Patents by Inventor M. Margaret Withgott

M. Margaret Withgott has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 8584158
    Abstract: A system and method for selective recording of information uses sequential pattern matching of statistical vectors which characterize incoming time-based information to identify previously marked information within an incoming information stream. The system and method generate a signal to control a recording device to either elide the previously marked information from the recording, or to begin recording once the previously marked information is identified, depending upon the current mode of operation. The system and method may be utilized to omit recording of unwanted information, such as commercials in a television broadcast, or to automatically locate desired information on any of a number of available information channels without a priori knowledge of the occurrence time or channel of the information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Interval Licensing LLC
    Inventors: Michele Mae Covell, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 8154511
    Abstract: A computerized interactor system uses physical, three-dimensional objects as metaphors for input of user intent to a computer system. When one or more interactors are engaged with a detection field, the detection field reads an identifier associated with the object and communicates the identifier to a computer system. The computer system determines the meaning of the interactor based upon its identifier and upon a semantic context in which the computer system is operating. The interactors can be used to control other systems, such as audio systems, or it can be used as intuitive inputs into a computer system for such purposes as marking events in a temporal flow. The interactors, as a minimum, communicate their identity, but may also be more sophisticated in that they can communicate additional processed or unprocessed data, i.e. they can include their own data processors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Vintell Applications NY, LLC
    Inventors: Jonathan R. Cohen, Debby Hindus, Bonnie M. Johnson, Andrew J. Singer, Lisa J. Stifelman, William L. Verplank, Scott C. Wallters, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Publication number: 20110055861
    Abstract: A system and method for selective recording of information uses sequential pattern matching of statistical vectors which characterize incoming time-based information to identify previously marked information within an incoming information stream. The system and method generate a signal to control a recording device to either elide the previously marked information from the recording, or to begin recording once the previously marked information is identified, depending upon the current mode of operation. The system and method may be utilized to omit recording of unwanted information, such as commercials in a television broadcast, or to automatically locate desired information on any of a number of available information channels without a priori knowledge of the occurrence time or channel of the information.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2010
    Publication date: March 3, 2011
    Inventors: Michele Mae Covell, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 7849475
    Abstract: A system and method for selective recording of information uses sequential pattern matching of statistical vectors which characterize incoming time-based information to identify previously marked information within an incoming information stream. The system and method generate a signal to control a recording device to either elide the previously marked information from the recording, or to begin recording once the previously marked information is identified, depending upon the current mode of operation. The system and method may be utilized to omit recording of unwanted information, such as commercials in a television broadcast, or to automatically locate desired information on any of a number of available information channels without a priori knowledge of the occurrence time or channel of the information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: Interval Licensing LLC
    Inventors: Michele Mae Covell, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Publication number: 20090174654
    Abstract: A computerized interactor system uses physical, three-dimensional objects as metaphors for input of user intent to a computer system. When one or more interactors are engaged with a detection field, the detection field reads an identifier associated with the object and communicates the identifier to a computer system. The computer system determines the meaning of the interactor based upon its identifier and upon a semantic context in which the computer system is operating. The interactors can be used to control other systems, such as audio systems, or it can be used as intuitive inputs into a computer system for such purposes as marking events in a temporal flow. The interactors, as a minimum, communicate their identity, but may also be more sophisticated in that they can communicate additional processed or unprocessed data, i.e. they can include their own data processors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2009
    Publication date: July 9, 2009
    Inventors: Jonathan R. Cohen, Debby Hindus, Bonnie M. Johnson, Andrew J. Singer, Lisa J. Stifelman, William L. Verplank, Scott C. Wallters, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 7545359
    Abstract: A computerized interactor system uses physical, three-dimensional objects as metaphors for input of user intent to a computer system. When one or more interactors are engaged with a detection field, the detection field reads an identifier associated with the object and communicates the identifier to a computer system. The computer system determines the meaning of the interactor based upon its identifier and upon a semantic context in which the computer system is operating. The interactors can be used to control other systems, such as audio systems, or it can be used as intuitive inputs into a computer system for such purposes as marking events in a temporal flow. The interactors, as a minimum, communicate their identity, but may also be more sophisticated in that they can communicate additional processed or unprocessed data, i.e. they can include their own data processors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2009
    Assignee: Vulcan Patents LLC
    Inventors: Jonathan R. Cohen, Debby Hindus, Bonnie M. Johnson, Andrew J. Singer, Lisa J. Stifelman, William L. Verplank, Scott C. Wallters, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Publication number: 20080127240
    Abstract: A system and method for selective recording of information uses sequential pattern matching of statistical vectors which characterize incoming time-based information to identify previously marked information within an incoming information stream. The system and method generate a signal to control a recording device to either elide the previously marked information from the recording, or to begin recording once the previously marked information is identified, depending upon the current mode of operation. The system and method may be utilized to omit recording of unwanted information, such as commercials in a television broadcast, or to automatically locate desired information on any of a number of available information channels without a priori knowledge of the occurrence time or channel of the information.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2004
