Patents by Inventor Frances E. Lockwood

Frances E. Lockwood has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 7119053
    Abstract: An aqueous wheel cleaning solution for removing the dirt form the surface of aluminum, chrome, stainless steel, painted steel, painted aluminum, clear coated aluminum, rubber, and plastic wheels and tires without scrubbing by applying the cleaning solution to the wheel and/or tire then rinsing the wheel and/or tire with water. Selected polymers include a polyvinylpyrrolidone, a poly(N-vinylimidazole, a poly(4-vinylpyridine-betaine), and/or a poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide) each one of which can be used with conventional wheel cleaning components such as an acid or alkaline-based cleaning formulation to dramatically improve its wheel cleaning power. These polymers can attach to organic and inorganic dirt particles forming a complex with them for easy removal from the wheel and/or tire during rinsing, leaving the wheel and/or tire clean without scrubbing the wheel or tire surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2006
    Assignee: Ashland Licensing and Intellectual Property, LLC
    Inventors: Elsie A. Jordan, Wen-Chen Su, Richard J. Baumgart, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Patent number: 6964989
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to water resistant peelable protective and decorative clear or pigmented coating compositions and, more specifically, to solvent and aqueous based, polymeric coating compositions which form a protective and/or decorative coating on a variety of substrates, including automotive paints, metals, plastics, concrete, natural and synthetic elastomers, and ceramics. The coatings are be formulated for temporary or long term protection depending upon the application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2005
    Assignee: Ashland Inc.
    Inventors: Jiafu Fang, Zhiqiang Zhang, Frances E. Lockwood, Richard J. Baumgart, Michael A. Dituro
  • Patent number: 6822012
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to water resistant peelable protective and decorative clear or pigmented coating compositions and, more specifically, to aqueous and solvent based, polymeric coating compositions which form a protective and/or decorative coating and is removably adheres to a variety of substrates, including automotive paints, metals, glass, vinyl, plastics, concrete, natural and synthetic elastomers, and ceramics. The coatings can be either a flat film on the substrate, or a three-dimensional expandable foamy coating, and can be readily peeled off from the substrate as a whole piece. The coatings may be formulated for temporary or long-term protection depending upon the application. The peelable coatings can be applied as a paint, paste, film, or expandable foam cord whereby the expansion of the foam can be controlled by the formulation and applicator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: Ashland Inc
    Inventors: Richard J. Baumgart, Michael A. Dituro, Frances E. Lockwood, Zhiqiang Zhang, Daniel J. Dotson
  • Publication number: 20040209782
    Abstract: Fluid compositions that have enhanced thermal conductivity, up to 250% greater than their conventional analogues, and methods of preparation for these fluids are identified. The compositions contain at a minimum, a fluid media such as oil or water, and a selected effective amount of carbon nanomaterials necessary to enhance the thermal conductivity of the fluid. One of the preferred carbon nanomaterials is a high thermal conductivity graphite, exceeding that of the neat fluid to be dispersed therein in thermal conductivity, and ground, milled, or naturally prepared with mean particle size less than 500 nm, and preferably less than 200 nm, and most preferably less than 100 nm. The graphite is dispersed in the fluid by one or more of various methods, including ultrasonication, milling, and chemical dispersion. Carbon nanotube with graphitic structure is another preferred source of carbon nanomaterial, although other carbon nanomaterials are acceptable.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2003
    Publication date: October 21, 2004
    Applicant: ASHLAND INC.
    Inventors: Zhigiang Zhang, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Patent number: 6783746
    Abstract: The introduction of nanotubes in a liquid provides a means for changing the physical and/or chemical properties of the liquid. Improvements in heat transfer, electrical properties, viscosity, and lubricity can be realized upon dispersion of nanotubes in liquids; however, nanotubes behave like hydrophobic particles and tend to clump together in liquids. Methods of preparing stable dispersions of nanotubes are described and surfactants/dispersants are identified which can disperse carbon nanotubes in aqueous and petroleum liquid medium. The appropriate dispersant is chosen for the carbon nanotube and the water or oil based medium and the dispersant is dissolved into the liquid medium to form a solution. The carbon nanotube is added to the dispersant containing the solution with agitation, ultrasonication, and/or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: Ashland, Inc.
