Patents by Inventor John Robert Reynolds

John Robert Reynolds has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11384198
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed to yellow/orange-to-transmissive conjugated polymers, a method to prepare the yellow/orange conjugated polymers, and an electrochromic and/or electroluminescent device comprising the neutral state yellow/orange conjugated polymers as one of a plurality of primary subtractive colored conjugated polymers. The yellow/orange conjugated polymers show enhanced redox stability and can have a (D2Arz)n structure with a dioxyheterocycle repeating unit or a (DArz)n structure with a dioxythiophene monomer that has at least one substituted carbon ? to an oxygen of the monomer; and where the one to three Ar groups have at least one carbon ? to the carbon attached to a D unit substituted that has at least 5 atoms in the substituent. The yellow/orange conjugated polymers show enhanced redox stability. The yellow/orange conjugated polymers are prepared by cross-condensation reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2022
    Assignee: GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH CORPORATION
    Inventors: John Robert Reynolds, Kangli Cao, Anna M. Osterholm, Dwanleen E. Shen, Dylan Thomas Christiansen
  • Publication number: 20210111346
    Abstract: Multistage side-chain conjugated polymers (CPs) have a conjugated backbone from a multiplicity of repeating unit where at least one of the repeating units has a multistage side-chain. The repeating unit has a conjugated backbone portion and a multistage side-chain, which has one or more responsive functionalities. Responsive functionalities include a photo- or thermal-cleavable portion connected by a first linker between the backbone portion and the cleavable portion, and a chemically activatable solubilizing portion having an activatable functionality that can undergo a chemical reaction to provide aqueous solubility. The multistage side-chain CP is prepared in an organic solution and converted to an aqueous soluble activated multistage side-chain CP for deposited on a substrate. Upon cleavage, a multistage side-chain residue is liberated and removed from an insoluble core CP film that can be part of an organic electronic device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2018
    Publication date: April 15, 2021
    Inventors: JOHN ROBERT REYNOLDS, BRIAN J. SCHMATZ
  • Patent number: 10882949
    Abstract: Conjugated copolymers are provided that can be processed in a variety of solvents and can be rendered solvent-resistant when needed. The copolymers can be solution cast from nonpolar, polar, and aqueous solvents. After casting a polymer layer, the polymer can be rendered solvent resistant, thereby providing for improved stability and multi-layer processing and in electrochromic devices where the polymer layer is in contact with a nonpolar or polar solvent or electrolyte. Methods of making the copolymers are also provided, as well as methods of solution casting the polymers from a variety of nonpolar organic, polar, and aqueous solvents. Electrochromic devices are demonstrated having electrode(s) containing these polymers, including a variety of supercapacitor devices capable of using organic, biological, and aqueous electrolytes. Some of these electrodes demonstrate superfast switching and large power densities, showing promise for applications in supercapacitor batteries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
    Inventors: John Robert Reynolds, Rayford H. Bulloch, Anna M. Osterholm, James F. Ponder, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20200393732
    Abstract: A variety of anodically-coloring electrochromic molecules are provided. In particular, anodically-coloring electrochromic molecules and devices are provided that allow for tuning the absorption bands in the cation state across the visible spectrum while demonstrating little to no coloring or visible absorption in the neutral state, resulting in high-contrast devices. Electrochromic devices are also provided, as well as methods of making the devices and molecules, and methods of use thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2018
    Publication date: December 17, 2020
    Inventors: John Robert Reynolds, Dylan T. Christiansen
  • Publication number: 20190218338
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed to yellow/orange-to-transmissive conjugated polymers, a method to prepare the yellow/orange conjugated polymers, and an electrochromic and/or electroluminescent device comprising the neutral state yellow/orange conjugated polymers as one of a plurality of primary subtractive colored conjugated polymers. The yellow/orange conjugated polymers show enhanced redox stability and can have a (D2Arz)n structure with a dioxyheterocycle repeating unit or a (DArz)n structure with a dioxythiophene monomer that has at least one substituted carbon ? to an oxygen of the monomer; and where the one to three Ar groups have at least one carbon ? to the carbon attached to a D unit substituted that has at least 5 atoms in the substituent. The yellow/orange conjugated polymers show enhanced redox stability. The yellow/orange conjugated polymers are prepared by cross-condensation reactions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2017
    Publication date: July 18, 2019
    Inventors: JOHN ROBERT REYNOLDS, KANGLI CAO, ANNA M. OSTERHOLM, DWANLEEN E. SHEN, DYLAN THOMAS CHRISTIANSEN
  • Patent number: 10294326
    Abstract: Copolymers including dioxythiophene repeating units and no acceptor units allow the formation of electrochromic polymers (ECPs) with vivid neutral state colors and very colorless oxidized states that can be switched rapidly. The dioxythiophene repeating units can included in sequences where all of one type of dioxythiophene is included exclusively as isolated dyads or triads within the copolymer, or the copolymer can be an alternating copolymer with propylenedioxythiophene units. Other non-acceptor units can be included in the copolymers. The copolymers are rendered organic solvent soluble by alkyl substituents on repeating units. The inclusion of sterically encumbered acyclic dioxythiophene (AcDOT) units promotes red color while unsubstituted ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) units promote blue colors, and their respective content can be manipulated to achieve a desired neutral state color. Soluble copolymers comprising at least 50% EDOT repeating units can be used in supercapacitor applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INCORPORATED
