Patents by Inventor Marc A. Baldo

Marc A. Baldo has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20110010911
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for harvesting light from displays. In one embodiment, the invention relates to a substrate having a first and a second surface, an edge and a luminescent dye. A photovoltaic transducer is positioned adjacent the substrate. Light passing through both the first and second surfaces of the substrate is polarized and light constrained within and traveling through the substrate interacts with the photovoltaic transducer to produce electric current. In one embodiment, the method of harvesting light from an illuminated electronic display including the steps of providing a light source, providing a substrate having a first and a second surface and an edge; and a luminescent dye; and providing a photovoltaic transducer positioned adjacent the substrate. Light passing through both the first and second surfaces of the substrate is polarized, and light constrained within and traveling through the substrate interacts with the photovoltaic transducer to produce electric current.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2010
    Publication date: January 20, 2011
    Applicant: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Marc A. Baldo, Carlijn L. Mulder, Carmel Rotschild
  • Publication number: 20100328671
    Abstract: A near-field surface plasmon detector is provided. The near-field surface plasmon detector includes one or more semiconductor layers that absorb one or more surface plasmons of thin metal films in the vicinity of the semiconductor layer. The surface plasmons are excited by incoming light being emitted from a light emitting source. The metal films are also employed as electrical contacts used to capture photocurrent generated after absorption of surface plasmons by the semiconductor layers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2010
    Publication date: December 30, 2010
    Inventors: Marc A. Baldo, Mihail Bora, Jonathan K. Mapel, Kemal Celebi
  • Publication number: 20100193011
    Abstract: Solar concentrators are disclosed that improve the efficiency of PV cells and systems using them. The solar concentrators may be designed such that they include one or more chromophore assemblies, anti-Stokes materials or other suitable materials that emit light to a PV cell. Various materials and components of the solar concentrators are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2010
    Publication date: August 5, 2010
    Inventors: Jonathan Mapel, Marc Baldo, Carlijn L. Mulder, Michael Currie, Michael Segal, Carmel Rotschild
  • Patent number: 7674531
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an organic light emitting device structure having an organic light emitting device (OLED) over a substrate, where the OLED has, for example, an anode, a hole transporting layer (HTL), a first electron transporting layer (ETL) that is doped with a phosphorescent material, a second electron transporting layer (ETL), and a cathode. The OLEDs of the present invention are directed, in particular, to devices that include an emissive layer comprised of an electron transporting host material having a triplet excited state energy level that is higher than the emissive triplet excited state energy level of the phosphorescent dopant material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Assignees: The University of Southern California, The Trustees of Princeton University
    Inventors: Chihaya Adachi, Marc A. Baldo, Stephen R. Forrest
  • Publication number: 20090235974
    Abstract: Solar concentrators are disclosed that improve the efficiency of PV cells and systems using them. The solar concentrators may be designed such that they include one or more chromophores that emit light to a PV cell. Various materials and components of the solar concentrators are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2009
    Publication date: September 24, 2009
    Applicant: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Jonathan Mapel, Michael Currie, Timothy D. Heidel, Marc Baldo, Shalom Goffri
  • Patent number: 7553560
    Abstract: Emissive phosphorescent organometallic compounds are described that produce improved electroluminescence, particularly in the blue region of the visible spectrum. Organic light emitting devices employing such emissive phosphorescent organometallic compounds are also described. Also described is an organic light emitting layer including a host material having a lowest triplet excited state having a decay rate of less than about 1 per second; a guest material dispersed in the host material, the guest material having a lowest triplet excited state having a radiative decay rate of greater than about 1×105 or about 1×106 per second and wherein the energy level of the lowest triplet excited state of the host material is lower than the energy level of the lowest triplet excited state of the guest material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Assignees: The Trustees of Princeton University, The University of Southern California, Universal Display Corporation
