Patents by Inventor Harold A. Wright

Harold A. Wright has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 8084508
    Abstract: A method of producing fuel by converting an alcohol stream comprising at least one alcohol into synthesis gas; providing a first synthesis gas stream, wherein at least a portion of the first synthesis gas stream comprises synthesis gas obtained from the alcohol conversion; converting a feed comprising synthesis gas via Fischer-Tropsch into a Fischer-Tropsch product comprising hydrocarbons, wherein at least a portion of the feed comprises synthesis gas from the first synthesis gas stream; and converting at least a portion of the Fischer-Tropsch product into fuel. A diesel fuel comprising hydrocarbons formed by Fischer-Tropsch conversion of synthesis gas derived from an alcohol stream comprising at least one alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignee: Rentech, Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis Yakobson, Harold A. Wright, Richard Penning
  • Publication number: 20110313061
    Abstract: A method of preparing a spray dried catalyst by combining spray dried catalyst particles with wax so the spray dried catalyst particles are coated with wax, yielding wax coated catalyst particles, and shaping the wax coated catalyst to provide shaped wax coated catalyst. A method of activating Fischer-Tropsch catalyst particles containing oxides by contacting the catalyst particles with a reducing gas in an activation vessel to produce an activated catalyst, wherein contacting is performed in the absence of a liquid medium under activation conditions. A system for activating a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst containing an activation reactor configured to introduce an activation gas to a fixed or fluidized bed of the Fischer-Tropsch catalyst in the absence of a liquid medium and at least one separation device configured to separate a gas stream comprising entrained catalyst fines having an average particle size below a desired cutoff size from the activation reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 5, 2011
    Publication date: December 22, 2011
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Harold A. Wright, Belma Demirel, Sergio Mohedas, Bahman Rejai, Ray Huang, Deena Ferdous, Jesse W. Taylor, Dawid J. Duvenhage, Sara L. Rolfe
  • Publication number: 20110178185
    Abstract: A method and system for reforming a carbonaceous feedstock comprising the steps, reforming the feedstock produce a first synthesis gas, subjecting a portion of the first synthesis gas to catalytic conversion, separating from the synthesis gas conversion product at least one byproduct, and utilizing at least a portion of the at least one byproduct during reforming of additional carbonaceous material. In certain instances, the method and system may be used to produce a liquid fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2010
    Publication date: July 21, 2011
    Applicant: CLEARFUELS TECHNOLOGY INC.
    Inventors: Randy BLEVINS, Joshua B. PEARSON, Harold A. WRIGHT
  • Publication number: 20110168605
    Abstract: A method and system for reforming a carbonaceous feedstock comprising the steps, reforming the feedstock produce a first synthesis gas, subjecting a portion of the first synthesis gas to catalytic conversion, separating from the synthesis gas conversion product at least one byproduct, and utilizing at least a portion of the at least one byproduct during reforming of additional carbonaceous material. In certain instances, the method and system may be used to produce a liquid fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2010
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Applicant: CLEARFUELS TECHNOLOGY INC.
    Inventors: Randy BLEVINS, Joshua B. PEARSON, Harold A. WRIGHT
  • Patent number: 7968611
    Abstract: A method of producing an iron catalyst for catalyzing the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide is disclosed. The method comprises using a reduced amount of acid for iron dissolution compared to certain previous methods. The resulting acidic iron mixture is heated without boiling to obtain a nitrate solution having a Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio in the range of about 0.01%: 99.99% to about 100%:0% (wt:wt). Iron phases are precipitated at a lower temperature compared to certain previous methods. The recovered catalyst precursor is dried and sized to form particles having a size distribution between 10 microns and 100 microns. In embodiments, the Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio in the nitric acid solution may be in the range of from about 3%:97% to about 30%:70% (wt:wt) and the calcined catalyst may comprise a maghemite:hematite ratio of about 1%:99% to about 70%:30%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Rentech, Inc.
