Patents by Inventor Mridula Nair

Mridula Nair has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20180223474
    Abstract: A foamed, opacifying element has a porous substrate composed of woven yarn strands composed of a thermoplastic polymer-coated multifilament core. It has a dry foamed composition on an opposing surface of the substrate, which includes: (a) 0.1-40 weight % of porous particles; (b) 10-80 weight %; (c) 0.2-50 weight % of one or more additives selected from the group consisting of dispersants, plasticizers, flame retardants, optical brighteners, thickeners, biocides, fungicides, tinting colorants, metal flakes, and inert inorganic or organic fillers; (d) less than 5 weight % of water; and (e) at least 0.002 weight % of an opacifying colorant different from all of the one or more additives of (c), which opacifying colorant absorbs electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength of 380-800 nm. The elements have a light-blocking value (LBV) of at least 4 and can have a bending stiffness that is greater than 0.15 milliNewtons-meter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2018
    Publication date: August 9, 2018
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Mary Christine Brick, Joseph Salvatore Sedita
  • Publication number: 20180128946
    Abstract: A light-blocking article is designed to be lightweight but effective to block most incident actinic radiation and can be designed into fabrics, curtains, and other materials. Such an article has an opacifying layer that is capable of blocking predetermined electromagnetic radiation. The article contains (a) porous particles comprising a continuous polymeric binder and pores within the continuous polymeric binder, the porous particles having a glass transition temperature of at least 25° C. and a mode particle size of at least 2 ?m and up to and including 50 ?m. The article also contains an opacifying colorant that absorbs the predetermined electromagnetic radiation (such as within 400 nm to 700 nm), in an amount of at least 0.001 weight % based on the total dry weight of the opacifying layer, and a matrix polymer in which the porous particles and opacifying colorant are dispersed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 2, 2018
    Publication date: May 10, 2018
    Inventors: Kevin D. Lofftus, Mridula Nair, Mary Christine Brick
  • Patent number: 9963569
    Abstract: A method for providing a foamed, opacifying element includes providing a foamable aqueous composition, aerating it to a foam density of 0.1-0.5 g/cm3, applying the foamed aqueous composition to a porous substrate, drying, and densifying the dried layer. Such foamable aqueous compositions have 0.05-15 weight % of porous particles; at least 20 weight % of a binder; at least 0.0001 weight % of additives (including a surfactant); water; and at least 0.001 weight % of an opacifying colorant. Each porous particle includes a continuous polymeric phase and discrete pores; a mode particle size of 2-50 ?m; and a porosity of 20-70 volume %. The continuous polymeric phase Tg is >80° C. and has a polymer viscosity of 80-500 centipoises at an ethyl acetate shear rate of 100 sec?1 at a concentration of 20 weight % at 25° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Mary Christine Brick, Peter G. Bessey
  • Publication number: 20180094112
    Abstract: A foamed, opacifying element having a target light blocking value (LBVT) and a target porous substrate is prepared by determining the light blocking value (LBVS) of the target porous substrate; calculating the LBVT-S difference; choosing a foamable aqueous composition; determining a dry coating weight for the chosen foamable aqueous composition (when foamed); and using the dry coating weight to form the single dry opacifying layer as the only layer disposed on the target porous substrate, such that the single dry opacifying layer has light blocking value that is equal to LBVT-S, ±10%. The chosen foamable aqueous composition comprises the essential components (a) through (e) described herein. The desired foamable aqueous composition can be chosen from a set of similar compositions to achieve the desired LBVT with the noted target porous substrate using suitable mathematical formula relating dry coating weight to light blocking value and a suitable data processor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2016
    Publication date: April 5, 2018
    Inventors: MRIDULA NAIR, JOSEPH SALVATORE SEDITA, MARY CHRISTINE BRICK
  • Publication number: 20180051150
