Patents by Inventor Bradford Gliner

Bradford Gliner has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20080103548
    Abstract: Methods for treating neurological disorders, including neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological disorders, and associated systems are disclosed. One such method includes identifying one or more neural populations, including a cortical target neural population, associated with a neurological condition. The method can further include comparing a patient-specific measure of a characteristic parameter for a selected one of the neural populations with a target measure for the same parameter. If the patient-specific measure differs from the target measure by at least a target amount, the method can include selecting an electrical signal polarity, frequency, or both polarity and frequency based at least in part on the difference between the patient-specific measure and the target measure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2007
    Publication date: May 1, 2008
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Brad Fowler, Bradford Gliner, W. Sheffield, Leif Sloan
  • Publication number: 20080071323
    Abstract: Aspects of the invention relate to intracranial electrodes and methods for implanting and using intracranial electrodes. In one particular example, an intracranial electrode includes a shaft having a distal contact surface adapted to electrically contact a surface of a patient's brain, a head associated with the shaft, and threads adapted to fix the electrode with respect to the patient's skull. This electrode may have an adjustable length adapted to change a contact force of the distal contact surface against the surface of the brain by adjusting the length of the electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2007
    Publication date: March 20, 2008
    Inventors: David Lowry, Bradford Gliner, Kent Leyde, Ben Clopton, Jay Miazga, Chris Genau
  • Publication number: 20080046035
    Abstract: Electrode configurations for reducing invasiveness and/or enhancing neural stimulation efficacy, and associated methods, are disclosed. A method in accordance with one embodiment of the invention for treating a brain disorder includes identifying a target neural structure within a patient's skull and implanting an electrode device within the patient's skull so that an axis that is generally normal to the skull proximate to the electrode device and that passes through at least one electrical contact of the electrode device is offset from the target neural structure. The method further includes stimulating the target neural structure by applying an electrical signal to the at least one electrical contact. In particular embodiments, the electrode device can be positioned between, along, across, or adjacent to a fissure, recess, groove, and/or vascular structure of the patient's brain.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2007
    Publication date: February 21, 2008
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Brad Fowler, Bradford Gliner
  • Publication number: 20080039895
    Abstract: Electromagnetic signal delivery for tissue affected by neuronal dysfunction, degradation, damage, and/or necrosis, and associated systems and methods are disclosed. A method in accordance with one embodiment of the invention includes identifying an affected region, with the affected region including neuronal tissue that, at least during a pre-dysfunctional period, was in neural communication with neuronal tissue in a dysfunctional region. The affected tissue can be functionally adversely affected by neuronal dysfunction in the dysfunctional region. The method can further include applying electromagnetic signals to the neuronal tissue in the affected region. For example, the electromagnetic signals can be applied to a hypo-active neural region that is not physically damaged, and has been identified as likely to recover at least in part as a result of electromagnetic signals. Signals can be applied at sub-threshold levels to cortical and/or subcortical regions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2007
    Publication date: February 14, 2008
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Brad Fowler, Bradford Gliner, David Himes
  • Publication number: 20080033503
    Abstract: Electrode configurations for reducing invasiveness and/or enhancing neural stimulation efficacy, and associated methods, are disclosed. A method in accordance with one embodiment of the invention for treating a brain disorder includes identifying a target neural structure within a patient's skull and implanting an electrode device within the patient's skull so that an axis that is generally normal to the skull proximate to the electrode device and that passes through at least one electrical contact of the electrode device is offset from the target neural structure. The method further includes stimulating the target neural structure by applying an electrical signal to the at least one electrical contact. In particular embodiments, the electrode device can be positioned between, along, across, or adjacent to a fissure, recess, groove, and/or vascular structure of the patient's brain.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2007
    Publication date: February 7, 2008
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Brad Fowler, Bradford Gliner
  • Publication number: 20070288072
    Abstract: Systems and methods for applying signals, including contralesional electromagnetic signals, to neural populations, are disclosed. A particular method can be directed to treating a patient having a subject neural population in a first (e.g., ipsilesional) hemisphere of the brain, with the subject neural population having, or previously having, a functionality capable of being improved. The method can include directing an application of electromagnetic signals at least proximate to a target neural population at a second (e.g., contralesional) hemisphere of the brain to at least constrain a functionality of the target neural population, which has transcallosal communication with the first hemisphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2007
    Publication date: December 13, 2007
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Bradford Gliner, David Himes, Leif Sloan
  • Publication number: 20070179584
    Abstract: Electrodes designed in accordance with the present invention may selectively employ arc shaped contacts; variations in contact number, positioning, spacing, and/or distribution; variations in contact area, size, or periphery; and/or on-electrode conductive links or interconnections between particular contacts to provide enhanced efficiency neural stimulation, and/or increased electrode reliability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2007
    Publication date: August 2, 2007
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventor: Bradford Gliner
  • Publication number: 20070179534
    Abstract: Systems and methods for patient interactive neural stimulation and/or chemical substance delivery are disclosed. A method in accordance with one embodiment of the invention includes affecting a target neural population of the patient by providing to the patient at least one of an electromagnetic signal and a chemical substance. The method can further include detecting at least one characteristic of the patient, with the characteristic at least correlated with the patient's performance of an adjunctive therapy task that is performed in association with affecting the target neural population. The method can still further include controlling at least one parameter in accordance with which the target neural population is affected, based at least in part on the detected characteristic.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2005
    Publication date: August 2, 2007
    Inventors: Andrew Firlik, Bradford Gliner, W. Sheffield, Leif Sloan
  • Publication number: 20070179558
