Patents by Inventor Merton W. Pekrul

Merton W. Pekrul has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10202849
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine method and apparatus configured with a self-actuating/self-damping vane system. In the rotary engine apparatus, a set of vanes extend from a rotor to a housing, whereby the rotary engine is divided into expansion chambers. Each of the vanes enclose a stressed band wound at least partially around two or more rollers. Potential energy of the stressed band, which is optionally a smart metal, provides a radially outward force on the vane toward the housing, aiding in seal formation of the vane to the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Publication number: 20160194959
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine method and apparatus configured with a self-actuating/self-damping vane system. In the rotary engine apparatus, a set of vanes extend from a rotor to a housing, whereby the rotary engine is divided into expansion chambers. Each of the vanes enclose a stressed band wound at least partially around two or more rollers. Potential energy of the stressed band, which is optionally a smart metal, provides a radially outward force on the vane toward the housing, aiding in seal formation of the vane to the housing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2016
    Publication date: July 7, 2016
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Publication number: 20160131025
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine apparatus and method of use thereof. The rotary engine comprises a rotor configured to rotate in a housing and a set of vanes separating a volume between the rotor and housing into a set of chambers. Each of the vanes are dynamically controlled to: (1) yield a greater radially outward and/or sealing force to the housing at start-up and/or at low engine speeds and (2) dynamically reduce radially outward and/or sealing forces at higher engine speeds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2016
    Publication date: May 12, 2016
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Publication number: 20160131026
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine apparatus and method of use thereof, where the rotary engine comprises multiple injection ports. Optional injection ports include a first port in an expansion chamber, a second port in the expansion chamber after a first rotation of the rotor, a third port into the expansion chamber after a second rotation of the rotor, a fourth port from a fuel path through a shaft of the rotary engine, and/or a fifth port into a rotor-vane chamber between the rotor and a vane. Optionally, one or more of the injection ports are controlled through mechanical valving and/or through electronic and/or computer control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2016
    Publication date: May 12, 2016
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 9057267
    Abstract: A rotary engine using a swing vane separating expansion chambers is provided for operation with a pressurized fuel or fuel expanding during a rotation of the engine. A swing vane pivots about a pivot point on the rotor yielding an expansion chamber separator ranging from the width of the swing vane to the length of the swing vane. The swing vane optionally slidingly extends to dynamically lengthen or shorten the length of the swing vane. The combination of the pivoting and the sliding of the vane allows for use of a double offset rotor in the rotary engine and the use of rotary engine housing wall cut-outs and/or buildups to expand rotary engine expansion chamber volumes with engine rotation yielding corresponding increases in rotary engine power and/or efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8955491
    Abstract: A rotary machine is described with a vane carried by a rotor in a housing. The vane includes: a central vane axis extending radially outward along a y-axis from a center of the rotor through the vane to the housing. A centrifugal force of the vane against the housing is primarily distributed with a first sealing element mounted on an end of the vane, such as a rotatable element supported by a rigid support. The rigid structure of the first sealing element facilitates use of a second flexible sealing element mounted on the vane end. The second flexible sealing element performs as a sliding seal between a trailing expansion chamber and a leading expansion chamber on opposite sides of the vane. The rigid seal and the flexible sliding seal typically function independently of each other as separate constituents of the tip or end of a given vane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8833338
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine method and apparatus configured with a lip seal. A lip seal restricts fuel flow from a fuel compartment to a non-fuel compartment and/or fuel flow between fuel chambers, such as between a reference expansion chamber and any of an engine: rotor, vane, housing, and/or a leading or trailing expansion chamber. In separate states, high pressure and low pressure force sealing movement of the lip seal, respectively. The lip seal is optionally used in combination with a cap seal to form a dynamic seal. The dynamic seals ability to track a noncircular path are particularly beneficial for use in a rotary engine having an offset rotor and with a non-circular inner rotary engine compartment having engine wall cut-outs and/or build-ups. The dynamic sealing forces further provide cap sealing forces over a range of temperatures, pressures, fuel flow rates, varying loads, and operating engine rotation rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8800286
