Patents by Inventor Kristin L. Thunhorst

Kristin L. Thunhorst has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20200024427
    Abstract: Various embodiments disclosed relate to a resin including nanoparticles including surface-bonded hydrophobically-modifying alkyl groups. The present invention provides a resin component that includes a curable resin. The resin component also includes nanoparticles dispersed in the resin. The nanoparticles each independently include surface-bonded hydrophobically-modifying (C1-C50)hydrocarbyl groups. At least one of the (C1-C50)hydrocarbyl groups is a (C1-C50)alkyl group and at least one of the surface-bonded hydrophobically-modifying (C1-C50)hydrocarbyl groups is a (C6-C50)aryl group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2017
    Publication date: January 23, 2020
    Applicant: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Steven C. HACKETT, James M. NELSON, Wendy L. THOMPSON, Kristin L. THUNHORST
  • Publication number: 20190382559
    Abstract: A nanocomposite is provided including layered nanoparticles and a dispersant dispersed in a curable resin, where the nanocomposite contains less than 2% by weight solvent. A composite is also provided including from about 1 to 70 weight percent of layered nanoparticles, and a dispersant, dispersed in a cured resin, and a filler embedded in the cured resin. Further, a method of preparing a nanoparticle-containing curable resin system is provided including mixing from 1 to 70 weight percent of aggregated layered nanoparticles with a curable resin and a dispersant to form a mixture. The mixture contains less than 2% by weight solvent. The method also includes milling the mixture in an immersion mill containing milling media to form a milled resin system including layered nanoparticles dispersed in the curable resin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2019
    Publication date: December 19, 2019
    Inventors: Peter D. Condo, Jeremy O. Swanson, James E. Thorson, Neeraj Sharma, Steven C. Hackett, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Patent number: 10450444
    Abstract: A nanocomposite is provided including spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles dispersed in a curable resin or a curing agent. The nanocomposite contains less than 2% by weight solvent and less than 0.5% by weight dispersant based on the nanoparticle weight. A composite is also provided including from about 4 to 70 weight percent of spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles dispersed in a cured resin, and a filler embedded in the cured resin. Optionally, the composite further contains a curing agent. Further, a method of preparing a nanoparticle-containing curable resin system is provided including mixing from 10 to 70 weight percent of aggregated spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles with a curable resin to form a mixture. The mixture contains less than 2% by weight solvent and less than 0.5% by weight dispersant based on the nanoparticle weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Peter D. Condo, James E. Thorson, Jeremy O. Swanson, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Patent number: 10442914
    Abstract: A nanocomposite is provided including silica nanoparticles and a dispersant dispersed in a curable resin or a curing agent, where the nanocomposite contains less than 2% by weight solvent. The silica nanoparticles include nonspherical silica nanoparticles and/or spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles. A composite is also provided including from about 4 to 70 weight percent of silica nanoparticles, and a dispersant, dispersed in a cured resin, and a filler embedded in the cured resin. Optionally, the composite further contains a curing agent. Further, a method of preparing a nanoparticle-containing curable resin system is provided including mixing from 10 to 70 weight percent of aggregated silica nanoparticles with a curable resin and a dispersant to form a mixture. The mixture contains less than 2% by weight solvent. The method also includes milling the mixture in an immersion mill containing milling media to form a milled resin system including silica nanoparticles dispersed in the curable resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Peter D. Condo, Jeremy O. Swanson, James E. Thorson, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Publication number: 20180265677
    Abstract: A nanocomposite is provided including spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles dispersed in a curable resin or a curing agent. The nanocomposite contains less than 2% by weight solvent and less than 0.5% by weight dispersant based on the nanoparticle weight. A composite is also provided including from about 4 to 70 weight percent of spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles dispersed in a cured resin, and a filler embedded in the cured resin. Optionally, the composite further contains a curing agent. Further, a method of preparing a nanoparticle-containing curable resin system is provided including mixing from 10 to 70 weight percent of aggregated spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles with a curable resin to form a mixture. The mixture contains less than 2% by weight solvent and less than 0.5% by weight dispersant based on the nanoparticle weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2018
    Publication date: September 20, 2018
    Inventors: Peter D. Condo, James E. Thorson, Jeremy O. Swanson, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Patent number: 10023725
    Abstract: A nanocomposite is provided including nonspherical silica nanoparticles dispersed in a curable resin or a curing agent, where the nanocomposite contains less than 2% by weight solvent. A composite is also provided including from about 4 to 70 weight percent of nonspherical silica nanoparticles dispersed in a cured resin, and a filler embedded in the cured resin. Further, a method of preparing a nanoparticle-containing curable resin system is provided including mixing from 10 to 70 weight percent of aggregated silica nanoparticles with a curable resin and optionally a dispersant, a catalyst, a diluent, a surface treatment agent, and/or a curing agent, to form a mixture. The mixture contains less than 2% by weight solvent. The method also includes milling the mixture in an immersion mill containing milling media to form a milled resin system including nonspherical silica nanoparticles dispersed in the curable resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Peter D. Condo, Jeremy O. Swanson, James E. Thorson, William J. Schultz, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Patent number: 10023724
