Patents by Inventor Donald Bruns

Donald Bruns has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20170285343
    Abstract: A head worn display system with at least one retinal display unit having a curved reflector positioned in front of one eye or both eyes of a wearer. The unit includes a first set of three modulated visible-light lasers co-aligned and adapted to provide a foveal laser beam with selectable color and a first scanner unit providing both horizontal and vertical scanning of the laser beam across a small portion of the curved reflector in directions so as to produce a reflection of the color laser beam through the pupil of the eye onto a portion of the retina large enough to encompass the fovea.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2015
    Publication date: October 5, 2017
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, Lawrence Sverdrup, Donald Bruns, Laura Angell
  • Patent number: 8597025
    Abstract: A celestial weapons orientation measuring system. The system includes a miniature celestial direction detection device. The device includes an inclinometer, a camera for imaging at least one celestial object and a processor programmed with a celestial catalog providing known positions at specific times of at least one celestial object and algorithms for automatically calculating target direction information based on the inclination of the system as measured by the inclinometer and the known positions of the celestial object as provided by the celestial catalog and as imaged by the camera. Similar to the training technique discussed in the background section, the pretend enemy wears a GPS detector and transmitter, and a computer system is preferably provided which determines when a trigger-pull results in a “casualty”.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Trex Enterprises Corp.
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, Donald Bruns, Timothy Brinkley
  • Patent number: 8471906
    Abstract: A celestial direction finding system. The system includes an inclinometer, at least one camera for imaging both the daytime sky and the nighttime sky and a computer programmed with a sun, moon and star catalog and algorithms for automatically determining directions based on positions of celestial bodies imaged by at least one camera and incline positions measured by the inclinometer. In a preferred embodiment all of the above features are combined in a single battery operated miniature celestial direction finding module. Geographical positions of nearby objects can be determined with the addition of a rangefinder and knowledge of the geographical position of the camera. The geographical position of the system in preferred embodiments can be determined with the addition of a GPS unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Trex Enterprises Corp
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, Donald Bruns, Timothy Brinkley
  • Publication number: 20120116711
    Abstract: A portable celestial compass (PCC) that provides a new multi-functional capability for high precision target localization. The battery-powered PCC is built around US Army's M-25 stabilized binocular and includes a miniature eye-safe laser range finder, a gyro stabilized binocular, a 3-axis tilt compensated digital compass, and a built-in specialized chip with star catalog and software for target AZ/EL determination and sight reduction. A gyro stabilized binocular rejects up to 98% of image motion caused by hand tremor and platform vibration. Laser rangefinder has the accuracy of ±2 m at 5 km range. The PCC uses celestial objects as absolute references for target azimuth and elevation determination. The azimuth and elevation accuracy is 2 mrad, or 10 m at 5 km range, which is by a factor of up to 5 better than that for a magnetic compass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2008
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Inventors: Donald Bruns, Timothy Brinkley
  • Publication number: 20120021385
    Abstract: A celestial weapons orientation measuring system. The system includes a miniature celestial direction detection device. The device includes an inclinometer, a camera for imaging at least one celestial object and a processor programmed with a celestial catalog providing known positions at specific times of at least one celestial object and algorithms for automatically calculating target direction information based on the inclination of the system as measured by the inclinometer and the known positions of the celestial object as provided by the celestial catalog and as imaged by the camera. Similar to the training technique discussed in the background section, the pretend enemy wears a GPS detector and transmitter, and a computer system is preferably provided which determines when a trigger-pull results in a “casualty”.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2009
    Publication date: January 26, 2012
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, Donald Bruns, Timothy Brinkley
  • Publication number: 20100283840
    Abstract: A celestial direction finding system. The system includes an inclinometer, at least one camera for imaging both the daytime sky and the nighttime sky and a computer programmed with a sun, moon and star catalog and algorithms for automatically determining directions based on positions of celestial bodies imaged by at least one camera and incline positions measured by the inclinometer. In a preferred embodiment all of the above features are combined in a single battery operated miniature celestial direction finding module. Geographical positions of nearby objects can be determined with the addition of a rangefinder and knowledge of the geographical position of the camera. The geographical position of the system in preferred embodiments can be determined with the addition of a GPS unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 25, 2009
    Publication date: November 11, 2010
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, Donald Bruns, Timothy Brinkley
  • Publication number: 20090177398
    Abstract: An angles only aircraft navigation system. The system includes an IMU coupled with a passive optical sensor. The optical sensor provides periodic updates to the IMU in order to correct for accelerometer and gyro drifts. The IMU computes the air vehicle's instantaneous position, velocity, and attitude using gyro and accelerometer measurements. The optical sensor images stars and satellites. The navigation filter combines optical sensor measurements with IMU inputs, and determines those corrections needed to compensate for the IMU drifts. By applying periodic corrections to the IMU using satellite angular measurements, the navigation filter maintains an accurate position estimate during an entire flight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2009
    Publication date: July 9, 2009
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, Donald Bruns, Timothy Brinkley, George Kaplan
  • Patent number: 7460294
    Abstract: Optically controlled micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) is disclosed. In one embodiment, a MEMS device may include a rotatable mirror having an optical sensor that is in electrical communication with the rotatable mirror via an associated electrode. Electrical potential may be supplied to an appropriately configured optical sensor so that a variable range of voltages may be supplied to the rotatable mirror. In operation, an optical control beam may be directed onto the optical sensor where it may be sampled to determine its optical characteristics (e.g., optical wavelength, light intensity, position, polarization, duty cycle, etc.) The optical sensor may then supply voltage to the rotatable mirror based on the determined optical characteristics of the optical control beam, causing the rotatable mirror to rotate about one or more axes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2008
    Assignee: Trex Enterprises Corp
    Inventor: Donald Bruns
  • Patent number: 7447591
    Abstract: An automatic celestial navigation system for navigating both night and day by observation of K-band or H-band infrared light from multiple stars. One or more telescopes mounted on a movable platform such as a ship or airplane and directed at a substantially different portion of sky. Telescope optics focus (on to a pixel array of a sensor) H-band or K-band light from one or more stars in multiple telescopic fields of view. Each system also includes a GPS sensor and a computer processor having access to catalogued infrared star charts. The processor for each system is programmed with special algorithms to use image data from the infrared sensors, position and timing information from the GPS sensor, and the catalogued star charts information to determine orientation (attitude) of the platform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Assignee: Trex Enterprises Corp.
