Patents by Inventor John F. Hammerstone, Jr.

John F. Hammerstone, Jr. has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190269715
    Abstract: The invention relates to compositions, such as pharmaceuticals, foods, food additives, or dietary supplements, containing A-type procyanidins, and methods of use thereof, for prophylactic or therapeutic treatment of a human or a veterinary animal to treat or prevent NO-responsive health conditions, treat hypertension, cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease and/or vascular circulation disorders, prevent or reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, congestive heart failure and/or kidney failure, or to improve blood flow, for example renal blood flow. The composition may optionally contain an additional NO modulating agent and/or a cardiovascular-protective or therapeutic agent, or may be administered in combination with such an agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 20, 2019
    Publication date: September 5, 2019
    Inventors: Harold H. SCHMITZ, Catherine L. KWIK-URIBE, Mark A. KELM, John F. HAMMERSTONE, JR.
  • Publication number: 20170348339
    Abstract: The invention relates to compositions, such as pharmaceuticals, foods, food additives, or dietary supplements, containing A-type procyanidins, and methods of use thereof, for prophylactic or therapeutic treatment of a human or a veterinary animal to treat or prevent NO-responsive health conditions, treat hypertension, cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease and/or vascular circulation disorders, prevent or reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, congestive heart failure and/or kidney failure, or to improve blood flow, for example renal blood flow. The composition may optionally contain an additional NO modulating agent and/or a cardiovascular-protective or therapeutic agent, or may be administered in combination with such an agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2017
    Publication date: December 7, 2017
    Inventors: Harold H. SCHMITZ, Catherine L. KWIK-URIBE, Mark A. KELM, John F. HAMMERSTONE, JR.
  • Patent number: 9675630
    Abstract: The invention relates to compositions, such as pharmaceuticals, foods, food additives, or dietary supplements, containing A-type procyanidins, and methods of use thereof, for prophylactic or therapeutic treatment of a human or a veterinary animal to treat or prevent NO-responsive health conditions, treat hypertension, cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease and/or vascular circulation disorders, prevent or reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, congestive heart failure and/or kidney failure, or to improve blood flow, for example renal blood flow. The composition may optionally contain an additional NO modulating agent and/or a cardiovascular-protective or therapeutic agent, or may be administered in combination with such an agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: MARS, INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Harold H. Schmitz, Catherine L. Kwik-Uribe, Mark A. Kelm, John F. Hammerstone, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8632829
    Abstract: A cocoa extract which is rich in procyanidin monomers and oligomers is made by extracting de-fatted, unroasted, unfermented cocoa beans with organic solvents. The yield of procyanidins in an extract varies with type of solvent used, reaction temperature, reaction pH and whether or not the solvent is an aqueous solution. Extraction parameters can be optimized to increase procyanidin yield, and different conditions result in the preferential extraction of the higher or lower oligomers. A preferred extraction method is counter-current extraction method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Mark J. Chimel
  • Patent number: 8541045
    Abstract: Cocoa components having enhanced levels of cocoa polyphenols, processes for producing the cocoa components while conserving a significant amount of the cocoa polyphenols, compositions containing the cocoa components or the cocoa polyphenols, and methods of using the cocoa components or the cocoa polyphenols for improving the health of a mammal are described. The cocoa components include partially and fully defatted cocoa solids, cocoa nibs and fractions derived therefrom, cocoa polyphenol extracts, cocoa butter, chocolate liquors, and mixtures thereof. The invention provides processes for extracting fat from cocoa beans and for otherwise processing cocoa beans to yield a cocoa component having conserved concentrations of polyphenols relative to the starting materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Kirk S. Kealey, Rodney M. Snyder, Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., Hans M. Geyer, Mary E. Myers, Eric J. Whitacre, John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Harold H. Schmitz
  • Publication number: 20120309991
    Abstract: A cocoa extract which is rich in procyanidin monomers and oligomers is made by extracting de-fatted, unroasted, unfermented cocoa beans with organic solvents. The yield of procyanidins in an extract varies with type of solvent used, reaction temperature, reaction pH and whether or not the solvent is an aqueous solution. Extraction parameters can be optimized to increase procyanidin yield, and different conditions result in the preferential extraction of the higher or lower oligomers. A preferred extraction method is counter-current extraction method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2012
    Publication date: December 6, 2012
    Applicant: MARS, INCORPORATED
    Inventors: John F. Hammerstone, JR., Mark J. Chimel
  • Publication number: 20110257118
    Abstract: The invention relates to compositions, and methods of use thereof, containing polyphenols such as flavanols, procyanidins, their derivatives and epimers thereof, for improving vascular circulation in peripheral and/or small blood vessels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2011
    Publication date: October 20, 2011
    Applicant: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Catherine L. Kwik-Uribe, Harold H. Schmitz, Mark A. Kelm, John F. Hammerstone, JR.