    Abstract: Systems and methods for varying electromagnetic and adjunctive neural therapies are disclosed. A method in accordance with one embodiment includes applying electromagnetic signals to a target neural population of a patient over a first period of time in accordance with a first mode (e.g., including signal delivery to the central nervous system or peripheral nervous system, via implanted or non-implanted devices). The method can further include applying electromagnetic stimulation to the patient over a second period of time in accordance with a second mode different than the first mode. Varying the mode between the first period of time and second period of time can increase the efficacy and/or longevity of the stimulation. Systems in accordance with other embodiments can support multiple signal delivery devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2006
    Publication date: August 2, 2007
    Inventors: Bradford Gliner, Jeffrey Balzer, Brad Fowler, Leif Sloan
  • Publication number: 20070112393
    Abstract: Systems and methods for treating a neurological disorder comprising determining a first set of neural stimulation parameters capable of treating a first subset of symptoms, determining a second set of neural stimulation parameters capable of treating a second subset of symptoms, and applying a neural stimulation therapy based upon the first set of neural stimulation parameters and the second set of neural stimulation parameters to the patient. The first set of neural stimulation parameters can include electrical stimulation at a first frequency, and the second set of neural stimulation parameters can include electrical stimulation at a second frequency. In other embodiments, a treatment method comprises applying a first neural stimulation therapy to the patient in a continuous or generally continuous manner during a first time interval, and applying a second neural stimulation therapy to the patient in a noncontinuous or interrupted manner following the first time interval.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2006
    Publication date: May 17, 2007
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventor: Bradford Gliner
  • Publication number: 20070088404
    Abstract: Methods and systems for improving neural functioning, including cognitive functioning and neglect disorders, are disclosed. A method for treating a patient in accordance with one embodiment of the invention includes applying electrical stimulation beneath a patient's skull to improve neuropsychological functioning of the patient, and, after applying the electrical stimulation, evaluating the functioning of the patient. The method can further include a process based at least in part on results of the evaluation, with the process including maintaining and/or changing at least one parameter in accordance with which the electrical stimulation is applied, and/or ceasing to apply the electrical stimulation. Accordingly, aspects of the foregoing methods can be used to improve functioning in normal patients and/or patients suffering from disorders such as cognitive disorders.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2005
    Publication date: April 19, 2007
    Inventors: Allen Wyler, Bradford Gliner
  • Publication number: 20070088403
    Abstract: Methods and systems for establishing parameters for neural stimulation are disclosed. A method in accordance with one embodiment includes applying a first stimulus to a first neural population associated with a first neural function, using a first set of stimulation parameters. The method can further include detecting a response to the first stimulus at least proximate to the patient's central nervous system and, based at least in part on the response to the first stimulus and on the first set of stimulation parameters, applying a second stimulus to a second neural population. The second neural population can be associated with a second neural function different than the first neural function and can be stimulated using a second set of stimulation parameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2005
    Publication date: April 19, 2007
    Inventors: Allen Wyler, Bradford Gliner, Leif Sloan
  • Publication number: 20070043392
    Abstract: Test procedures for determining a neural stimulation threshold of a patient. In one embodiment, the procedure includes applying a test stimulation signal to the patient and monitoring the patient for a response to the test stimulation signal. The procedure can further include determining a first neural stimulation threshold and calculating a second neural stimulation threshold. The first neural stimulation threshold corresponds to the lowest intensity test stimulation signal that evokes a patient response. The second neural stimulation threshold corresponds to a treatment stimulation signal directed toward affecting a neural activity within the patient.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2006
    Publication date: February 22, 2007
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Bradford Gliner, Kent Leyde
  • Publication number: 20070032834
    Abstract: Methods and devices for automatically optimizing the stimulus parameters and/or the configuration of electrodes to provide neural stimulation to a patient. In one embodiment, a system includes an electrode array having an implantable support member configured to be implanted into a patient and a plurality of therapy electrodes carried by the support member. The system can also have a pulse system operatively coupled to the therapy electrodes to deliver a stimulus to the therapy electrodes, and a sensing device configured to be attached to a sensing location of the patient. The sensing device generates response signals in response to the stimulus. The system can also include a controller operatively coupled to the pulse system and to the sensing device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2006
    Publication date: February 8, 2007
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Bradford Gliner, Jeffrey Balzer, Andrew Firlik
  • Publication number: 20060217780
    Abstract: Methods for treating essential tremor are disclosed. A method in accordance with one embodiment of the invention includes directing a patient to perform a muscle action, for example, a postural or kinetic muscle action. The method can further include directing information to be collected, with the information corresponding to a level of neural activity in the patient's brain while the patient performs the muscle action. The essential tremor motion of the patient can then be at least reduced by applying an electrical stimulation at least proximate to a stimulation site, with the location of the stimulation site being based at least in part on the collected information. The information can include visual images, such as are generated by MRI, fMRI, or CT techniques, or the information can be non-visual.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2005
    Publication date: September 28, 2006
    Inventors: Bradford Gliner, Allen Wyler
  • Publication number: 20060200206
    Abstract: The following disclosure describes several methods and apparatus for intracranial electrical stimulation to treat or otherwise effectuate a change in neural-functions of a patient. Several embodiments of methods in accordance with the invention are directed toward enhancing or otherwise inducing a lasting change in neural activity to effectuate a particular neural-function. Such lasting change in neural activity is defined as “neuroplasticity.” The methods in accordance with the invention can be used to treat brain damage (e.g., stroke, trauma, etc.), brain disease (e.g., Alzheimer's, Pick's, Parkinson's, etc.), and/or brain disorders (e.g., epilepsy, depression, etc.). The methods in accordance with the invention can also be used to enhance neural-function of normal, healthy brains (e.g., learning, memory, etc.), or to control sensory functions (e.g., pain).