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, David Sandler, Donald Bruns, Eric Korevaar
  • Publication number: 20080031569
    Abstract: Optically controlled micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) is disclosed. In one embodiment, a MEMS device may include a rotatable mirror having an optical sensor that is in electrical communication with the rotatable mirror via an associated electrode. Electrical potential may be supplied to an appropriately configured optical sensor so that a variable range of voltages may be supplied to the rotatable mirror. In operation, an optical control beam may be directed onto the optical sensor where it may be sampled to determine its optical characteristics (e.g., optical wavelength, light intensity, position, polarization, duty cycle, etc.) The optical sensor may then supply voltage to the rotatable mirror based on the determined optical characteristics of the optical control beam, causing the rotatable mirror to rotate about one or more axes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2007
    Publication date: February 7, 2008
    Inventor: Donald Bruns
  • Publication number: 20070117078
    Abstract: A celestial compass. The celestial compass includes a camera with a wide angle lens suitable for viewing a large portion of the sky and a many-pixel sensor for collecting images of celestial objects such as stars, planets, the moon and the sun. The compass also includes a computer programmed with an (1) astronomical algorithm for providing the precise position of celestial objects based on precise input of time (date and time of day) and observation position (latitude and longitude), (2) celestial navigation software and (3) coordinate transformation software to correct distortion, convert pixel image data to astronomical coordinates and determine the instruments azimuth. The system includes provisions for the input of precise time and location information.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2006
    Publication date: May 24, 2007
    Inventors: Donald Bruns, David Sandler, Mikhail Belenkii
  • Patent number: 7190509
    Abstract: Optically controlled micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) is disclosed. In one embodiment, a MEMS device may include a rotatable mirror having an optical sensor that is in electrical communication with the rotatable mirror via an associated electrode. Electrical potential may be supplied to an appropriately configured optical sensor so that a variable range of voltages may be supplied to the rotatable mirror. In operation, an optical control beam may be directed onto the optical sensor where it may be sampled to determine its optical characteristics (e.g., optical wavelength, light intensity, position, polarization, duty cycle, etc.) The optical sensor may then supply voltage to the rotatable mirror based on the determined optical characteristics of the optical control beam, causing the rotatable mirror to rotate about one or more axes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2007
    Assignee: Trex Enterprises Corp.
    Inventor: Donald Bruns
  • Publication number: 20070038374
    Abstract: An automatic celestial navigation system for navigating both night and day by observation of K-band or H-band infrared light from multiple stars. In a first set of preferred embodiments three relatively large aperture telescopes are rigidly mounted on a movable platform such as a ship or airplane with each telescope being directed at a substantially different portion of sky. Embodiments in this first set tend to be relatively large and heavy, such as about one cubic meter and about 60 pounds. In a second set of preferred embodiments one or more smaller aperture telescopes are pivotably mounted on a movable platform such as a ship, airplane or missile so that the telescope or telescopes can be pivoted to point toward specific regions of the sky. Embodiments of this second set are mechanically more complicated than those of the first set, but are much smaller and lighter and are especially useful for guidance of aircraft and missiles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2005
    Publication date: February 15, 2007
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, Donald Bruns, Vincent Rye, Timothy Brinkley
  • Patent number: 7050669
    Abstract: An optical cross connect switch. In this switch any optical fiber in an input set of optical fibers, each carrying a communication beam, can be cross connected to any optical fiber in an output set of optical fibers. An alignment beam is added to and aligned co-axially with the communication beam carried by each fiber in the input set of optical fibers to define a communication-alignment beam for each fiber. Each communication-alignment beam is directed within a confined optical pathway to a specific exit aperture in an input array structure. The exit apertures for all of the communication-alignment beams are arranged in a pattern defining an input array so that each communication-alignment beam can be identified by the location of its exit aperture in the input array structure. Each communication-alignment beam is formed into a cross-connection beam by a micro-lens in a first lens micro-lens array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignee: Trex Enterprises Corp.