    Abstract: Foamable aqueous compositions can be foamed and applied to porous substrates to make light-blocking dry opacifying elements. Such compositions have 0.05-15 weight % of porous particles; at least 20 weight % of a binder; at least 0.0001 weight % of additives (including a surfactant); water; and at least 0.001 weight % of an opacifying colorant. Each porous particle includes a continuous polymeric phase and discrete pores; a mode particle size of 2-50 ?m; and a porosity of 20-70 volume %. The continuous polymeric phase Tg is >80° C. and has a polymer viscosity of 80-500 centipoises at an ethyl acetate shear rate of 100 sec?1 at a concentration of 20 weight % at 25° C. The dry opacifying element light blocking value is at least 4 and has a luminous reflectance>40% as measured by the Y tristimulus value. The foamed aqueous composition has a foam density of 0.1-0.5 g/cm3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2016
    Publication date: February 22, 2018
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Mary Christine Brick, Ellen M. Pyszczek
  • Publication number: 20180051155
    Abstract: A method for providing a foamed, opacifying element includes providing a foamable aqueous compositions, aerating it to a foam density of 0.1-0.5 g/cm3, applying the foamed aqueous composition to a porous substrate, drying, and densifying the dried layer Such foamable aqueous compositions have 0.05-15 weight % of porous particles; at least 20 weight % of a binder; at least 0.0001 weight % of additives (including a surfactant); water; and at least 0.001 weight % of an opacifying colorant. Each porous particle includes a continuous polymeric phase and discrete pores; a mode particle size of 2-50 ?m; and a porosity of 20-70 volume %. The continuous polymeric phase Tg is>80° C. and has a polymer viscosity of 80-500 centipoises at an ethyl acetate shear rate of 100 sec?1 at a concentration of 20 weight % at 25° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2016
    Publication date: February 22, 2018
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Mary Christine Brick, Peter G. Bessey
  • Publication number: 20180051152
    Abstract: Foamable aqueous compositions can be foamed and applied to porous substrates to make light-blocking dry opacifying elements. Such compositions have 0.05-15 weight % of porous particles; at least 20 weight % of a binder; at least 0.0001 weight % of additives (including a surfactant); water; and at least 0.001 weight % of an opacifying colorant. Each porous particle includes a continuous polymeric phase and discrete pores; a mode particle size of 2-50 ?m; and a porosity of 20-70 volume %. The continuous polymeric phase Tg is >80° C. and has a polymer viscosity of 80-500 centipoises at an ethyl acetate shear rate of 100 sec?1 at a concentration of 20 weight % at 25° C. The dry opacifying element light blocking value is at least 4 and has a luminous reflectance >40% as measured by the color space Y tristimulus value. The foamed aqueous composition has a foam density of 0.1-0.5 g/cm3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2016
    Publication date: February 22, 2018
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Mary Christine Brick, Joseph Salvatore Sedita
  • Patent number: 9891350
    Abstract: A light-blocking article is designed to be lightweight but effective to block most incident actinic radiation and can be designed into fabrics, curtains, and other materials. Such an article has an opacifying layer that is capable of blocking predetermined electromagnetic radiation. The article contains (a) porous particles comprising a continuous polymeric binder and pores within the continuous polymeric binder, the porous particles having a glass transition temperature of at least 25° C. and a mode particle size of at least 2 ?m and up to and including 50 ?m. The article also contains an opacifying colorant that absorbs the predetermined electromagnetic radiation (such as within 400 nm to 700 nm), in an amount of at least 0.001 weight % based on the total dry weight of the opacifying layer, and a matrix polymer in which the porous particles and opacifying colorant are dispersed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Kevin D. Lofftus, Mridula Nair, Mary Christine Brick
  • Patent number: 9815958
    Abstract: Polymeric porous particles have a continuous organic solid phase and at least two sets of discrete pores that are isolated from each other within the continuous phase and that have different average sizes. One set of discrete pores has a larger average size than another set of discrete pores by at least 50%. At least one set of discrete pores is free of detectably different marker materials. There porous particles can be prepared using evaporative limited coalescence techniques with especially chosen discrete pore stabilizing hydrocolloids to protect the pores during formation and to provide the different average sizes. The resulting porous particles can be incorporated into articles of various types and having various shapes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: David Charles Boris, Teresa Joy Hosmer, Mridula Nair
  • Patent number: 9658545
