Patents by Inventor Charles D. Swerdlow

Charles D. Swerdlow has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10792493
    Abstract: The present invention relates, generally, to scientific and medical system methods for diagnosis of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) lead conductor anomalies, in particular conductor migration and externalization within an ICD implantable cardiac lead. The method uses an “imaginary” component of the high frequency transmission line impedance having certain spectral changes that correspond to movements of the conductor or an “imaginary impedance”. This allows the detection of conductor migration and small insulation failures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: Lambda Nu Technology LLC
    Inventors: Mark W. Kroll, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Patent number: 10668277
    Abstract: Detecting dislodgement of a ventricular lead coupled to an implantable medical device comprises sensing a near-field cardiac EGM via a first electrode of the ventricular lead and a far-field cardiac EGM via a second electrode of the ventricular lead, identifying, R-waves in the near-field cardiac EGM and the far-field cardiac EGM. determining a near-field value of one or more R-wave amplitude metrics based on amplitudes of R-waves identified in the near-field cardiac EGM and a far-field value of the one or more R-wave amplitude metrics based on amplitudes of R-waves identified in the far-field cardiac EGM, detecting dislodgement of the ventricular lead based on at least one of the near-field value or the far-field value of the one or more R-wave amplitude metrics; and providing a lead dislodgment alert in response to detecting the dislodgement of the ventricular lead.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce D. Gunderson, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Patent number: 10195420
    Abstract: A method and system for the diagnosis of anomalies in a lead attached to an implantable medical device, such as an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), including an insulation breach resulting in a short circuit of the high-voltage shock pulse. Determination that the defibrillation pathway is shorted may be made by initial analysis of a Reference EGM and Diagnostic EGM and subsequent analysis of Differential Diagnostic EGMs. Upon determining if a specific defibrillation pathway is shorted, the nonessential defibrillation electrode of that pathway may be excluded from the defibrillation circuit, delivering defibrillation current only between functioning defibrillation electrodes. Alternatively, the ICD system can confirm the presence of a lead anomaly with one or more alternative diagnostic approaches. Patient and remote-monitoring alerts may be initiated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Lambda Nu Technology LLC
    Inventor: Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Publication number: 20180369578
    Abstract: The present invention relates, generally, to scientific and medical system methods for diagnosis of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) lead conductor anomalies, in particular conductor migration and externalization within an ICD implantable cardiac lead. The method uses an “imaginary” component of the high frequency transmission line impedance having certain spectral changes that correspond to movements of the conductor or an “imaginary impedance”. This allows the detection of conductor migration and small insulation failures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2018
    Publication date: December 27, 2018
    Inventors: Mark W. Kroll, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Patent number: 10039919
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for diagnosis of conductor anomalies, such as partial conductor failures, in an implantable lead for an implantable medical device are disclosed. In various embodiments, small changes in the lead impedance are identified by the use of a small circuit element that is incorporated as part of the distal end of the implantable lead. In various embodiments, the small circuit element is electrically connected to a lead conductor and/or electrode of the implantable lead. Methods of diagnosing conductor anomalies in accordance with these embodiments generate measured values that depend only on the impedance of the conductors and electrodes of the lead, and not on the behavior of the conductor-tissue interface and other body tissues.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: Lambda Nu Technology LLC
    Inventors: Mark W. Kroll, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Publication number: 20180161572
    Abstract: Detecting dislodgement of a ventricular lead coupled to an implantable medical device comprises sensing a near-field cardiac EGM via a first electrode of the ventricular lead and a far-field cardiac EGM via a second electrode of the ventricular lead, identifying, R-waves in the near-field cardiac EGM and the far-field cardiac EGM. determining a near-field value of one or more R-wave amplitude metrics based on amplitudes of R-waves identified in the near-field cardiac EGM and a far-field value of the one or more R-wave amplitude metrics based on amplitudes of R-waves identified in the far-field cardiac EGM, detecting dislodgement of the ventricular lead based on at least one of the near-field value or the far-field value of the one or more R-wave amplitude metrics; and providing a lead dislodgment alert in response to detecting the dislodgement of the ventricular lead.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2017
    Publication date: June 14, 2018
    Inventors: Bruce D. Gunderson, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Patent number: 9987485
    Abstract: The present invention relates, generally, to scientific and medical system methods for diagnosis of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) lead conductor anomalies, in particular conductor migration and externalization within an ICD implantable cardiac lead. The method uses an “imaginary” component of the high frequency transmission line impedance having certain spectral changes that correspond to movements of the conductor or an “imaginary impedance”. This allows the detection of conductor migration and small insulation failures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: Lambda Nu Technology LLC
