Patents by Inventor Michael Naughton

Michael Naughton has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20090007956
    Abstract: A photovoltaic device includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells. Each photovoltaic cell of the plurality of photovoltaic cells includes a first electrode, a second electrode which is shared with at least one adjacent photovoltaic cell, and a photovoltaic material located between and in electrical contact with the first and the second electrodes. A thickness of the second electrode in a direction from one photovoltaic cell to an adjacent photovoltaic cell is less than an optical skin depth of the second electrode material, and a separation between first electrodes of adjacent photovoltaic cells is less than a peak wavelength of incident radiation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2008
    Publication date: January 8, 2009
    Inventors: Krzysztof Kempa, Michael Naughton
  • Publication number: 20080178924
    Abstract: A photovoltaic cell includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a photovoltaic material located between and in electrical contact with the first and the second electrodes. The photovoltaic material comprises i) semiconductor nanocrystals having a bang gap that is significantly smaller than peak solar radiation energy to exhibit a multiple exciton effect in response to irradiation by the solar radiation; and/or ii) a first and a second set of semiconductor nanocrystals and the nanocrystals of the first set have a different band gap energy than the nanocrystals of the second set. A width of the photovoltaic material in a direction from the first electrode to the second electrode is less than about 200 nm while a height of the photovoltaic material in a direction substantially perpendicular to the width of the photovoltaic material is at least 1 micron.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2008
    Publication date: July 31, 2008
    Inventors: Krzysztof Kempa, Michael Naughton, Zhifeng Ren
  • Publication number: 20080071240
    Abstract: A disposable absorbent article includes a main body, a sleeve-like member extending adjacent the waist edge of the front or rear portions, and an adjustable elastomeric waist belt having a central portion and a pair of opposite free ends each defining ear-like projections. The central portion of the elastomeric member can be disposed in a sleeve-like member with each ear-like projection extending out from opposite sides. The central portion can be attached to the sleeve-like member and/or the main body near a longitudinal axis of the main body or adjacent the waist edge of the main body. The ear-like projections can be attachable to each other or the main body to form the desired waist size of the wearer of the absorbent article.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2007
    Publication date: March 20, 2008
    Applicant: Tyco Healthcare Retail Services AG
    Inventors: Edward Erdman, Michael Naughton, Stacy Driskell
  • Publication number: 20080060174
    Abstract: An absorbent article fastener is provided that includes an absorbent article fastener that is configured for engagement with a landing zone of an absorbent article. The fastener includes an integral substrate having a stretch zone and a shaped deadened zone. A mechanical closure material is mounted with the deadened zone such that the substrate is configured for releasable engagement with the landing zone of the absorbent article. A surface area ratio of the mechanical closure material to the substrate is less than 65%. A method of manufacturing the absorbent article fastener is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2007
    Publication date: March 13, 2008
    Applicant: Tyco Healthcare Retail Services AG
    Inventors: Carol Erdman, Michael Naughton
  • Publication number: 20080040144
    Abstract: A logistics system manages the shipments of goods supplied from a plurality of different shippers by a plurality of carriers. It has a variety of modules integrated with each other to perform various functionalities. For example, it may have a purchasing module evaluating proposals by shippers for respective shipments of goods and awarding contracts for the shipments to the plurality of carriers. It may have an optimization module analyzing the proposals and informing the purchasing module if an opportunity exists for at least some of the shipments to be consolidated, in which case at least one contract awarded by the purchasing module is for a consolidated group of the shipments. It may have a contract administration module maintaining information relating to the status of proposals received and contracts awarded by the purchasing module. It may have a scheduling module scheduling shipments according to the awarded contracts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2007
    Publication date: February 14, 2008
    Inventors: Glenn RIGGS, John Kivela, Robert Shellman, Joseph Rocky, Stanley Bainor, Ralph Brechter, Douglas Clark, James Clark, Jon Clow, Amy Daley, Larry Hu, Louis Indelicato, William Lohan, Michael Naughton, Peter Nelson, Alan Shollenberger, M. Willett, Doug Johnston, Donald Mueller, Michael Michaud, Robert Phaneuf, Joseph Bainor
  • Publication number: 20070235340
    Abstract: The various embodiments discloses a cantilever probe comprising a first electrode and a second electrode engaged to a substrate and a branched cantilever wherein the cantilever comprises a nanostruture. Furthermore, the probe comprises a first arm of the cantilever engaged to the first electrode and a second arm of the cantilever engaged to the second electrode. Additionally, the cantilever probe comprises an electrical circuit coupled to the cantilever wherein the electrical circuit is capable of measuring a change in piezoresistance of the cantilever resulting from an atomic force and/or a magnetic force applied to the cantilever. Additionally, the invention discloses a method of performing atomic force microscopy, magnetic force microscopy, or magnetic resonance force microscopy. The nanostructures may comprise carbon or non-carbon materials. Additionally, the nanostructures may include nanotubes, nanowire, nanofibers and various other types of nanostructures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2007