    Inventors: Zhiqiang Zhang, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Patent number: 6774091
    Abstract: A lubricant additive formulation for increasing the performance of conventional engine lubricants for use as an engine treatment oil additive formulated for addition to conventional motor oil to improve the lubricating properties of the engine oil and enhance the performance of the engine. A preferred embodiment of the engine treatment oil additive comprises a blend of chemical constituents including a base stock selected from a synthetic base stock, a mineral oil base stock, and a severely hydrocracked base stock or combinations thereof, an oil soluble molybdenum additive, dispersant inhibitor, and selected additives such as polytetrafluoroethylene, viscosity index improvers, and extreme pressure wear agent used in combination with a conventional crankcase lubricant at about a 20 to about a 25% volume/percent or as a complete motor oil. Additional components may be added to the engine treatment oil additive formulation to enhance specific properties for special applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2004
    Assignee: Ashland Inc.
    Inventors: Michael A. Dituro, Richard J. Baumgart, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Publication number: 20040097390
    Abstract: An aqueous wheel cleaning solution for removing the dirt form the surface of aluminum, chrome, stainless steel, painted steel, painted aluminum, clear coated aluminum, rubber, and plastic wheels and tires without scrubbing by applying the cleaning solution to the wheel and/or tire then rinsing the wheel and/or tire with water. Selected polymers include a polyvinylpyrrolidone, a poly(N-vinylimidazole, a poly(4-vinylpyridine-betaine), and/or a poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide) each one of which can be used with conventional wheel cleaning components such as an acid or alkaline-based cleaning formulation to dramatically improve its wheel cleaning power. These polymers can attach to organic and inorganic dirt particles forming a complex with them for easy removal from the wheel and/or tire during rinsing, leaving the wheel and/or tire clean without scrubbing the wheel or tire surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2003
    Publication date: May 20, 2004
    Inventors: Elsie A. Jordan, Wen-Chen Su, Richard J. Baumgart, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Patent number: 6713522
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to water resistant peelable protective and decorative clear or pigmented foam coating compositions and, more specifically, to aqueous and solvent based, polymeric coating compositions which form a protective and/or decorative coating and is removably adheres to a variety of substrates, including automotive paints, metals, glass, vinyl, plastics, concrete, natural and synthetic elastomers, and ceramics. The coatings present a three-dimensional expandable foamy coating, and can be readily peeled off from the substrate as a whole piece. The coatings may be formulated for temporary or long-term protection depending upon the application. The peelable coatings can be applied as a paint, paste, film, or expandable foam cord whereby the expansion of the foam can be controlled by the formulation and applicator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2004
    Assignee: Ashland Inc.
    Inventors: Zhiqiang Zhang, Richard J. Baumgart, Michael A. Dituro, Frances E. Lockwood, Daniel J. Dotson, Wen-Chen Su
  • Publication number: 20030119682
    Abstract: An engine lubricant formulated as a complete crankcase motor oil or additive concentrate composed of a combination of chemical constituents including a base oil selected from a synthetic oil, a mineral oil or semi-synthetic base oil (hydrogenated oil) or combination thereof, an oil soluble molybdenum additive, a dispersant inhibitor containing zinc dithiophosphate, and viscosity index improvers and one or more seal swelling agents to lubricate the engine and recondition the seals of new and/or high mileage engines. Addition of a polyalphaolefin and/or one or more esters such as a diester or polyolester may also be utilized therein. The lubricant may be formulated as a complete engine oil crankcase lubricant, or concentrated into an additive for addition to conventional mineral oil based engine oil, synthetic engine oils, or blends thereof in an effective amount of up to 30 percent volume percent, typically from 20 to 25 percent by volume.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2002
    Publication date: June 26, 2003
    Applicant: ASHLAND INC.