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2006
    Publication date: September 7, 2006
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew Firlik, Jeffrey Balzer, Bradford Gliner, Alan Levy, Carlton Morgan
  • Publication number: 20060195155
    Abstract: The following disclosure describes several methods and apparatus for intracranial electrical stimulation to treat or otherwise effectuate a change in neural-functions of a patient. Several embodiments of methods in accordance with the invention are directed toward enhancing or otherwise inducing a lasting change in neural activity to effectuate a particular neural-function. Such lasting change in neural activity is defined as “neuroplasticity.” The methods in accordance with the invention can be used to treat brain damage (e.g., stroke, trauma, etc.), brain disease (e.g., Alzheimer's, Pick's, Parkinson's, etc.), and/or brain disorders (e.g., epilepsy, depression, etc.). The methods in accordance with the invention can also be used to enhance neural-function of normal, healthy brains (e.g., learning, memory, etc.), or to control sensory functions (e.g., pain).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2006
    Publication date: August 31, 2006
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew Firlik, Jeffrey Balzer, Bradford Gliner, Alan Levy, Carlton Morgan
  • Publication number: 20060190056
    Abstract: Systems and methods for neural stimulation may include a stimulus unit; a first electrode assembly having a first set of contacts; and a second set of contacts. The stimulus unit can be an implantable pulse generator including a first terminal that can be biased at a first signal polarity and a second terminal that can be biased at a second signal polarity. The first electrode assembly includes a support member configured to be placed at the stimulation site, the first set of contacts carried by the support member, and a first lead configured to be attached to the first terminal of the implantable pulse generator for biasing the surface contacts at the first polarity. The second set of contacts is detached from the surface electrode assembly. The second set of contacts can be one or more conductive elements fixed to or forming portions of the implantable pulse generator, or a separate electrode array.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2006
    Publication date: August 24, 2006
    Applicant: Northstar Neuroscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Brad Fowler, Bradford Gliner
  • Publication number: 20060106430
    Abstract: Electrode configurations for reducing invasiveness and/or enhancing neural stimulation efficacy, and associated methods, are disclosed. A method in accordance with one embodiment of the invention for treating a brain disorder includes identifying a target neural structure within a patient's skull and implanting an electrode device within the patient's skull so that an axis that is generally normal to the skull proximate to the electrode device and that passes through at least one electrical contact of the electrode device is offset from the target neural structure. The method further includes stimulating the target neural structure by applying an electrical signal to the at least one electrical contact. In particular embodiments, the electrode device can be positioned between, along, across, or adjacent to a fissure, recess, groove, and/or vascular structure of the patient's brain.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2004
    Publication date: May 18, 2006
    Inventors: Brad Fowler, Bradford Gliner
  • Publication number: 20060015153
    Abstract: Systems and methods for enhancing or affecting neural stimulation efficiency and/or efficacy are disclosed. In one embodiment, a system and/or method may apply electromagnetic stimulation to a patient's nervous system over a first time domain according to a first set of stimulation parameters, and over a second time domain according to a second set of stimulation parameters. The first and second time domains may be sequential, simultaneous, or nested. Stimulation parameters may vary in accordance with one or more types of duty cycle, amplitude, pulse repetition frequency, pulse width, spatiotemporal, and/or polarity variations. Stimulation may be applied at subthreshold, threshold, and/or suprathreshold levels in one or more periodic, aperiodic (e.g., chaotic), and/or pseudo-random manners. In some embodiments stimulation may comprise a burst pattern having an interburst frequency corresponding to an intrinsic brainwave frequency, and regular and/or varying intraburst stimulation parameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2005
    Publication date: January 19, 2006
    Inventors: Bradford Gliner, Allen Wyler, Brad Fowler, W. Douglas Sheffield, Richard Kuntz, Kent Leyde, Leif Sloan