Patents by Inventor Natalie S. Glance

Natalie S. Glance has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 7698421
    Abstract: The system comprises an improved document monitoring agent in which user evaluations are used to decide whether a changed document should be saved in the system or not. The evaluation of importance of the change in a document is performed by one or more users who collaboratively monitor a networked document, typically identified by a URL. By providing a user evaluation interface, it is possible for users to indicate their evaluation of the significance of the change. As such, only significantly changed documents, as indicated by the users themselves, are saved. Thus, a more efficient saving is obtained while at the same time reducing the risk of discarding potentially interesting changed documents which would have been discarded by conventional monitoring agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Pierre G. Bernard, Natalie S. Glance, Jean-Luc Meunier
  • Patent number: 7495792
    Abstract: A programmable document includes a physical document having at least one sheet of material and information recorded thereon and a computer attached to the physical document. The computer includes an input/output device, a processor and a memory storing the recorded information in digital form and metadata pertaining to the physical document. By attaching small, inexpensive, computing devices to paper documents, various electronic information associated with the physical document can be retained, updated and modified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2009
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Dave Snowdon, Christer Fernstrom, Marc Dymetman, Natalie S. Glance
  • Patent number: 7440943
    Abstract: A system for providing item recommendations includes a memory, a device, responsive to a user request, for recording an item on a hardcopy medium, and a processor, for storing ratings of items and for generating recommendations for new items based on recommendation criteria. In response to the user request, the processor stores an implicit rating for the requested item in the memory, determines whether, based on the implicit rating and the recommendation criteria, to generate an item recommendation, and if the criteria for generating a recommendation is met, generates a recommendation of a new item. The recommender system may further store a representation of the recorded item in the memory. Recommendations may be based on item to item similarities, item to user similarities or user to user similarities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2008
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Antonietta Grasso, Natalie S. Glance, Jean-Luc Meunier
  • Patent number: 7386547
    Abstract: A system for providing item recommendations includes a memory, a device, responsive to a user request, for recording an item on a hardcopy medium, and a processor, for storing ratings of items and for generating recommendations for new items based on recommendation criteria. In response to the user request, the processor stores an implicit rating for the requested item in the memory, determines whether, based on the implicit rating and the recommendation criteria, to generate an item recommendation, and if the criteria for generating a recommendation is met, generates a recommendation of a new item. The recommender system may further store a representation of the recorded item in the memory. Recommendations may be based on item to item similarities, item to user similarities or user to user similarities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2008
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Antonietta Grasso, Natalie S. Glance, Jean-Luc Meunier
  • Patent number: 7174377
    Abstract: The system comprises an improved document monitoring agent in which user evaluations are used to decide whether a changed document should be saved in the system or not. The evaluation of importance of the change in a document is performed by one or more users who collaboratively monitor a networked document, typically identified by a URL. By providing a user evaluation interface, it is possible for users to indicate their evaluation of the significance of the change. As such, only significantly changed documents, as indicated by the users themselves, are saved. Thus, a more efficient saving is obtained while at the same time reducing the risk of discarding potentially interesting changed documents which would have been discarded by conventional monitoring agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2007
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Pierre G. Bernard, Natalie S. Glance, Jean-Luc Meunier
  • Patent number: 6947922
    Abstract: A recommender system employs implicit ratings generated from monitoring user interaction with an item, such as while listening to a music track on a MP3 player or reading an electronic book. A method for generating item recommendations includes: providing an item to a device having an application for engaging a repetitive activity with the provided item, wherein the repetitive activity occurs primarily during standalone operation of the device; generating a history of user interaction with the provided item, wherein user interaction includes engaging in the repetitive activity with the provided item; transforming the history of user interactions into an implicit rating of the provided item; and using the implicit rating of the provided item to generate recommendations of other items.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2005
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Natalie S. Glance
  • Publication number: 20040254911
    Abstract: A system for providing item recommendations includes a memory, a device, responsive to a user request, for recording an item on a hardcopy medium, and a processor, for storing ratings of items and for generating recommendations for new items based on recommendation criteria. In response to the user request, the processor stores an implicit rating for the requested item in the memory, determines whether, based on the implicit rating and the recommendation criteria, to generate an item recommendation, and if the criteria for generating a recommendation is met, generates a recommendation of a new item. The recommender system may further store a representation of the recorded item in the memory. Recommendations may be based on item to item similarities, item to user similarities or user to user similarities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2004
