Patents by Inventor Matthew W. Copel

Matthew W. Copel has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20100041907
    Abstract: A method of depositing a film of a metal chalcogenide including the steps of: contacting an isolated hydrazinium-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide and a solvent having therein a solubilizing additive to form a solution of a complex thereof; applying the solution of the complex onto a substrate to produce a coating of the solution on the substrate; removing the solvent from the coating to produce a film of the complex on the substrate; and thereafter annealing the film of the complex to produce a metal chalcogenide film on the substrate. Also provided is a process for preparing an isolated hydrazinium-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide as well as a thin-film field-effect transistor device using the metal chalcogenides as the channel layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2009
    Publication date: February 18, 2010
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: David B. Mitzi, Matthew W. Copel
  • Publication number: 20100040866
    Abstract: A method of depositing a film of a metal chalcogenide including the steps of: contacting an isolated hydrazinium-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide and a solvent having therein a solubilizing additive to form a solution of a complex thereof; applying the solution of the complex onto a substrate to produce a coating of the solution on the substrate; removing the solvent from the coating to produce a film of the complex on the substrate; and thereafter annealing the film of the complex to produce a metal chalcogenide film on the substrate. Also provided is a process for preparing an isolated hydrazinium-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide as well as a thin-film field-effect transistor device using the metal chalcogenides as the channel layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2009
    Publication date: February 18, 2010
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: David B. Mitzi, Matthew W. Copel
  • Publication number: 20100019238
    Abstract: A method of depositing a film of a metal chalcogenide including the steps of: contacting an isolated hydrazinium-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide and a solvent having therein a solubilizing additive to form a solution of a complex thereof; applying the solution of the complex onto a substrate to produce a coating of the solution on the substrate; removing the solvent from the coating to produce a film of the complex on the substrate; and thereafter annealing the film of the complex to produce a metal chalcogenide film on the substrate. Also provided is a process for preparing an isolated hydrazinium-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide as well as a thin-film field-effect transistor device using the metal chalcogenides as the channel layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2009
    Publication date: January 28, 2010
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: David B. Mitzi, Matthew W. Copel
  • Publication number: 20090302399
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to CMOS structures that include at least one nMOS device located on one region of a semiconductor substrate; and at least one pMOS device located on another region of the semiconductor substrate. In accordance with the present invention, the at least one nMOS device includes a gate stack comprising a gate dielectric, a low workfunction elemental metal having a workfunction of less than 4.2 eV, an in-situ metallic capping layer, and a polysilicon encapsulation layer and the at least one pMOS includes a gate stack comprising a gate dielectric, a high workfunction elemental metal having a workfunction of greater than 4.9 eV, a metallic capping layer, and a polysilicon encapsulation layer. The present invention also provides methods of fabricating such a CMOS structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2009
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Bruce B. Doris, Rajarao Jammy, Young-Hee Kim, Barry P. Linder, Vijay Narayanan, Vamsi K. Paruchuri, Keith Kwong Hon Wong
  • Patent number: 7618841
    Abstract: A method of depositing a film of a metal chalcogenide including the steps of: contacting an isolated hydrazinium-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide and a solvent having therein a solubilizing additive to form a solution of a complex thereof; applying the solution of the complex onto a substrate to produce a coating of the solution on the substrate; removing the solvent from the coating to produce a film of the complex on the substrate; and thereafter annealing the film of the complex to produce a metal chalcogenide film on the substrate. Also provided is a process for preparing an isolated hydrazinium-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide as well as a thin-film field-effect transistor device using the metal chalcogenides as the channel layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2009
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: David B Mitzi, Matthew W Copel
  • Patent number: 7598545
