Patents by Inventor John W. Zscheile, Jr.

John W. Zscheile, Jr. has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 5724340
    Abstract: Apparatus and method are provided for adaptively modulating or combining a first signal with a second signal. A series of values of the first signal are taken and sequentially stored in a shift register. The maximum absolute value of the oldest N values (where N is an integer) stored in the shift register is then determined. Before, during or after that determination, the maximum absolute value of the remaining (newer) series of values of the shift register is also determined. The lesser of those two maximum absolute values is then determined. This lesser maximum absolute value is then multiplied by a gain factor representing the desired gain to produce a scale factor. The gain factor can be a preset constant, or can be based on the steady-state ratio of the power of the second signal to the power of the first signal. The second signal is then multiplied by the scale factor to produce a scaled signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1998
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Robert V. Jones, Richard J. Saggio, John W. Zscheile, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5696789
    Abstract: A novel code division multiple access (CDMA) system and apparatus is provided which permits a plurality of encoded modulated data messages to be transmitted simultaneously on the same channel in one frequency band as a composite CDMA signal. An identification signal is generated and spread by a spreading signal having a duty cycle less than fifty percent to produce a combined signal which is transmitted to a receiver having a tapped delay with a plurality of taps each of which produce a replica of the received combined signal delayed by an odd multiple of the duty cycle of the spreading signal. Each of the replica signals is multiplied by a predetermined weighted value to produce weighted delayed signals and a controller responsive to the received combined signal, is employed for controlling individual weighted delayed signals which are then combined to suppress the spreading signal leaving the identification signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1997
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Robert V. Jones, Richard J. Saggio, John W. Zscheile, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5598154
    Abstract: A set of independent pseudonoise (PN) component codes greater than two are combined in a manner which produces one or more I and Q uncorrelated orthogonal pairs of resulting combined PN sequences. At least two of the component codes in a resulting combined PN sequence are combined in a manner which produces an overall imbalance of ones and zeros in the binary expression of the resulting combined PN sequence so that the resulting composite code has a partial correlation with a predetermined one of the PN component codes. In the preferred embodiment, three component codes are combined to produce uncorrelated orthogonal pairs of composite codes wherein at least one of the pairs of composite codes is produced to have a partial correlation with one or more of the component codes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1997
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Michael L. Wilson, John W. Zscheile, Jr., Richard J. Saggio, Alan E. Lundquist
  • Patent number: 5559788
    Abstract: A transmitter is provided which simultaneously transmits waveforms such as with different data rates. These transmissions are modulated (e.g. phase modulated) onto quadrature channels of a common carrier, and are then combined. The resulting composite modulated waveform is upconverted to RF, power amplified, split and routed to separate ports for transmission. The transmitted signals are then received, downconverted and demodulated to produce the original signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1996
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Zscheile, Jr., Michael L. Wilson, Richard J. Saggio, Alan E. Lundquist
  • Patent number: 5504787
    Abstract: Apparatus and a method for increasing the speed of acquisition of PN coded signals includes a novel PN code clock extraction circuit which is coupled in parallel to a code tracking loop and acquisition loop of a PN receiver of the type having a replica PN code generator which is slip controlled to synchronize with the received PN coded signals. The novel PN code clock extraction circuit detects the clock transition of the received PN coded signals and synchronized the replica PN code generator clock transition signals so that there is no misalignment during acquisition. A switch control in the acquisition loop circuit senses the synchronization of the replica PN code generator transition and the received PN code transition and disconnects the PN code clock extraction circuit after synchronization of clock transition and before acquisition of the PN code so that the acquisition loop detects the PN code synchronization with a full strength signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1996
    Assignee: Loral Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Zscheile, Jr., Alan E. Lundquist, Robert A. Wright
  • Patent number: 5495509
    Abstract: Apparatus for rapidly acquiring a high performance gain long PN code having a preamble header in real time includes appratus for rapid acquiring and tracking a short PN code in said preamble header and further includes apparatus for demodulating and tracking a long PN code which follows said preamble header. After acquiring the short PN code, the short PN replica code is applied to the long code demodulation and tracking apparatus. The short PN code is employed to synchronize the long code demodulation and tracking apparatus by detecting the time of occurrence of a sync word in said preamble header and is employed to generate a switch point signal and switch from a short PN replica code to a long PN replica code at the input to the long code demodulation and tracking device in real time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1996
    Assignee: Loral Corporation
    Inventors: Alan E. Lundquist, John W. Zscheile, Jr., Samuel C. Kingston
  • Patent number: 5414730