    Publication date: December 16, 2004
    Applicant: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Antonietta Grasso, Natalie S. Glance, Jean-Luc Meunier
  • Patent number: 6742032
    Abstract: The method of the invention overcomes the problems in a community when the amount of interaction drops off through the use of “community crickets.” A community cricket monitors the amount of community activity, establishes criteria for deciding when a community is sleeping and uses that criteria for initiating a recovery mechanism for “re-awakening” the community. A community is “sleeping” if the level of activity falls below some predetermined level or criteria. By monitoring the community's activity, the community cricket can prevent sleeping communities from dying. Various methods to detect and to re-awaken sleeping communities are defined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2004
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Stefania Castellani, Natalie S. Glance
  • Patent number: 6732088
    Abstract: A method and system to facilitate searching a data collection, such as the World Wide Web, that takes advantage of the collective ability of all users to create queries to the data collection. First, a node-link graph of all queries submitted to a data collection within a given period of time is constructed. In the case of the World Wide Web, the queries would be to a particular search engine. In the graph, each node is a query. There is a link made between two nodes whenever the two queries are judged to be related. A first key idea is that the determination of relatedness depends on the documents returned by the queries, not on the actual terms in the queries themselves. For example, a criterion for relatedness could be that of the top ten documents returned for each query, the two lists have at least one document in common.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2004
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Natalie S. Glance
  • Patent number: 6725428
    Abstract: Workflow techniques for coordinating organizational processes by providing flexible representations of work using generalized process structure grammars (GPSG). The techniques take into account that, in reality, work evolves both horizontally, in the co-operation of causally unrelated, but information-sharing tasks, and vertically, in the co-ordination of causally-dependent activities. Process modeling involves (1) viewing documents and tasks as duals of each other, capturing horizontal co-operation; and (2) exploiting constraints to express the soft dependencies among related activities and documents within the framework of generative rule-based grammars for processes, thus handling vertical co-ordination. This alleviates or avoids rigidity arising in conventional workflow solutions in part from viewing work processes as unfolding along a single line of temporally chained activities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2004
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Remo Pareschi, Natalie S. Glance, Daniele Pagani, Jean-Marc Andreoli, Stefania Castellani, Gunnar Teege
  • Patent number: 6681369
    Abstract: A document recommendation system incorporating a document change monitoring agent. For a document recommendation system to be effective, it is desirable to enable users to be cognizant of changes that may occur to the document. The present invention addresses this issue by coupling a document change monitoring agent, which automatically detects changes in referenced documents, with a recommender system, which helps users share and evaluate information in a collaborative way. One advantage of the invention is that it brings human judgement into the relevance evaluation of the detected changes and allows the results to be shared with other people likely to be interested, in such a way that redundant work is decreased. Another advantage of the invention is that it enables Systems Administrators of a document recommendation system to be more efficient in the management of the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2004
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jean-Luc Meunier, Damian Arregui, Natalie S. Glance
  • Patent number: 6671737
    Abstract: A decentralized network system provides for the distribution and collection of information (or messages) without the constraints of a large physical infrastructure. A decentralized network system includes a plurality of first nodes, each first node having a memory for storing messages, a processor for processing messages in accordance with a predetermined relationship and a communications port for transmitting and receiving messages. The first nodes are attached to some physical device or to a location. A plurality of mobile second nodes is also provided. Each second node includes a memory for storing messages, a processor for creating messages in response to user input and for processing messages in accordance with a predetermined relationship and a communications port for transmitting and receiving messages. Preferably, each second node is a personal digital assistant (PDA). The mobile second nodes are moved by users, who provide the means for transmitting messages from one first node to another first node.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Dave Snowdon, Natalie S. Glance
  • Patent number: 6631451
    Abstract: A system and method of caching uses quality or value attributes, provided for example, by a recommender system or by a dynamical analysis of site accesses, which are attached to cached information to prioritize items in the cache. Documents are prioritized in the cache according to the relative value of their content. Value data may be provided from a recommender system which provides a value for a document according to user recommendations (using explicit recommendations) or from statistical analysis of site visits from unique users (implicit recommendations) or a combination of the two to identify the higher value documents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2003
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Natalie S. Glance, Bernardo A. Huberman, Lada A. Adamic, James Pitkow
  • Publication number: 20030167443