    Abstract: Composite materials such as composite particles have a solid non-elastomeric continuous phase made of an organic polymer having a glass transition temperature of at least 25° C. Dispersed within this solid non-elastomeric continuous phase are many multi-compartment porous chemically crosslinked elastomeric particles that have a mode particle size of at least 1 ?m and up to and including 10 ?m. The composite particles can be used as toner particles in electrophotographic imaging methods to provide fused toner images and especially stacked fused toner images.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Joseph Salvatore Sedita, Peter David Rollinson
  • Publication number: 20160354804
    Abstract: A foamable aqueous composition can be used to form foamed, opacifying elements. These compositions have: (a) 0.5 to 20 weight % of porous particles having a continuous polymeric phase and discrete pores dispersed therein. The porous particles have a mode particle size of 2 to 50 ?m; (b) at least 20 weight % of a binder material; (c) 0.1 to 30 weight % of additives including dispersants, plasticizers, inorganic or organic pigments and dyes, thickeners, flame retardants, biocides, fungicides, optical brighteners, tinting colorants, metal flakes, and inorganic or organic fillers; (d) water; and (e) at least 0.001 weight % of an opacifying colorant different from (c). The foamable aqueous composition is suitably aerated, disposed on a porous substrate, dried, and crushed on the porous substrate. The method can be used to provide such elements with one or more dry foamed layers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2016
    Publication date: December 8, 2016
    Inventors: Mary Christine Brick, Mridula Nair, Kimberlv S. Lindner, Peter G. Bessey
  • Publication number: 20160355660
    Abstract: A foamable aqueous composition can be used to form foamed, opacifying elements with one or more dry foamed layers. These compositions generally contain: (a) 0.5 to 20 weight % of porous particles comprising a continuous polymeric phase and discrete pores dispersed within the continuous polymeric phase. The porous particles have a mode particle size of 2 to 50 ?m; (b) at least 20 weight % of a binder material; (c) 0.1 to 30 weight % of a combination of various additives including dispersants, plasticizers, inorganic or organic pigments and dyes, flame retardants, biocides, fungicides, optical brighteners, tinting colorants, metal flakes, and inorganic or organic fillers; (d) water; and (e) at least 0.001 weight % of an opacifying colorant different from (c). The foamable aqueous composition is suitably aerated, disposed on a porous substrate, dried, and crushed on the porous substrate to form a foamed, opacifying element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2016
    Publication date: December 8, 2016
    Inventors: Mary Christine Brick, Mridula Nair, Tomas Gerard Patrick McHugh
  • Patent number: 9469738
    Abstract: Foamable aqueous compositions can be used to form light-blocking and light-colored foamed, opacifying elements with one or more dry foamed layers. The compositions contain: (a) 0.05 to 20 weight % of porous particles comprising a continuous polymeric phase and a first set of discrete pores, the porous particles having a mode particle size of 2 to 50 ?m; (b) at least 20 weight % of a binder material (that can be curable); (c) 0.1 to 30 weight % of one or more additives including dispersants, plasticizers, inorganic or organic pigments or dyes, thickeners, flame retardants, biocides, fungicides, optical brighteners, tinting colorants, metal flakes, and inorganic or organic fillers; (d) water; and (e) at least 0.001 weight % of an opacifying colorant different from (c), which opacifying colorant absorbs electromagnetic radiation. The foamable aqueous composition can be aerated, disposed on a porous substrate, dried, and crushed on that porous substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Mary Christine Brick, Ellen J. Pyszczek
  • Patent number: 9440255
    Abstract: Porous organic polymeric films having multiple discrete cavities can be prepared by applying a water-in-oil emulsion that includes a cavity stabilizing hydrocolloid on the inner walls of the multiple discrete cavities to a substrate. The multiple discrete cavities can also include organic catalytic materials for various catalytic reactions, markers materials for security applications, or the multiple discrete cavities can be used to increase opacity, hydrophobicity, or other desirable properties compared to nonporous organic polymeric films composed of the composition and dry thickness. Water and oil from the applied water-in-oil emulsion can be removed by evaporation in a suitable process, and the applied porous organic polymeric film can be provided as a uniform material or in a patternwise fashion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2016
