combined difference images which contain the moving target signature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, Kenneth I. Ranney, Calvin Duc Le
  • Publication number: 20150061926
    Abstract: A method and system for forming an image comprising at least one processor for performing the following: initializing an N by P image array IO by setting all values to a large number; inputting at least one image frame; randomly selecting and removing a subset of pixel locations from the total number of available pixel locations to form a preliminary image array IC; for each pixel location comparing the complex magnitude of each pixel in the image array IO with the magnitude of the corresponding pixel in image array IC, and if the pixel value in the image array IC is smaller than the corresponding pixel in the image array IO or if the IC value equals 0, then the current pixel value in image array IO is replaced by the pixel value in the image array IC; and repeating for a number of iterations to form an image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2012
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: U.S. Government as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: KENNETH I. RANNEY, ANTHONY F. MARTONE, ROBERTO INNOCENTI, LAM H. NGUYEN
  • Publication number: 20120182171
    Abstract: A system and method for locating a moving target behind a wall or barrier comprising: providing a plurality of images of the region of interest; selecting a reference image from the plurality of images; forming a predetermined number of difference images by subtracting the absolute value of the pixels of the reference image from the absolute values of pixels in a predetermined number of the plurality of images; eliminating negative pixel values in the predetermined number of difference images; minimizing the side lobes to form a combined difference image for each reference frame, selecting another reference image from the plurality of images and performing the steps of forming a plurality of difference images, eliminating negative pixel values, averaging the resulting predetermined number of difference images and minimizing the side lobes for each selected reference image to form a set of combined difference images which contain the moving target signature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Publication date: July 19, 2012
    Applicant: U.S. Government as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, Kenneth I. Ranney, Calvin Duc Le
  • Publication number: 20120182173
    Abstract: A system and method of detecting moving targets comprises transmitting electromagnetic waves rays from a plurality of transmitters at sequential; receiving reflected waves into a plurality of receivers after each transmission; the compilation of the reflected waves from the plurality of receivers for each transmission representing a data frame; forming a signal that monitors changes between the two sets of frames; at least one processor operating to process and compare frames; forming a difference image using a back-projection algorithm; scanning the difference image using a constant false alarm rate (CFAR) window; the CFAR window scanning the entire difference image and identifying a list of points of interest and eliminating the sidelobe artifacts present in the difference image thereby creating CFAR images; processing the CFAR images using morphological processing to create a morphological image; determining the number of clusters present in the morphological image; using K-means clustering to indicate the
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2011
    Publication date: July 19, 2012
    Applicant: U.S. Government as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Anthony F. Martone, Kenneth I. Ranney