    Abstract: A nanocomposite is provided including spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles dispersed in a curable resin or a curing agent. The nanocomposite contains less than 2% by weight solvent and less than 0.5% by weight dispersant based on the nanoparticle weight. A composite is also provided including from about 4 to 70 weight percent of spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles dispersed in a cured resin, and a filler embedded in the cured resin. Optionally, the composite further contains a curing agent. Further, a method of preparing a nanoparticle-containing curable resin system is provided including mixing from 10 to 70 weight percent of aggregated spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles with a curable resin to form a mixture. The mixture contains less than 2% by weight solvent and less than 0.5% by weight dispersant based on the nanoparticle weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Peter D. Condo, James E. Thorson, Jeremy O. Swanson, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Patent number: 9822928
    Abstract: Pressure vessels formed from fiber composites are described. The fiber composites include fibers impregnated with a resin system containing surface-modified nanoparticles dispersed in a curable matrix resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Kristin L. Thunhorst, Emily S. Goenner
  • Publication number: 20170267817
    Abstract: A method of making a molded article. The method includes introducing into a mold a composition including thermoplastic particles with hollow microspheres attached to their outer surfaces, rotating the mold, and heating the mold at a temperature at which the thermoplastic particles melt. The hollow microspheres are included in the molded article. Molded articles are also disclosed. A powder composition that includes thermoplastic powder particles and hollow ceramic microspheres attached to outer surfaces of at least some of the thermoplastic powder particles is also disclosed. The hollow ceramic microspheres are either adhered to the outer surfaces of at least some of the thermoplastic powder particles with a liquid or embedded in the outer surfaces of at least some of the thermoplastic powder particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2015
    Publication date: September 21, 2017
    Inventors: Baris Yalcin, Ibrahim S. Gunes, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Patent number: 9718954
    Abstract: Dispersions of nanoparticles in a resin component are described. The nanoparticles have a multimodal particle size distribution including at least a first mode and a second mode. The number average particle diameter of the particles in the first mode is greater than the number average particle size distribution in the second mode. The use of multimodal nanoparticle size distributions and the relative number of particles in the first and second mode to reduce or eliminate particle stacking behavior is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Kristin L. Thunhorst, Wendy L. Thompson
  • Patent number: 9682518
    Abstract: The use of nanoparticles, including surface-modified silica and calcite nanoparticles, as processing aides for pultrusion is described. The methods include combining a resin system containing a resin and the nanoparticles with continuous fibers, pultruding this combination, and at least partially curing the resin. The methods are suitable for use with a wide variety of resins and fibers, and may be used to reduce the pull-force at a fixed fiber volume loading, increase the fiber volume loading, or both. Pultruded parts made by these methods and pultruded parts with high volume loadings of fibers are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Kristin L. Thunhorst, Emily S. Goenner
  • Publication number: 20160200898
    Abstract: A nanocomposite is provided including silica nanoparticles and a dispersant dispersed in a curable resin or a curing agent, where the nanocomposite contains less than 2% by weight solvent. The silica nanoparticles include nonspherical silica nanoparticles and/or spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles. A composite is also provided including from about 4 to 70 weight percent of silica nanoparticles, and a dispersant, dispersed in a cured resin, and a filler embedded in the cured resin. Optionally, the composite further contains a curing agent. Further, a method of preparing a nanoparticle-containing curable resin system is provided including mixing from 10 to 70 weight percent of aggregated silica nanoparticles with a curable resin and a dispersant to form a mixture. The mixture contains less than 2% by weight solvent. The method also includes milling the mixture in an immersion mill containing milling media to form a milled resin system including silica nanoparticles dispersed in the curable resin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2014
    Publication date: July 14, 2016
    Inventors: Peter D. Condo, Jeremy O. Swanson, James E. Thorson, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Publication number: 20160194481
    Abstract: A nanocomposite is provided including nonspherical silica nanoparticles dispersed in a curable resin or a curing agent, where the nanocomposite contains less than 2% by weight solvent. A composite is also provided including from about 4 to 70 weight percent of nonspherical silica nanoparticles dispersed in a cured resin, and a filler embedded in the cured resin. Further, a method of preparing a nanoparticle-containing curable resin system is provided including mixing from 10 to 70 weight percent of aggregated silica nanoparticles with a curable resin and optionally a dispersant, a catalyst, a diluent, a surface treatment agent, and/or a curing agent, to form a mixture. The mixture contains less than 2% by weight solvent. The method also includes milling the mixture in an immersion mill containing milling media to form a milled resin system including nonspherical silica nanoparticles dispersed in the curable resin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2014
    Publication date: July 7, 2016