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to CMOS structures that include at least one nMOS device located on one region of a semiconductor substrate; and at least one pMOS device located on another region of the semiconductor substrate. In accordance with the present invention, the at least one nMOS device includes a gate stack comprising a gate dielectric, a low workfunction elemental metal having a workfunction of less than 4.2 eV, an in-situ metallic capping layer, and a polysilicon encapsulation layer and the at least one pMOS includes a gate stack comprising a gate dielectric, a high workfunction elemental metal having a workfunction of greater than 4.9 eV, a metallic capping layer, and a polysilicon encapsulation layer. The present invention also provides methods of fabricating such a CMOS structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2009
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Bruce B. Doris, Rajarao Jammy, Young-Hee Kim, Barry P. Linder, Vijay Narayanan, Vamsi K. Paruchuri, Keith Kwong Hon Wong
  • Publication number: 20090152642
    Abstract: The present invention provides a semiconductor structure including a semiconductor substrate having a plurality of source and drain diffusion regions located therein, each pair of source and drain diffusion regions are separated by a device channel. The structure further includes a first gate stack of pFET device located on top of some of the device channels, the first gate stack including a high-k gate dielectric, an insulating interlayer abutting the gate dielectric and a fully silicided metal gate electrode abutting the insulating interlayer, the insulating interlayer includes an insulating metal nitride that stabilizes threshold voltage and flatband voltage of the p-FET device to a targeted value and is one of aluminum oxynitride, boron nitride, boron oxynitride, gallium nitride, gallium oxynitride, indium nitride and indium oxynitride.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2009
    Publication date: June 18, 2009
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Nestor A. Bojarczuk, JR., Cyril Cabral, JR., Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Martin M. Frank, Evgeni P. Gousev, Supratik Guha, Rajarao Jammy, Vijay Narayanan, Vamsi K. Paruchuri
  • Publication number: 20090039447
    Abstract: A method for fabricating an FET device is disclosed. The FET device has a gate insulator with a high-k dielectric portion, and a threshold modifying material. The method introduces a stabilizing material into the gate insulator in order to hinder one or more metals from the threshold modifying material to penetrate across the high-k portion of the gate insulator. The introduction of the stabilizing material may involve disposing a stabilizing agent over a layer which contains an oxide of the one or more metals. A stabilizing material may also be incorporated into the high-k dielectric. Application of the method may lead to FET devices with unique gate insulator structures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2007
    Publication date: February 12, 2009
    Inventors: Matthew W. Copel, Bruce B. Doris, Vijay Narayanan, Yun-Yu Wang
  • Patent number: 7488656
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for removing charged defects from a material stack including a high k gate dielectric and a metal contact such that the final gate stack, which is useful in forming a pFET device, has a threshold voltage substantially within the silicon band gap and good carrier mobility. Specifically, the present invention provides a re-oxidation procedure that will restore the high k dielectric of a pFET device to its initial, low-defect state. It was unexpectedly determined that by exposing a material stack including a high k gate dielectric and a metal to dilute oxygen at low temperatures will substantially eliminate oxygen vacancies, resorting the device threshold to its proper value. Furthermore, it was determined that if dilute oxygen is used, it is possible to avoid undue oxidation of the underlying semiconductor substrate which would have a deleterious effect on the capacitance of the final metal-containing gate stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2009
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Supratik Guha, Richard A. Haight, Fenton R. McFeely, Vijay Narayanan
  • Patent number: 7479683
    Abstract: The present invention provides a semiconductor structure including a semiconductor substrate having a plurality of source and drain diffusion regions located therein, each pair of source and drain diffusion regions are separated by a device channel. The structure further includes a first stack of a pFET device located on top of some of the device channels, the first gate stack including a high-k gate dielectric, an insulating interlayer abutting the gate dielectric and a fully silicided metal gate electrode abutting the insulating interlayer, the insulating interlayer includes an insulating metal nitride that stabilizes threshold voltage and flatband voltage of the p-FET device to a targeted value and is one of aluminum oxynitride, boron nitride, boron oxynitride, gallium nitride, gallium oxynitride, indium nitride and indium oxynitride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2009
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Nestor A. Bojarczuk, Jr., Cyril Cabral, Jr., Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Martin M. Frank, Evgeni P. Gousev, Supratik Guha, Rajarao Jammy, Vijay Narayanan, Vamsi K. Paruchuri
