Patents by Inventor Jorma Laapotti

Jorma Laapotti has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20080289784
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for treating a fibrous web downstream of slitting. In the method, the finishing of a fibrous web for providing desired properties is performed by using one or more finishing units, at least one of which comprises a web processing apparatus provided with a metal belt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2005
    Publication date: November 27, 2008
    Applicant: METSO PAPER, INC.
    Inventors: Reijo Pietikainen, Eero Suomi, Pekka Taskinen, Mika Viljanmaa, Henri Vaittinen, Risto Talja, Vilho Nissinen, Jorma Laapotti, Jari Ilomaki, Maria Lepola, Juha Lipponen
  • Patent number: 7294236
    Abstract: An arrangement is disclosed for controlling the web in a press section of a paper of board machine wherein the press section includes a press nip and two fabrics arranged to travel through it. In addition, the press section includes a suction roll with a suction apparatus fitted after the press nip. The suction apparatus includes at least one suction case, which is arranged in a closing throat and/or an opening throat formed by one of the fabrics and the suction roll. The suction case is also arranged before and/or after the suction roll in the edge of the fabric in order to create a suction effect in a narrow edge area of the web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2007
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Petteri Halme, Tatu Halonen, Jorma Laapotti, Riku Pihko
  • Publication number: 20070245589
    Abstract: A runnability device, for example a runnability box such as a suction box, is for achieving improved runnability of a web when the web (W) progresses supported by a wire (61) to a closing gap between a roll and the wire. The runnability device (10) is located on the side of the wire before the roll and extends over the width of the web so that there is a slot between the wire and the runnability device. The runnability device comprises devices (11) for directing a vacuum from the side of the wire over the width of the closing gap so that the vacuum in the edge area (E) of the web wire is greater than in the central area of the web wire. A characteristic feature of the invention is that the vacuum device (11) which creates the vacuum effect is adjustable in the cross-direction of the web wire.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2007
    Publication date: October 25, 2007
    Applicant: METSO PAPER, INC.
    Inventors: Jorma Laapotti, Markku Lummila, Rami Aaltonen
  • Patent number: 6916404
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for web threading in a drying section of a paper machine or the like. A leader (24) and a so called run-down strip are formed by cutting in the web coming to the drying cylinder in the drying section. An underpressure box (18) is arranged at the opening gap between the drying cylinder (14) and the drying wire, on that side of the wire which is away from the web, whereby this box can direct against the web an underpressure which is controllable in the machine's cross direction. The underpressure box creates an underpressure region (34?) between the leader and the underpressure box, the region having an underpressure p1 at the detachment point, i.e. in the area where the wire is detached from said drying cylinder (14), which underpressure is sufficient to detach the leader from said drying cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2005
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Antti Komulainen, Kari Juppi, Jorma Laapotti, Reijo Jokinen, Matti Kurki, Juha Lipponen, Markku Lyytinen, Samppa J. Salminen
  • Publication number: 20050000670
    Abstract: An arrangement is disclosed for controlling the web in a press section of a paper of board machine wherein the press section includes a press nip and two fabrics arranged to travel through it. In addition, the press section includes a suction roll with a suction apparatus fitted after the press nip. The suction apparatus includes at least one suction case, which is arranged in a closing throat and/or an opening throat formed by one of the fabrics and the suction roll. The suction case is also arranged before and/or after the suction roll in the edge of the fabric in order to create a suction effect in a narrow edge area of the web.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 2004
    Publication date: January 6, 2005
    Inventors: Petteri Halme, Tatu Halonen, Jorma Laapotti, Riku Pihko
  • Patent number: 6730192
    Abstract: Printing paper or paperboard of 30-200 g/m2 grammage is made in a machine with a wet section, press section and drying section. The web passes through a roll press with a double-felted roll-press nip, then in a shoe press with an extended single or double-felted shoe-press nip, and pressed in a deflection-compensating roll press, having a double-felted roll-press nip and open press rolls. The web travels at at least 1,200 m/min.; is subjected in the roll-press nip to a linear load from 100 to 300 kN-m and a specific pressure from 5 to 15 MPa; and is subjected in the shoe-press nip to a linear load from 500 to 1,500 kN/m and a specific high pressure from 4 to 13 MPa, to obtain a dewatered web with a dry-solids content of at least 38 percent after the roll-press nip and at least 45 percent after the shoe-press nip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2004