    Publication date: October 11, 2007
    Inventor: Michael Naughton
  • Publication number: 20070137697
    Abstract: An apparatus and methods for solar conversion using nanoscale cometal structures are disclosed herein. The cometal structures may be coaxial and coplanar. A nanoscale optics apparatus for use as a solar cell comprises a plurality of nanoscale cometal structures each including a photovoltaic material located between a first electrical conductor and a second electrical conductor. A method of fabricating solar cells comprises preparing a plurality of nanoscale planar structures; coating a plurality of planar surfaces of the plurality of planar structures with a photovoltaic semiconductor while leaving space between the plurality of planar surfaces; and coating the photovoltaic semiconductor with an outer electrical conductor layer, wherein a portion of the outer electrical conductor layer is located between the planar structures to form coplanar structures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2006
    Publication date: June 21, 2007
    Inventors: Krzysztof Kempa, Michael Naughton, Zhifeng Ren, Jakub Rybczynski
  • Publication number: 20070138376
    Abstract: Nanoscale optical probes for use with nanoscale optical microscopy are disclosed herein. A nanoscale optical probe for use with a near-field scanning optical microscope includes an inner conductor having a top end, a bottom end, and a body; a dielectric material engaging the inner conductor; and an outer conductor engaging the dielectric material, wherein the inner conductor is longer at a tip surface of the probe than the dielectric material and the outer conductor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2006
    Publication date: June 21, 2007
    Inventors: Michael Naughton, Krzysztof Kempa, Zhifeng Ren
  • Publication number: 20070107103
    Abstract: An apparatus and methods for manipulating light using nanoscale cometal structures are disclosed. A nanoscale optics apparatus for manipulating light includes a plurality of nanoscale cometal structures each comprising a dielectric material located between a first electrical conductor and a second electrical conductor. A method of fabricating a nanoscale optics apparatus for manipulating light includes preparing a plurality of nanoscale planar structures; coating a plurality of planar surfaces of the plurality of planar structures with a dielectric while leaving space between the plurality of planar surfaces; and coating the dielectric with an outer electrical conductor layer, wherein a portion of the outer electrical conductor layer is located between the planar structures to form coplanar structures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2006
    Publication date: May 10, 2007
    Inventors: Krzysztof Kempa, Michael Naughton, Zhifeng Ren, Jakub Rybczynski
  • Publication number: 20070105240
    Abstract: An apparatus and methods for nanolithography using nanoscale optics are disclosed herein. Submicron-scale structures may be obtained using standard photolithography systems with a de-magnifying lens. A de-magnifying lens for use in a standard photolithography system includes a film having a top surface, a bottom surface and a plurality of cylindrical channels containing a dielectric material; and an array of carbon nanotubes penetrating the film through the plurality of cylindrical channels, wherein an image on the top surface of the film is converted into a de-magnified image on the bottom surface of the film by the carbon nanotubes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2006
    Publication date: May 10, 2007
    Inventors: Krzysztof Kempa, Michael Naughton, Zhifeng Ren, Jakub Rybczynski
  • Publication number: 20070081242
    Abstract: An apparatus and methods for optical switching using nanoscale optics are disclosed herein. A nano-optics apparatus for use as an optical switch includes a metallic film having a top surface, a bottom surface and a plurality of cylindrical channels containing a dielectric material, the metallic film acting as an outer electrode; and an array of non-linear optical components penetrating the metallic film through the plurality of cylindrical channels, the array acting as an array of inner electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2006
    Publication date: April 12, 2007
    Inventors: Krzysztof Kempa, Zhifeng Ren, Michael Naughton, Jakub Rybczynski
  • Publication number: 20070077389
    Abstract: The use of a drawstring-like design for the elastomeric member in an absorbent article is disclosed. The elastomeric member is attached to the longitudinal axis of the article near its center and covers the back portion of the article forming ear-like structures that have fasteners attached to them so as to fix them to the front portion of the article.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2005
    Publication date: April 5, 2007
    Inventors: Edward Erdman, Michael Naughton
  • Publication number: 20070047056
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for solar conversion using nanocoax structures are disclosed herein. A nano-optics apparatus for use as a solar cell comprising a plurality of nano-coaxial structures comprising an internal conductor surrounded by a semiconducting material coated with an outer conductor; a film having the plurality of nano-coaxial structures; and a protruding portion of the an internal conductor extending beyond a surface of the film. A method of fabricating a solar cell comprising: coating a substrate with a catalytic material; growing a plurality of carbon nanotubes as internal cores of nanocoax units on the substrate; oxidizing the substrate; coating with a semiconducting film; and filling with a metallic medium that wets the semiconducting film of the nanocoax units.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2006
    Publication date: March 1, 2007
    Inventors: Krzysztof Kempa, Michael Naughton, Zhifeng Ren, Yang Wang, Jakub Rybczynski
  • Publication number: 20060224139
    Abstract: An absorbent article fastener is provided that includes an absorbent article fastener that is configured for engagement with a landing zone of an absorbent article. The fastener includes an integral substrate having a stretch zone and a shaped deadened zone. A mechanical closure material is mounted with the deadened zone such that the substrate is configured for releasable engagement with the landing zone of the absorbent article. A surface area ratio of the mechanical closure material to the substrate is less than 65%. A method of manufacturing the absorbent article fastener is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2005
