Patents by Inventor Bassam Hanna Abraham

Bassam Hanna Abraham has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20210115552
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD plasma source includes a hollow cathode target and an anode. The anode and cathode form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines that are substantially perpendicular to a cathode target surface. The gap magnet assembly forms a cusp magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross a pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. This pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected with a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have a negative, positive, or floating electric potential. The plasma source can be configured to generate volume discharge. The gap size prohibits generation of plasma discharge in the gap. By controlling the duration, value and a sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, the plasma ionization can be controlled. The magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD source can also be used for chemically enhanced ionized physical vapor deposition (CE-IPVD).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2020
    Publication date: April 22, 2021
    Applicant: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventors: Bassam Hanna Abraham, Roman Chistyakov
  • Publication number: 20210115553
    Abstract: A method of sputtering a layer on a substrate using a high-energy density plasma (HEDP) magnetron includes positioning the magnetron in a vacuum with an anode, cathode target, magnet assembly, substrate, and feed gas; applying unipolar negative direct current (DC) voltage pulses from a pulse power supply with a pulse forming network (PFN) to a pulse converting network (PCN); and adjusting an amplitude and frequency associated with the plurality of unipolar negative DC voltage pulses causing a resonance mode associated with the PCN. The PCN converts the unipolar negative DC voltage pulses to an asymmetric alternating current (AC) signal that generates a high-density plasma discharge on the HEDP magnetron.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2020
    Publication date: April 22, 2021
    Applicant: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventor: Bassam Hanna Abraham
  • Publication number: 20210102284
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced low temperature high density plasma chemical vapor deposition (LT-HDP-CVD) source has a hollow cathode target and an anode, which form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines substantially perpendicular to the cathode surface. A gap magnet assembly forms a magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross the pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. The pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected to a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have negative, positive, floating, or RF electrical potentials. By controlling the duration, value, and sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, plasma ionization can be controlled. Feed gas flows through the gap between the hollow cathode and anode. The cathode can be connected to a pulse power or RF power supply, or cathode can be connected to both power supplies. The cathode target and substrate can be inductively grounded.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2020
    Publication date: April 8, 2021
    Applicant: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventors: Bassam Hanna Abraham, Roman Chistyakov
  • Patent number: 10957519
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD plasma source includes a hollow cathode target and an anode. The anode and cathode form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines that are substantially perpendicular to a cathode target surface. The gap magnet assembly forms a cusp magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross a pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. This pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected with a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have a negative, positive, or floating electric potential. The plasma source can be configured to generate volume discharge. The gap size prohibits generation of plasma discharge in the gap. By controlling the duration, value and a sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, the plasma ionization can be controlled. The magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD source can also be used for chemically enhanced ionized physical vapor deposition (CE-IPVD).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventors: Roman Chistyakov, Bassam Hanna Abraham
  • Patent number: 10913998
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD plasma source includes a hollow cathode target and an anode. The anode and cathode form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines that are substantially perpendicular to a cathode target surface. The gap magnet assembly forms a cusp magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross a pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. This pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected with a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have a negative, positive, or floating electric potential. The plasma source can be configured to generate volume discharge. The gap size prohibits generation of plasma discharge in the gap. By controlling the duration, value and a sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, the plasma ionization can be controlled. The magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD source can also be used for chemically enhanced ionized physical vapor deposition (CE-IPVD).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignee: IonQuestCorp.
    Inventors: Roman Chistyakov, Bassam Hanna Abraham
  • Patent number: 10900118
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced low temperature high density plasma chemical vapor deposition (LT-HDP-CVD) source has a hollow cathode target and an anode, which form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines substantially perpendicular to the cathode surface. A gap magnet assembly forms a magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross the pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. The pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected to a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have negative, positive, floating, or RF electrical potentials. By controlling the duration, value, and sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, plasma ionization can be controlled. Feed gas flows through the gap between the hollow cathode and anode. The cathode can be connected to a pulse power or RF power supply, or cathode can be connected to both power supplies. The cathode target and substrate can be inductively grounded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2021