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventor: Jorma Laapotti
  • Publication number: 20040035539
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for web threading in a drying section of a paper machine or the like. A leader (24) and a so called run-down strip are formed by cutting in the web coming to the drying cylinder in the drying section. An underpressure box (18) is arranged at the opening gap between the drying cylinder (14) and the drying wire, on that side of the wire which is away from the web, whereby this box can direct against the web an underpressure which is controllable in the machine's cross direction. The underpressure box creates an underpressure region (34′) between the leader and the underpressure box, the region having an underpressure p1 at the detachment point, i.e. in the area where the wire is detached from said drying cylinder (14), which underpressure is sufficient to detach the leader from said drying cylinder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2003
    Publication date: February 26, 2004
    Inventors: Antti Komulainen, Kari Juppi, Jorma Laapotti, Reijo Jokinen, Matti Kurki, Juha Lipponen, Markku Lyytinen, Samppa J. Salminen
  • Patent number: 6533900
    Abstract: A method in a paper machine for transferring a paper web from a wet wire in a former section to a pick-up fabric or an equivalent transfer fabric of a press section, including the steps of forming a pick-up point on the wet wire and separating an edge strip from at least one edge of the web prior to the pick-up point by means of at least one cutting device. The method further includes separating the web from the wet wire and passing the web onto the pick-up fabric at the pick-up point. The method also includes applying a pressure difference to the at least one edge strip through the wet wire or the pick-up fabric at or after the pick-up point to cause the at least one edge strip to either follow the wet wire or become separated from the pick-up fabric after the pick-up point and to be placed in a broke system arranged beneath the paper machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2003
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Janne Puustinen, Samppa Salminen, Pertti Heikkilä, Ari Puurtinen, Antti Poikolainen, Jorma Laapotti, Mika Viertola
  • Patent number: 6432273
    Abstract: The invention relates to a former-press section (100, 110) of a paper machine and to a method of transferring a web from a former to a press section. Between the former section (100) and the press section (110) there is a pre-press zone (PP) which removes water from the web (W) and through which the web (W) is passed as a closed draw from the former section (100) to the press section (110). The upper wet wire (10) or the equivalent transfer wire (10A) of the former section (100) is passed through the pre-press zone (PP), the web (W) being passed on the lower face of said wire into and through the pre-press zone (PP). Inside the loop of the upper wet wire (10) or of the equivalent transfer wire (10A) and/or inside the loop of the lower wet wire (20) there are transfer devices (15, 15a, 16, 26) based on the use of a pressure difference.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2002
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Petter Honkalampi, Jorma Laapotti
  • Patent number: 6372090
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for producing paper or board, according to which the paper or board web is transferred continuously supported through a drying section of a paper or cardboard machine and both sides of the web are treated with a treating agent on a long nip applicator included with the drying section of the machine. The web is transferred from the last press nip of the press section to the first dryer of the dryer section with a continuous loop-like support member, for example, by a transfer belt, transfer felt or one of the press felts of the press section. The web is advantageously dried in the drying section with a blow unit on a porous drying felt by blowing hot air on the web with impingement dryers, and the drying felt may be cooled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2002
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventor: Jorma Laapotti
  • Patent number: 6368466