    Abstract: A novel PN code acquisition and demodulation circuit comprise an analog receiver coupled to an analog to digital converter. The digital output of the converter is passed through an N chip width parallel correlator. The parallel outputs are coherently accumulated to provide N soft decision data values one of which is indicative of the proper replica code for locking onto the data. All of the soft decision data values are stored in a high speed memory in real time. Subsequently non-coherent accumulated soft decision data is employed to detect the proper PN replica code. Logic selection means accesses the soft decision data stored in the high speed memory in non real time and selects the best estimate for the soft decision data and applies the soft decision data to a demodulator in non-real time to recover the hard data encoded in the received PN coded data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 9, 1995
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Alan E. Lundquist, John W. Zscheile, Jr., Samuel C. Kingston
  • Patent number: 5299229
    Abstract: A high PN code rate receiving system is provided for receiving, recovering and tracking a high rate PN composite code comprising a low rate PN code combined with a high rate PN code and wherein the receiving system comprises a broad band receiver for receiving the high rate PN composite code and further includes a data recovery channel and a tracking loop channel. The data recovery channel comprises a high rate mixer and a low rate mixer for removing the high data rate component code and the low data rate component code to provide a low data rate data stream. The tracking loop channel comprises a high rate early-late tracking system for producing a high rate error signal and further comprises a low rate portion of the tracking loop for producing a low rate error signal which is combined with the data output to provide a clock error signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1994
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Zscheile, Jr., Alan E. Lundquist, Samuel C. Kingston
  • Patent number: 5257282
    Abstract: A novel low speed code sequence generator having a set of parallel flip-flops is provided and comprises a vector generator in series between the outputs and the inputs of the set of parallel flip-flops in the generator. The outputs from the low speed code sequence generator may be multiplexed together to provide an individual high speed code sequence. The selective outputs from a plurality of low speed code sequence generators may be algebraically combined and then multiplexed together to provide a composite code sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1993
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Willis B. Adkisson, Glen D. Rattlingourd, Billie M. Spencer, John W. Zscheile, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5222100
    Abstract: A novel range based acquisition system includes a receiver for receiving PN encoded signals coupled to a novel range based variable dwell correlator which detects and acquires uniquely timed received transmitter PN encoded signals employing different search dwell times for each of the estimated ranges from which the receiver transmitted PN encoded signals are being propagated so as to enhance the speed of acquisition of said PN encoded signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1993
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Alan E. Lundquist, John W. Zscheile, Jr., Samuel C. Kingston
  • Patent number: 5048053
    Abstract: In a demodulator circuit for receiving a direct sequence spread spectrum signal having composite PN codes, there is provided a novel detecting and tracking circuit for faster acquisition of the component PN codes. The first component code of the received composite direct sequence spread spectrum code is noncoherently detected in a noncoherent detection branch and the subsequent component codes of the composite code are automatically detected in a coherent lock detection branch to provide faster acquisition than was heretofore possible. Further, while the noncoherent detection branch is acquiring the first component PN code, a novel coherent carrier tracking loop is acquiring and locking onto the direct sequence spread spectrum signal carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1991
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Vaughn L. Mower, John W. Zscheile, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5022049
    Abstract: Apparatus for generating a complex composite code for fast acquisition by multiple access users is provided which comprises a composite code generator having an in-phase channel code generator and a quadrature channel code generator for generating two linear composite codes. The quadrature channel composite code is modulated onto a carrier which is 90.degree. out of phase with the in-phase carrier. The two linear composite codes are summed together and simultaneously transmitted to the receivers. Each receiver has a plurality of components code generators which generate replica component codes for fast acquisition of the composite code. A plurality of the components codes of the in-phase composite code are derived from the like components code generators in the quadrature channel to enhance speed of acquisition without acknowledgements by the receivers that any of the components codes have been acquired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1991
    Assignee: Unisys Corp.
    Inventors: Curtis M. Abrahamson, John W. Zscheile, Jr., Vaughn L. Mower
  • Patent number: 4890297
    Abstract: The present invention provides a novel burst erasing automatic gain control circuit which includes the basic elements of an automatic gain control circuit and further includes in the loop control circuit, slow response wideband filter means, and a hard limiter which limits the AGC'ed output from the amplifier so that the signal reaching the slow response wideband filter means never exceeds a predetermined value which would cause distortion in the feedback loop. The output of the novel automatic gain control circuit is coupled to a despreading circuit which removes substantially all of the remaining burst jamming signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1988
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1989
    Assignee: Unisys Corp.