    Assignee: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventors: Bassam Hanna Abraham, Roman Chistyakov
  • Publication number: 20200176234
    Abstract: A method of sputtering using a high energy density plasma (HEDP) magnetron includes configuring an anode and cathode target magnet assembly in a vacuum chamber with a sputtering cathode target and substrate, applying regulated unipolar voltage pulses to a tunable pulse forming network, and adjusting amplitude and frequency of the unipolar voltage pulses to cause a resonance mode associated with the tunable pulse forming network and an output AC waveform generated from the pulse forming network. The output AC waveform is operatively coupled to the sputtering cathode target, and the output AC waveform includes a negative voltage exceeding the amplitude of the unipolar voltage pulses during sputtering discharge of the HEDP magnetron.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2017
    Publication date: June 4, 2020
    Applicant: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventors: Bassam Hanna Abraham, Roman Chistyakov
  • Patent number: 10480063
    Abstract: An ionized physical vapor deposition (I-PVD) source includes an electrically and magnetically enhanced radio frequency (RF) diode, which has magnetic field lines directed substantially perpendicular to a cathode that terminate on an electrode positioned between an anode around the cathode. The anode forms a gap and the electrode is positioned behind the gap. An RF power supply connected to the cathode generates RF discharge. The cathode is inductively grounded to prevent forming a constant voltage bias during RF discharge. The electrons drift between the cathode and the gap, thereby producing ionization and forming high density plasma. The electrons drift and energy are controlled by applying different voltage potentials to the electrode. The I-PVD source is positioned in a vacuum chamber to form an I-PVD apparatus that generates ions from sputtered target material atoms and deposition. During sputtering, the substrate is biased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventors: Roman Chistyakov, Bassam Hanna Abraham
  • Publication number: 20190316249
    Abstract: A method of depositing a layer on a substrate includes applying a first magnetic field to a cathode target, electrically coupling the cathode target to a first high power pulse resonance alternating current (AC) power supply, positioning an additional cylindrical cathode target electrode around the cathode, applying a second magnetic field to the additional cylindrical cathode target electrode, electrically coupling the additional cylindrical cathode target electrode to a second high power pulse resonance AC power supply, generating magnetic coupling between the cathode target and an anode, providing a feed gas, and selecting a time shift between negative voltage peaks associated with AC voltage waveforms generated by the first high power pulse resonance AC power supply and the second high power pulse resonance AC power supply.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2019
    Publication date: October 17, 2019
    Applicant: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventors: Bassam Hanna ABRAHAM, Roman CHISTYAKOV
  • Publication number: 20190271070
    Abstract: An electrically and magnetically enhanced ionized physical vapor deposition (I-PVD) magnetron apparatus and method is provided for sputtering material from a cathode target on a substrate, and in particular, for sputtering ceramic and diamond-like coatings. The electrically and magnetically enhanced magnetron sputtering source has unbalanced magnetic fields that couple the cathode target and additional electrode together. The additional electrode is electrically isolated from ground and connected to a power supply that can generate positive, negative, or bipolar high frequency voltages, and is preferably a radio frequency (RF) power supply. RF discharge near the additional electrode increases plasma density and a degree of ionization of sputtered material atoms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 1, 2019
    Publication date: September 5, 2019
    Applicant: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventors: Bassam Hanna Abraham, Roman Chistyakov
  • Publication number: 20190256969
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD plasma source includes a hollow cathode target and an anode. The anode and cathode form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines that are substantially perpendicular to a cathode target surface. The gap magnet assembly forms a cusp magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross a pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. This pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected with a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have a negative, positive, or floating electric potential. The plasma source can be configured to generate volume discharge. The gap size prohibits generation of plasma discharge in the gap. By controlling the duration, value and a sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, the plasma ionization can be controlled. The magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD source can also be used for chemically enhanced ionized physical vapor deposition (CE-IPVD).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2019
    Publication date: August 22, 2019
    Applicant: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventors: Roman CHISTYAKOV, Bassam Hanna ABRAHAM
  • Publication number: 20190249293
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced low temperature high density plasma chemical vapor deposition (LT-HDP-CVD) source has a hollow cathode target and an anode, which form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines substantially perpendicular to the cathode surface. A gap magnet assembly forms a magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross the pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. The pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected to a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have negative, positive, floating, or RF electrical potentials. By controlling the duration, value, and sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, plasma ionization can be controlled. Feed gas flows through the gap between the hollow cathode and anode. The cathode can be connected to a pulse power or RF power supply, or cathode can be connected to both power supplies. The cathode target and substrate can be inductively grounded.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2019
    Publication date: August 15, 2019
    Applicant: IonQuest Corp.