    Inventors: Sergey Lamansky, Mark E. Thompson, Vadim Adamovich, Peter I. Djurovich, Chihaya Adachi, Marc A. Baldo, Stephen R. Forrest, Raymond Kwong
  • Patent number: 7537844
    Abstract: Organic light emitting devices are described wherein the emissive layer comprises a host material containing an emissive molecule, which molecule is adapted to luminesce when a voltage is applied across the heterostructure, and the emissive molecule is selected from the group of phosphorescent organometallic complexes, including cyclometallated platinum, iridium and osmium complexes. The organic light emitting devices optionally contain an exciton blocking layer. Furthermore, improved electroluminescent efficiency in organic light emitting devices is obtained with an emitter layer comprising organometallic complexes of transition metals of formula L2MX, wherein L and X are distinct bidentate ligands. Compounds of this formula can be synthesized more facilely than in previous approaches and synthetic options allow insertion of fluorescent molecules into a phosphorescent complex, ligands to fine tune the color of emission, and ligands to trap carriers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2009
    Assignees: The Trustees of Princeton University, The University of Southern California
    Inventors: Mark E. Thompson, Peter Djurovic, Sergey Lamansky, Drew Murphy, Raymond Kwong, Feras Abdel-Razzaq, Stephen R. Forrest, Marc A. Baldo, Paul E. Burrows
  • Publication number: 20090042142
    Abstract: An organic semiconductor device is provided. The device has a first electrode and a second electrode, with an organic semiconductor layer disposed between the first and second electrodes. An electrically conductive grid is disposed within the organic semiconductor layer, which has openings in which the organic semiconductor layer is present. At least one insulating layer is disposed adjacent to the electrically conductive grid, preferably such that the electrically conductive grid is completely separated from the organic semiconductor layer by the insulating layer. Methods of fabricating the device, and the electrically conductive grid in particular, are also provided. In one method, openings are formed in an electrically conductive layer with a patterned die, which is then removed. In another method, an electrically conductive layer and a first insulating layer are etched through the mask to expose portions of a first electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2008
    Publication date: February 12, 2009
    Inventors: Marc BALDO, Peter PEUMANS, Stephen FORREST, Changsoon KIM
  • Publication number: 20080309217
    Abstract: A light emitting device comprising an emissive material optically coupled to a device that is constructed and arranged to pass an emission wavelength of the emissive material and eliminate angular dependence of the emission wavelength is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2008
    Publication date: December 18, 2008
    Inventors: Carlijn L. Mulder, Kemal Celebi, Marc Baldo
  • Publication number: 20080281098
    Abstract: Emissive phosphorescent organometallic compounds are described that produce improved electroluminescence, particularly in the blue region of the visible spectrum. Organic light emitting devices employing such emissive phosphorescent organometallic compounds are also described. Also described is an organic light emitting layer including a host material having a lowest triplet excited state having a decay rate of less than about 1 per second; a guest material dispersed in the host material, the guest material having a lowest triplet excited state having a radiative decay rate of greater than about 1×105 or about 1×106 per second and wherein the energy level of the lowest triplet excited state of the host material is lower than the energy level of the lowest triplet excited state of the guest material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2008
    Publication date: November 13, 2008
    Inventors: Sergey Lamansky, Mark E. Thompson, Vadim Adamovich, Peter I. Djurovich, Chihaya Adachi, Marc A. Baldo, Stephen R. Forrest, Raymond Kwong
  • Patent number: 7442574
    Abstract: An organic semiconductor device is provided. The device has a first electrode and a second electrode, with an organic semiconductor layer disposed between the first and second electrodes. An electrically conductive grid is disposed within the organic semiconductor layer, which has openings in which the organic semiconductor layer is present. At least one insulating layer may be disposed adjacent to the electrically conductive grid, preferably such that the electrically conductive grid is completely separated from the organic semiconductor layer by the insulating layer. Methods of fabricating the device, and the electrically conductive grid in particular, are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2008