    Inventors: Belma Demirel, Charles B. Benham, Jesse W. Taylor, Pandurang V. Nikrad, Sara L. Rolfe, Olga P. Ionkina, Dawid J. Duvenhage, Harold A. Wright
  • Patent number: 7947116
    Abstract: A method for separating a hydrogen-rich product stream from a feed stream comprising hydrogen and at least one carbon-containing gas, comprising feeding the feed stream, at an inlet pressure greater than atmospheric pressure and a temperature greater than 200° C., to a hydrogen separation membrane system comprising a membrane that is selectively permeable to hydrogen, and producing a hydrogen-rich permeate product stream on the permeate side of the membrane and a carbon dioxide-rich product raffinate stream on the raffinate side of the membrane. A method for separating a hydrogen-rich product stream from a feed stream comprising hydrogen and at least one carbon-containing gas, comprising feeding the feed stream, at an inlet pressure greater than atmospheric pressure and a temperature greater than 200° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2011
    Assignee: Eltron Research & Development, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Mundschau, Xiaobing Xie, Carl Evenson, IV, Paul Grimmer, Harold Wright
  • Patent number: 7915193
    Abstract: A method of activating an iron Fischer-Tropsch catalyst by introducing an inert gas into a reactor comprising a slurry of the catalyst at a first temperature, increasing the reactor temperature from the first temperature to a second temperature at a first ramp rate, wherein the second temperature is in the range of from about 150° C. to 250° C., introducing synthesis gas having a ratio of H2:CO to the reactor at a space velocity, and increasing the reactor temperature from the second temperature to a third temperature at a second ramp rate, wherein the third temperature is in the range of from about 270° C. to 300° C. The iron Fischer-Tropsch catalyst may be a precipitated unsupported iron catalyst, production of which is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Rentech, Inc.
    Inventors: Belma Demirel, Charles B. Benham, Dan Fraenkel, Richard Bley, Jesse W. Taylor, Bahman Rejai, Sara Rolfe, Harold A. Wright
  • Patent number: 7879756
    Abstract: A method of producing an iron catalyst for catalyzing the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide is disclosed. The method comprises using a reduced amount of acid for iron dissolution compared to certain previous methods. The resulting acidic iron mixture is heated without boiling to obtain a nitrate solution having a Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio in the range of about 0.01%:99.99% to about 100%:0% (wt:wt). Iron phases are precipitated at a lower temperature compared to certain previous methods. The recovered catalyst precursor is dried and sized to form particles having a size distribution between 10 microns and 100 microns. In embodiments, the Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio in the nitric acid solution may be in the range of from about 3%:97% to about 30%:70% (wt:wt) and the calcined catalyst may comprise a maghemite:hematite ratio of about 1%:99% to about 70%:30%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Rentech, Inc.
    Inventors: Belma Demirel, Charles B. Benham, Jesse W. Taylor, Pandurang V. Nikrad, Sara L. Rolfe, Olga P. Ionkina, Dawid J. Duvenhage, Harold A. Wright
  • Publication number: 20100256246
    Abstract: A thermal conversion process comprising: pyrolizing or gasifying a carbonaceous feedstock to produce a first synthesis gas having a first H2:CO ratio of less than a minimum value or greater than a maximum value; providing enriched oxygen; and subjecting the first synthesis gas to partial oxidation in the presence of at least a portion of the enriched oxygen to produce a conditioned synthesis gas having a desired ratio of H2:CO in the range of from the minimum value to the maximum value. A method of producing FT product liquids by providing a conditioned synthesis gas according to the process and producing FT product liquids by subjecting the conditioned synthesis gas to FT reaction under FT operating conditions. A system for carrying out the methods is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2010
    Publication date: October 7, 2010
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Benjamin H. CARRYER, Eric R. ELROD, Mark D. IBSEN, Brian K. JOHNSON, Harold A. WRIGHT
  • Publication number: 20100181539
    Abstract: A system, for production of high-quality syngas, comprising a first dual fluidized bed loop having a fluid bed conditioner operable to produce high quality syngas comprising a first percentage of components other than CO and H2 from a gas feed, wherein the conditioner comprises an outlet for a first catalytic heat transfer stream comprising a catalytic heat transfer material and having a first temperature, and an inlet for a second catalytic heat transfer stream comprising catalytic heat transfer material and having a second temperature greater than the first temperature; a fluid bed combustor operable to combust fuel and oxidant, wherein the fluid bed combustor comprises an inlet connected with the outlet for a first catalytic heat transfer stream of the conditioner, and an outlet connected with the inlet for a second catalytic heat transfer stream of the conditioner; and a catalytic heat transfer material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2010
    Publication date: July 22, 2010