    Inventors: Bassam Hanna ABRAHAM, Roman CHISTYAKOV
  • Patent number: 10227691
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced low temperature high density plasma chemical vapor deposition (LT-HDP-CVD) source has a hollow cathode target and an anode, which form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines substantially perpendicular to the cathode surface. A gap magnet assembly forms a magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross the pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. The pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected to a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have negative, positive, floating, or RF electrical potentials. By controlling the duration, value, and sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, plasma ionization can be controlled. Feed gas flows through the gap between the hollow cathode and anode. The cathode can be connected to a pulse power or RF power supply, or cathode can be connected to both power supplies. The cathode target and substrate can be inductively grounded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: IonQuest LLC
    Inventors: Bassam Hanna Abraham, Roman Chistyakov
  • Patent number: 10227692
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD plasma source includes a hollow cathode target and an anode. The anode and cathode form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines that are substantially perpendicular to a cathode target surface. The gap magnet assembly forms a cusp magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross a pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. This pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected with a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have a negative, positive, or floating electric potential. The plasma source can be configured to generate volume discharge. The gap size prohibits generation of plasma discharge in the gap. By controlling the duration, value and a sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, the plasma ionization can be controlled. The magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD source can also be used for chemically enhanced ionized physical vapor deposition (CE-IPVD).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: IonQuest LLC
    Inventors: Roman Chistyakov, Bassam Hanna Abraham
  • Publication number: 20180374688
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD plasma source includes a hollow cathode target and an anode. The anode and cathode form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines that are substantially perpendicular to a cathode target surface. The gap magnet assembly forms a cusp magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross a pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. This pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected with a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have a negative, positive, or floating electric potential. The plasma source can be configured to generate volume discharge. The gap size prohibits generation of plasma discharge in the gap. By controlling the duration, value and a sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, the plasma ionization can be controlled. The magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD source can also be used for chemically enhanced ionized physical vapor deposition (CE-IPVD).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2016
    Publication date: December 27, 2018
    Applicant: IonQuest LLC
    Inventors: Roman Chistyakov, Bassam Hanna Abraham
  • Publication number: 20180374689
    Abstract: An electrically and magnetically enhanced ionized physical vapor deposition (I-PVD) magnetron apparatus and method is provided for sputtering material from a cathode target on a substrate, and in particular, for sputtering ceramic and diamond-like coatings. The electrically and magnetically enhanced magnetron sputtering source has unbalanced magnetic fields that couple the cathode target and additional electrode together. The additional electrode is electrically isolated from ground and connected to a power supply that can generate positive, negative, or bipolar high frequency voltages, and is preferably a radio frequency (RF) power supply. RF discharge near the additional electrode increases plasma density and a degree of ionization of sputtered material atoms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2016
    Publication date: December 27, 2018
    Applicant: IonQuest LLC
    Inventors: Bassam Hanna ABRAHAM, Roman CHISTYAKOV
  • Publication number: 20180195164
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD plasma source includes a hollow cathode target and an anode. The anode and cathode form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines that are substantially perpendicular to a cathode target surface. The gap magnet assembly forms a cusp magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross a pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. This pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected with a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have a negative, positive, or floating electric potential. The plasma source can be configured to generate volume discharge. The gap size prohibits generation of plasma discharge in the gap. By controlling the duration, value and a sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, the plasma ionization can be controlled. The magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD source can also be used for chemically enhanced ionized physical vapor deposition (CE-IPVD).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2018
    Publication date: July 12, 2018
    Applicant: IonQuest LLC
    Inventors: Roman Chistyakov, Bassam Hanna Abraham
  • Patent number: 9951414
    Abstract: A magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD plasma source includes a hollow cathode target and an anode. The anode and cathode form a gap. A cathode target magnet assembly forms magnetic field lines that are substantially perpendicular to a cathode target surface. The gap magnet assembly forms a cusp magnetic field in the gap that is coupled with the cathode target magnetic field. The magnetic field lines cross a pole piece electrode positioned in the gap. This pole piece is isolated from ground and can be connected with a voltage power supply. The pole piece can have a negative, positive, or floating electric potential. The plasma source can be configured to generate volume discharge. The gap size prohibits generation of plasma discharge in the gap. By controlling the duration, value and a sign of the electric potential on the pole piece, the plasma ionization can be controlled. The magnetically enhanced HDP-CVD source can also be used for chemically enhanced ionized physical vapor deposition (CE-IPVD).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: IONQUEST LLC
    Inventors: Roman Chistyakov, Bassam Hanna Abraham
  • Publication number: 20180044780
    Abstract: A plasma generator includes a chamber for confining a feed gas. An anode is positioned inside the chamber. A cathode assembly is positioned adjacent to the anode inside the chamber. A pulsed power supply comprising at least two solid state switches and having an output that is electrically connected between the anode and the cathode assembly generates voltage micropulses. A pulse width and a duty cycle of the voltage micropulses are generated using a voltage waveform comprising voltage oscillation having amplitudes and frequencies that generate a strongly ionized plasma.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2017
    Publication date: February 15, 2018
    Applicant: Zond, LLC
    Inventors: Roman Chistyakov, Bassam Hanna Abraham
  • Patent number: 9771648
    Abstract: A sputtering apparatus includes a chamber for containing a feed gas. An anode is positioned inside the chamber. A cathode assembly comprising target material is positioned adjacent to an anode inside the chamber. A magnet is positioned adjacent to cathode assembly. A platen that supports a substrate is positioned adjacent to the cathode assembly. An output of the power supply is electrically connected to the cathode assembly. The power supply generates a plurality of voltage pulse trains comprising at least a first and a second voltage pulse train. The first voltage pulse train generates a first discharge from the feed gas that causes sputtering of a first layer of target material having properties that are determined by at least one of a peak amplitude, a rise time, and a duration of pulses in the first voltage pulse train.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2017
    Assignee: ZOND, INC.
    Inventors: Roman Chistyakov, Bassam Hanna Abraham