  • Publication number: 20090011610
    Abstract: A method of forming a CMOS structure, and the device produced therefrom, having improved threshold voltage and flatband voltage stability. The inventive method includes the steps of providing a semiconductor substrate having an nFET region and a pFET region; forming a dielectric stack atop the semiconductor substrate comprising an insulating interlayer atop a high k dielectric; removing the insulating interlayer from the nFET region without removing the insulating interlayer from the pFET region; and providing at least one gate stack in the pFET region and at least one gate stack in the nFET region. The insulating interlayer can be AlN or AlOxNy. The high k dielectric can be HfO2, hafnium silicate or hafnium silicon oxynitride. The insulating interlayer can be removed from the nFET region by a wet etch including a HCl/H2O2 peroxide solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2008
    Publication date: January 8, 2009
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Nestor A. Bojarczuk, JR., Cyril Cabral, JR., Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Martin M. Frank, Evgeni P. Gousev, Supratik Guha, Rajarao Jammy, Vijay Narayanan, Vamsi K. Paruchuri
  • Patent number: 7452767
    Abstract: A method of forming a CMOS structure, and the device produced therefrom, having improved threshold voltage and flatband voltage stability. The inventive method includes the steps of providing a semiconductor substrate having an nFET region and a pFET region; forming a dielectric stack atop the semiconductor substrate comprising an insulating interlayer atop a high k dielectric; removing the insulating interlayer from the nFET region without removing the insulating interlayer from the pFET region; and providing at least one gate stack in the pFET region and at least one gate stack in the nFET region. The insulating interlayer can be AlN or AlOxNy. The high k dielectric can be HfO2, hafnium silicate or hafnium silicon oxynitride. The insulating interlayer can be removed from the nFET region by a wet etch including a HCl/H2O2 peroxide solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2008
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Nestor A. Bojarczuk, Jr., Cyril Cabral, Jr., Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Martin M. Frank, Evgeni P. Gousev, Supratik Guha, Rajarao Jammy, Vijay Narayanan, Vamsi K. Paruchuri
  • Patent number: 7446380
    Abstract: The present invention provides a metal stack structure that stabilizes the flatband voltage and threshold voltages of material stacks that include a Si-containing conductor and a Hf-based dielectric. This present invention stabilizes the flatband voltages and the threshold voltages by introducing a rare earth metal-containing layer into the material stack that introduces, via electronegativity differences, a shift in the threshold voltage to the desired voltage. Specifically, the present invention provides a metal stack comprising a hafnium-based dielectric; a rare earth metal-containing layer located atop of, or within, said hafnium-based dielectric; an electrically conductive capping layer located above said hafnium-based dielectric; and a Si-containing conductor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Nestor A. Bojarczuk, Jr., Michael P. Chudzik, Matthew W. Copel, Supratik Guha, Rajarao Jammy, Vijay Narayanan, Vamsi K. Paruchuri
  • Publication number: 20080258198
    Abstract: The present invention provides a metal stack structure that stabilizes the flatband voltage and threshold voltages of material stacks that include a Si-containing conductor and a Hf-based dielectric. This present invention stabilizes the flatband voltages and the threshold voltages by introducing a rare earth metal-containing layer into the material stack that introduces, via electronegativity differences, a shift in the threshold voltage to the desired voltage. Specifically, the present invention provides a metal stack comprising: a hafnium-based dielectric; a rare earth metal-containing layer located atop of, or within, said hafnium-based dielectric; an electrically conductive capping layer located above said hafnium-based dielectric; and a Si-containing conductor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2008
    Publication date: October 23, 2008
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Nestor A. Bojarczuk, Michael P. Chudzik, Matthew W. Copel, Supratik Guha, Rajarao Jammy, Vijay Narayanan, Vamsi K. Paruchuri
  • Publication number: 20080182389
    Abstract: A semiconductor structure, particularly a pFET, which includes a dielectric material that has a dielectric constant of greater than that of SiO2 and a Ge or Si content of greater than 50% and at least one other means for threshold/flatband voltage tuning by material stack engineering is provided. The other means contemplated in the present invention include, for example, utilizing an insulating interlayer atop the dielectric for charge fixing and/or by forming an engineered channel region. The present invention also relates to a method of fabricating such a CMOS structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2008
    Publication date: July 31, 2008
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Martin M. Frank, Evgeni P. Gousev, Paul C. Jamison, Rajarao Jammy, Barry P. Linder, Vijay Narayanan