    Publication date: May 29, 2008
    Inventors: Michele Mae Covell, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 6940486
    Abstract: A computerized interactor system uses physical, three-dimensional objects as metaphors for input of user intent to a computer system. When one or more interactors are engaged with a detection field, the detection field reads an identifier associated with the object and communicates the identifier to a computer system. The computer system determines the meaning of the interactor based upon its identifier and upon a semantic context in which the computer system is operating. The interactors can be used to control other systems, such as audio systems, or it can be used as intuitive inputs into a computer system for such purposes as marking events in a temporal flow. The interactors, as a minimum, communicate their identity, but may also be more sophisticated in that they can communicate additional processed or unprocessed data, i.e. they can include their own data processors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2005
    Assignee: Vulcan Patents LLC
    Inventors: Jonathan R. Cohen, Debby Hindus, Bonnie M. Johnson, Andrew J. Singer, Lisa J. Stifelman, William L. Verplank, Scott C. Wallters, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 6782186
    Abstract: A system and method for selective recording of information uses sequential pattern matching of statistical vectors which characterize incoming time-based information to identify previously marked information within an incoming information stream. The system and method generate a signal to control a recording device to either elide the previously marked information from the recording, or to begin recording once the previously marked information is identified, depending upon the current mode of operation. The system and method may be utilized to omit recording of unwanted information, such as commercials in a television broadcast, or to automatically locate desired information on any of a number of available information channels without a priori knowledge of the occurrence time or channel of the information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: Interval Research Corp.
    Inventors: Michele Mae Covell, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Publication number: 20020126085
    Abstract: The present invention teaches a variety of methods and systems for providing computer/human interfaces. According to one method, the user interfaces with an electronic device such as a computer system by engaging a sensor with desired regions of an encoded physical medium. the encoded physical medium is preferably chosen to provide intuitive meaning to the user and is thus an improved metaphor for interfacing with the computer system. The sensor may have at least one identification number (ID) providing information such as user identity, sensor type, access type, or language type. The sensor can transmit the certain decoded information together with the at least one ID to the computer system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2001
    Publication date: September 12, 2002
    Inventors: Jonathan R. Cohen, Debby Hindus, Bonnie M. Johnson, Andrew J. Singer, Lisa J. Stifelman, William L. Verplank, Scott C. Wallters, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 6262711
    Abstract: A computerized interactor system uses physical, three-dimensional objects as metaphors for input of user intent to a computer system. When one or more interactors are engaged with a detection field, the detection field reads an identifier associated with the object and communicates the identifier to a computer system. The computer system determines the meaning of the interactor based upon its identifier and upon a semantic context in which the computer system is operating. The interactors can be used to control other systems, such as audio systems, or it can be used as intuitive inputs into a computer system for such purposes as marking events in a temporal flow. The interactors, as a minimum, communicate their identity, but may also be more sophisticated in that they can communicate additional processed or unprocessed data, i.e. they can include their own data processors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: Interval Research Corporation
    Inventors: Jonathan R. Cohen, Debby Hindus, Bonnie M. Johnson, Andrew J. Singer, Lisa J. Stifelman, William L. Verplank, Scott C. Wallters, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 5828994
    Abstract: To modify the temporal scale of recorded speech, relative stress and relative speaking rate terms are computed for individual sections, or frames, of the speech. These terms are then combined into a single value denoted as audio tension. For a nominal time-scale modification rate, the audio tension is employed to adjust the modification rate of the individual frames of speech in a non-uniform manner, relative to one another. With this approach, compressed speech can be reproduced at a relatively fast rate, while remaining intelligible to the listener.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Assignee: Interval Research Corporation
    Inventors: Michele Covell, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 5748805
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for applying morphological image criteria that identify image units in an undecoded document image having significant information content, and for retrieving related data that supplements the document either from elsewhere within the document or a source external to the document. The retrieved data can result from character code recognition or template matching of the identified significant image units, or the retrieved data can result directly from an analysis of the morphological image characteristics of the identified significant image units. A reading machine can allow a user to browse and select documents or segments thereof, and to obtain interactive retrieval of documents and supplemental data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1998
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: M. Margaret Withgott, William Newman, Steven C. Bagley, Daniel P. Huttenlocher, Ronald M. Kaplan, Todd A. Cass, Per-Kristian Halvorsen, John Seely Brown, Martin Kay
  • Patent number: 5682540