    Assignee: The Trustees of Princeton University
    Inventors: Marc Baldo, Peter Peumans, Stephen Forrest, Changsoon Kim
  • Patent number: 7381479
    Abstract: Emissive phosphorescent organometallic compounds are described that produce improved electroluminescence, particularly in the blue region of the visible spectrum. Organic light emitting devices employing such emissive phosphorescent organometallic compounds are also described. Also described is an organic light emitting layer including a host material having a lowest triplet excited state having a decay rate of less than about 1 per second; a guest material dispersed in the host material, the guest material having a lowest triplet excited state having a radiative decay rate of greater than about 1×105 or about 1×106 per second and wherein the energy level of the lowest triplet excited state of the host material is lower than the energy level of the lowest triplet excited state of the guest material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2008
    Assignees: The University of Southern California, The Trustees of Princeton University, Universal Display Corporation
    Inventors: Sergey Lamansky, Mark E. Thompson, Vadim Adamovich, Peter I. Djurovich, Chihaya Adachi, Marc A. Baldo, Stephen R. Forrest, Raymond Kwong
  • Publication number: 20070296332
    Abstract: Organic light emitting devices are described wherein the emissive layer comprises a host material containing an emissive molecule, which molecule is adapted to luminesce when a voltage is applied across the heterostructure, and the emissive molecule is selected from the group of phosphorescent organometallic complexes, including cyclometallated platinum, iridium and osmium complexes. The organic light emitting devices optionally contain an exciton blocking layer. Furthermore, improved electroluminescent efficiency in organic light emitting devices is obtained with an emitter layer comprising organometallic complexes of transition metals of formula L2MX, wherein L and X are distinct bidentate ligands. Compounds of this formula can be synthesized more facilely than in previous approaches and synthetic options allow insertion of fluorescent molecules into a phosphorescent complex, ligands to fine tune the color of emission, and ligands to trap carriers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2007
    Publication date: December 27, 2007
    Inventors: Mark Thompson, Peter Djurovich, Sergey Lamansky, Drew Murphy, Raymond Kwong, Feras Abdel-Razzaq, Stephen Forrest, Marc Baldo, Paul Burrows
  • Patent number: 7291406
    Abstract: Organic light emitting devices are described wherein the emissive layer comprises a host material containing an emissive molecule, which molecule is adapted to luminesce when a voltage is applied across the heterostructure, and the emissive molecule is selected from the group of phosphorescent organometallic complexes, including cyclometallated platinum, iridium and osmium complexes. The organic light emitting devices optionally contain an exciton blocking layer. Furthermore, improved electroluminescent efficiency in organic light emitting devices is obtained with an emitter layer comprising organometallic complexes of transition metals of formula L2MX, wherein L and X are distinct bidentate ligands. Compounds of this formula can be synthesized more facilely than in previous approaches and synthetic options allow insertion of fluorescent molecules into a phosphorescent complex, ligands to fine tune the color of emission, and ligands to trap carriers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2007
    Assignees: The Trustees of Princeton University, The University of Southern California
    Inventors: Mark E. Thompson, Peter Djurovic, Sergey Lamansky, Drew Murphy, Raymond Kwong, Feras Abdel-Razzaq, Stephen R. Forrest, Marc A. Baldo, Paul E. Burrows
  • Publication number: 20070247067
    Abstract: A light emitting device comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, an emissive material between the first and second electrodes and a mixing agent separate from the emissive material is disclosed. In certain examples, the mixing agent may be effective to increase a fraction of excitons formed as a singlet state.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2007
    Publication date: October 25, 2007
    Inventors: Michael Segal, Kelley Rivoire, Madhusudan Singh, Marc Baldo
  • Publication number: 20070119496
    Abstract: A photovoltaic cell and devices using the photovoltaic cell are provided. In certain examples, the photovoltaic cell may include a first material disposed on a first electrode and effective to generate an exciton upon absorption of electromagnetic energy. In some examples, the photovoltaic cell may also include a second material electrically coupled to the first electrode and separated from the first material, the second material effective to receive the generated exciton from the first material. In other examples, the photovoltaic cell may also include a second electrode electrically coupled to the second material and electrically coupled to the first electrode. Solar panels and power systems using the photovoltaic cell are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2005