    Inventors: Mandeep S. Saini, Thomas R. Smith, Michael A. Dituro, Richard J. Baumgart, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Publication number: 20030087769
    Abstract: A lubricant additive formulation for increasing the performance of conventional engine lubricants for use as an engine treatment oil additive formulated for addition to conventional motor oil to improve the lubricating properties of the engine oil and enhance the performance of the engine. A preferred embodiment of the engine treatment oil additive comprises a blend of chemical constituents including a base stock selected from a synthetic base stock, a mineral oil base stock, and a severly hydrocracked base stock or combinations thereof, an oil soluble molybdenum additive, dispersant inhibitor, and selected additives such as polytetrafluoroethylene, viscosity index improvers, and extreme pressure wear agent used in combination with a conventional crankcase lubricant at about a 20 to about a 25% volume/percent or as a complete motor oil. Additional components may be added to the engine treatment oil additive formulation to enhance specific properties for special applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 26, 2002
    Publication date: May 8, 2003
    Applicant: ASHLAND INC.
    Inventors: Michael A. Dituro, Richard J. Baumgart, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Patent number: 6486249
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to the field of release agents commonly in uses in preventing asphalt and other sticky compounds such as rubbers from sticking to the transporting vehicles such as dump truck beds and processing tools, and equipment, and more particularly to a novel biodegradable release agent applied to metal surfaces prior to use for promoting free release of sticky hot-mix asphalt materials from the metal tools and equipment used in road construction applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2002
    Assignee: Ashland Inc.
    Inventors: Michael A. Dituro, Frances E. Lockwood, Daniel J. Dotson, Jiafu Fang
  • Patent number: 6461537
    Abstract: A water repellent glass treatment for automotive applications comprising a windshield washer solvent which contains quaternary compounds, preferably siloxane based quaternary ammonium compounds, fatty quaternary ammonium compounds, and mixtures thereof which are dispersible in water, alcohol's and water alcohol mixtures and imparts a good degree of hydrophobicity to the windshield surface. The fluid is used in underhood washer solvent reservoirs and applied to the windshield of the automobile in the conventional manner and is packaged in diluted solution or a concentrate for addition to the windshield cleaner/solvent solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: Ashland Inc.
    Inventors: David E. Turcotte, Frances E. Lockwood, Richard J. Baumgart, Michael A. Dituro, Claude S. Phoenix
  • Publication number: 20020077377
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to water resistant peelable protective and decorative clear or pigmented foam coating compositions and, more specifically, to aqueous and solvent based, polymeric coating compositions which form a protective and/or decorative coating and is removably adheres to a variety of substrates, including automotive paints, metals, glass, vinyl, plastics, concrete, natural and synthetic elastomers, and ceramics. The coatings present a three-dimensional expandable foamy coating, and can be readily peeled off from the substrate as a whole piece. The coatings may be formulated for temporary or long-term protection depending upon the application.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2001
    Publication date: June 20, 2002
    Inventors: Zhiqiang Zhang, Richard J. Baumgart, Michael A. Dituro, Frances E. Lockwood, Daniel J. Dotson, Wen-Chen Su
  • Patent number: 6228283
    Abstract: The present invention provides heavy duty long life corrosion inhibition formulations and compositions for inhibiting mineral scale and the corrosion of metals particularly the cavitation corrosion of aluminum in the presence of aqueous liquids. The combination of a mixture of polymeric polycarboxylates, azoles, molybdenum, and a combination of nitrite and nitrate salts, phosphates, stabilized silicates and transition metal compounds provide a synergistic protective effect against the cavitation corrosion of aluminum in aqueous liquids reducing the corrosion rate and is effective at relatively low concentrations and varying pH ranges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2001
    Assignee: Ashland Inc.