    Abstract: The present invention involves a novel form and methods for creating and using such forms. These forms are summaries (hereinafter "document surrogates") of associated objects, such as original documents, processes, or their copies, stored in a document processing system. A document surrogate made in accordance with the principles of the present invention comprises at least one sheet of a information storing substrate material that has a human readable area and a machine readable area. The human readable area may contain at least one area of material which summarizes the associated object. Such a summary may either be made manually by the user or created automatically by the document processing system. The machine readable area comprises a document reference code that is readable and recognizable by the document processing system. The code is located by the system and recognized from an image of the entire page. The reference code encodes an indicator to the storage location of the associated object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1997
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Leigh L. Klotz, Jr., Ramana B. Rao, Walter A. L. Johnson, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 5570435
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for differentiating and extracting handwritten annotations and machine printed text in an image. The method provides for the use of morphological operations, preferably at reduced scale, to eliminate for example, the handwritten annotations from an image. A separation mask is produced that, for example, converts all the image pixels corresponding to machine printed text, and none of the image pixels corresponding to handwritten or handprinted annotations. The separation mask is used in conjunction with the original image to produce separate handwritten annotations and machine printed text images. The invention also provides a method and apparatus for identifying the location of specialized type styles such as bold and italic is disclosed. The method erodes a binary image utilizing structuring elements which provide a relatively large number of hits in regions containing the specialized type styles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Dan S. Bloomberg, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 5491760
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for excerpting and summarizing an undecoded document image, without first converting the document image to optical character codes such as ASCII text, identifies significant words, phrases and graphics in the document image using automatic or interactive morphological image recognition techniques, document summaries or indices are produced based on the identified significant portions of the document image. The disclosed method is particularly adept for improvement of reading machines for the blind.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 13, 1996
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: M. Margaret Withgott, Steven C. Bagley, Dan S. Bloomberg, Per-Kristian Halvorsen, Daniel P. Huttenlocher, Todd A. Cass, Ronald M. Kaplan, Ramana R. Rao
  • Patent number: 5455871
    Abstract: A method and apparatus detects function words in a first image of a scanned document without first converting the image to character codes. Function words include determiners, prepositions, articles, and other words that play a largely grammatical role, as opposed to words such as nouns and verbs that convey topic information. Non-content based morphological characteristics of image units are predetermined as well as the presence or omission of character ascenders and descenders in image units. Predetermined characteristics of function word image units are compared with the image units of an image and when a match occurs, the image unit is identified as a function word. Conversely when no matching characteristics occur, the image unit is identified as a non-function word. Additionally, image units are classified and identified as containing only upper case characters, only lower case characters, only digits, and mixed character types.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 3, 1995
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Dan S. Bloomberg, John W. Tukey, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 5402504
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for differentiating and extracting handwritten annotations and machine printed text in an image. The method provides for the use of morphological operations, preferably at reduced scale, to eliminate for example, the handwritten annotations from an image. A separation mask is produced that, for example, converts all the image pixels corresponding to machine printed text, and none of the image pixels corresponding to handwritten or handprinted annotations. The separation mask is used in conjunction with the original image to produce separate handwritten annotations and machine printed text images. The invention also provides a method and apparatus for identifying the location of specialized type styles such as bold and italic is disclosed. The method erodes a binary image utilizing structuring elements which provide a relatively large number of hits in regions containing the specialized type styles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1995
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Dan S. Bloomberg, M. Margaret Withgott
  • Patent number: 5390259
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for processing a document image, using a programmed general or special purpose computer, includes forming the image into image units, and at least one image unit classifier of at least one of the image units is determined, without decoding the content of the at least one of the image units. The classifier of the at least one of the image units is then compared with a classifier of another image unit. The classifier may be image unit length, width, location in the document, font, typeface, cross-section, the number of ascenders, the number of descenders, the average pixel density, the length of the top line contour, the length of the base contour, the location of image units with respect to neighboring image units, vertical position, horizontal inter-image unit spacing, and so forth. The classifier comparison can be a comparison with classifiers of image units of words in a reference table, or with classifiers of other image units in the document.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1995
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: M. Margaret Withgott, Steven C. Bagley, Dan S. Bloomberg, Daniel P. Huttenlocher, Ronald M. Kaplan, Todd A. Cass, Per-Kristian Halvorsen, Ramana B. Rao, Douglass R. Cutting
  • Patent number: 5384703
    Abstract: A summary is automatically formed by selecting regions of a document. Each selected region includes at least two members of a seed list. The seed list is formed from a predetermined number of the most frequently occurring complex expressions in the document that are not on a stop list. If the summary is too long, the region-selection process is performed on the summary to produce a shorter summary. This region-selection process is repeated until a summary is produced having a desired length. Each time the region selection process is repeated, the seed list members are added to the stop list and the complexity level used to identify frequently occurring expressions is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1995
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: M. Margaret Withgott, Douglass R. Cutting