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine method and apparatus configured with an exhaust system. The exhaust system includes an exhaust cut or exhaust channel into one or more of a housing or an endplate of the rotary engine, which interrupts the seal surface of the expansion chamber housing. The exhaust cut directs spent fuel from the rotary engine fuel expansion/compression chamber out of the rotary engine either directly or via an optional exhaust port and/or exhaust booster. The exhaust system vents fuel to atmosphere or into a condenser for recirculating of fuel in a closed-loop circulating rotary engine system. Exhausting the engine reduces back pressure on the rotary engine thereby enhancing rotary engine efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8794943
    Abstract: A rotary engine is described including: (1) a rotor located within a housing, the rotor configured with a plurality of rotor vane slots; (2) a vane separating an interior space between the rotor and the housing into at least a trailing chamber and a leading chamber, where the vane slidingly engages a rotor vane slot; (3) a first passage through the vane, the first passage including a first exit port into the rotationally trailing chamber; and (4) a second exit port to the rotationally trailing chamber, where the first exit port and the second exit port connect to any of: (a) the first passage through the vane and (b) the first passage and a second passage through the vane, respectively. Optionally, one or more seals affixed to the vane and/or the rotor valve the first passage, the second passage, a vane wingtip, and/or a conduit through the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8689765
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine method and apparatus configured with a cap seal. A cap seal restricts fuel flow from a fuel compartment to a non-fuel compartment and/or fuel flow between fuel chambers, such as between a reference expansion chamber and any of an engine: rotor, vane, housing, and/or a leading or trailing expansion chamber. Means for providing cap sealing force to seal the cap against a rotary engine housing element comprise one or more of: a spring force, a magnetic force, a deformable seal force, and a fuel force. The dynamic caps ability to track a noncircular path are particularly beneficial for use in a rotary engine having an offset rotor and with a non-circular inner rotary engine compartment having engine wall cut-outs and/or build-ups. The dynamic sealing forces further provide cap sealing forces over a range of temperatures, pressures, fuel flow rates, and operating engine rotation rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8647088
    Abstract: A rotary engine is described including: (1) a rotor located within a housing, the rotor configured with a plurality of rotor vane slots; (2) a vane separating an interior space between the rotor and the housing into at least a trailing chamber and a leading chamber, where the vane slidingly engages a rotor vane slot; (3) a first conduit within the rotor configured to communicate a first flow between the trailing chamber and the rotor vane slot; and (4) a lower trailing vane seal affixed to the vane, the lower trailing vane seal configured to valve the first conduit with rotation of the rotor. Optionally, a second conduit within the rotor is configured to communicate a second flow between the trailing chamber and the first conduit. Optionally, movement of the vane valves one or more additional fuel flow paths as a function of rotation of the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8523547
    Abstract: An engine is described for operation on a fuel expanding about adiabatically in a power stroke of the engine. To aid the power stroke efficiency, the rotary engine contains one or more of a rotor configured to rotate in a stator, the rotor offset along both an x-axis and a y-axis relative to a center of the stator, a vane configured to span a distance between the rotor and the stator, where the inner wall of the stator further comprises at least one of: a first cut-out in the housing at the initiation of the power stroke, use of a build-up in the housing at the end of the power stroke, and/or use of a second cut-out in the housing at the completion of rotation of the rotor in the engine. The engine yields a cross-sectional area expanding during a portion of the power stroke at about the Fibonacci ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8517705
    Abstract: A rotor engine is provided for operation with a fuel expanding during a power stroke. To aid power stroke efficiency, the rotary engine contains a vane, where a tip of the vane includes one or more of: a rolling element configured to move with the vane, a bearing for bearing the force of the vane applied to the inner housing, a seal for providing a seal between a leading chamber and an expansion chamber, a pressure relief cut for reducing pressure build-up between vane wings and an inner wall of the rotor engine housing; and/or a booster enhancing pressure equalization above and below a vane wing. The vane reduces vibration of the vane-tips against the inner wall of the housing of the rotary engine during operation of the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Publication number: 20130129547
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine method and apparatus configured with an exhaust system. The exhaust system includes an exhaust cut or exhaust channel into one or more of a housing or an endplate of the rotary engine, which interrupts the seal surface of the expansion chamber housing. The exhaust cut directs spent fuel from the rotary engine fuel expansion/compression chamber out of the rotary engine either directly or via an optional exhaust port and/or exhaust booster. The exhaust system vents fuel to atmosphere or into a condenser for recirculating of fuel in a closed-loop circulating rotary engine system. Exhausting the engine reduces back pressure on the rotary engine thereby enhancing rotary engine efficiency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2012
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Applicant: Fibonacci International, Inc.
