Patents by Inventor Emily R. Kinser

Emily R. Kinser has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10376193
    Abstract: An electrode structure is provided that includes an electrode base having topography located on a surface of the electrode base structure. A biological functionalization layer is located on one or more exposed surfaces of at least the topography of the electrode. A sacrificial layer is located on the biological functionalization layer and is present at least in the physical space located between the individual features of the topography of the electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Emily R. Kinser
  • Publication number: 20190143095
    Abstract: A nanodevice includes an array of metal nanorods formed on a substrate. An electropolymerized electrical conductor is formed over tops of a portion of the nanorods to form a reservoir between the electropolymerized conductor and the substrate. The electropolymerized conductor includes pores that open or close responsively to electrical signals applied to the nanorods. A cell loading region is disposed in proximity of the reservoir, and the cell loading region is configured to receive stem cells. A neurotrophic dispensing material is loaded in the reservoir to be dispersed in accordance with open pores to affect growth of the stem cells when in vivo.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2017
    Publication date: May 16, 2019
    Inventors: Steven J. Holmes, Qinghuang Lin, Emily R. Kinser, Nathan P. Marchack, Roy R. Yu
  • Publication number: 20190142310
    Abstract: An electrode structure, which can be used as a biosensor, is provided that has non-random topography located on one surface of an electrode base substrate. The non-random topography of the electrode structure and the electrode base substrate of the electrode structure are of unitary construction and unitary composition and thus there is no interface is located between these elements of the electrode structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2019
    Publication date: May 16, 2019
    Inventors: Emily R. Kinser, Themistoclis Kyriakides, Jagannath Padmanabhan
  • Publication number: 20190146245
    Abstract: Lenses and methods for adjusting the focus of a lens include dividing multiple light sensors in a lens into four quadrants. A position of the lens relative to occlusion along a top and bottom edge of the lens is determined based on numbers of bits in respective bit sequences from light sensors in respective regions of the lens. An optimal focal length for the lens is determined based on the position of the lens. The focal length of the lens is adjusted to match the optimal focal length.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2018
    Publication date: May 16, 2019
    Inventors: Emily R. Kinser, John U. Knickerbocker, Roy R. Yu
  • Patent number: 10216008
    Abstract: Lenses and methods for adjusting the focus of a lens include dividing multiple light sensors in a lens into four quadrants. A position of the lens relative to occlusion along a top and bottom edge of the lens is determined based on lengths of bit sequences from light sensors in each of the four quadrants. An optimal focal length for the lens is determined based on the position of the lens. The focal length of the lens is adjusted to match the optimal focal length.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Emily R. Kinser, John U. Knickerbocker, Roy R. Yu
  • Patent number: 10213144
    Abstract: An electrode structure, which can be used as a biosensor, is provided that has non-random topography located on one surface of an electrode base substrate. The non-random topography of the electrode structure and the electrode base substrate of the electrode structure are of unitary construction and unitary composition and thus there is no interface is located between these elements of the electrode structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, YALE UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Emily R. Kinser, Themistoclis Kyriakides, Jagannath Padmanabhan
  • Publication number: 20190056344
    Abstract: Methods for forming an electrode structure, which can be used as a biosensor, are provided in which the electrode structure has non-random topography located on one surface of an electrode base. In some embodiments, an electrode structure is obtained that contains no interface between the non-random topography of the electrode structure and the electrode base of the electrode structure. In other embodiments, electrode structures are obtained that have an interface between the non-random topography of the electrode structure and the electrode base of the electrode structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2018
    Publication date: February 21, 2019
    Inventor: Emily R. Kinser
  • Publication number: 20190056343
    Abstract: Methods for forming an electrode structure, which can be used as a biosensor, are provided in which the electrode structure has non-random topography located on one surface of an electrode base. In some embodiments, an electrode structure is obtained that contains no interface between the non-random topography of the electrode structure and the electrode base of the electrode structure. In other embodiments, electrode structures are obtained that have an interface between the non-random topography of the electrode structure and the electrode base of the electrode structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2018
    Publication date: February 21, 2019
    Inventor: Emily R. Kinser
  • Patent number: 10168550
    Abstract: Methods of forming a lens include forming components on a lower substrate. The components are sealed on the lower substrate with a sealing layer. An upper substrate is formed over the sealing layer. The lower substrate is polished to a lower lens curvature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Emily R. Kinser, John U. Knickerbocker, Roy R. Yu
  • Patent number: 10161898
    Abstract: Methods for forming an electrode structure, which can be used as a biosensor, are provided in which the electrode structure has non-random topography located on one surface of an electrode base. In some embodiments, an electrode structure is obtained that contains no interface between the non-random topography of the electrode structure and the electrode base of the electrode structure. In other embodiments, electrode structures are obtained that have an interface between the non-random topography of the electrode structure and the electrode base of the electrode structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Emily R. Kinser