  • Patent number: 7105889
    Abstract: A method of forming a CMOS structure, and the device produced therefrom, having improved threshold voltage and flatband voltage stability. The inventive method includes the steps of providing a semiconductor substrate having an nFET region and a pFET region; forming a dielectric stack atop the semiconductor substrate comprising an insulating interlayer atop a high k dielectric; removing the insulating interlayer from the nFET region without removing the insulating interlayer from the pFET region; and providing at least one gate stack in the pFET region and at least one gate stack in the nFET region. The insulating interlayer can be AlN or AlOxNy. The high k dielectric can be HfO2, hafnium silicate or hafnium silicon oxynitride. The insulating interlayer can be removed from the nFET region by a wet etch including a HCl/H2O2 peroxide solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Nestor A. Bojarczuk, Jr., Cyril Cabral, Jr., Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Martin M. Frank, Evgeni P. Gousev, Supratik Guha, Rajarao Jammy, Vijay Narayanan, Vamsi K. Paruchuri
  • Patent number: 7094651
    Abstract: A method of depositing a film of a metal chalcogenide including the steps of: contacting an isolated hydrazinium-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide and a solvent having therein a solubilizing additive to form a solution of a complex thereof; applying the solution of the complex onto a substrate to produce a coating of the solution on the substrate; removing the solvent from the coating to produce a film of the complex on the substrate; and thereafter annealing the film of the complex to produce a metal chalcogenide film on the substrate. Also provided is a process for preparing an isolated hydrazinium-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide as well as a thin-film field-effect transistor device using the metal chalcogenides as the channel layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2006
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: David B Mitzi, Matthew W Copel
  • Patent number: 6861728
    Abstract: A method of forming a dielectric stack device having a plurality of layers comprises the steps of providing a silicon substrate, forming a metal-oxide layer on a silicon oxide layer which is formed on the silicon substrate, and performing an annealing with respect to the metal-oxide layer and the silicon oxide layer until a silicate layer is formed to replace the metal-oxide layer and the silicon oxide layer is removed, wherein the annealing is performed at a temperature between about 800° C. and about 1000° C. for a time period between about 1 second and about 10 minutes. After forming the silicon oxide layer on the silicon substrate, the metal-oxide layer may be deposited on the silicon oxide layer. Alternatively, the metal-oxide layer may be deposited on the silicon substrate, and the silicon oxide layer grows between the metal-oxide layer and the silicon substrate. The metal-based oxide is preferably an Yttrium-based oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2005
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Nestor A. Bojarczuk, Jr., Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Supratik Guha
  • Patent number: 6735556
    Abstract: A method, computer readable medium and a structure for real-time simulation, which allows the user to manipulate model parameters and see the simulated result in real-time as the model is changed. The simulated result is visually compared with the data, allowing the user to refine the model. In one embodiment, the invention is used for evaluating medium energy ion scattering (MEIS) data, as well as conventional Rutherford backscattering data. It is important to realize that the invention is not limited to ion beam analysis, or to scientific data analysis. The invention can be used for evaluating any type of complex system where a well-defined simulation procedure exists. The model evaluation must proceed quickly enough to provide a real-time, visual display for the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Matthew W. Copel
  • Publication number: 20030104666
    Abstract: A method of forming a dielectric stack device having a plurality of layers comprises the steps of providing a silicon substrate, forming a metal-oxide layer on a silicon oxide layer which is formed on the silicon substrate, and performing an annealing with respect to the metal-oxide layer and the silicon oxide layer until a silicate layer is formed to replace the metal-oxide layer and the silicon oxide layer is removed, wherein the annealing is performed at a temperature between about 800° C. and about 1000° C. for a time period between about 1 second and about 10 minutes. After forming the silicon oxide layer on the silicon substrate, the metal-oxide layer may be deposited on the silicon oxide layer. Alternatively, the metal-oxide layer may be deposited on the silicon substrate, and the silicon oxide layer grows between the metal-oxide layer and the silicon substrate. The metal-based oxide is preferably an Yttrium-based oxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2002
    Publication date: June 5, 2003
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Nestor A. Bojarczuk, Eduard A. Cartier, Matthew W. Copel, Supratik Guha