  • Patent number: 7968140
    Abstract: Cocoa components having enhanced levels of cocoa polyphenols, processes for producing the cocoa components while conserving a significant amount of the cocoa polyphenols, compositions containing the cocoa components or the cocoa polyphenols, and methods of using the cocoa components or the cocoa polyphenols for improving the health of a mammal are described. The cocoa components include partially and fully defatted cocoa solids, cocoa nibs and fractions derived therefrom, cocoa polyphenol extracts, cocoa butter, chocolate liquors, and mixtures thereof. The invention provides processes for extracting fat from cocoa beans and for otherwise processing cocoa beans to yield a cocoa component having conserved concentrations of polyphenols relative to the starting materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Kirk S. Kealey, Rodney M. Snyder, Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., Hans M. Geyer, Mary E. Myers, Eric J. Whitacre, John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Harold H. Schmitz
  • Patent number: 7820713
    Abstract: Disclosed and claimed are cocoa extracts such as polyphenols or procyanidins, methods for preparing such extracts, as well as uses for them, especially as antineoplastic agents and antioxidants. Disclosed and claimed are antineoplastic compositions containing cocoa polyphenols or procyanidins and methods for treating patients employing the compositions. Additionally disclosed and claimed is a kit for treating a patient in need of treatment with an antineoplastic agent containing cocoa polyphenols or procyanidins as well as a lyophilized antineoplastic composition containing cocoa polyphenols or procyanidins. Further, disclosed and claimed is the use of the invention in antioxidant, preservative and topoisomerase-inhibiting compositions and methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Margaret M. Buck
  • Publication number: 20100129521
    Abstract: A method for controlling the epimerization of (?)-epicatechin to (?)-catechin in an epicatechin-containing product, preferably an edible product, or of (+)-catechin to (+)-epicatechin in a catechin-containing product, comprises the step of heating the product at a temperature of up to about 200° C. and at a pH of up to about 8. Under either method, the epimerization may be carried out in an open food processor in a reduced oxygen atmosphere or in a closed food processor. The edible product may be pasteurized, boiled, or sterilized during the epimerization. Epimerization is minimized by lowering the heating temperature, by lowering the pH, and/or by lowering the heating time. Conversely, the epimerization is maximized by increasing the heating temperature, by increasing the pH, and/or by increasing the heating time. The edible product may contain or be a fruit product, a vegetable product, a cereal product, a bean product, a nut product, a spice product, or a botanical product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2006
    Publication date: May 27, 2010
    Applicant: MARS INC.
    Inventors: John F. Hammerstone, JR., Valeria Acquarone
  • Patent number: 7678407
    Abstract: Cocoa components having enhanced levels of cocoa polyphenols, processes for producing the cocoa components while conserving a significant amount of the cocoa polyphenols, compositions containing the cocoa components or the cocoa polyphenols, and methods of using the cocoa components or the cocoa polyphenols for improving the health of a mammal are described. The cocoa components include partially and fully defatted cocoa solids, cocoa nibs and fractions derived therefrom, cocoa polyphenol extracts, cocoa butter, chocolate liquors, and mixtures thereof. The invention provides processes for extracting fat from cocoa beans and for otherwise processing cocoa beans to yield a cocoa component having conserved concentrations of polyphenols relative to the starting materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2010
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Kirk S. Kealey, Rodney M. Snyder, Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., Hans M. Geyer, Mary E. Myers, Eric J. Whitacre, John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Harold H. Schmitz
  • Patent number: 7329429
    Abstract: Processes are provided for preparing ready-to-eat health bars such as chocolate granola bars and chocolate confectioneries such as dark or milk chocolate chews. The bars and confectioneries contain sterol ester(s) and/or stanol esters and cocoa solids having a high cocoa procyanidin content. The cocoa solids are pretreated with the sterol/stanol ester(s) or other edible oils or fats during the preparation of the products to prevent the loss of cocoa procyanidins. Other particulate antioxidants can be pretreated with food grade fats and/or oils or emulsifiers such as lecithin to conserve their effectiveness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2008
    Inventors: Mark J. Chimel, John F. Hammerstone, Jr., J. Christopher Johnson, Mary E. Myers, Rodney M. Snyder, Eric J. Whitacre
  • Patent number: 6905715
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method of processing a fat-containing bean, e.g., cocoa beans, for producing solids comprising active polyphenols and/or fat-containing products, comprising extracting the fat to produce solids and fat-containing products. Additionally, the inventive methods also provides cocoa compositions comprising at least one active polyphenol, wherein the concentration of the polyphenol(s) with respect to the nonfat solids is conserved with respect to the concentration of the active polyphenol(s) in the bean from which the compositions are derived.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Kirk S. Kealey, Rodney M. Snyder, Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Margaret M. Buck, Giovanni G. Cipolla