    Inventors: David E. Turcotte, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Patent number: 6203719
    Abstract: The present invention provides corrosion inhibition formulations and compositions for inhibiting mineral scale and the corrosion of metals particularly the cavitation corrosion of aluminum in the presence of aqueous liquids. The combination of a mixture of polymeric polycarboxylates, azoles, nitrate salts, phosphates, stabilized silicates and transition metal compounds provide a synergistic protective effect against the cavitation corrosion of aluminum in aqueous liquids reducing the corrosion rate and is effective at relatively low concentrations and varying pH ranges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2001
    Assignee: Ashland Inc.
    Inventors: David E. Turcotte, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Patent number: 6130190
    Abstract: A lubricating composition comprising a liquid crystal and a surfactant is disclosed. The inventive composition increase the lubricity of lubricant oils, reduce the wear rate or metals being lubricated, and increase the load bearing properties of lubricants between various surfaces, for example, within an engine and in the rolling of metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2000
    Assignee: Pennzoil Products Company
    Inventors: Selda Gunsel, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Patent number: 6034038
    Abstract: A lubricant additive formulation for addition to conventional motor oil to improve the lubricating properties of the engine oil and enhance the performance of the engine. The engine treatment oil additive comprises a synergistic blend of an oil soluble molybdenum additive, polyalphaolefin, ester such as a polyolester or diester, polytetrafluoroethylene, dispersant inhibitor containing zinc dithiophosphate, mineral oil base stock, viscosity index improvers, and borate ester used in combination with a conventional crankcase lubricant at about a 20 to about a 25% volume/percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: Ashland Inc.
    Inventors: Frances E. Lockwood, Richard Joseph Baumgart, Michael Andrew Dituro
  • Patent number: 5962377
    Abstract: A lubricant additive formulation for increasing the performance of conventional engine lubricants for use as an engine treatment oil additive formulated for addition to conventional motor oil to improve the lubricating properties of the engine oil and enhance the performance of the engine. The preferred embodiment of the engine treatment oil additive comprises a synergistic blend of chemical constituents including an oil soluble molybdenum additive, polyalphaolefin, ester such as a polyolester or diester, polytetrafluoroethylene, dispersant inhibitor containing zinc dithiophosphate, mineral oil base stock, viscosity index improvers, and borate ester used in combination with a conventional crankcase lubricant at about a 20 to about a 25% volume/percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Ashland Inc.
    Inventors: Richard J. Baumgart, Frances E. Lockwood, Michael A. Dituro
  • Patent number: 5641731
    Abstract: A motor oil performance-enhancing engine treatment oil additive formulated for addition to conventional motor oil to improve the lubricating properties of the engine oil and enhance the performance of the engine.The novel engine additive comprises a synergistic combination of chemical constituents including an oil soluble molybdenum additive, polyalphaolefin, diester, polytetrafluoroethylene, dispersant inhibitor containing zinc dithiophosphate, mineral oil base stock, viscosity index improvers, and borate ester used in combination with a conventional crankcase lubricant at about a 20 to about a 25% volume/percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 24, 1997
    Assignee: Ashland, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Joseph Baumgart, Michael Andrew Dituro, Frances E. Lockwood
  • Patent number: 4999122
    Abstract: Non-aqueous lamellar liquid crystalline lubricant compositions comprise an organic acid component or a salt thereof, an organic amine component and a non-aqueous solvent which maintains the liquid crystalline properties of a mixture of the organic acid or salt thereof and the organic amine. The organic acid component is selected from the group consisting of alkyl phosphonic acids, aryl phosphonic acids, alkyl sulfonic acids and aryl sulfonic acids. The weight ratios of the components are such that the compositions exhibit lamellar liquid crystalline properties, the weight ratio of organic acid to organic amine is in the range of about 1:1 to about 5:1 and the solvent comprises not greater than about 75 weight percent of the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1991
    Assignee: Pennzoil Products Company
    Inventors: Frances E. Lockwood, James G. Lazar, Clarence M. Comer, Selda Gunsel, Stig E. Friberg