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8375720
    Abstract: A plasma-vortex engine (20) provided. The engine (20) consists of a plasmatic fluid (22) circulating in a closed loop (44) encompassing a fluid heater (26), an expansion chamber (30), and a condenser (42). The expansion chamber (30) is fabricated of magnetic material, and encompasses a rotor (72), fabricated of non-magnetic material, to which T-form vanes (114), also fabricated of non-magnetic material, are coupled. A shaft (36) is coupled to the rotor (72). During operation, the plasmatic fluid (22) is heated to produce a plasma (86) within the expansion chamber (30). The plasma (86) is expanded and a vortex (100) generated therein to exert a plasmatic force (93) against the vanes (114). The rotor (72) and shaft (36) rotate in response to the plasmatic force (93). A plurality of magnets (115,119) are embedded in the vanes (114) and rotor (72) to provide attractive and repulsive forces (97,99,101) and better seal the vane (114) to the expansion chamber (30).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8360760
    Abstract: A rotary apparatus is described having: a vane; a rotor comprising a center, the rotor configured to carry the vane; and a housing, the rotor operatively mounted within the housing. The vane includes: a central vane axis extending longitudinally through the vane along a y-axis, the y-axis comprising a line from the center of the rotor to the housing, and a vane end intersecting the y-axis, the vane end proximate an inner surface of said housing. The vane end of the vane further includes a vane extension protruded radially outward from about the vane end along an x-axis about perpendicular to the y-axis, the vane extension comprising at least one aperture therethrough. During operation of the rotary apparatus, fuel flows through the aperture reducing pressure between a portion of the vane extension and the housing, which facilitates vane sealing to the housing and improves efficiency by reducing engine chatter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Patent number: 8360759
    Abstract: A rotary engine is described including: (1) a rotor eccentrically located within a housing, the rotor configured with a plurality of rotor vane slots; (2) a first vane of a set of vanes separating an interior space between the rotor and the housing into at least a trailing chamber and a leading chamber, where the first vane slidingly engages a rotor vane slot; (3) a first conduit within the rotor configured to communicate a first flow between the trailing chamber and the rotor vane slot; and (4) a second conduit within the rotor configured to communicate a second flow between the trailing chamber and the first conduit. Optionally, a vane seal is affixed to the first vane or the rotor, where the vane seal is configured to valve the first conduit or a vane conduit, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Publication number: 20120230822
    Abstract: The invention comprises a ceiling fan method and apparatus configured to aid in distribution of air within a space. Optional ceiling fan elements include one or more of: coupling the ceiling fan to a cool air line from an air conditioner, curvature of fan blades on the ceiling fan, cuts and/or apertures leading through the fan blades, cool air distribution lines within the fan blades, and air flow boosters incorporated in the fan blades.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2012
    Publication date: September 13, 2012
    Applicant: Fibonacci International, Inc.
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Publication number: 20110200473
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine method and apparatus configured with a lip seal. A lip seal restricts fuel flow from a fuel compartment to a non-fuel compartment and/or fuel flow between fuel chambers, such as between a reference expansion chamber and any of an engine: rotor, vane, housing, and/or a leading or trailing expansion chamber. In separate states, high pressure and low pressure force sealing movement of the lip seal, respectively. The lip seal is optionally used in combination with a cap seal to form a dynamic seal. The dynamic seals ability to track a noncircular path are particularly beneficial for use in a rotary engine having an offset rotor and with a non-circular inner rotary engine compartment having engine wall cut-outs and/or build-ups. The dynamic sealing forces further provide cap sealing forces over a range of temperatures, pressures, fuel flow rates, varying loads, and operating engine rotation rates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2011
    Publication date: August 18, 2011
    Applicant: Fibonacci International, Inc.
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul
  • Publication number: 20110176947
    Abstract: The invention comprises a rotary engine method and apparatus configured with a cap seal. A cap seal restricts fuel flow from a fuel compartment to a non-fuel compartment and/or fuel flow between fuel chambers, such as between a reference expansion chamber and any of an engine: rotor, vane, housing, and/or a leading or trailing expansion chamber. Means for providing cap sealing force to seal the cap against a rotary engine housing element comprise one or more of: a spring force, a magnetic force, a deformable seal force, and a fuel force. The dynamic caps ability to track a noncircular path are particularly beneficial for use in a rotary engine having an offset rotor and with a non-circular inner rotary engine compartment having engine wall cut-outs and/or build-ups. The dynamic sealing forces further provide cap sealing forces over a range of temperatures, pressures, fuel flow rates, and operating engine rotation rates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2011
    Publication date: July 21, 2011
    Applicant: Fibonacci International, Inc.
    Inventor: Merton W. Pekrul