    Inventors: John Robert Reynolds, Michael R. Craig, Aubrey Lynn Dyer, Justin Adam Kerszulis
  • Patent number: 10294416
    Abstract: Yellow electrochromic polymers (ECPs) are prepared that display a yellow neutral state and a highly transmissive oxidized state. The ECPs are copolymers where a dyad of dioxyhetereocyclic repeating unis alternate with a monad of an aromatic repeating unit. An alternate yellow ECP has an oxidation potential of 450 mV or less and is an alternating copolymer of an acyclic dioxythiophene (AcDOT) or a propylene dioxythiophene (ProDOT) with an aromatic repeating unit that has an electron donating substituent. The yellow ECPs can be processed from solution for electrochromic devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH CORPORATION
    Inventors: Justin Adam Kerszulis, John Robert Reynolds, Aubrey Lynn Dyer
  • Publication number: 20180223035
    Abstract: Conjugated copolymers are provided that can be processed in a variety of solvents and can be rendered solvent-resistant when needed. The copolymers can be solution cast from nonpolar, polar, and aqueous solvents. After casting a polymer layer, the polymer can be rendered solvent resistant, thereby providing for improved stability and multi-layer processing and in electrochromic devices where the polymer layer is in contact with a nonpolar or polar solvent or electrolyte. Methods of making the copolymers are also provided, as well as methods of solution casting the polymers from a variety of nonpolar organic, polar, and aqueous solvents. Electrochromic devices are demonstrated having electrode(s) containing these polymers, including a variety of supercapacitor devices capable of using organic, biological, and aqueous electrolytes. Some of these electrodes demonstrate superfast switching and large power densities, showing promise for applications in supercapacitor batteries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2016
    Publication date: August 9, 2018
    Inventors: JOHN ROBERT REYNOLDS, RAYFORD H. BULLOCH, ANNA M. OSTERHOLM, JAMES F. PONDER, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20170267811
    Abstract: Copolymers including dioxythiophene repeating units and no acceptor units allow the formation of electrochromic polymers (ECPs) with vivid neutral state colors and very colorless oxidized states that can be switched rapidly. The dioxythiophene repeating units can included in sequences where all of one type of dioxythiophene is included exclusively as isolated dyads or triads within the copolymer, or the copolymer can be an alternating copolymer with propylenedioxythiophene units. Other non-acceptor units can be included in the copolymers. The copolymers are rendered organic solvent soluble by alkyl substituents on repeating units. The inclusion of sterically encumbered acyclic dioxythiophene (AcDOT) units promotes red color while unsubstituted ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) units promote blue colors, and their respective content can be manipulated to achieve a desired neutral state color. Soluble copolymers comprising at least 50% EDOT repeating units can be used in supercapacitor applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2015
    Publication date: September 21, 2017
    Inventors: John Robert Reynolds, Michael R. Craig, Aubrey Lynn Dyer, Justin Adam Kerszulis
  • Publication number: 20170267920
    Abstract: Yellow electrochromic polymers (ECPs) are prepared that display a yellow neutral state and a highly transmissive oxidized state. The ECPs are copolymers where a dyad of dioxyhetereocyclic repeating unis alternate with a monad of an aromatic repeating unit. An alternate yellow ECP has an oxidation potential of 450 mV or less and is an alternating copolymer of an acyclic dioxythiophene (AcDOT) or a propylene dioxythiophene (ProDOT) with an aromatic repeating unit that has an electron donating substituent. The yellow ECPs can be processed from solution for electrochromic devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2015
    Publication date: September 21, 2017
    Inventors: Justin Adam Kerszulis, John Robert Reynolds, Aubrey Lynn Dyer
  • Patent number: 8564048
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention relate to field effect transistors. The field effect transistor includes a gate electrode for providing a gate field, a first electrode including a conductive material having a low carrier density and a low density of electronic states, a second electrode, and a semiconductor. Contact barrier modulation includes barrier height lowering of a Schottky contact between the first electrode and the semiconductor. In some embodiments of the invention, a vertical field effect transistor employs an electrode comprising a conductive material with a low density of states such that the transistors contact barrier modulation comprises barrier height lowering of the Schottky contact between the electrode with a low density of states and the adjacent semiconductor by a Fermi level shift.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew Gabriel Rinzler, Bo Liu, Mitchell Austin McCarthy, John Robert Reynolds, Franky So
  • Publication number: 20120256175
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention relate to vertical field effect transistor that is a light emitting transistor. The light emitting transistor incorporates a gate electrode for providing a gate field, a first electrode comprising a dilute nanotube network for injecting a charge, a second electrode for injecting a complementary charge, and an electroluminescent semiconductor layer disposed intermediate the nanotube network and the electron injecting layer. The charge injection is modulated by the gate field. The holes and electrons, combine to form photons, thereby causing the electroluminescent semiconductor layer to emit visible light. In other embodiments of the invention a vertical field effect transistor that employs an electrode comprising a conductive material with a low density of states such that the transistors contact barrier modulation comprises barrier height lowering of the Schottky contact between the electrode with a low density of states and the adjacent semiconductor by a Fermi level shift.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2012
    Publication date: October 11, 2012
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC.