    Inventors: Mark W. Kroll, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Patent number: 9821156
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and apparatus for diagnosis of conductor anomalies, such as insulation failures, in an implantable medical device, such as an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), a pacemaker, or a neurostimulator. Insulation failures are detected and localized by identifying changes in electrical fields via surface (skin) potentials. Small variations in potential are detected along the course of the electrode near the site of insulation failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: Lambda Nu Technology LLC
    Inventors: Mark W. Kroll, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Patent number: 9814876
    Abstract: Dislodgement of a defibrillation lead from the right ventricle to the right atrium is a rare complication associated with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. However, such dislodgement deserves attention out of proportion to its low incidence because of the possibility to cause fatal proarrhythmia. Various embodiments are directed to algorithms for detecting lead dislodgement, including a primary algorithm that operates during baseline rhythm and a secondary algorithm that operates during detection of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation to identify lead dislodgement during atrial fibrillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Lambda Nu Technology LLC
    Inventor: Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Publication number: 20170120045
    Abstract: A method and system for the diagnosis of anomalies in a lead attached to an implantable medical device, such as an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), including an insulation breach resulting in a short circuit of the high-voltage shock pulse. Determination that the defibrillation pathway is shorted may be made by initial analysis of a Reference EGM and Diagnostic EGM and subsequent analysis of Differential Diagnostic EGMs. Upon determining if a specific defibrillation pathway is shorted, the nonessential defibrillation electrode of that pathway may be excluded from the defibrillation circuit, delivering defibrillation current only between functioning defibrillation electrodes. Alternatively, the ICD system can confirm the presence of a lead anomaly with one or more alternative diagnostic approaches. Patient and remote-monitoring alerts may be initiated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2016
    Publication date: May 4, 2017
    Inventor: Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Patent number: 9636500
    Abstract: Active surveillance of potential lead anomalies in implanted medical leads utilizes test signal(s) delivered through an output current pathway and induced signals monitored via an independent monitor current pathway to detect for any reactions to the test signals in the induced signals. Various specific responses can be initiated if a potential insulation breach or anomaly in the implanted medical lead is identified due to detection of a “positive” test result in the induced signals on the monitor current pathway in reaction to a test signal applied to the output current pathway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: Lambda Nu Technology LLC
    Inventors: Charles D. Swerdlow, Mark W. Kroll
  • Publication number: 20160375239
    Abstract: Dislodgement of a defibrillation lead from the right ventricle to the right atrium is a rare complication associated with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. However, such dislodgement deserves attention out of proportion to its low incidence because of the possibility to cause fatal proarrhythmia. Various embodiments are directed to algorithms for detecting lead dislodgement, including a primary algorithm that operates during baseline rhythm and a secondary algorithm that operates during detection of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation to identify lead dislodgement during atrial fibrillation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2016
    Publication date: December 29, 2016
    Inventor: Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Patent number: 9486624
    Abstract: A method and system for the diagnosis of anomalies in a lead attached to an implantable medical device, such as an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), including an insulation breach resulting in a short circuit of the high-voltage shock pulse. Determination that the defibrillation pathway is shorted may be made by initial analysis of a Reference EGM and Diagnostic EGM and subsequent analysis of Differential Diagnostic EGMs. Upon determining if a specific defibrillation pathway is shorted, the nonessential defibrillation electrode of that pathway may be excluded from the defibrillation circuit, delivering defibrillation current only between functioning defibrillation electrodes. Alternatively, the ICD system can confirm the presence of a lead anomaly with one or more alternative diagnostic approaches. Patient and remote-monitoring alerts may be initiated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: Lambda Nu Technology LLC
    Inventor: Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Publication number: 20160271390
    Abstract: The present invention relates, generally, to scientific and medical system methods for diagnosis of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) lead conductor anomalies, in particular conductor migration and externalization within an ICD implantable cardiac lead. The method uses an “imaginary” component of the high frequency transmission line impedance having certain spectral changes that correspond to movements of the conductor or an “imaginary impedance”. This allows the detection of conductor migration and small insulation failures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 24, 2016