    Inventors: John W. Zscheile, Jr., Alan E. Lundquist, Billie M. Spencer
  • Patent number: 4852121
    Abstract: A coherent pseudonoise code (PN) tracking loop is provided with apparatus for sensing the absence of PN transition in the incoming data stream to the tracking loop and for switching OFF the data stream to prevent phase error distortion and inherent noise from entering the tracking loop which could be sensed as false or incorrect phase error signals. The apparatus includes a transition switch in the incoming data stream that is responsive to transition gate control logic coupled to the output of the PN replica generator in the tracking loop for switching OFF the incoming data stream when no PN transitions are occurring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1989
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Samuel C. Kingston, John W. Zscheile, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4827269
    Abstract: An apparatus for maintaining an arbitrary orientation of the polarization of an antenna, such as an airborne microwave antenna, by using antenna pointing information and platform (aircraft) attitude information to position the input/feed signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 2, 1989
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Lowell N. Shestag, John W. Zscheile, Jr., Alan E. Lundquist, Glen S. Kirkpatrick
  • Patent number: 4817113
    Abstract: A method of rapidly reacquiring a pseudonoise spread spectrum coded signal after short outages includes calculating the new positions of the moving stations relative to the old positions of the moving stations and for determining the accurate displacement and the accurate direction the platforms have moved in their new direction after a short time outage. The method includes calculating a triangle which includes the displacement between the moving stations' old position and the moving stations new position and the included angle between the direction of movement and the line of sight between said moving platforms at the time of outage. A range displacement adjustment is calculated on the basis of the triangle for each moving station and the range factor resulting from this calculation is applied to the PN generators of the receiver and transmitter in each of the moving stations to independently adjust for each station's movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1989
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Alan E. Lundquist, Samuel C. Kingston, Billie M. Spencer, John W. Zscheile, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4817001
    Abstract: In a two way ranging system of the type employing pseudonoise spread spectrum codes there is provided a method for correcting the navigational system of one of two moving stations in space to compensate for relative drift. The point positions of the two stations are calculated by the on-board navigation systems of the individual stations at a first and subsequently at a second position after relative movement. The range from station 1 to station 2 is calculated employing the highly accurate pseudonoise communications ranging systems. The range uncertainty of the range calculation and the trigonmetric relation of the two calculated ranges and the include angle between the line of sight of the range directions is employed to calculate a range of uncertainty parallelogram more accurate that the navigation systems. When a station's point position is indicated by its navigation system to be outside the parallelogram, the navigation system is corrected to compensate for relative drift.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1989
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: Alan E. Lundquist, Billie M. Spencer, John W. Zscheile, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4809295
    Abstract: Apparatus and a method of generating very very long pseudonoise (PN) spread spectrum codes is provided where the code is so long that it need never repeat itself during actual use. The transmitter is adapted to start to transmit one set of a plurality of component codes as a composite code having correlation properties with the component codes. When the first set of component codes are acquired at the receiver the composite code is then transmitted as a component of a different composite code which contains the previous composite code and a second new set of component codes which have correlation properties with the new set of component codes. When the second set of component codes are acquired by the receiver the composite code is then transmitted as a third new and different composite code which contains a third new set of component codes which have correlation properties with third new set of component codes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1989
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Zscheile, Jr., Alan E. Lundquist, Bellie M. Spencer
  • Patent number: 4776012
    Abstract: The present invention is concerned with an apparatus and a method of jumping a composite PN code from a current phase position to a desired predetermined phase position so as to enhance acquisition of a composite PN code. The apparatus includes a plurality of individual PN code generators which are connected to a code combiner to produce a composite PN code. Each of the individual PN code generators is driven by its own timing gate for supplying synchronized clock pulses to its own PN code generator. A master clock is connected to a timing gate before being connected to the individual PN code generators. An inhibit input at each of the individual timing gates is provided so that the individual PN generators may be inhibited a predetermined number of clock pulses which causes the PN code generated to be inhibited and has the effect of jumping the PN code a desired number of phase positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1988
    Assignee: Unisys Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Zscheile, Jr., Benjamin V. Cox, Samuel C. Kingston, Billie M. Spencer
  • Patent number: 4613860
    Abstract: Transmitting and receiving apparatus for transmitting data includes a purged code encoder at the transmitter for encoding digital data into constant weight unbalanced codewords representative of the digital data. The constant weight unbalanced codewords containing error correction bits are preferably transmitted as balanced codewords and are decoded at the receiver employing Golay decoders or algebraic decoders to recover the original digital data without the requirement of a large number of matched filter previously employed for decoding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1983
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1986
    Assignee: Sperry Corporation
    Inventors: Robert J. Currie, Craig K. Rushforth, John W. Zscheile, Jr.