    Inventors: Andrew Gabriel Rinzler, Bo Liu, Mitchell Austin McCarthy, John Robert Reynolds, Franky So
  • Patent number: 8232561
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention relate to vertical field effect transistor that is a light emitting transistor. The light emitting transistor incorporates a gate electrode for providing a gate field, a first electrode comprising a dilute nanotube network for injecting a charge, a second electrode for injecting a complementary charge, and an electroluminescent semiconductor layer disposed intermediate the nanotube network and the electron injecting layer. The charge injection is modulated by the gate field. The holes and electrons, combine to form photons, thereby causing the electroluminescent semiconductor layer to emit visible light. In other embodiments of the invention a vertical field effect transistor that employs an electrode comprising a conductive material with a low density of states such that the transistors contact barrier modulation comprises barrier height lowering of the Schottky contact between the electrode with a low density of states and the adjacent semiconductor by a Fermi level shift.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew Gabriel Rinzler, Bo Liu, Mitchell Austin McCarthy, John Robert Reynolds, Franky So
  • Publication number: 20100237336
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention relate to vertical field effect transistor that is a light emitting transistor. The light emitting transistor incorporates a gate electrode for providing a gate field, a first electrode comprising a dilute nanotube network for injecting a charge, a second electrode for injecting a complementary charge, and an electroluminescent semiconductor layer disposed intermediate the nanotube network and the electron injecting layer. The charge injection is modulated by the gate field. The holes and electrons, combine to form photons, thereby causing the electroluminescent semiconductor layer to emit visible light. In other embodiments of the invention a vertical field effect transistor that employs an electrode comprising a conductive material with a low density of states such that the transistors contact barrier modulation comprises barrier height lowering of the Schottky contact between the electrode with a low density of states and the adjacent semiconductor by a Fermi level shift.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2008
    Publication date: September 23, 2010
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC.
    Inventors: Andrew Gabriel Rinzler, Bo Liu, Mitchell Austin McCarthy, John Robert Reynolds, Franky So
  • Patent number: 7649076
    Abstract: A method to prepare halogen end-capped polypyrroles, polyfurans or copolymeric pyrroles and furans is presented that readily occurs in a liquid state as well as a solid state without the need of a catalyst from a dihalopyrrole monomer, dihalofuran monomer, or a mixture of monomers. The polymerization mixture can be modified to include a monohalo-monomer for the introduction of a specific end-group or a polyhalo-monomer to form a branched polymer or network. An initiating species can be included in the polymerization mixture to avoid an induction period or to commence the polymerization process on demand. The electroactive polymers can be formed as a bulk material, a coating, or as a film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2010
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: John Robert Reynolds, Ryan Michael Walczak
  • Publication number: 20070270571
    Abstract: A method to prepare halogen end-capped polypyrroles, polyfurans or copolymeric pyrroles and furans is presented that readily occurs in a liquid state as well as a solid state without the need of a catalyst from a dihalopyrrole monomer, dihalofuran monomer, or a mixture of monomers. The polymerization mixture can be modified to include a monohalo-monomer for the introduction of a specific end-group or a polyhalo-monomer to form a branched polymer or network. An initiating species can be included in the polymerization mixture to avoid an induction period or to commence the polymerization process on demand. The electroactive polymers can be formed as a bulk material, a coating, or as a film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2007
    Publication date: November 22, 2007
    Inventors: John Robert Reynolds, Ryan Michael Walczak