    Publication date: May 31, 2007
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Marc Baldo, Jonathan Mapel, Madhusudan Singh
  • Publication number: 20060115585
    Abstract: In one embodiment the disclosure relates to an apparatus for depositing an organic material on a substrate, including a source heater for heating organic particles to form suspended organic particles; a transport stream for delivering the suspended organic particles to a discharge nozzle, the discharge nozzle having a plurality of micro-pores, the micro-pores providing a conduit for passage of the suspended organic particles; and a nozzle heater for pulsatingly heating the micro-pores nozzle to discharge the suspended organic particles from the discharge nozzle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2005
    Publication date: June 1, 2006
    Inventors: Vladimir Bulovic, Marc Baldo, Martin Schmidt, Valerie LeBlanc, Jianglong Chem
  • Patent number: 7001536
    Abstract: Organic light emitting devices are described wherein the emissive layer comprises a host material containing an emissive molecule, which molecule is adapted to luminesce when a voltage is applied across the heterostructure, and the emissive molecule is selected from the group of phosphorescent organometallic complexes, including cyclometallated platinum, iridium and osmium complexes. The organic light emitting devices optionally contain an exciton blocking layer. Furthermore, improved electroluminescent efficiency in organic light emitting devices is obtained with an emitter layer comprising organometallic complexes of transition metals of formula L2MX, wherein L and X are distinct bidentate ligands. Compounds of this formula can be synthesized more facilely than in previous approaches and synthetic options allow insertion of fluorescent molecules into a phosphorescent complex, ligands to fine tune the color of emission, and ligands to trap carriers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2006
    Assignees: The Trustees of Princeton University, The University of Southern California
    Inventors: Mark E. Thompson, Peter Djurovic, Sergey Lamansky, Drew Murphy, Raymond Kwong, Feras Abdel-Razzaq, Stephen R. Forrest, Marc A. Baldo, Paul E. Burrows
  • Publication number: 20060029829
    Abstract: Organic light emitting devices are described wherein the emissive layer comprises a host material containing an emissive molecule, which molecule is adapted to luminesce when a voltage is applied across the heterostructure, and the emissive molecule is selected from the group of phosphorescent organometallic complexes, including cyclometallated platinum, iridium and osmium complexes. The organic light emitting devices optionally contain an exciton blocking layer. Furthermore, improved electroluminescent efficiency in organic light emitting devices is obtained with an emitter layer comprising organometallic complexes of transition metals of formula L2MX, wherein L and X are distinct bidentate ligands. Compounds of this formula can be synthesized more facilely than in previous approaches and synthetic options allow insertion of fluorescent molecules into a phosphorescent complex, ligands to fine tune the color of emission, and ligands to trap carriers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2005
    Publication date: February 9, 2006
    Inventors: Mark Thompson, Peter Djurovich, Sergey Lamansky, Drew Murphy, Raymond Kwong, Feras Abdel-Razzaq, Stephen Forrest, Marc Baldo, Paul Burrows
  • Patent number: 6970490
    Abstract: When the density of excitons in an organic single crystal (including the linear acenes, polyacenes, and thiophenes) approaches the density of molecular sites, an electron-hole plasma may form in the material altering the overall excitonic character of the system. The formation of the electron-hole plasma arises as a result of the screening of Coulomb interactions within individual excitons by injected free carriers. The large exciton densities required to accomplish this screening process can only be realized when excitons collect near dislocations, defects, traps, or are confined in heterostructures. Such confinement and subsequently large exciton densities allows for the observation of physical phenomena not generally accessible in an organic material. Specifically, the formation of an electron-hole plasma in an organic single crystal can allow for the observation of field-effect transistor action and electrically-pumped lasing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2005
    Assignee: The Trustees of Princeton University
    Inventors: Russell James Delmar Holmes, Marc A. Baldo, Stephen R. Forrest