Patents by Inventor Dane Kenton Parker

Dane Kenton Parker has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20070149741
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a free radical control agent of the structural formula: wherein R1 is a divalent alkyl group of 1 to 12 carbon atoms, R2 and R3 are each independently hydrogen or an alkyl group of 1 to 12 carbon atoms, and R4 is —OH or —COOH, with the proviso that the total carbon atoms of R1, R2, and R3 is no greater than 12; and wherein Y represents a functional group that is capable of activating a vinylic carbon toward free radical addition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2006
    Publication date: June 28, 2007
    Inventor: Dane Kenton Parker
  • Publication number: 20070149709
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method of producing an amphiphilic block copolymer, including the steps of: (1) preparing a first aqueous polymerization medium which is comprised of (a) 4-vinylpyridine, (b) a trithiocarbonate RAFT agent, and an emulsifier, wherein the emulsifier is prepared in-situ within the aqueous polymerization medium by the reaction of a latent surfactant with a surfactant activator; (2) polymerizing the 4-vinylpyridine within the first aqueous polymerization medium in the presence of a first free radical initiator to produce a poly(4-vinylpyridine); (3) protonating the poly(4-vinylpyridine) to form a protonated poly(4-vinylpyridine) RAFT macroinitiator; (4) preparing a second aqueous polymerization medium which is comprised of the protonated poly(4-vinylpyridine) RAFT macroinitiator and a monomer containing ethylenic unsaturation but is exclusive of a surfactant; and (5) polymerizing the protonated poly(4-vinylpyridine) RAFT macroinitiator and monomer containing ethylenic u
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2006
    Publication date: June 28, 2007
    Inventors: Dane Kenton Parker, Joseph John Kulig
  • Patent number: 7230063
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a free radical control agent of the structural formula: wherein R1 is a divalent alkyl group of 1 to 12 carbon atoms, R2 and R3 are each independently hydrogen or an alkyl group of 1 to 12 carbon atoms, and R4 is —OH or —COOH, with the proviso that the total carbon atoms of R1, R2, and R3 is no greater than 12; and wherein Y represents a functional group that is capable of activating a vinylic carbon toward free radical addition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2007
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Dane Kenton Parker
  • Patent number: 7125934
    Abstract: This invention discloses a low cost process that can be used to functionalize living rubbery polymers with terminal nitroxide end-groups to promote interaction between the polymer end-groups and surface functionalities commonly found on carbon black and silica fillers. Such functionalization makes the rubbery polymer more desirable for used in tire tread compositions and other rubber products. This technique more specifically involves reacting a metal terminated living polydiene rubber with a nitrone. The metal will typically be lithium and the polydiene rubber will typically be a polybutadiene rubber, a polyisoprene rubber, a styrene-butadiene rubber, a styrene-isoprene-butadiene rubber, an isoprene-butadiene rubber, or a styrene-isoprene rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2006
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Dane Kenton Parker
  • Patent number: 7098280
    Abstract: The present invention discloses an emulsion polymerization process that comprises: (1) preparing an aqueous polymerization medium which is comprised of (a) at least one monomer, (b) a polymerization control agent, and an emulsifier, wherein the emulsifier is prepared in-situ within the aqueous polymerization medium; and (2) initiating polymerization of said monomer within the aqueous polymerization medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Dane Kenton Parker, Frank James Feher, Viswanath Mahadevan
  • Patent number: 7038062
    Abstract: This invention provides a low cost technique for synthesizing cyclic trithiocarbonates by a simple one step process from epoxides that can be conducted under atmospheric pressure. This synthesis can be depicted as follows: wherein R represents a moiety selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups and aryl groups, wherein R? represents a moiety selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups, aryl groups, and hydrogen atoms, and wherein R? represents a moiety selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups, aryl groups, and hydrogen atoms, wherein the R moiety and the R? moiety can be bonded together to form a cyclic structure, with the proviso that R? represents a hydrogen atom if R? represents an alkyl group or an aryl group. In this process carbon disulfide and a thiocyanate salt, such as potassium thiocyanate, are reacted with the epoxide in an ionic liquid, such as 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([Bmim] PF6) in the presence of water to produce the cyclic trithiocarbonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Dane Kenton Parker
  • Patent number: 6998452
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for producing a free radical control agent of the structural formula: wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of wherein R1 is an alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, cyclohexyl or phenyl; wherein R2 is an alkoxy group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms or a cycloalkoxy group of 5 to 8 carbon atoms; wherein Alk is a divalent hydrocarbon of 1 to 18 carbon atoms; and wherein Y represents a functional group that is capable of activating a vinylic carbon toward free radical addition; said process comprising the steps of (1) reacting a mercaptosilane of the structural formula: Z-Alk-SH with carbon disulfide in the presence of a phase transfer catalyst and an alkali metal hydroxide to produce a trithiocarbonate salt; and (2) reacting the trithiocarbonate salt with a halogen containing compound of the structural formula X-Y to produce the free radical control agent, wherein X represents a halogen atom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2006