    Abstract: A press section of a paper making machine for dewatering a paper web (W) formed in a preceding forming section in which dewatering felts (11, 28) are applied to both surfaces of the paper web (W) as the paper web (W) travels in a closed draw from the forming section through a first extended nip press (NP1), thereby drawing a substantial amount of water simultaneously and symmetrically from both surfaces of the paper web (W). The upper felt (11) transports the paper web (W) from the first extended nip (NP1) to a smooth surfaced center roll (30) where the paper web (W) passes through at least one roll nip (N1, N2) or extended nip (NP2′, NP3′). The center roll (30) is positioned at an elevation higher than the first extended nip (NP1) thereby reducing the length of the press section. In a second roll nip (N2), a press fabric (33) is substituted for the upper felt (11) to efficiently remove additional water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2002
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventor: Jorma Laapotti
  • Publication number: 20010004007
    Abstract: A method in a paper machine for transferring a paper web from a wet wire in a former section to a pick-up fabric or an equivalent transfer fabric of a press section, including the steps of forming a pick-up point on the wet wire and separating an edge strip from at least one edge of the web prior to the pick-up point by means of at least one cutting device. The method further includes separating the web from the wet wire and passing the web onto the pick-up fabric at the pick-up point. The method also includes applying a pressure difference to the at least one edge strip through the wet wire or the pick-up fabric at or after the pick-up point to cause the at least one edge strip to either follow the wet wire or become separated from the pick-up fabric after the pick-up point and to be placed in a broke system arranged beneath the paper machine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2001
    Publication date: June 21, 2001
    Inventors: Janne Puustinen, Samppa Salminen, Pertti Heikkila, Ari Puurtinen, Antti Poikolainen, Jorma Laapotti, Mika Viertola
  • Patent number: 6214168
    Abstract: A method in a paper machine for transferring a paper web from a wet wire in a former section to a pick-up fabric or an equivalent transfer fabric of a press section, including the steps of forming a pick-up point on the wet wire and separating an edge strip from at least one edge of the web prior to the pick-up point by means of at least one cutting device. The method further includes separating the web from the wet wire and passing the web onto the pick-up fabric at the pick-up point. The method also includes applying a pressure difference to the at least one edge strip through the wet wire or the pick-up fabric at or after the pick-up point to cause the at least one edge strip to either follow the wet wire or become separated from the pick-up fabric after the pick-up point and to be placed in a broke system arranged beneath the paper machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2001
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventors: Janne Puustinen, Samppa Salminen, Pertti Heikkilä, Ari Puurtinen, Antti Poikolainen, Jorma Laapotti, Mika Viertola
  • Patent number: 6103066
    Abstract: A method for transferring a paper web in high-speed paper machines having a press section arranged between a web former and a dryer section. In the press section, there is one or more press nip zones dewatering the web, at least the last one of which is an extended nip through which at least two press fabrics that receive water are passed. The web is passed between the press fabrics through the last extended-nip zone so that the draining of water out of the web takes place through both faces of the web. After the last extended-nip zone, the web follows one of the fabrics passing through the last extended-nip zone by the effect of a difference in pressure avoiding rewetting of the web. The fabric carrying the web is passed through a gently loaded transfer nip zone in which the web is transferred onto a transfer surface more adhesive than the face of the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventor: Jorma Laapotti
  • Patent number: 6004430
    Abstract: A method and device for enhancing the run of a web in a paper machine in which water is removed from the web by pressing the web in at least one press nip and after pressing, the web is dried in at least one dryer group applying impingement drying. The web is guided along a substantially linear path or by using a large curve radius in the dryer group applying impingement drying. In the drying stage, after the impingement drying, the web is dried in at least one dryer group having normal single-wire draw. The web is passed from the pressing stage to the drying stage as a closed draw and more particularly, from the pressing stage to the area with single-wire draw in the drying stage so that the web is constantly supported against at least one support face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Inventors: Heikki Ilvespaa, Juha Kaihovirta, Antti Kuhasalo, Jorma Laapotti
  • Patent number: 5951821