    Inventors: Peter D. Condo, Jeremy O. Swanson, James E. Thorson, William J. Schultz, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Publication number: 20160194480
    Abstract: A nanocomposite is provided including spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles dispersed in a curable resin or a curing agent. The nanocomposite contains less than 2% by weight solvent and less than 0.5% by weight dispersant based on the nanoparticle weight. A composite is also provided including from about 4 to 70 weight percent of spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles dispersed in a cured resin, and a filler embedded in the cured resin. Optionally, the composite further contains a curing agent. Further, a method of preparing a nanoparticle-containing curable resin system is provided including mixing from 10 to 70 weight percent of aggregated spherical pyrogenic silica nanoparticles with a curable resin to form a mixture. The mixture contains less than 2% by weight solvent and less than 0.5% by weight dispersant based on the nanoparticle weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Publication date: July 7, 2016
    Inventors: Peter D. Condo, James E. Thorson, Jeremy O. Swanson, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Publication number: 20160194479
    Abstract: A nanocomposite is provided including layered nanoparticles and a dispersant dispersed in a curable resin, where the nanocomposite contains less than 2% by weight solvent. A composite is also provided including from about 1 to 70 weight percent of layered nanoparticles, and a dispersant, dispersed in a cured resin, and a filler embedded in the cured resin. Further, a method of preparing a nanoparticle-containing curable resin system is provided including mixing from 1 to 70 weight percent of aggregated layered nanoparticles with a curable resin and a dispersant to form a mixture. The mixture contains less than 2% by weight solvent. The method also includes milling the mixture in an immersion mill containing milling media to form a milled resin system including layered nanoparticles dispersed in the curable resin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2014
    Publication date: July 7, 2016
    Inventors: Peter D. Condo, Jeremy O. Swanson, James E. Thorson, Neeraj Sharma, Steven C. Hackett, Kristin L. Thunhorst
  • Publication number: 20160039153
    Abstract: The use of nanoparticles, including surface-modified silica and calcite nanoparticles, as processing aides for pultrusion is described. The methods include combining a resin system containing a resin and the nanoparticles with continuous fibers, pultruding this combination, and at least partially curing the resin. The methods are suitable for use with a wide variety of resins and fibers, and may be used to reduce the pull-force at a fixed fiber volume loading, increase the fiber volume loading, or both. Pultruded parts made by these methods and pultruded parts with high volume loadings of fibers are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2015
    Publication date: February 11, 2016
    Inventors: Kristin L. Thunhorst, Emily S. Goenner
  • Patent number: 9162398
    Abstract: The use of nanoparticles, including surface-modified silica and calcite nanoparticles, as processing aides for pultrusion is described. The methods include combining a resin system containing a resin and the nanoparticles with continuous fibers, pultruding this combination, and at least partially curing the resin. The methods are suitable for use with a wide variety of resins and fibers, and may be used to reduce the pull-force at a fixed fiber volume loading, increase the fiber volume loading, or both. Pultruded parts made by these methods and pultruded parts with high volume loadings of fibers are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Kristin L. Thunhorst, Emily S. Goenner
  • Patent number: 9145627
    Abstract: Thermoset polymer composite wires including a multiplicity of substantially continuous fibers embedded in a solidified polymer composite matrix and forming a substantially continuous filament, the solidified polymer composite matrix further including a polymer formed by curing a polymer precursor from a liquid state and a multiplicity of nanoparticles having a median diameter of one micrometer or less substantially uniformly dispersed throughout the polymer composite matrix, and optionally, a corrosion resistant sheath surrounding the substantially continuous filament. In some embodiments, the multiplicity of particles includes surface-modified particles having a core and a surface modifying agent associated with the core and reacted with the polymer cured from a liquid state. Stranded cables including one or more such thermoset polymer composite wires, and methods of making and using such thermoset polymer composite wires and stranded cables are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2015
    Assignee: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: David M. Wilson, David R. Mekala, Colin McCullough, Herve E. Deve, Michael F. Grether, Emily S. Goenner, Kristin L. Thunhorst, Per M. Nelson
  • Publication number: 20150099833
    Abstract: Dispersions of nanoparticles in a resin component are described. The nanoparticles have a multimodal particle size distribution including at least a first mode and a second mode. The number average particle diameter of the particles in the first mode is greater than the number average particle size distribution in the second mode. The use of multimodal nanoparticle size distributions and the relative number of particles in the first and second mode to reduce or eliminate particle stacking behavior is also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Kristin L. Thunhorst, Wendy L. Thompson
  • Patent number: 8871853
    Abstract: Dispersions of nanoparticles in a resin component are described. The nanoparticles have a multimodal particle size distribution including at least a first mode and a second mode. The number average particle diameter of the particles in the first mode is greater than the number average particle size distribution in the second mode. The use of multimodal nanoparticle size distributions and the relative number of particles in the first and second mode to reduce or eliminate particle stacking behavior is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Kristin L. Thunhorst, Wendy L. Thompson