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Dane Kenton Parker
  • Patent number: 6992156
    Abstract: The present invention discloses an emulsion polymerization process that comprises: (1) preparing an aqueous polymerization medium which is comprised of (a) at least one monomer, (b) a polymerization control agent, and an emulsifier, wherein the emulsifier is prepared in-situ within the aqueous polymerization medium; and (2) initiating polymerization of said monomer within the aqueous polymerization medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2006
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Dane Kenton Parker, Frank James Feher, Viswanath Mahadevan
  • Patent number: 6861462
    Abstract: This invention relates to preparation and use of nanocomposites formed in situ within an elastomer host wherein the nanocomposite is comprised of an elastomer matrix and a dispersion therein of at least partially exfoliated clay platelets. Rubber composites can be prepared by blending such nanocomposite with additional elastomer(s), additional reinforcing filler(s) and/or a coupling agent. The invention further relates to the preparation of articles of manufacture, including tires, having at least one component comprised of said nanocomposite or said rubber composite. Such a tire component may be selected from, for example, tire tread and tire innerliner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2005
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Dane Kenton Parker, Brent Kevin Larson, Xiaoping Yang
  • Patent number: 6762322
    Abstract: Nitrone derivatives are efficiently prepared by increasing reagent concentrations in reaction solutions. Aldehydes and amines may be condensed to prepare an imine intermediate. Elimination of the solution media generally renders the imine formation more efficient. The imine is then reacted with a peroxysulfacte oxidizing agent in a solution having at least about 0.1M concentration of the imine. The oxaziridine is rearranged to produce the nitrone derivative in high yield and good purity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Dane Kenton Parker
  • Patent number: 6759464
    Abstract: This invention relates to nanocomposites comprised of a functionalized elastomeric polymer, including oligomers which are elastomeric, which contains a particulate dispersion therein of an intercalated, and at least partially exfoliated, swellable clay, such as for example montmorillonite clay. Said clay may be pre-intercalated and thereafter blended with, or intercalated and at least partially exfoliated in situ within, a functionalized elastomer in an aqueous medium, wherein said functionalized elastomer contains at least one functional group selected from acid, acid-salt, anhydride, and protonated amine-modified epoxy groups. The invention further relates to articles of manufacture, including industrial belts and tires, having at least one component comprised of such nanocomposite where such component may be a coating thereon or other integral component. Such tire component may be, for example, a tire tread, tire sidewall and/or tire innerliner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Manoj Ajbani, Joseph Frank Geiser, Dane Kenton Parker
  • Publication number: 20040127634
    Abstract: The present invention discloses an emulsion polymerization process that comprises: (1) preparing an aqueous polymerization medium which is comprised of (a) at least one monomer, (b) a polymerization control agent, and an emulsifier, wherein the emulsifier is prepared in-situ within the aqueous polymerization medium; and (2) initiating polymerization of said monomer within the aqueous polymerization medium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2003
    Publication date: July 1, 2004
    Inventors: Dane Kenton Parker, Frank James Feher, Viswanath Mahadevan
  • Publication number: 20040122225
    Abstract: Nitrone derivatives are efficiently prepared by increasing reagent concentrations in reaction solutions. Aldehydes and amines may be condensed to prepare an imine intermediate. Elimination of the solution media generally renders the imine formation more efficient. The imine is then reacted with a peroxysulfate oxidizing agent in a solution having at least about 0.1M concentration of the imine. The oxaziridine is rearranged to produce the nitrone derivative in high yield and good purity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2002
    Publication date: June 24, 2004
    Applicant: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Dane Kenton Parker
  • Publication number: 20040054059
    Abstract: This invention relates to preparation and use of nanocomposites comprised of an elastomer matrix which contains a dispersion therein of at least partially exfoliated platelets of an intercalated, multilayered, water swellable clay (e.g. montmorillonite clay). The exfoliated platelets are derived from such intercalated clay formed by an in situ cation exchange phenomenon between cationically exchangeable ions within the galleries between the layers of the multilayered clay with a preformed latex of cationic (positively charged) elastomer particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2001
    Publication date: March 18, 2004
    Inventors: Dane Kenton Parker, Brent Kevin Larson, Xiaoping Yang
  • Publication number: 20030144401
    Abstract: This invention relates to nanocomposites comprised of a functionalized elastomeric polymer, including oligomers which are elastomeric, which contains a particulate dispersion therein of an intercalated, and at least partially exfoliated, swellable clay, such as for example montmorillonite clay. Said clay may be pre-intercalated and thereafter blended with, or intercalated and at least partially exfoliated in situ within, a functionalized elastomer in an aqueous medium, wherein said functionalized elastomer contains at least one functional group selected from acid, acid-salt, anhydride, and protonated amine-modified epoxy groups. The invention further relates to articles of manufacture, including industrial belts and tires, having at least one component comprised of such nanocomposite where such component may be a coating thereon or other integral component. Such tire component may be, for example, a tire tread, tire sidewall and/or tire innerliner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2001