    Abstract: A document recommendation system incorporating a document change monitoring agent. For a document recommendation system to be effective, it is desirable to enable users to be cognizant of changes that may occur to the document. The present invention addresses this issue by coupling a document change monitoring agent, which automatically detects changes in referenced documents, with a recommender system, which helps users share and evaluate information in a collaborative way. One advantage of the invention is that it brings human judgement into the relevance evaluation of the detected changes and allows the results to be shared with other people likely to be interested, in such a way that redundant work is decreased. Another advantage of the invention is that it enables Systems Administrators of a document recommendation system to be more efficient in the management of the system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 1999
    Publication date: September 4, 2003
    Inventors: JEAN-LUC MEUNIER, DAMIAN ARREGUI, NATALIE S GLANCE
  • Publication number: 20030135607
    Abstract: The system comprises an improved document monitoring agent in which user evaluations are used to decide whether a changed document should be saved in the system or not. The evaluation of importance of the change in a document is performed by one or more users who collaboratively monitor a networked document, typically identified by a URL. By providing a user evaluation interface, it is possible for users to indicate their evaluation of the significance of the change. As such, only significantly changed documents, as indicated by the users themselves, are saved. Thus, a more efficient saving is obtained while at the same time reducing the risk of discarding potentially interesting changed documents which would have been discarded by conventional monitoring agents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2002
    Publication date: July 17, 2003
    Applicant: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Pierre G. Bernard, Natalie S. Glance, Jean-Luc Meunier
  • Publication number: 20020147895
    Abstract: A system and method of caching uses quality or value attributes, provided for example, by a recommender system or by a dynamical analysis of site accesses, which are attached to cached information to prioritize items in the cache. Documents are prioritized in the cache according to the relative value of their content. Value data may be provided from a recommender system which provides a value for a document according to user recommendations (using explicit recommendations) or from statistical analysis of site visits from unique users (implicit recommendations) or a combination of the two to identify the higher value documents. The caching method may also be used to improve performance of a recommender system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2002
    Publication date: October 10, 2002
    Applicant: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Natalie S. Glance, Bernardo A. Huberman, Lada A. Adamic, James Pitkow
  • Publication number: 20020116291
    Abstract: A system for providing item recommendations includes a memory, a device, responsive to a user request, for recording an item on a hardcopy medium, and a processor, for storing ratings of items and for generating recommendations for new items based on recommendation criteria. In response to the user request, the processor stores an implicit rating for the requested item in the memory, determines whether, based on the implicit rating and the recommendation criteria, to generate an item recommendation, and if the criteria for generating a recommendation is met, generates a recommendation of a new item. The recommender system may further store a representation of the recorded item in the memory. Recommendations may be based on item to item similarities, item to user similarities or user to user similarities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2000
    Publication date: August 22, 2002
    Applicant: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Antonietta Grasso, Natalie S. Glance, Jean-Luc Meunier
  • Patent number: 6415368
    Abstract: A system and method of caching uses quality or value attributes, provided for example, by a recommender system or by a dynamical analysis of site accesses, which are attached to cached information to prioritize items in the cache. Documents are prioritized in the cache according to the relative value of their content. Value data may be provided from a recommender system which provides a value for a document according to user recommendations (using explicit recommendations) or from statistical analysis of site visits from unique users (implicit recommendations) or a combination of the two to identify the higher value documents. The caching method may also be used to improve performance of a recommender system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2002
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Natalie S. Glance, Bernardo A. Huberman, Lada A. Adamic, James Pitkow
  • Publication number: 20020080386
    Abstract: A programmable document includes a physical document having at least one sheet of material and information recorded thereon and a computer attached to the physical document. The computer includes an input/output device, a processor and a memory storing the recorded information in digital form and metadata pertaining to the physical document. By attaching small, inexpensive, computing devices to paper documents, various electronic information associated with the physical document can be retained, updated and modified.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2000
    Publication date: June 27, 2002
    Applicant: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Dave Snowdon, Christer Fernstrom, Marc Dymetman, Natalie S. Glance
  • Patent number: 6389372
    Abstract: A system and method of predicting a user's rating of a new item in a collaborative filtering system in which an initial set of correlation coefficients for the intended users is used to bootstrap the system is described. The users are members of a predetermined organization and the initial correlation coefficient for each pair of users is based on the organizational relationship between the users. Prior organizational relationship information pertaining to the strength of ties, such as a formal organization chart and social network maps built using interviews or deduced from observed (online and/or offline) interaction patterns between potential users, is used to bootstrap the filtering system. Correlation coefficients can be updated as users rate or rerate items in the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2002
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Natalie S. Glance, Manfred Dardenne