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: George Apanel, Harold A. Wright
  • Publication number: 20100152036
    Abstract: A method of producing an iron catalyst for catalyzing the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide is disclosed. The method comprises using a reduced amount of acid for iron dissolution compared to certain previous methods. The resulting acidic iron mixture is heated without boiling to obtain a nitrate solution having a Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio in the range of about 0.01%:99.99% to about 100%:0% (wt:wt). Iron phases are precipitated at a lower temperature compared to certain previous methods. The recovered catalyst precursor is dried and sized to form particles having a size distribution between 10 microns and 100 microns. In embodiments, the Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio in the nitric acid solution may be in the range of from about 3%:97% to about 30%:70% (wt:wt) and the calcined catalyst may comprise a maghemite:hematite ratio of about 1%:99% to about 70%:30%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Publication date: June 17, 2010
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Belma Demirel, Charles B. Benham, Jesse W. Taylor, Pandurang V. Nikrad, Sara L. Rolfe, Olga P. Ionkina, Dawid J. Duvenhage, Harold A. Wright
  • Publication number: 20100152307
    Abstract: A method of producing an iron catalyst for catalyzing the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide is disclosed. The method comprises using a reduced amount of acid for iron dissolution compared to certain previous methods. The resulting acidic iron mixture is heated without boiling to obtain a nitrate solution having a Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio in the range of about 0.01%:99.99% to about 100%:0% (wt:wt). Iron phases are precipitated at a lower temperature compared to certain previous methods. The recovered catalyst precursor is dried and sized to form particles having a size distribution between 10 microns and 100 microns. In embodiments, the Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio in the nitric acid solution may be in the range of from about 3%:97% to about 30%:70% (wt:wt) and the calcined catalyst may comprise a maghemite:hematite ratio of about 1%:99% to about 70%:30%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Publication date: June 17, 2010
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Belma Demirel, Charles B. Benham, Jesse W. Taylor, Pandurang V. Nikrad, Sara L. Rolfe, Olga P. Ionkina, Dawid J. Duvenhage, Harold A. Wright
  • Publication number: 20100125107
    Abstract: A method of producing synthesis gas via gasification in a Fischer-Tropsch plant, the method including providing a number of gasifiers, the number of gasifiers provided being at least one more than the base number required to provide 100% plant capacity of synthesis gas when each gasifier is operated at 100% gasifier capacity. A method of continually producing synthesis gas via gasification of a carbonaceous feed in a Fischer-Tropsch plant by providing a number of gasifiers, the number of gasifiers provided being at least one more than the base number required to provide 100% plant capacity of synthesis gas when each gasifier is operated at 100% gasifier capacity; and adjusting the amount of synthesis gas produced by adjusting the number of online gasifiers, the flow rate of carbonaceous feed to each gasifier, or a combination thereof. A system for carrying out the method is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2009
    Publication date: May 20, 2010
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Joshua G. LEE, Mark IBSEN, Robert F. HOGSETT, Harold A. WRIGHT
  • Publication number: 20100113622
    Abstract: A system for separating liquids from solids comprising an immobilization unit comprising an immobilization vessel containing a bed of magnetizable material and a magnet configured to produce a magnetic field within the immobilization vessel, wherein the immobilization vessel further comprises an immobilization vessel outlet and an immobilization vessel inlet for a fluid comprising liquid and metal-containing particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2009
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Sergio MOHEDAS, Harold A. WRIGHT
  • Publication number: 20090298681
    Abstract: A method of producing stable ferrous nitrate solution by dissolving iron in nitric acid to form a ferrous nitrate solution and maintaining the solution at a first temperature for a first time period, whereby the Fe(II) content of the ferrous nitrate solution changes by less than about 2% over a second time period. A method of producing stable Fe(II)/Fe(III) nitrate solution comprising ferrous nitrate and ferric nitrate and having a desired ratio of ferrous iron to ferric iron, including obtaining a stable ferrous nitrate solution; dissolving iron in nitric acid to form a ferric nitrate solution; maintaining the ferric nitrate solution at a second temperature for a third time period; and combining amounts of stable ferrous nitrate solution and ferric nitrate solution to produce the stable Fe(II)/Fe(III) nitrate solution. A method of preparing an iron catalyst is also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2009
    Publication date: December 3, 2009