    Abstract: An arrangement and method for transferring a paper web in high-speed paper machines having a press section arranged between a web former and a dryer section. In the press section, there is one or more press nip zones dewatering the web, at least the last one of which is preferably an extended nip through which at least two press fabrics that receive water are passed. The web is passed between the press fabrics through the last extended-nip zone so that the draining of water out of the web takes place through both faces of the web. After the last press nip zone, the web follows one of the fabrics passing through the last extended-nip zone by the effect of a difference in pressure avoiding rewetting of the web. The fabric carrying the web is passed through a gently loaded transfer nip zone in which the web is transferred onto a transfer surface more adhesive than the face of the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1999
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventor: Jorma Laapotti
  • Patent number: 5908536
    Abstract: A paper or board machine and a method for passing a paper or board web from a forming section to a press section in a paper or board machine wherein the web is carried on a first wire in the forming section or transferred to a first wire from a forming wire of the forming section. The web that runs on the first wire is made to adhere in a transfer and pre-press zone to an outside face of a transfer belt which is substantially non-water-receiving. The pre-press zone includes an extended nip defined by an extended-nip roll and a smooth-faced press roll, the extended-nip roll having a hose mantle and a press shoe arranged in a loop of the hose mantle. After this pre-press zone, the web is separated substantially immediately from the wire and passed on support of the transfer belt onto the next press fabric in the press section and/or into the next press nip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1999
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventors: Heikki Kaasalainen, Jukka Kinnunen, Jorma Laapotti, Nils Soderholm
  • Patent number: 5888354
    Abstract: An arrangement and method for transferring a paper web in high-speed paper machines having a press section arranged between a web former and a dryer section. In the press section, there is one or more press nip zones dewatering the web, at least the last one of which is an extended nip through which at least two press fabrics that receive water are passed. The web is passed between the press fabrics through the last extended-nip zone so that the draining of water out of the web takes place through both faces of the web. After the last extended-nip zone, the web follows one of the fabrics passing through the last extended-nip zone by the effect of a difference in pressure avoiding rewetting of the web. The fabric carrying the web is passed through a gently loaded transfer nip zone in which the web is transferred onto a transfer surface more adhesive than the face of the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventor: Jorma Laapotti
  • Patent number: 5876565
    Abstract: A press section in a paper machine through which a paper web has a closed and supported draw and a method and arrangement for compensating for elongation of the web in an equalizing press nip in the press section. The press section has at least two successive separate nips and dewatering of the paper web is carried out at least in the first one of these nips, preferably between two press fabrics that receive water. The last press nip in a running direction of the web is the equalizing press nip which may be separate from the preceding nip and in which no substantial dewatering is performed. The web may be passed through the equalizing press nip from the preceding dewatering press nip on a transfer belt substantially non-water-receiving. After the equalizing nip, the elongation of the paper web in the machine direction, which elongation takes place in the equalizing nip, is compensated for by a difference in speed of the transfer belt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1999
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventor: Jorma Laapotti
  • Patent number: 5868904
    Abstract: A press section of a paper making machine for dewatering a paper web (W) formed in a preceding forming section in which dewatering felts (11, 28) are applied to both surfaces of the paper web (W) as the paper web (W) travels in a closed draw from the forming section through a first extended nip press (NP.sub.1), thereby drawing a substantial amount of water simultaneously and symmetrically from both surfaces of the paper web (W). The upper felt (11) transports the paper web (W) from the first extended nip (NP.sub.1) to a smooth surfaced center roll (30) where the paper web (W) passes through at least one roll nip (N.sub.1, N.sub.2) or extended nip (NP.sub.2 ', NP.sub.3 '). The center roll (30) is positioned at an elevation higher than the first extended nip (NP.sub.1) thereby reducing the length of the press section. In a second roll nip (N.sub.2), a press fabric (33) is substituted for the upper felt (11) to efficiently remove additional water. Additional extended or roll nips (NP.sub.2, N.sub.3, N.sub.0, N.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1999
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventor: Jorma Laapotti