    Publication date: July 31, 2003
    Inventors: Manoj Ajbani, Joseph Frank Geiser, Dane Kenton Parker
  • Patent number: 6369158
    Abstract: Mercaptans are normally used as chain transfer agents in emulsion polymerizations. The mercaptans used in commercial applications are typically complex mixtures of hundreds of similar compounds having boiling points within a narrow range. The chain transfer activity of different mercaptans with such mixtures can vary substantially. To further complicate the situation, the distribution of various mercaptans can also vary substantially between lots of material obtained from commercial sources. Thus, consistent molecular weight control is typically difficult to attain in free radical emulsion polymerizations. This invention is based upon the unexpected discovery that dibenzyltrithiocarbonate will act as a pure compound to effectively and consistently control molecular weight in free radical emulsion polymerizations. The polydispersity of polymers made using dibenzyltrithiocarbonate as a molecular weight regulator is similar to that obtained using conventional mercaptan systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2002
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Michael Leslie Senyek, Joseph John Kulig, Dane Kenton Parker
  • Patent number: 6355826
    Abstract: This invention discloses a process for the synthesis of stable aryl nitrile oxides which comprises the sequential steps of (1) halomethylating a halomethyl group onto a substituted aromatic compounds wherein said halomethyl group is halomethylated onto a position that is ortho to at least one of the substituent groups on the substituted aromatic compound; (2) converting the ortho halomethylated-substituted aromatic compound into an ortho-substituted aromatic aldehyde by reacting the ortho halomethylated-substituted aromatic compound with a salt selected from the group consisting of sodium 2-nitropropane and potassium 2-nitropropane in a lower alcohol solvent; (3) converting the ortho-substituted aromatic aldehyde into an ortho-substituted aromatic; and (4) converting the ortho-substituted aromatic oxime into the ortho-substituted aryl nitrile oxide by reacting the ortho-substituted aromatic oxime with an aqueous sodium hypochlorite solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2002
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Dane Kenton Parker
  • Patent number: 6294683
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a technique for reacting a first liquid chemical compound with a second liquid chemical compound which comprises (1) supporting the first liquid chemical compound on a solid support; (2) subsequently bringing the solid support into contact with the second liquid chemical compound; and (3) allowing the first chemical compound to react with the second chemical compound in the presence of a phase transfer catalyst to produce a reaction product. This technique is particularly useful in the synthesis of sulfur containing organosilicon compounds of the formula Z-Alk-Sn-Alk-Z wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of wherein R1 is an alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, cyclohexyl or phenyl; wherein R2 is an alkoxy group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms or a cycloalkoxy group of 5 to 8 carbon atoms; wherein Alk is a divalent hydrocarbon of 1 to 18 carbon atoms; and wherein n is an integer of 2 to 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2001
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Scott Edwards Johnson, Dane Kenton Parker, Niranjan Shah
  • Patent number: 6252009
    Abstract: Acrylic polymers are typically difficult to cure unless they contain specific curing sites, such as carbon-carbon double bonds. This invention offers a technique to rapidly cure acrylic polymers containing nitrile groups that do not possess typical curing sites, such as carbon-carbon double bonds. By utilizing the process of this invention, heat resistant thermoplastic vulcanizates with high-resistance to solvents can easily be prepared. The present invention more specifically discloses a process for curing an acrylic polymer which comprises distributing an aromatic compound having at least two nitrile oxide groups bonded thereto throughout the acrylic polymer, wherein the acrylic polymer contains nitrile groups, and wherein a bulky group is in at least one ortho position to the nitrile oxide group and wherein the bulky group is a moiety which is larger than a hydrogen atom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2001
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: François Jean-Marie Breton, Dane Kenton Parker
  • Patent number: 6172251
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a technique for reacting a first liquid chemical compound with a second liquid chemical compound which comprises (1) supporting the first liquid chemical compound on a solid support; (2) subsequently bringing the solid support into contact with the second liquid chemical compound; and (3) allowing the first chemical compound to react with the second chemical compound in the presence of a phase transfer catalyst to produce a reaction product. This technique is particularly useful in the synthesis of sulfur containing organosilicon compounds of the formula Z-Alk-Sn-Alk-Z wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of wherein R1 is an alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, cyclohexyl or phenyl; wherein R2 is alkoxy group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms, cycloalkoxy group of 5 to 8 carbon atoms or an alkylmercapto group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms; wherein Alk is a divalent hydrocarbon of 1 to 18 carbon atoms; and wherein n is an integer of 2 to 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2001
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Dane Kenton Parker