    Publication date: September 22, 2016
    Inventors: Mark W. Kroll, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Publication number: 20160250462
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and apparatus for diagnosis of conductor anomalies, such as insulation failures, in an implantable medical device, such as an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), a pacemaker, or a neurostimulator. Insulation failures are detected and localized by identifying changes in electrical fields via surface (skin) potentials. Small variations in potential are detected along the course of the electrode near the site of insulation failure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2016
    Publication date: September 1, 2016
    Inventors: Mark W. Kroll, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Patent number: 9427577
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for the diagnosis of conductor anomalies, such as an insulation failure resulting in a short circuit, in an implantable medical device, such as an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Upon determining if a specific defibrillation pathway is shorted, the method excludes the one electrode from the defibrillation circuit, delivering defibrillation current only between functioning defibrillation electrodes. Protection can be provided against a short in the right-ventricular coil-CAN defibrillation pathway of a pectoral, transvenous ICD with a dual-coil defibrillation lead. If a short caused by an in-pocket abrasion is present, the CAN is excluded from the defibrillation circuit, delivering defibrillation current only between the right-ventricular and superior vena cava defibrillation coils. Determination that the defibrillation pathway is shorted may be made by conventional low current measurements or delivery of high current extremely short test pulses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Assignee: Lambda Nu Technology LLC
    Inventors: Mark W. Kroll, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Publication number: 20150273225
    Abstract: Active surveillance of potential lead anomalies in implanted medical leads utilizes test signal(s) delivered through an output current pathway and induced signals monitored via an independent monitor current pathway to detect for any reactions to the test signals in the induced signals. Various specific responses can be initiated if a potential insulation breach or anomaly in the implanted medical lead is identified due to detection of a “positive” test result in the induced signals on the monitor current pathway in reaction to a test signal applied to the output current pathway.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: October 1, 2015
    Applicant: Lamda Nu, LLC
    Inventors: Charles D. Swerdlow, Mark W. Kroll
  • Publication number: 20150151118
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for the diagnosis of conductor anomalies, such as an insulation failure resulting in a short circuit, in an implantable medical device, such as an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Upon determining if a specific defibrillation pathway is shorted, the method excludes the one electrode from the defibrillation circuit, delivering defibrillation current only between functioning defibrillation electrodes. Protection can be provided against a short in the right-ventricular coil-CAN defibrillation pathway of a pectoral, transvenous ICD with a dual-coil defibrillation lead. If a short caused by an in-pocket abrasion is present, the CAN is excluded from the defibrillation circuit, delivering defibrillation current only between the right-ventricular and superior vena cava defibrillation coils. Determination that the defibrillation pathway is shorted may be made by conventional low current measurements or delivery of high current extremely short test pulses.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2014
    Publication date: June 4, 2015
    Inventors: Mark W. Kroll, Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Publication number: 20140371831
    Abstract: A method and system for the diagnosis of anomalies in a lead attached to an implantable medical device, such as an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), including an insulation breach resulting in a short circuit of the high-voltage shock pulse. Determination that the defibrillation pathway is shorted may be made by initial analysis of a Reference EGM and Diagnostic EGM and subsequent analysis of Differential Diagnostic EGMs. Upon determining if a specific defibrillation pathway is shorted, the nonessential defibrillation electrode of that pathway may be excluded from the defibrillation circuit, delivering defibrillation current only between functioning defibrillation electrodes. Alternatively, the ICD system can confirm the presence of a lead anomaly with one or more alternative diagnostic approaches. Patient and remote-monitoring alerts may be initiated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: Lamda Nu, LLC
    Inventor: Charles D. Swerdlow
  • Publication number: 20140324123
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for diagnosis of conductor anomalies, such as partial conductor failures, in an implantable lead for an implantable medical device are disclosed. In various embodiments, small changes in the lead impedance are identified by the use of a small circuit element that is incorporated as part of the distal end of the implantable lead. In various embodiments, the small circuit element is electrically connected to a lead conductor and/or electrode of the implantable lead. Methods of diagnosing conductor anomalies in accordance with these embodiments generate measured values that depend only on the impedance of the conductors and electrodes of the lead, and not on the behavior of the conductor-tissue interface and other body tissues.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Mark W. Kroll, Charles D. Swerdlow