  • Patent number: 6887501
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method of processing a fat-containing bean, e.g., cocoa beans, for producing solids comprising active polyphenols and/or fat-containing products, comprising extracting the fat to produce solids and fat-containing products. Additionally, the inventive method also provides cocoa compositions comprising at least one active polyphenol, wherein the concentration of the polyphenol(s) with respect to the nonfat solids is conserved with respect to the concentration of the active polyphenol(s) in the bean from which the compositions are derived.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2005
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Kirk S. Kealey, Rodney M. Snyder, Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Margaret M. Buck, Giovanni G. Cipolla
  • Patent number: 6790966
    Abstract: Disclosed and claimed are cocoa extracts such as polyphenols or procyanidins, methods for preparing such extracts, as well as uses for them, especially as antineoplastic agents and antioxidants. Disclosed and claimed are antineoplastic compositions containing cocoa polyphenols or procyanidins and methods for treating patients employing the compositions. Additionally disclosed and claimed is a kit for treating a patient in need of treatment with an antineoplastic agent containing cocoa polyphenols or procyanidins as well as a lyophilized antineoplastic composition containing cocoa polyphenols or procyanidins. Further, disclosed and claimed is the use of the invention in antioxidant, preservative and topiosomerase-inhibiting compositions and methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2004
    Assignee: Mars Incorporated
    Inventors: Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Margaret M. Buck
  • Patent number: 6777005
    Abstract: Disclosed and claimed are cocoa extracts such as polyphenols or procyanidins, methods for preparing such extracts, as well as uses for them, especially as antineoplastic agents and antioxidants. Disclosed and claimed are antineoplastic compositions containing cocoa polyphenols or procyanidins and methods for treating patients employing the compositions. Additionally disclosed and claimed is a kit for treating a patient in need of treatment with an antineoplastic agent containing cocoa polyphenols or procyanidins as well as a lyophilized antineoplastic composition containing cocoa polyphenols or procyanidins. Further, disclosed and claimed is the use of the invention in antioxidant, preservative and topiosomerase-inhibiting compositions and methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2004
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Margaret M. Buck
  • Patent number: 6737088
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method of processing a fat-containing bean, e.g., cocoa beans, for producing solids comprising active polyphenols and/or fat-containing products, comprising extracting the fat to produce solids and fat-containing products. Additionally, the inventive method also provides cocoa compositions comprising at least one active polyphenol, wherein the concentration of the polyphenol(s) with respect to the nonfat solids is conserved with respect to the concentration of the active polyphenol(s) in the bean from which the compositions are derived.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Kirk S. Kealey, Rodney M. Snyder, Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Margaret M. Buck, Giovanni G. Cipolla
  • Patent number: 6673379
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method of processing a fat-containing bean, e.g., cocoa beans, for producing solids comprising active polyphenols and/or fat-containing products, comprising extracting the fat to produce solids and fat-containing products. Additionally, the inventive method also provides cocoa compositions comprising at least one active polyphenol, wherein the concentration of the polyphenol(s) with respect to the nonfat solids is conserved with respect to the concentration of the active polyphenol(s) in the bean from which the compositions are derived.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2004
    Assignee: Mars Inc.
    Inventors: Kirk S. Kealey, Rodney M. Snyder, Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Margaret M. Buck, Giovanni G. Cipolla
  • Patent number: 6670390
    Abstract: Disclosed and claimed are cocoa extracts, compounds, combinations thereof and compositions containing the same, such as polyphenols or procyanidins, methods for preparing such extracts, compounds and compositions, as well as uses for them, especially a polymeric compound of the formula An, wherein A is a monomer of the formula: wherein n is an integer from 2 to 18, such that there is at least one terminal monomeric unit A, and one or a plurality of additional monomeric units; R is 3-(&agr;)-OH, 3-(&bgr;)-OH, 3-(&agr;)-O-sugar, or 3-(&bgr;)-O-sugar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Assignee: Mars Incorporated
    Inventors: Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Margaret M. Buck, Laurie S. Post, Giovanni G. Cipolla, Craig A. McClelland, Jeff A. Mundt, Harold H. Schmitz
  • Patent number: 6638971
    Abstract: Polyphenol-containing compositions, for example cocoa procyanidin monomer and/or oligomer-containing compositions, and their use inhibiting bacterial growth are disclosed. Compositions may be used for human and veterinary animal administration and may be, for example, in a form of a food, a dietary supplement, or a pharmaceutical.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2003
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., John F. Hammerstone, Jr., Margaret M. Buck, Laurie S. Post, Giovanni G. Cipolla, Craig A. McClelland, Jeff A. Mundt, Harold H. Schmitz