Patents by Inventor Anthony S. Dugan

Anthony S. Dugan has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20200180227
    Abstract: The present invention relates to apparatuses for distributing build powder in powder-layer three-dimensional printers (2) and for the collection of particulates of the build powder that have become suspended in the gaseous atmosphere in the vicinity of the build platform of the three-dimensional printer. These apparatuses include recoaters (20) that are particularly useful in providing uniform distribution of fine build powder across the width of the build platform or powder bed. The present invention also includes powder-layer three-dimensional printers (2) which comprise such apparatuses for distributing build powder and/or apparatuses for collecting such suspended particulates. The improved fine powder recoater (20) uses an ultrasonic transducer (30) to move powder through a sheet screen (28). The sheet screen (28) may be presented to the powder fed onto it in a narrow dispensing slot to limit the flow rate of powder from the dispenser and to provide control over the amount of powder dispensed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2018
    Publication date: June 11, 2020
    Inventors: Lawrence Joseph Voss, Joseph J. Bolt, Anthony S. Dugan, Michael John McCoy, Daniel T. Brunermer, Travis Maxwell Inks, Paul P. Knor
  • Publication number: 20200147884
    Abstract: The present invention relates to powder-layer three-dimensional printers (2) having a discrete supply hopper (340) and a recoater (20). The discrete supply hopper (340) is configured to transfer a build powder to the recoater (20) in a manner that enhances the uniformity of build powder layers that are dispensed from the recoater (20). In some embodiments, at least one of the discrete supply hopper and the powder hopper of the recoater is adapted to selectively contact the other, seal against the other, and/or have one partially inserted inside the other so as to diminish or prevent powder pluming during the transfer of build powder from the discrete supply hopper to the recoater.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2019
    Publication date: May 14, 2020
    Inventors: Jake Flick, Michael John McCoy, Joseph J. Bolt, Alec Hydock, Travis Maxwell Inks, Anthony S Dugan, Thomas Lizzi
  • Publication number: 20200001530
    Abstract: Powder layer smoothing devices (34) adapted for use with powder-layer three-dimensional printers (10) are described. The smoothing devices (34) include a counter rotating roller (36, 50, 60) having a complex powder engaging face (38) that may include a series or plurality of flutes (54) or may include knurling (64) extending along at least a portion of the counter rotating roller (36, 50, 60) along its rotational axis (56, 66). The smoothing device (34) may also include a vertically adjustable finishing roller (35) to follow the counter rotating roller (36, 50, 60) across the build box (12) of the powder-layer three-dimensional printer (10).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2019
    Publication date: January 2, 2020
    Inventors: Adam W. Stroud, Rick D. Lucas, Michael John McCoy, Anthony S. Dugan, Joseph J. Bolt
  • Publication number: 20190358901
    Abstract: Powder-layer three-dimensional printer recoaters are disclosed which comprise a controllably vibrated traveling powder dispenser having a hopper section adapted to contain a build powder, an opening through which the powder can be controllably discharged laterally into a chamber which is located beside the opening and which has a mesh covering at least a portion of its bottom. A gate is located with its bottom portion proximal to the opening and is adapted so that its bottom portion horizontally oscillates with respect to the hopper. The recoaters also comprise a vibrator that is operably connected to the traveling powder dispenser and is adapted to selectively cause the powder to flow from the hopper through the opening and be discharged through the mesh and the bottom portion of the gate to horizontally oscillate. In some embodiments, the recoaters also comprise a smoothing device which is adapted to smoothen the powder dispensed through the mesh.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Publication date: November 28, 2019
    Inventor: Anthony S. Dugan
  • Patent number: 10449718
    Abstract: A powder layer smoothing devices adapted for use with powder-layer three-dimensional printers are described. The smoothing devices include a counter rotating roller having a complex powder engaging face that may include a series or plurality of flutes or may include knurling extending along at least a portion of the roller along the rotational axis. The smoothing device may also include a vertically adjustable finishing roller to follow the counter rotating roller across the build box of the powder-layer three-dimensional printer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: The ExOne Company
    Inventors: Adam W. Stroud, Rick D. Lucas, Michael John McCoy, Anthony S. Dugan, Joseph J. Bolt
  • Patent number: 10363730
    Abstract: Recoaters are described which are adapted for use in powder-layer three-dimensional printers. The recoaters comprise a mesh discharge device that is adapted to be selectively activated by the application of an agitation, e.g. a vibration. Such mesh discharge devices include a planar mesh, i.e. a screen or sieve, which is adapted to support a quantity of powder when the quantity of powder and the mesh are static and to dispense at least a portion of the quantity of powder when at least one of the quantity of powder and the mesh is agitated. Preferably, the mesh is disposed substantially horizontally, but may be disposed at an angle to the horizontal. Also described are powder-layer three-dimensional printers comprising such recoaters. In some embodiments, the powder-layer three-dimensional printers are adapted to space the mesh no more than about two to ten powder layer thicknesses from the top surface of the powder bed or substrate upon which a powder layer is to be deposited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: The ExOne Company
    Inventors: Andrew P. Klein, Lawrence J. Voss, Anthony S. Dugan, Michael R. Orner, Thomas Lizzi
  • Patent number: 10144207
    Abstract: A three-dimensional printing apparatus is disclosed has one or more troughs for receiving excess deposited particulate. Such troughs may be positioned to receive the excess deposited particulate into a particulate receiving chamber of the trough. An evacuation chamber is located at the bottom of each trough. A partition separates the evacuation chamber from the receiving chamber of the trough. The partition is selectively perforated to permit a desired amount of the particulate to flow into the evacuation chamber from the receiving chamber. The evacuation chamber is connected to a vacuum source to periodically or continuously draw ambient gas from a gas inlet to the evacuation chamber and/or from the receiving chamber through the perforations of the partition and then through the evacuation chamber toward the vacuum source to entrain an amount of the particulate and carry the entrained particulate out of the evacuation chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: The ExOne Company