    Inventors: Todd Barrett, Chris Sexton, Donald Bruns, Dave Sandler, Hus Tigli
  • Publication number: 20060085130
    Abstract: An automatic celestial navigation system for navigating both night and day by observation of K-band or H-band infrared light from multiple stars. In a first set of preferred embodiments three relatively large aperture telescopes are rigidly mounted on a movable platform such as a ship or airplane with each telescope being directed at a substantially different portion of sky. Embodiments in this first set tend to be relatively large and heavy, such as about one cubic meter and about 60 pounds. In a second set of preferred embodiments one or more smaller aperture telescopes are pivotably mounted on a movable platform such as a ship, airplane or missile so that the telescope or telescopes can be pivoted to point toward specific regions of the sky. Embodiments of this second set are mechanically more complicated than those of the first set, but are much smaller and lighter and are especially useful for guidance of aircraft and missiles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2005
    Publication date: April 20, 2006
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, David Sandler, Donald Bruns, Eric Korevaar
  • Publication number: 20060085129
    Abstract: An automatic celestial navigation system for navigating both night and day by observation of K-band or H-band infrared light from multiple stars. A preferred embodiment uses three telescopes with each of the three telescopes rigidly mounted with respect to each other and rigidly mounted on a movable platform such as a ship or airplane with each telescope being directed at a substantially different portion of sky. Telescope optics focuses, onto the pixel array of a sensor, H-band or K-band light from stars in the field of view of each telescope. The system also includes an inclinometer, an accurate timing device and a computer processor having access to cataloged infrared star charts. The processor is programmed with special algorithms to use image data from the infrared sensors, inclination information from the inclinometer, time information from the timing device and the cataloged star charts information to determine positions of the platform.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2005
    Publication date: April 20, 2006
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, Donald Bruns, Vincent Rye, Timothy Brinkley
  • Publication number: 20060050228
    Abstract: A method for making an optical element comprises polymerizing a first monomer to form a first polymer, the first polymer having a spatially varying degree of cure that provides a predetermined refractive index profile; and polymerizing a second monomer in the presence of the first polymer to form a second polymer intermixed with the first polymer, the second polymer stabilizing the first polymer and the refractive index profile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2004
    Publication date: March 9, 2006
    Inventors: Shui Lai, Donald Bruns, Lawrence Sverdrup, Gomaa Abdel-Sadek
  • Publication number: 20050185283
    Abstract: A large clear aperture cat's eye retro-reflector system that improves the optical efficiency by two orders of magnitude over conventional cat's eye retro-reflectors. It achieves this increase by using a wide-angle lens design with a curved focal plane, so the entrance aperture is not limited by the design constraints of a solid glass sphere. Since light reflected from a retro-reflector increases as the fourth power of the reflector aperture, light reflected from the retro-reflector of the present invention is increased by two orders of magnitude as compared to the prior art cat's eye retro-reflector of conventional size. When used as a communication device, the retro-reflector is preferably modulated by a quantum well modulator providing very high speed communication. In preferred embodiments a moving quantum well modulator is placed near the focal plane, where the beam footprint is much smaller than the entrance aperture, effectively allowing a small modulator to modulate a large diameter beam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2004
    Publication date: August 25, 2005
    Inventors: Mikhail Belenkii, Donald Bruns, David Sandler
  • Publication number: 20050152638
    Abstract: An optical cross connect switch. In this switch any optical fiber in an input set of optical fibers, each carrying a communication beam, can be cross connected to any optical fiber in an output set of optical fibers. An alignment beam is added to and aligned co-axially with the communication beam carried by each fiber in the input set of optical fibers to define a communication-alignment beam for each fiber. Each communication-alignment beam is directed within a confined optical pathway to a specific exit aperture in an input array structure. The exit apertures for all of the communication-alignment beams are arranged in a pattern defining an input array so that each communication-alignment beam can be identified by the location of its exit aperture in the input array structure. Each communication-alignment beam is formed into a cross-connection beam by a micro-lens in a first lens micro-lens array.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2004
    Publication date: July 14, 2005
    Inventors: Todd Barrett, Chris Sexton, Donald Bruns, Dave Sandler, Hus Tigli
  • Publication number: 20050052747
    Abstract: The wavefront aberrator of the present invention includes a pair of transparent windows, or plates, separated by a layer of monomers and polymerization initiator, including a broad class of epoxies. This monomer exhibits a variable index of refraction across the layer, resulting from controlling the extent of its curing. Curing of the epoxy may be made by exposure to light, such as ultraviolet light. The exposure to light may be varied across the surface of the epoxy to create a particular and unique refractive index profile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2004
    Publication date: March 10, 2005
    Inventor: Donald Bruns