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Joseph Salvatore Sedita
  • Publication number: 20160229977
    Abstract: Polymeric porous particles have a continuous organic solid phase and at least two sets of discrete pores that are isolated from each other within the continuous phase and that have different average sizes. One set of discrete pores has a larger average size than another set of discrete pores by at least 50%. At least one set of discrete pores is free of detectably different marker materials. There porous particles can be prepared using evaporative limited coalescence techniques with especially chosen discrete pore stabilizing hydrocolloids to protect the pores during formation and to provide the different average sizes. The resulting porous particles can be incorporated into articles of various types and having various shapes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2016
    Publication date: August 11, 2016
    Inventors: David Charles Boris, Teresa Joy Hosmer, Mridula Nair
  • Patent number: 9376540
    Abstract: Polymeric porous particles have a continuous solid phase and at least two sets of discrete pores that are isolated from each other within the continuous phase and that have different average sizes. One set of discrete pores has a larger average size than another set of discrete pores by at least 50%. At least one set of discrete pores is free of detectably different marker materials. There porous particles can be prepared using evaporative limited coalescence techniques with especially chosen discrete pore stabilizing hydrocolloids to protect the pores during formation and to provide the different average sizes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: David Charles Boris, Teresa Joy Hosmer, Mridula Nair
  • Patent number: 9334381
    Abstract: Crosslinked organic porous particles are non-swellable in propyl acetate and have a crosslinked organic solid phase and discrete pores dispersed within the crosslinked organic solid phase, which discrete pores are isolated from each other. The discrete pores have an average size greater than or equal to 0.1 ?m and the crosslinked organic porous particles have a mode particle size of at least 3 ?m and up to and including 100 ?m. The discrete pores can contain a marker material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventor: Mridula Nair
  • Patent number: 9291570
    Abstract: An indicator composition can be used to detect various environmental conditions stimuli such as in sterilization or storage processes. This indicator composition has a) a first polymeric particle comprising a solid continuous polymeric phase and a first reactant, the first polymeric particle having a mode particle size equal to or less than 50 ?m; and b) a second reactant outside of the first polymeric particle, which second reactant is capable of reacting with the first reactant when exposed to a chosen environmental condition stimulus. The indicator composition can be used by exposing it to the environmental condition stimulus for a sufficient time to cause a detectable change in the indicator composition such as a detectable color change.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Kevin D. Lofftus, Mary Christine Brick
  • Patent number: 9289528
    Abstract: An indicator composition can be exposed to various environmental conditions stimuli such as in sterilization or storage processes. This indicator composition has a) a first polymeric particle comprising a solid continuous polymeric phase and a first reactant, the first polymeric particle having a mode particle size equal to or less than 50 ?m; and b) a second reactant outside of the first polymeric particle, which second reactant is capable of reacting with the first reactant when exposed to a chosen environmental condition stimulus. The indicator composition can be used by exposing it to the environmental condition stimulus for a sufficient time to cause a detectable change in the indicator composition such as a detectable color change.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Kevin D. Lofftus, Mary Christine Brick
  • Patent number: 9284429
    Abstract: Porous organic polymeric films having multiple discrete cavities can be prepared using a water-in-oil emulsion that includes a cavity stabilizing hydrocolloid on the inner walls of the multiple discrete cavities. The multiple discrete cavities can also include organic catalytic materials for various catalytic reactions, markers materials for security applications, or the multiple discrete cavities can be used to increase opacity, hydrophobicity, or other desirable properties compared to nonporous organic polymeric films composed of the composition and dry thickness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Tamara K. Jones