    Inventors: Daniel T. Brunermer, Anthony S. Dugan, Thomas Lizzi
  • Publication number: 20180207872
    Abstract: A device for applying powder layers across a substrate or atop an existing powder bed is disclosed. The device has particular utility in embodiments which are adapted for use in depositing powder layers for three-dimensional printing and as part of a three-dimensional printing apparatus. The device utilizes a conveyor belt to transfer powder from a powder reservoir and deposit it upon powder bed or other substrate. In some embodiments, the device utilizes a conveyor belt in conjunction with a powder deflector to transfer powder from a powder reservoir and deposit it upon powder bed or other substrate. In some embodiments the conveyor belt has a downwardly inclined section. In some embodiments, a downwardly inclined chute is used in conjunction with the conveyor belt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2016
    Publication date: July 26, 2018
    Inventors: Andrew P. Klein, Daniel T. Brunermer, Michael J. McCoy, Anthony S. Dugan, Lawrence J. Voss, Thomas Lizzi
  • Publication number: 20170120536
    Abstract: A three-dimensional printing apparatus is disclosed has one or more troughs for receiving excess deposited particulate. Such troughs may be positioned to receive the excess deposited particulate into a particulate receiving chamber of the trough. An evacuation chamber is located at the bottom of each trough. A partition separates the evacuation chamber from the receiving chamber of the trough. The partition is selectively perforated to permit a desired amount of the particulate to flow into the evacuation chamber from the receiving chamber. The evacuation chamber is connected to a vacuum source to periodically or continuously draw ambient gas from a gas inlet to the evacuation chamber and/or from the receiving chamber through the perforations of the partition and then through the evacuation chamber toward the vacuum source to entrain an amount of the particulate and carry the entrained particulate out of the evacuation chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2015
    Publication date: May 4, 2017
    Applicant: The ExOne Company
    Inventors: Daniel T. Brunermer, Anthony S. Dugan, Thomas Lizzi
  • Publication number: 20170066190
    Abstract: Recoaters are described which are adapted for use in powder-layer three-dimensional printers. The recoaters comprise a mesh discharge device that is adapted to be selectively activated by the application of an agitation, e.g. a vibration. Such mesh discharge devices include a planar mesh, i.e. a screen or sieve, which is adapted to support a quantity of powder when the quantity of powder and the mesh are static and to dispense at least a portion of the quantity of powder when at least one of the quantity of powder and the mesh is agitated. Preferably, the mesh is disposed substantially horizontally, but may be disposed at an angle to the horizontal. Also described are powder-layer three-dimensional printers comprising such recoaters. In some embodiments, the powder-layer three-dimensional printers are adapted to space the mesh no more than about two to ten powder layer thicknesses from the top surface of the powder bed or substrate upon which a powder layer is to be deposited.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2016
    Publication date: March 9, 2017
    Inventors: Andrew P. Klein, Lawrence J. Voss, Anthony S. Dugan, Michael R.. Orner, Thomas Lizzi
  • Patent number: 9486962
    Abstract: Powder-layer three-dimensional printer recoaters, which are adapted for use with fine powders, are disclosed. The recoaters comprise a controllably vibrated traveling powder dispenser having a hopper section adapted to contain the build powder, an opening through which the powder can be controllably discharged laterally into a chamber which is located beside the opening and which has a mesh covering at least a portion of its bottom. The recoaters also comprise a vibrator that is operably connected to the traveling powder dispenser and is adapted to selectively cause the powder to flow from the hopper through the opening and be discharged through the mesh. In some embodiments, the recoaters also comprise a smoothing device which is adapted to smoothen the powder dispensed through the mesh. In some embodiments the smoothing device is adapted to compact the density of the dispensed powder level a selectable amount. Also disclosed are powder-layer three-dimensional printers having such recoaters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: The ExOne Company
    Inventors: Anthony S. Dugan, Joseph J. Bolt, Andrew P. Klein
  • Patent number: 9446448
    Abstract: Recoaters for powder-layer three-dimensional printers which are capable of producing enhanced powder layer uniformity and powder-layer three-dimensional printers having such recoaters are described. The recoater comprises a bridge, two supports, one at either end of the bridge, a powder reservoir, and a substantially rectangular plate which extends between the two supports and contains an opening through which the powder reservoir either extends into or through or through which build powder can be fed into the powder reservoir. The plate has a length to minimum width ratio of no more than about 7.0 and a length to maximum width ratio of no more than about 5.0, the plate being adapted to brace the bridge into a perpendicular relationship with the first and second supports when the recoater is being controllably moved and the powder reservoir is dispensing powder to form a powder layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: The ExOne Company
    Inventors: Michael John McCoy, Anthony S. Dugan
  • Publication number: 20160151840
    Abstract: Recoaters for powder-layer three-dimensional printers which are capable of producing enhanced powder layer uniformity and powder-layer three-dimensional printers having such recoaters are described. The recoater comprises a bridge, two supports, one at either end of the bridge, a powder reservoir, and a substantially rectangular plate which extends between the two supports and contains an opening through which the powder reservoir either extends into or through or through which build powder can be fed into the powder reservoir. The plate has a length to minimum width ratio of no more than about 7.0 and a length to maximum width ratio of no more than about 5.0, the plate being adapted to brace the bridge into a perpendicular relationship with the first and second supports when the recoater is being controllably moved and the powder reservoir is dispensing powder to form a powder layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2015
    Publication date: June 2, 2016
    Inventors: Michael John McCoy, Anthony S. Dugan