    Publication date: October 5, 2006
    Inventors: Carol Erdman, Michael Naughton
  • Publication number: 20060053027
    Abstract: A logistics system manages the shipments of goods supplied from a plurality of different shippers by a plurality of carriers. It has a variety of modules integrated with each other to perform various functionalities. For example, it may have a purchasing module evaluating proposals by shippers for respective shipments of goods and awarding contracts for the shipments to the plurality of carriers. It may have an optimization module analyzing the proposals and informing the purchasing module if an opportunity exists for at least some of the shipments to be consolidated, in which case at least one contract awarded by the purchasing module is for a consolidated group of the shipments. It may have a contract administration module maintaining information relating to the status of proposals received and contracts awarded by the purchasing module. It may have a scheduling module scheduling shipments according to the awarded contracts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2005
    Publication date: March 9, 2006
    Inventors: Glenn Riggs, John Kivela, Robert Shellman, Joseph Rocky, Stanley Bainor, Ralph Brechter, Douglas Clark, James Clark, Jon Clow, Amy Daley, Larry Hu, Louis Indelicato, William Lohan, Michael Naughton, Peter Nelson, Alan Shollenberger, M. Willett, Doug Johnston, Donald Mueller, Michael Michaud, Robert Phaneuf, Joseph Bainor
  • Publication number: 20050241375
    Abstract: The various embodiments discloses a cantilever probe comprising a first electrode and a second electrode engaged to a substrate and a branched cantilever wherein the cantilever comprises a nanostruture. Furthermore, the probe comprises a first arm of the cantilever engaged to the first electrode and a second arm of the cantilever engaged to the second electrode. Additionally, the cantilever probe comprises an electrical circuit coupled to the cantilever wherein the electrical circuit is capable of measuring a change in piezoresistance of the cantilever resulting from an atomic force and/or a magnetic force applied to the cantilever. Additionally, the invention discloses a method of performing atomic force microscopy, magnetic force microscopy, or magnetic resonance force microscopy. The nanostructures may comprise carbon or non-carbon materials. Additionally, the nanostructures may include nanotubes, nanowire, nanofibers and various other types of nanostructures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2005
    Publication date: November 3, 2005
    Inventor: Michael Naughton
  • Patent number: 6958216
    Abstract: A class of biological sensing devices that include a substrate comprising an array of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to which are chemically attached biological molecules is disclosed. The attached biological molecules are capable of electrical conductivity that is responsive to chemical changes occurring as a result of their interaction with target species. A means for means for using DNA as a material of potential in molecular electronic sensor devices, being primarily based on molecular electron-transfer reaction processes between DNA-binding donors and acceptors is also disclosed, including composition, method of manufacture and their use are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2005
    Assignee: The Trustees of Boston College
    Inventors: Shana O. Kelley, John Fourkas, Michael Naughton, Zhifeng Ren
  • Publication number: 20050091100
    Abstract: A logistics system manages the shipments of goods supplied from a plurality of different shippers by a plurality of carriers. It has a variety of modules integrated with each other to perform various functionalities. For example, it may have a purchasing module evaluating proposals by shippers for respective shipments of goods and awarding contracts for the shipments to the plurality of carriers. It may have an optimization module analyzing the proposals and informing the purchasing module if an opportunity exists for at least some of the shipments to be consolidated, in which case at least one contract awarded by the purchasing module is for a consolidated group of the shipments. It may have a contract administration module maintaining information relating to the status of proposals received and contracts awarded by the purchasing module. It may have a scheduling module scheduling shipments according to the awarded contracts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2004
    Publication date: April 28, 2005
    Inventors: Glenn Riggs, John Kivela, Robert Shellman, Joseph Rocky, Stanley Bainor, Ralph Brechter, Douglas Clark, James Clark, Jon Clow, Amy Daley, Larry Hu, Louis Indelicato, William Lohan, Michael Naughton, Peter Nelson, Alan Shollenberger, M. Willett, Doug Johnston, Donald Mueller, Michael Michaud, Robert Phaneuf, Joseph Bainor
  • Publication number: 20020172963
    Abstract: A class of biological sensing devices that include a substrate comprising an array of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to which are chemically attached biological molecules is disclosed. The attached biological molecules are capable of electrical conductivity that is responsive to chemical changes occurring as a result of their interaction with target species. A means for means for using DNA as a material of potential in molecular electronic sensor devices, being primarily based on molecular electron-transfer reaction processes between DNA-binding donors and acceptors is also disclosed, including composition, method of manufacture and their use are described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2002
    Publication date: November 21, 2002
    Inventors: Shana O. Kelley, John Fourkas, Michael Naughton, Zhifeng Ren
  • Patent number: D413898
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1999
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Bradley K. Lohrding, Michael Naughton