  • Publication number: 20180340203
    Abstract: A biosensor includes an array of electrically conductive nanorods formed on a substrate. The nanorods each includes a nanoscale porous coating formed on a surface of the nanorods from silicon dioxide layers. An enzyme coating is bound to the porous coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2017
    Publication date: November 29, 2018
    Inventors: Steven J. Holmes, Emily R. Kinser, Qinghuang Lin, Nathan P. Marchack, Roy R. Yu
  • Publication number: 20180339154
    Abstract: A sensing and treatment device includes an array of metal nanorod electrodes formed on a substrate, the array including first electrodes for sensing, and second electrodes for electrical pulsation. A data processing system is configured to monitor a parameter using the first electrodes and to activate the electrical pulsation in the second electrodes in accordance with a reading of the parameter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2017
    Publication date: November 29, 2018
    Inventors: Hariklia Deligianni, Bruce B. Doris, Steven J. Holmes, Emily R. Kinser, Qinghuang Lin, Roy R. Yu
  • Publication number: 20180340204
    Abstract: A biosensor includes an array of electrically conductive nanorods formed on a substrate. The nanorods each includes a nanoscale porous coating formed on a surface of the nanorods from silicon dioxide layers. An enzyme coating is bound to the porous coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2017
    Publication date: November 29, 2018
    Inventors: Steven J. Holmes, Emily R. Kinser, Qinghuang Lin, Nathan P. Marchack, Roy R. Yu
  • Publication number: 20180339155
    Abstract: A sensing and treatment device includes an array of metal nanorod electrodes formed on a substrate, the array including first electrodes for sensing, and second electrodes for electrical pulsation. A data processing system is configured to monitor a parameter using the first electrodes and to activate the electrical pulsation in the second electrodes in accordance with a reading of the parameter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2017
    Publication date: November 29, 2018
    Inventors: Hariklia Deligianni, Bruce B. Doris, Steven J. Holmes, Emily R. Kinser, Qinghuang Lin, Roy R. Yu
  • Publication number: 20180339321
    Abstract: A biosensor includes an array of metal nanorods formed on a substrate. An electropolymerized conductor is formed over tops of a portion of the nanorods to form a reservoir between the electropolymerized conductor and the substrate. The electropolymerized conductor includes pores that open and close responsively to electrical signals applied to the nanorods. A dispensing material is loaded in the reservoir to be dispersed in accordance with open pores.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2017
    Publication date: November 29, 2018
    Inventors: Steven J. Holmes, Emily R. Kinser, Qinghuang Lin, Nathan P. Marchack, Roy R. Yu
  • Publication number: 20180339320
    Abstract: A biosensor includes an array of metal nanorods formed on a substrate. An electropolymerized conductor is formed over tops of a portion of the nanorods to form a reservoir between the electropolymerized conductor and the substrate. The electropolymerized conductor includes pores that open and close responsively to electrical signals applied to the nanorods. A dispensing material is loaded in the reservoir to be dispersed in accordance with open pores.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2017
    Publication date: November 29, 2018
    Inventors: Steven J. Holmes, Emily R. Kinser, Qinghuang Lin, Nathan P. Marchack, Roy R. Yu
  • Publication number: 20180272048
    Abstract: Aspects include methods of fabricating antibacterial surfaces for medical implant devices including patterning a photoresist layer on a silicon substrate and etching the silicon to generate a plurality of nanopillars. Aspects also include removing the photoresist layer from the structure and coating the plurality of nanopillars with a biocompatible film. Aspects also include a system for preventing bacterial infection associated with medical implants including a thin silicon film including a plurality of nanopillars.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2018
    Publication date: September 27, 2018
    Inventors: Stacey M. Gifford, Huan Hu, Emily R. Kinser, Roy R. Yu, Sufi Zafar
  • Publication number: 20180272046
    Abstract: Aspects include methods of fabricating antibacterial surfaces for medical implant devices including patterning a photoresist layer on a silicon substrate and etching the silicon to generate a plurality of nanopillars. Aspects also include removing the photoresist layer from the structure and coating the plurality of nanopillars with a biocompatible film. Aspects also include a system for preventing bacterial infection associated with medical implants including a thin silicon film including a plurality of nanopillars.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2018
    Publication date: September 27, 2018
    Inventors: Stacey M. Gifford, Huan Hu, Emily R. Kinser, Roy R. Yu, Sufi Zafar
  • Publication number: 20180272047
    Abstract: Aspects include methods of fabricating antibacterial surfaces for medical implant devices including patterning a photoresist layer on a silicon substrate and etching the silicon to generate a plurality of nanopillars. Aspects also include removing the photoresist layer from the structure and coating the plurality of nanopillars with a biocompatible film. Aspects also include a system for preventing bacterial infection associated with medical implants including a thin silicon film including a plurality of nanopillars.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2018
    Publication date: September 27, 2018
    Inventors: Stacey M. Gifford, Huan Hu, Emily R. Kinser, Roy R. Yu, Sufi Zafar
  • Publication number: 20180272045
    Abstract: Aspects include methods of fabricating antibacterial surfaces for medical implant devices including patterning a photoresist layer on a silicon substrate and etching the silicon to generate a plurality of nanopillars. Aspects also include removing the photoresist layer from the structure and coating the plurality of nanopillars with a biocompatible film. Aspects also include a system for preventing bacterial infection associated with medical implants including a thin silicon film including a plurality of nanopillars.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2017
    Publication date: September 27, 2018
    Inventors: Stacey M. Gifford, Huan Hu, Emily R. Kinser, Roy R. Yu, Sufi Zafar