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Pandurang V. Nikrad, Jesse W. Taylor, Richard A. Bley, Danny M. Dubuisson, Sara L. Rolfe, Belma Demirel, Dawid J. Duvenhage, Harold A. Wright
  • Publication number: 20090298678
    Abstract: A method of producing a catalyst precursor comprising iron phases by co-feeding a ferrous nitrate solution and a precipitation agent into a ferric nitrate solution to produce a precipitation solution having a desired ferrous:ferric nitrate ratio and from which catalyst precursor precipitates; co-feeding a ferric nitrate solution and a precipitation agent into a ferrous nitrate solution to produce a precipitation solution having a desired ferrous:ferric nitrate ratio and from which catalyst precursor precipitates; or precipitating a ferrous precipitate from a ferrous nitrate solution by contacting the ferrous nitrate solution with a first precipitation agent; precipitating a ferric precipitate from ferric nitrate solution by contacting the ferric nitrate solution with a second precipitation agent and combining the ferrous and ferric precipitates to form the catalyst precursor, wherein the ratio of ferrous:ferric precipitates is a desired ratio.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2009
    Publication date: December 3, 2009
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Belma DEMIREL, Jesse W. TAYLOR, Pandurang V. NIKRAD, Sara L. ROLFE, Dawid J. DUVENHAGE, Harold A. WRIGHT
  • Publication number: 20090172996
    Abstract: A method of producing fuel by converting an alcohol stream comprising at least one alcohol into synthesis gas; providing a first synthesis gas stream, wherein at least a portion of the first synthesis gas stream comprises synthesis gas obtained from the alcohol conversion; converting a feed comprising synthesis gas via Fischer-Tropsch into a Fischer-Tropsch product comprising hydrocarbons, wherein at least a portion of the feed comprises synthesis gas from the first synthesis gas stream; and converting at least a portion of the Fischer-Tropsch product into fuel. A diesel fuel comprising hydrocarbons formed by Fischer-Tropsch conversion of synthesis gas derived from an alcohol stream comprising at least one alcohol.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2009
    Publication date: July 9, 2009
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Dennis Yakobson, Harold A. Wright, Richard Penning
  • Publication number: 20090111684
    Abstract: A method of activating an iron Fischer-Tropsch catalyst by introducing an inert gas into a reactor comprising a slurry of the catalyst at a first temperature, increasing the reactor temperature from the first temperature to a second temperature at a first ramp rate, wherein the second temperature is in the range of from about 150° C. to 250° C., introducing synthesis gas having a ratio of H2:CO to the reactor at a space velocity, and increasing the reactor temperature from the second temperature to a third temperature at a second ramp rate, wherein the third temperature is in the range of from about 270° C. to 300° C. The iron Fischer-Tropsch catalyst may be a precipitated unsupported iron catalyst, production of which is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2008
    Publication date: April 30, 2009
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Belma Demirel, Charles B. Benham, Dan Fraenkel, Richard Bley, Jesse W. Taylor, Bahman Rejai, Sara Rolfe, Harold A. Wright
  • Patent number: 7524786
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of synthesis gas (i.e., a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen), typically labeled syngas. More particularly, the present invention relates to a regeneration method for a syngas catalyst. Still more particularly, the present invention relates to the regeneration of syngas catalysts using a re-dispersion technique. One embodiment of the re-dispersion technique involves the treatment of a deactivated syngas catalyst with a re-dispersing gas, preferably a carbon monoxide-containing gas such as syngas. If necessary, the catalyst is then exposed to hydrogen for reduction and further re-dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2009
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventors: Daxiang Wang, Baili Hu, Yaming Jin, Harold A. Wright
  • Publication number: 20090069451
    Abstract: A method of producing an iron catalyst for catalyzing the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide is disclosed. The method comprises using a reduced amount of acid for iron dissolution compared to certain previous methods. The resulting acidic iron mixture is heated without boiling to obtain a nitrate solution having a Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio in the range of about 0.01%:99.99% to about 100%:0% (wt:wt). Iron phases are precipitated at a lower temperature compared to certain previous methods. The recovered catalyst precursor is dried and sized to form particles having a size distribution between 10 microns and 100 microns. In embodiments, the Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio in the nitric acid solution may be in the range of from about 3%:97% to about 30%:70% (wt:wt) and the calcined catalyst may comprise a maghemite:hematite ratio of about 1%:99% to about 70%:30%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2008
    Publication date: March 12, 2009
    Applicant: RENTECH, INC.
    Inventors: Belma Demirel, Charles B. Benham, Jesse W. Taylor, Pandurang V. Nikrad, Sara L. Rolfe, Olga P. Ionkina, Dawid J. Duvenhage, Harold A. Wright